ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2012/2013 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: China as one of the consultative parties maintains its substantial scientific research since 1985 in a long-term manner in Antarctica. Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing provides fundamental infrastructure for international cooperation and national coordination. As a governmental agency, it is in a position to support and oversee the programs coordinated among research institutes and universities. Polar Research Institute of China in Shanghai with icebreaker Xuelong and its dock there has developed as a base for both Arctic and Antarctic scientific research. In next five years, China expedition and scientific research will focus on “Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation & Assessment Programmes”, long term environmental monitoring and surveying programs such as meteorological, glaciological and eco-environmental monitoring programs will be carried out in the Great Wall Station, the Zhongshan Station and the Kunlun Station.
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Wang Yong Wang
Job Title or Position: Head of Science Development Division
Phone: 0086-10-68011632
Email: wang_yong@263.net.cn;wangyong@caa.gov.cn
Details/Description: In the Kunlun station area, the deep ice core site built has been perfected and the installation of the instruments and equipment for astronomical observation completed; A multidisciplinary scientific research was made, including ice and snow, meteorology and environment. In the Greatwall station area, in addition to the routine meteorological observation, scientific investigation projects were carried out around the station such as earthquake observation and research, eco-environmental monitoring and research, organic pollutants research and the environmental monitoring, lichen study, marine biological study and ionosphere study, etc; The routine maintenance work for the station area has been completed. In the Zhongshan Station area, on the basis of continuing the routine observation projects such as those on upper atmosphere physics, geomagnetism, gravity solid tide, tide gauging, global positioning system(GPS) as well as conventional meteorological and ozone observations,fishes diversity survey, tide gauge datum calibration, East Antarctic geological investigation and research. The Southern Ocean investigation lasted for 17 days, with on oceanic survey voyage of 1447 nautical miles in the aggregate and a total of 64 fixed-point survey stations, including 27 along oceanic sections on the outer edge of the Amery Ice Shelf and 37 along oceanic sections in the Prydz Bay three meridional and 1 zonal. The investigation covered physical oceanography, marine biology, marine chemistry, atmospheric chemistry and other disciplines.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: all projects
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Dr. Li Chengsen and others
Main Activity/ Remarks: 1. Scientific Projects in the Great Wall Station for Summer Season 1) Recognition mechanism and resynthesis of the mycobiont and photobiont from Antarctic lichens Executor Cao Shunan, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Abstract Lichens as the most stress resistance and typical symbiotic organism, of which the evolution progress especially the genome mutation and adaptive mechanism under extreme environment are being paid more and more attention to. More and more lichenologists focus on the match relationship between the symbionts and how is the lichenation features formed. The factors affect the match ability between the lichen symbionts and molecular systematic of the lichen genus Umbilicaria and the key lichen species were studied using the samples collected from the Antarctica region during the 27th and 28th CHINARE. The set up of lichen-plant experiment plot and research of typical lichen species will provide key information to illustrate the mechanism of recognition of Antractica lichen symbionts and related studies. 2) LINEAR/BRANCHED ISOMERIZATION AND LONG-RANGE TRANSPORT MECHANISM OF PERFLUORINATED COMPOUNDS IN ANTARCTICA Executor FU Jianjie, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences Abstract The Antarctic is considered to be a clean area without pollution. However, more and more studies have reported the detection of various POPs in many matrix from the Antarctica. The occurrence of POPs in Antarctic has been explained by the process of atmosphere transport or ocean current transport. Through the 26th to 28th Antarctic expedition, our team have collected many different environment samples to investigate the residues of several POPs, and the results showed the detection of POPs in Antarctica. The main objective of the 29th Antarctic expedition is to study the Long-Range Transport mechanism of POPs. During the 29th expedition, we collected water samples with different sources (such as seawater, snow water), air samples and biota samples. The isomer patterns and levels of perfluoro chemicals in different kind of samples will be determined in our lab. 3) ESTABLISHMENT OF OBSERVATION QUADRAT SURROUNDING THE CHINESE GREAT WALL STATION, ANTARCTIC Executors LI Chengsen, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences YAO Yifeng, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences PENG Fang, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University Abstract In order to monitor the long-term vegetation variation and its response to global climate change in the surrounding area of Great Wall Station, Antarctic, three 1 m×1.5 m plots at Ardley Island, Seal Beach of Horatio Cove (Pingdingyan Peninsula), Uruguay Station were established in the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition in 2012-2013. In each plot, 1 m×1 m quadrat is for long-term monitoring of vegetation (including Antarctic hair grass, lichen and moss) and its response to global climate change. The other two 0.5 m×0.5 m quadrats are used for the studies of soil microbe and heavy metal, etc. In the field, we investigated the species composition in each plot and the coverage of each species. Also, the soil characterization and microbial communities’ activation of soil samples will be analyzed and the relationships between microbe and plant will be studied. 