ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
Permanent Information
Automatic Recording Stations Report
Scientific Information - Automatic Recording Stations / Observatories
Location:
Site Name:  Eagle Camp   Lat: 76º 25´ 00´´ S   Long: 77º 01´ 00´´ E  
Type: Automatic Weather Station,CHINARE and AAD
Elevation: 2852
Parameters Recorded: DB
Observation Frequency:
Reference Number: 89578
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name:  PANDA-South   Lat: 81º 19´ 27´´ S   Long: 75º 59´ 17´´ E  
Type: Automatic Weather Station CHINARE and NOAA
Elevation: 4046
Parameters Recorded: temp, wind, RH, pressure, sunshine, precipitation
Observation Frequency: Continuous AWS obs
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: CHNA   Lat: 78º 40´ 37´´ S   Long: 77º 00´ 46´´ E  
Type: Temporary passive seismic station
Elevation:
Parameters Recorded: seismic waves
Observation Frequency: continuous except for winter, sampling interval is 0.01s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: CHNB   Lat: 77º 10´ 28´´ S   Long: 76º 58´ 34´´ E  
Type: Temporary passive seismic station,
Elevation:
Parameters Recorded: seismic waves
Observation Frequency: Continuous except for winter, sampling interval is 0.01s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:

Location:
Site Name: Dome A   Lat: 80º 22´ 00´´ S   Long: 77º 22´ 00´´ E  
Type: Automatic Weather Station CHINARE and AAD
Elevation: 4093
Parameters Recorded: DB
Observation Frequency:
Reference Number: 89577
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Dome A   Lat: 80º 25´ 19´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 16´´ E  
Type: Passive seismic station
Elevation: 4066
Parameters Recorded: Seismic waves
Observation Frequency: Continuous except for winter, sampling interval is 0.01s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: DT154   Lat: 74º 34´ 57´´ S   Long: 77º 01´ 35´´ E  
Type: Temporary passive seismic station
Elevation: 2714
Parameters Recorded: seismic waves
Observation Frequency: Continuous except for winter, sampling interval is 0.01s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Eagle Camp   Lat: 76º 24´ 56´´ S   Long: 77º 02´ 55´´ E  
Type: passive seismic
Elevation: 2833
Parameters Recorded: seismic waves
Observation Frequency: continuous except for winter, sampling interval is 0.02s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:

Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Type: Fixed Site Ecological Observation, 5 stations
Elevation:
Parameters Recorded: nutrients (NO3-,NO2-,PO43-,NH4+, SiO3-) , conductivity (C), Temperature (T), Deep (D) , Chlorophyll a ( Chla.) and COD et al.
Observation Frequency: From Dec. to Feb, 2 times / monthly
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 44´´ W  
Type: GPS Tracking Station (GRW1)
Elevation: 37
Parameters Recorded: GPS
Observation Frequency: continuous
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Type: Weather Staffed All Year
Elevation: 10
Parameters Recorded: temp, wind, RH, pressure, cloud, sunshine, precipitation, weather reports 6hrly once
Observation Frequency: Continuous AWS obs plus 6hrly manual input
Reference Number: 89058
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun Station   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Type: GPS Tracking Station
Elevation: 4088
Parameters Recorded: GPS
Observation Frequency: continuous
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:

Location:
Site Name: LGB69Zhongshan   Lat: 70º 50´ 00´´ S   Long: 77º 04´ 00´´ E  
Type: Automatic Weather Station,CHINARE and AAD
Elevation: 1850
Parameters Recorded: temp, wind, RH, pressure
Observation Frequency: Continuous AWS obs
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: LT892   Lat: 71º 40´ 15´´ S   Long: 77º 45´ 46´´ E  
Type: Temporary passive seismic station
Elevation: 2242
Parameters Recorded: seismic waves
Observation Frequency: Continuous except for winter, sampling interval is 0.01s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: All-sky TV Camera, Aurora Observation
Elevation: 60
Parameters Recorded: Aurora morphology, panchromatic aurora images and video
Observation Frequency: sky-clear condition in the winter time
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: CCD all-sky Camera, Aurora Observation
Elevation: 60
Parameters Recorded: Seismic waves
Observation Frequency: Auroral images of 557.5 nm or 630 nm selected by switchable filter.
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:

Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: cosmic noise absorption
Elevation: 50
Parameters Recorded: Geomagnetic variations of H and D components.
Observation Frequency: continuous, time resolution 0.5s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: Digisonde DPS-4, Ionospheric sounding
Elevation: 20
Parameters Recorded: major parameters of radio waves which reflected from ionosphere such as frequency, amplitude, Doppler shift, polarization and phase. With the obtained ionograms, further ionospheric parameters such as foE, foEs, foF1, foF2, fminF, h’E, h’F and MUF can be deduced.
Observation Frequency: 8 times/hour
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: Fluxgate magnetometer, Geomagnetism Observation
Elevation: 20
Parameters Recorded: Relative geomagnetic variations of X, Y and Z components.
Observation Frequency: continuous, time resolution 1s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan   Lat: 69º 22´ 16´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 11´´ E  
Type: GPS Tracking Station(ZHON)
Elevation: 41
Parameters Recorded: GPS
Observation Frequency: continuous
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:

Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: Induction magnetometer, Geomagnetism Observation
Elevation: 10
Parameters Recorded: Geomagnetic variations of H and D components.
Observation Frequency: continuous, time resolution of 0.5~2s
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: Meridian Scanning Photometer, Aurora Observation
Elevation: 60
Parameters Recorded: Auroral emission intensity along the N-S meridian line for auroral spectrum of 427.8 nm, 557.5 nm and 630 nm.
Observation Frequency: Sky-clear condition in the winter time, 8s to assemble a meridian scan
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan   Lat: 69º 23´ 00´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 48´´ E  
Type: Tide Gauge system,CHINARE and AAD
Elevation:
Parameters Recorded: Tides
Observation Frequency: continous
Reference Number:
Scientific Equipment:
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Type: Weather Staffed All Year
Elevation: 15
Parameters Recorded: temp, wind, RH, pressure, cloud, sunshine, weather reports 6hrly once
Observation Frequency: Continuous AWS obs plus 6hrly manual input
Reference Number: 89573
Scientific Equipment:

Permanent Station Report
Operational Information - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W   View in Google Earth Map
Maximum Population: 60
Date Established: 1985
Accommodation Facilities: 60 personnel in summer and 20 personnel in winter
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Link (URL): http://www.chinare.gov.cn
Search and Rescue Information:
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E   View in Google Earth Map
Maximum Population: 80
Date Established: 1989
Accommodation Facilities: 80 personnel in summer and 25 personnel in winter
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Link (URL): http://www.chinare.gov.cn
Search and Rescue Information:
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E   View in Google Earth Map
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January
Link (URL):
Search and Rescue Information:
Name: Taishan Summer Camp
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Taishan Summer Camp   Lat: 73º 51´ 49´´ S   Long: 76º 56´ 29´´ E   View in Google Earth Map
Medical Facilities: not applied at present time
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Taishan Summer Camp is announced to open on February 8, 2014 by the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), People’s Republic of China. It is located at the site with travelling distance of 522 km far from the Zhongshan Station, 715 km from the Kunlun Station, and 85 km from the Grove Mountains. The altitude there is 2620m. The annual average temperature is -35.44℃ and the annual average wind speed is 5.5 m/s. The main purpose of the camp is to provide relay support of logistics for the investigation of the Kunlun Station and Grove Mountains, to provide emergency rescue protection for inland research activities in east Antarctica, and to support local observation of glaciology, meteorology, geophysics and aviation remote sensing in the east Antarctic ice sheet. The camp construction area takes up about 300 m2 at present time. With the logistical support provided mainly by inland fleet vehicles, the summer camp can supply up to 5 people for 60 days’ accommodation and work, and another 25 people for an average of 4 days’ accommodation per capita during the summer season. The design service life of the camp is 10 years.
Link (URL):
Search and Rescue Information:

Permanent Vessels Report
Operational Information - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Flag of State: China
Ice Strength: 1.20m
Length: 167.00m
Beam: 22.60m
Gross Tonnage: 15352
Type: Multi purpose vessel
Link to CONNAMP data:
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengerss: 80
Description / Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2009/2010 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Search and Rescue Information:

Aircraft Report
Operational Information - Aircraft
Type: BT-67
Number: 1
Remarks: Xueying 601, the fixed-wing aircraft's main missions include cargoes and personnel transportation, scientific research in areas like Princess Elizabeth land and Amery ice shelf and emergency rescue.
Search and Rescue Information:
Type: KA32A11BC
Number: 1
Remarks: Ship and field support
Search and Rescue Information:
Type: Z9A
Number: 1
Remarks: Ship and field support
Search and Rescue Information:

Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Relevant National Legislation Report
Other Information - Relevant National Legislation
No new information have been provided during the reported period.
General Report