4) STUDY ON THE DIVERSITY OF PROTEASE-PRODUCING BACTERIA IN THE AREAS ADJACENT TO THE CHINESE ANTARCTIC GREAT WALL STATION Executor: Xi-Ying Zhang, ShanDong University, China. Abstract Although degradation of organic nitrogen is the initial and a very important step for the nitrogen cycle, little is known about the bacterial species participating in the process, especially in the polar regions. Since proteins are the important component of environmental organic nitrogen, protease-producing bacteria are the key memebers for the degradation of organic nitrogen. During the 29th Antarctic scientific expedition (in the summer season at the Great Wall Station), we collected surface sea water, marine sediment and soil samples from Fildes peninsula (mainly intertidal areas). We will further isolate protease-producing bacteria from the samples, and study the kinds of these bacteria and the types of the protease they produce in our Lab. The results will help us to learn the particularity of protease-producing bacteria in antarctic areas and enhence our understanding to the ecological roles of bacteria in polar nitrogen cycle. 5) The ionospheric monitoring based on beacon satellite observations and measuring of electromagnetic environment over the Great Wall station in Antarctica Executors: Yuan Yaping, China Research Institute of Radiowave Propagation Guo Minjun, China Research Institute of Radiowave Propagation Abstract: During the 29th expedition, A tri-band beacon receiver has been set up to study the characteristics of ionosphere over the Great Wall station in Antarctica. Measuring Polar satellites signals, the tri-band beacon receiver there has collected much more DATA than it does domestically. Measuring of electromagnetic environment has also been conducted in this area. Data acquired can provide support for present scientific investigation and future programs. 6) DATA TRANSMISSION PLATFORM CONSTRUCTION AND ANNUAL MAINTENANCE IN THE ANTARCTIC GREAT WALL SEISMIC STATION Executor Zhou Xiaofeng, Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration Abstract Seismic observation is the base of seismology. The Great Wall Seismic Station (CCZ) is a passive broadband and unattended observation station in Antarctic Great Wall station. In order to obtain the high signal to noise ratio seismic data, it is necessary to maintain the seismic station every year. We have done following tasks during the 29th Antarctic expedition. We collected the seismic data from the station CCZ since Jan. 2012. We checked the waterproof and heat preservation system for adapting new scientific research. In addition, in order to monitor the situation of seismic station, we constructed Data Transmission Platform of CCZ. Therefore, we achieved real-time remote network monitoring of earthquakes occurring in the Antarctic region. We will carry out seismological research by use of the collected seismic data, such as earthquake location, noise analysis, velocity structure and dynamic characteristics. 7) Maintainance and calibration of tide gauge in Great Wall Station Executor Ke Hao, Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan University Abstract Global warming and sea level change research has become the focus of attention of the world, and the Antarctic region is a global climate change sensitive area, and it is also one of the main birthplace of global sea level change, so the Antarctic sea level change particularly noticeable. The analysis of ocean tide data is important means to study sea level change. Tide station establishment is necessary technical measure to study the southern ocean sea level changes in Antarctica. According to the results announced by GLOSS, in Antarctica only eight such permanent tide stations, therefore, in order to meet the need of the research on the variation of sea level in the Antarctic, need to establish a permanent tide station in Greatwall station. At the beginning of 2010, 26th team has initially build Antarctic Zhongshan tide station, then 27th team have tide station for reference calibration, realize tidal data uninterrupted records and real time pass back. At the beginning of 2012, 28th team establish a permanent tide gauge in Greatwall station, so, the Antarctic expedition 29th team is go to maintenance and calibration. At the beginning of 2012, the Greatwall tide system has been normal work half a year, through the 29th expedition, tide system maintenance and benchmark calibration have been done, to guarantee the tide system continue to stable operation, the result is not only for the study of the southern ocean sea level change absolutely provide basic data, and help the trip to the island of adelie managed project determine through the bar of time. 8) EXPLORING THE BENTHOS DIVERSITY, BENTHIC ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENT, ORGANIC POLLUTANTS AND NATURAL PRODUCTS IN ANTARCTIC Executor Pi-Jen Liu, Institute of Marine Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Taiwan Donng Hwa University Abstract There are two assignments to be done on Fildes Peninsula. Firstly, investigating the marine biodiversity, and collecting of new Antarctic marine invertebrates and algae as new material for developing new drugs. Secondly, by quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate the benthic intertidal ecology on the island. (1) The biodiversity of Antarctic benthos will be investigated, not only fishes, but also including polychaete, isopods, sponge … etc will be collected. (2) The quantitative and qualitative research methods of benthos are employed (benthos, zooplankton, phytoplankton). The information of benthic ecology environments (sediments, sea water) are also collected. (3) It is acknowledged that marine invertebrates and algae produce bioactive natural products that may be useful for developing new drugs. Collecting new Antarctic marine invertebrates and algae as new material. 9) Investigation on the biological, physical and chemical environment of the Chinese Antarctic Great Wall Station regions Executors: Li Hui-Rong, Polar Research Institute of China Na Guang-Shui, National Marine Environment Monitoring Center Ma Xin-Dong, National Marine Environment Monitoring Center Chu Zhu-Ding, University of Science and Technology of China Gao Sheng-Quan, The Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Li Wei, The Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA Huo Yuan-Zi, Shanghai Ocean University Guo Yi-Yi, Tongji University Liu Xiao-Shou, Ocean University of China Xu Bin, Henan Agricultural University Abstract This project aims to understand the ecosystems status of the Chinese Antarctic Great Wall Station regions and the effects of global changes and human activities on these environments. The following aspects have been investigated in this project: 1) the marine micro-plankton in the Great Wall cove and the Ardley cove; 2) the sea-water nutrients dynamics in the Great Wall cove and the Ardley cove; 3) the biological population structure at the intertidal zone on the coast of the Fieldes Peninsulla; 4) the soil microbe and tundra plant on the Fieldes Peninsulla; 5) the biological population structure in the lake on the Fieldes Peninsulla; 6) the physical and chemical freshwater and soil environment of the Fieldes Peninsulla; 7) the chemical atmosphere environment of the Fieldes Peninsulla; 8) the spatial and temporal distribution of typical organic pollutants and heavy metals on the Fieldes Peninsulla; 9) the Holocene climate and environment evolution on the Fieldes Peninsulla. All the biological, ecological and environmental samples which the project needed were collected on the Fieldes Peninsulla and Ardley Island. Some samples were analyzed in the station laboratory, the others were pretreated then transported to China by DHL. In conclusion, the scientific investigation about this project were done well during the 29th Chinese Antarctic Expedition. 10) INVESTIGATIONS OF GEOLOGY IN THE ANTARCTIC PENINSULA- SCOTIA ARC-FALKLAND ISLANDS REGION Executors: Zhao Yue, Liu Xiaochun, Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences Abstract As participants of Scotia Arc Tectonics, Climate and Life field trip, organized by the Jackson School of Geosciences of the University of Texas at Austin, USA and the 125th anniversary of the Geological Society of America, in cooperation with Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris, we went to Antarctic Peninsula, South Georgia Islands from December 27, 2012 to January 20, 2013 to examine the characteristics and subduction/accretion histories of Mesozoic-Cenozoic metamorphic complexes from Antarctica Peninsula and Scotia Arc, Mesozoic-Cenozoic magmatism in Antarctica Peninsula and Scotia Arc. We took series of igneous rock samples from Antarctic Peninsula region and metamorphic rock samples from the Elephant Island to reinvestigations and improvement of our understanding of the Mesozoic tectonic history of Antarctic Peninsula and Scotia Arc region, where high quality geochronological data is still required. 2. Scientific Projects in the Great Wall Station for Over-wintering 1) METEOROLOGICAL AND OCEANOGRAPHICAL OBSERVATIONS IN THE GREAT WALL STATION Executor Zhang Benzheng, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences Yang Qinghua, National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center Abstract The barometer, barograph, thermograph, hygrograph, thermometer and cup-counter type anemometer have been used at the Station. The auto-observational system includes the sensors of pressure capsule, platinum resistance, high polymer membrane capacitance (for measuring humidity). Surface synoptic observations were obtained at 05, 11, 17 and 23 GMT. Rainfall, soil temperature visibility, clouds and weather phenomena were observed visually according to the WMO standards. Several kinds of observations and forecasting data, including the meteorological data observed in Great Wall Station, the L/X bands satellite data and many forecasting charts from different institutes are received and used to forecast the weather around Great Wall Station every day. The satellite data-receiving system, introduced from Australia is used to receive the X/L bands satellite data, including data from AVHRR loaded on NOAA 15 to NOAA 19 and MODIS loaded on Terra and Aqua. 3. Scientific Projects in the Zhongshan Station for Summer Season 1) INVESTIGATION OF BASELINE IN SOIL SURROUNDING THE CHINESE ZHONGSHAN STATION, ANTARCTIC Executors MENG Xiangzhou, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University Abstract To investigate the baseline of chemical elements (i.e. pH value, nitrogen, phosphorus, organic matter, fluorinated components, chlorinated components, and heavy metals) in the environment of Zhongshan Station, soils were collected from Xiehe Peninsula, Antarctic during the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition in 2012-2013. Totally, 44 sites were selected to collect surface soil (0-20 cm) and soil column samples (0-40 cm). For each sites, 3-5 sub samples were randomly taken and combined to form one sample. After collection, samples were sealed in plastic bags and labeled with detailed information including GPS and date. Currently, all samples were transported to the lab in Tonji University and will be analyzed for the targets motioned above. 2) Glacial Expedition on Amery Ice Shelf Executors: WANG Lianzhong, Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation. HOU Xuefeng, Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation. Abstract: Ice shelf is the key link of interactions between the Antarctic ice sheet and southern ocean. It includes observations on surface mass balance, altitude of ice surface, and velocity of surface ice movement of Amery Ice Shelf. The aim of this work is to study the dynamic mechanism of mass balance and movement of ice shelf and then to reveal the influence of climate change on ice shelf. The work plays a significant role in interaction mechanisms among stabilization of ice sheet/shelf, Southern Ocean dynamics, global sea level change and global climate change. Better understanding those interaction mechanisms is very important for predict climatic and environmental changes in the future. 3) UNDERWATER LANDFORM SURVEYING AND MAPPING AT ANTARCTIC HUA XIA WAN OF LARSEMANN HILL Executor WU Wenhui , Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation WANG Lianzhong, Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation HOU Xuefeng, Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation Abstract: This item is the landform survey and map for antarctic Hua Xia Wan of Larsemann hill underwater. This year this item completed area about 2 the square kilometers the geography measure underwater at Hua Xia Wan, and draw 1:1000 scale underwater relief map, to provide safe channel for Xue Long ship into Hua Xia Wan by understand the section underwater geography circumstance, for much select inland discharge location to provide a technique support and basis.Survey and map time requested December,2012 to March,2013.This item was undertaken by Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation.. 4) COLLECTION OF ANTARCTIC SURFACE SPECTRUM AND RADIANCE Executors Tingting LIU, Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan University Abstract In order to monitor the ice surface and ice temperature variation in the surrounding area of Zhongshan Station (Antarctica), surface spectrum were collected in the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition in 2012-2013. Three types of land covers were chosen, snow (inland starting base), ice/blue ice, and rocks (Zhongshan Station area). In inland starting base, 90m×90m snow cover areas were chosen for spectrum collection. In those areas, 2days’ spectrum data (13 points per area) were collected in Dec. 2012. For comparison, 1 more day’s spectrum data were collected in Feb. 2013. In Zhongshan Station area, rocks’ spectrums were collected in a sunny day. After surface snow melted (Feb. 2013), ice/blue ice (on the way to inland starting base) were collected in three areas, 10-16 points each area. FT-IR, which planed to use for surface radiance collection, can not work in low temperature environment, therefore radiance were not collected in this time. Beside, further researches will be done through experiments and comparative analysis. 5) GEOLOGICAL SURVEYING AND INVESTIGATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES IN PRYDZBAY – EASTERN AMERY ICE SHELF OF THE EAST ANTARCTICA Executors: HU Jianmin, Institute of Geomechanics, ChineseAcademyof Geological Sciences WANG Wei, Institute of Geomechanics, ChineseAcademyof Geological Sciences Abstract During the exploration we accomplished the main tasks, i.e. the geological mapping and mineral resources investigation in the Larsemann Hills, as listed in the exploration and the implementation plans. The planned exploration to the Rauer and the Amery Ice Shelf regions was prevented by bad weather condition and limited working time. Complying with thenorms and requirements for 1:25000 geological mapping, the field word for the 1:25000 geological mapping of the Larsemann Hills has beencompleted. The stratigraphic sequence and the geological structural framework have been carefully investigated. Representative rock samples have been systematically collected for further petrological, geochemical, geochronological and structural analyses. Mineral resources have also been investigated.Various mineralizations involving iron, copper, kornerupine as well as sillimanite were discovered and preliminary assessments have been made in the field. Early Precambrian rock samples for further geochronological analysis, iron-bearing quartzite and other metamorphic rocks have been collected from Vestfold Hills for comprehensive study.   4. Scientific Projects in the Zhongshan Station for Over-wintering 1) METEOROLOGICAL AND OCEANIC OBSERVATIONS AT ZHONGSHAN STATION Executor Chen Meng, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences Wang Duoming, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences Zhao Jiechen, National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center Abstract The barometer, barograph, thermograph, hygrograph, thermometer and cup-counter type anemometer have been used at the station. The auto-observational system includes the sensors of pressure capsule, platinum resistance, high polymer membrane capacitance (for measuring humidity). Surface synoptic observations were obtained at 02, 08, 14 and 20 GMT. Visibility, clouds and weather phenomena were observed visually according to the WMO standards. The continuous observations of Sea ice albedo, thickness and snow depth provide us important data to study the sea ice freezing and melting processes and improve our service for CHINARE. 2) Brewer Ozone and polar atmosphere components Monitoring and Study Executor WANG DUOMIN, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences Abstract The Brewer Ozone Spectrophotometer (MKIV, #193) which is recommended by WMO was deployed for observation of ozone and UV-B at the Zhongshan Station in 2012. The Antarctic is one of key area for the baseline monitoring of many atmospheric components with importance in the global climate/environment change, such as greenhouse gases, reactive gases, and aerosols. The Polar Atmosphere Monitoring and Study program at Zhongshan station started at 1992, when a Brewer Spectrometer was set up for long term monitoring of total column ozone. This program was expanded during the 24th Antarctic investigation under the framework of 4th IPY activities. An in-situ monitoring system for surface ozone, carbon monoxide, and black carbon, together with ozone sonding and flask sampling, was put into routine operation since January of 2008. During the 26th Antarctic investigation, in-situ CO2/CH4 monitoring system will be installed with most advanced CRDS techniques to meet the requirement for the precision, reliability, and low-maintenance in Antarctic. 3) OBSERVATION OF UPPER ATMOSPHERE PHYSICS (UAP) STUDY AT THE ZHONGSHAN STATION Executor HE Fang, Polar Research Institute of China LIU Jue, Wuhan University Abstract Zhongshan station, located at 69.4°S, 76.4°E Antarctica, with corrected geomagnetic latitude of 74.5°, is an ideal place for monitoring UAP phenomena around cusp latitudes for space weather studies. The geomagnetic conjugate point of the Zhongshan is mapped to Svalbard archipelago, where the Chinese Yellow River Station is located. The data obtained at the Zhongshan Station is also important for conjugate studies of UAP, one of the major topics included in ICESTAR and several other international polar year programs. Since the signature of the Cooperative Agreement on Polar Science between Polar Research Institute of China (PRIC) and National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) in 1995, the UAP observation has been carried out ever since and acted as a routine program in the Chinese Antarctic Expedition with financial support from Japanese fellows and from Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration Office. The cooperative instrument, Imaging Riometer, is still in good condition and running all the time. In addition, the Induction Magnetometer, which is supported by Newcastle University, Australia, based on bilateral scientific cooperation between Newcastle University and PRIC, has been operating since 1996. With supports from the projects of “Polar Research Capacity Improvements” and “Meridian Chain Space Weather Monitoring”, the new digisonde DPS-4D was installed at Zhongshan station in year 2009 to take the position of the old generation, DPS-4, along together there were other newly instruments have been deployed and been a routine operation since 2010. These include:  A SuperDARN HF radar  A Multi-wavelength All Sky CCD Imager  3 Monochromatic CCD Imagers with alternative field view of 8º, 19º, 47 º,76ºor 180º  An Ionospheric Scintillation Monitor system consist of 3 GPS monitors. During the overwinter observation in 2012, we had provided the maintenance for the observation instruments and kept the routine operation for the data collection. 4) GENERAL GEOMAGNETISM OBSERVATION Executor CHANG SHOUMIN, Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences Abstract Geomagnetics and upper atmosphere dynamics are subjects that based on observation. The long termdata acquisition has not only significance with the basic research about the space physics, but also hasmany applications in national defense and national economy. Furthermore, the Antarctic geomagneticand space environment observation play an important role in the meridian observation chain of space physics in China. The observation contains: geomagnetic relative variations (three components H, D and Z), absolute observation (three components D, I and F), geomagnetic pulsation, ionospheric scintillation and TEC observation etc. In addition, data processing must be carried out everyday, and daily instrument maintenance is necessary. 5) THE EARTHTIDE GRAVITY OBSERVATION AND RESEARCH PROJECT OF ZHONGSHAN STATION Executor CHANG SHOUMIN, Institute of geology and geophysics, CAS Abstract The observation and research of Earth tide gravity is one of important methods to know the physical structure of layers in the Earth interior and reveal its geodynamical movement mechanism and interpret the movement mode of the Earth’s surface. For the amplitude value of earth tide gravity is rather small in Antarctic, the North and South Pole of the Earth are the best areas to study the variation of Earth tide and Earth non-tide gravity. In the whole year, The Lacoste-Romburg ET relative gravity meter was working continuously except the calibration in each month and the accuracy and continuity of the data also attain to high level. 6) THE OBSERVATION OF PERENNIAL GPS TRACKING STATION AND THE TIDE GAUGE AT THE ZHONGSHAN STATION Executor XIE Surui, Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan University Abstract The continuous operational GPS tracking station and the tide observation station were built at Zhongshan Station. As the precise datum for surveying and mapping, they are important for scientific research in Antarctic, such as Geodynamics, Glacier dynamics, Geophysics and the sea-level change, they are also the infrastructure to participate in international collaborative research projects. To ensure the GPS and tide observation station function well, regular inspection and maintenance are necessary, and the data should be checked, saved and sent to internal everyday. 5. Scientific Projects in the Kunlun Station for Summer Season 1) THE RESEARCH AND OBSERVATION ALONG ZHONGSHAN STATION TO DOME-A AND IN KUNLUN STATION REGION AS WELL AS TYPICAL AREAS Excutors: Guo Jingxue, Polar Research Institute of China Abstract: The main objective of this work is based ice radar technology breakthrough which led to deeply study of ice sheet stability. Intensive observation of the Dome-A region and Zhongshan Station to Kunlun Station inland section was made through the use of new vehicle-based ice radar detection means. The ice radar investigation is divided into three stages: First, continuities observation by deep ice radar technology from Zhongshan Station to the Kunlun Station; Second, observation of deep sounding radar and shallow sounding radar were separately made in Kunlun station regions; Third, enhanced observation was made in the return from Kunlun Station to Zhongshan Station at diagnostic areas selected. Ice radar observation lasted 52 days and all the planned tasks were full completed. These work obtain high-quality radar data and will help to understand the driving mechanism of the Antarctic ice sheet changes and the accumulation of substances of ice sheet, as well structural analysis of ice sheet. 2) GLACIOLOGICAL OBSERVATION ON THE TRAVERSE FROM ZHONGSHAN STATION TO DOME A AND AT THE KUNLUN STATION Excutors: Shi Guitao, Polar Research Institute of China Abstract: Overall 29th Antarctic inland expedition team accomplished the assigned tasks on glaciological observations perfectly. Large numbers of invaluable snow and ice samples as well as field data have been collected along the Zhongshan Station-Dome A traverse, which provide the basic materials for the glaciological studies of the Antarctica; meanwhile, it is of significance to the deep ice core research. In general, the accomplished tasks were in two aspects. In terms of the snow samples, a set of 11 snowpit profile samples have been collected, the maximum among the ever expedition campaigns. The firn cores and snowpit samples were treated in the field, and more than 800 samples were recovered in all. As for the superficial snow, 124 sampling sites were selected along the Zhongshan Station Dome A traverse, and near 500 samples have been collected. In addition, two shallow ice cores have been recovered, and one core was drilled at the location 520km to the coast and the other was drilled at Kunlun Station, with the length of 10.6m and 20.0m, respectively. As the data collected from the field investigation, all together 587 bamboo stakes were measured, and the snow accumulation rate could be estimated based on the measurements. The superficial snow density, surface snow temperature, and the temperature of the 25cm depth snow have been measured at an interval of 10km. In total, a set of 124 sites have been measured for these physical properties. Furthermore, the meteorological parameters have been observed at each camp site, including the temperature, wind speed, wind direction, pressure, etc. To sum up, a perfect work has been done in the 29th Chinese Antarctic inland expedition. 3) THE RESEARCH OF ANTARCTIC ASTRONOMY AT KUN LUN STATION Excutors: Zhou Hongyan, Polar Research Institute of China Xu LingZhe, NanJing Institute of Astronmical Optics & Technology Tian QiGuo, Polar Research Institute of China Abstract The major jobs for the 29th Chinese Antarctic expedition of astronomy at Kun Lun station are listed as follows. 1、Maintain & Update Ast3 telescope. 2、Maintain PLATO. 3、Copy observation data We successfully maintained the Ast3 telescope and PlATO and got the 2.3T observation data. 4) GLACIOLOGICAL OBSERVATION ON THE TRAVERSE FROM ZHONGSHAN STATION TO DOME A AND AT THE KUNLUN STATION Executors Shi Guitao, Polar Research Institute of China Abstract Overall 29th Antarctic inland expedition team accomplished the assigned tasks on glaciological observations perfectly. Large numbers of invaluable snow and ice samples as well as field data have been collected along the Zhongshan Station-Dome A traverse, which provide the basic materials for the glaciological studies of the Antarctica; meanwhile, it is of significance to the deep ice core research. In general, the accomplished tasks were in two aspects. In terms of the snow samples, a set of 11 snowpit profile samples have been collected, the maximum among the ever expedition campaigns. The firn cores and snowpit samples were treated in the field, and more than 800 samples were recovered in all. As for the superficial snow, 124 sampling sites were selected along the Zhongshan Station Dome A traverse, and near 500 samples have been collected. In addition, two shallow ice cores have been recovered, and one core was drilled at the location 520km to the coast and the other was drilled at Kunlun Station, with the length of 10.6m and 20.0m, respectively. As the data collected from the field investigation, all together 587 bamboo stakes were measured, and the snow accumulation rate could be estimated based on the measurements. The superficial snow density, surface snow temperature, and the temperature of the 25cm depth snow have been measured at an interval of 10km. In total, a set of 124 sites have been measured for these physical properties. Furthermore, the meteorological parameters have been observed at each camp site, including the temperature, wind speed, wind direction, pressure, etc. To sum up, a perfect work has been done in the 29th Chinese Antarctic inland expedition. 5) THE NAVIGATION AND SURVEYING OF ANTARCTIC INLAND ICE SHEET Excutors: Yang Yuande, Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan University Abstract: The navigation was done along the transit between Zhongshan Station and Kunlun Station, and the navigation route has been changed during the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition in 2012-2013. Furthermore, 6 new GPS and 14 old GPS data were collected using the static GPS survey technique in the transit. Moreover, the dynamic RTK GPS technique was used to resample the 49 points in 30km×30km area around Kunlun Station, and 47 points were successful. In the new transit station about 520km distance to Zhongshan Stantion, the data for mapping at a scale of 1:500 is collected. After return back to Zhongshan Station, the gravity and magnetic measurement data were collected. Using ZTS relative gravimeter, the gravity measurements are executed along 2 unknown and 3 known gravity points. Beside, further researches will be done using these data. 6) ANTARCTIC INLAND ICE SHEET SECTION AND THE KUNLUN STATION MODERN INTERFACE OF ICE AND SNOW MONITORING AND ECOLOGICAL GEOLOGY SURVEY Executors ZHANG Lulu, Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology of China Abstract The samples were collected 460 bottles ice, the TSP sample film 36 sheets, VOC gas 24 cans, and measurement the atmospheric mercury concentration data directly along the way.On the go and return of each camp and the Kunlun Station we total collected 36 aerosol samples, and made seven blanks.Along the way and the Kunlun Station, we monitored the local atmospheric mercury concentrations on the upwind direction, the measured concentration mainly ranged from 0.5 to 0.5 ng/m3.We chose six sets of representative site to collect 300 bottles ice when go to Kunlun Station; when return every 10 km collected a surface snow sample, total collected 100 bottles, to do chemical element analysis; every 20 km collected a surface snow sample, total collected 60 bottles, to do heavy metals analysis, and we also made five blank comparison. We sampled a VOC gas can at each camp when go to Kunlun Station, at the Kunlun Station we collected a sample every three days, total collected 24 samples, when collected each sample we record and describe the sample information in detail. 7) EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF DOME A HYPOXIC-EXTREME COLD COMPOUND ENVIRONMENT ON PHYSIOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY OF THE 29TH CHINESE ANTARCTICA INLAND EXPEDITIONERS Executors Pengmao Jiacuo People’s Hospital of Qinghai Province. Abstract: The project taken on by Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Institute of Basic Medical Sciences is a sub-topic of national polar region special project“Investigation of biology and ecological environment around the Station in 2013”. A series of advanced portable medical devices and psychological questionnaires were used to trace and monitor the 29th Chinese Antarctica Inland Expeditioners throughout Antarctica expedition. The physiological and psychological parameters which reflect health condition of expeditioners were obtained to explore the adaption,compensation and injury patterns of human body to hypoxia and extreme cold in Dome A environment . Hereinafter is the executive report 1) The 29th Chinese Antarctica Inland Expeditioners were introduced of project contents on XueLong Ship on October 28th ,2012. 22 out of 25 expeditioners agreed to participate and gave informed consent. 2) A total number of 63 blood samples of the participants were taken on three occasions: departure from Shanghai(22 participants, 22 for short ),exploration period in Kunlun Station(21),return to Shanghai(20). 3) A total number of 144 saliva samples of the participants were taken on six occasions, departure from Shanghai(22 participants, 22 for short),arrival at Zhongshan Station(24),first day at Kunlun Station(25),after 2-week stay at Kunlun Station (25),return to Zhongshan Station (24), return to Shanghai(24). 4) A total number of 142 reports of Cardiovascular function were obtained. Cardiovascular function of the participants were detected by BioZ.com system Impedance Cardiograph on six occasions, departure from Shanghai(23 participants, 23 for short), arrival at Zhongshan Station(25),first day at Kunlun Station(24),after 2-week stay at Kunlun Station(24), return to Zhongshan Station (24), return to Shanghai(22). 5) A total number of 133 reports of Electrocardiogram (ECG) were obtained. ECG of the participants were detected by 12-lead synchronous Electrocardiograph (GE MAC800, American) on six occasions, departure from Shanghai(22 participants, 22 for short),arrival at Zhongshan Station(25),first day at Kunlun Station(17),after 2-week stay at Kunlun Station(23), return to Zhongshan Station (24),return to Shanghai(22). 6) A total number of 249 AMS questionnaire (Lake Louise Scoring System) were completed. The participants were asked to complete AMS questionnaire on these occasions, departure from Shanghai(24 participants, 24 for short),arrival at Zhongshan Station(25),arrival at 3160m of Dome A(25), first day at Kunlun Station(25),second day at Kunlun Station(25), third day at Kunlun Station(25), tenth day at Kunlun Station(25), after 2-week stay at Kunlun Station(25),return to Zhongshan Station (25), return to Shanghai(25). 7) A total number of 148 POMS scale and Stress and Anxiety scale were completed. The participants were asked to complete POMS scale and Stress and Anxiety scale on these occasions, departure from Shanghai(24 participants, 24 for short),arrival at Zhongshan Station(25),first day at Kunlun Station(25), after 2-week stay at Kunlun Station(25), return to Zhongshan Station(25) , return to Shanghai(24). Devices and questionnaires have been brought home by XueLong Ship. We built physiological and psychological database respectively, after double data entry and invalid data screening of cardiovascular function, ECG, psychological questionnaire and the scores of AMS symptoms in our lab. Blood and saliva samples have been bought home below -80° by XueLong Ship. They will be analyzed in our lab to show the changes of core stress response --changes in a series of indicators in the immune-neural-endocrine system. Preliminary results indicate that the physiological and psychological indicators of the 29th Antarctic Inland expeditioners have changed significantly during their stay at Kunlun station,which is supposed to be a way to compensate the effect of hypoxic and extreme cold environment on human body. 6. Scientific Projects in the Southern Ocean 1) PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND METEOROLOGY OBSERVATIONS AROUND ANTARCTIC REGION IN 2012 Executors: GAO Libao, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China XUE Liang, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China QU Dapeng, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China SONG Xinxin, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China GUO Guijun, Ocean University of China ZHANG Qingli, Ocean University of China HAN Hongwei, Dalian University of Technology, China CHENG Peng, Dalian University of Technology, China YANG Wei, South China Sea Branch, SOA, China Abstract: The physical oceanography and meteorology observations of the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition were conducted in two regions, the Prydz Bay and the Ross Sea regions. CTD and LADCP were deployed at 63 stations in the Prydz Bay region. Two days continuous station observation had been done near Chinese new station position in Ross Sea. Two new moorings equipped with CT, CTD and ADCP were deployed and two old moorings deployed during last cruise were recovered in the Prydz Bay. We also deployed 15 Argos drifter in the eastern region of Prydz Bay. Totally 52 sounding observations and 159 XCTD/XBT probes were launched when the R/V Xuelong traversing the Southern Ocean. Additionally, some other observations had been done during this cruise, such as ice, SST, wind and so on. 2) MARINE GEOLOGY INVESTIGATION OF THE 29th CHINESE NATIONAL ANTARCTIC RESEARCH EXPEDITION Executors CHEN Zhihua, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China LIU Xinde, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China LI Yunhai, Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China ZHANG Taoliang, TongJi University, China WANG Baishun, East China Sea Branch, SOA, China Abstract The marine geological survey was conducted in the late stage of the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition from January 18th to March 26th by R/V Xuelong. During this cruise, 61 stations of suspended matter in the surface water were collected by filter; 20 stations of surface sediments were dredged using box sampler, 9 stations of dozens-thick sediments were dredged by multicorer, and 10 long cores of sediments were dredged using gravity corer in the Prydz Bay. All these samples provide materials for the following studies of modern sedimentary environments, and paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic changes during Late Quaternary in the bay and its surrounding area. 3) INVESTIGATION OF MARINE GEOPHYSICS Excutors: Gao Jinyao, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Wang Wei, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Wu Zhaocai, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Zhao Qiang, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA Zheng Yanpeng, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA Hu Yi, Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA Liu Qiang, South China Sea Branch, SOA Abstract: Water depth, gravity and three-component geomagnetic data were sampled en route by the R/V Xuelong throughout the whloe voyage of one-ship and two-station, which was about 46,000 km long, across the South China Sea, Sulu Sea, the Celebes Sea and the northeastern Indian Ocean, and across the Southern Ocean between Australia and Antarctica four times. They provide a wealth of data for the study of the geophysical field as well as the seabed geological structure of basin, trench and ridge in these areas. In the Prydz Bay and its vicinities, 2356 km of gravity and bathymetry survey lines, 2286 km of magnetic survey lines and 695 km of 24-channel reflection seismic profiles were conducted. Heat flows were measured at five stations, and 5 long-period broadband OBSs were also released at five stations. Our completed works exceed the plan. We strictly stick to the technical regulations of “The Synthetic Expedition Project for the South and North Polar Environments”. The draft changes were surveyed and recorded every time before and after docking and goods unloading or loading. Three CTD sound speed profiles were collected for sound velocity correction of water depth. Gravity datum was tried to extend from the Zhongshan Station to the ship. Four heat thermometers were compared and corrected with the CTD thermometer. The geomagnetic diurnal variation was measured synchronously along with the marine geomagnetic survey at the Zhongshan Station, and measurement of ship magnetism at eight directions were also finally completed. Heat flow, three-component magnetics and high-resolution multi-channel seismics are new items of the Southern Ocean scientific expedition. Integrated degree and performance standards of geophysical survey of this cruise are improved relative to the past cruise. Our results provide a solid base for the study of tectonic evolution and oil/gas resource potential of the Prydz Bay. 4) MARINE CHEMISTRY IN SOUTHERN OCEAN Executors: Han Zhengbing, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Zhang Haifeng, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Lan Musheng, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA Li Yuhong, Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA Huang Dekun, Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA He Xiuping, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA Liu Xiao, Xiamen University Jia Renming, Xiamen University Xin Jie, University of Science and Technology of China Abstract: The marine chemistry surveys were carried out during the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition. Exceeded the 35 stations planned, 58 stations observations of 6 sections were finished in Prydz Bay. Sampling and part analytical work was completed during the investigation, include seawater chemistry, atmospheric chemistry and sediment chemistry. Totally 5909 samples were collected, and more than 10Mbs data of pCO2 were collected during the R/V Xuelong traveled between Shanghai and Antarctica. Moored time serious sediment trap was deployed in Prydz Bay, in order to understand biochemistry characters and biological pump processes. In addition, sediment samples were sampled at 27 stations in Prydz Bay. 5) MARINE BIOLOGY OBSERVATIONS IN THE SOUTHERN OCEAN Executors: Gao Yuan, Polar Research Institute of China Zhang Jianheng, Ocean University of Shanghai Zhai Hongchang, Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China He Xuebao, Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China Huang Dingyong, Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China Zhang Ye, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Abstract: The marine biology observations of the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition were conducted in two parts, surface seawater samples on the Xuelong’s track and samples from the region of the Prydz Bay. On the track, surface seawater were sampled 2 times a day, at 8:00 a.m. and 20:00 p.m. In Prydz Bay, 48 stations were deployed with CTD. Up to 12 programs were carried out, including bacterioplankton, micro-plankton, Chl-a, Primary Production, benthonic animal, Virioplankton, floating fish. More than 2000 seawater samples were obtained. A few number of these samples were handled in situ, while most were taken back, kept at -20℃. 6) KRILL BIOLOGICAL SURVEY IN THE SOUTHERN OCEAN Executor Li Lingzhi , East China Sea Fisheries research Institute Yang Qiao , East China Sea Fisheries research Institute Yang Guang , Institute of Oceanology , Chinese Academic of science Wang Yanqing, Institute of Oceanology , Chinese Academic of science Jin yongxuan, First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China Abstract: The krill biological resources survey of the 29th Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition included two parts, the navigation survey around Antarctica and the cross-section survey in adjacent area of Prydz Bay. In navigation survey ,112G krill resource acoustic image data was collected ; the high-speed zooplankter acquisition instrument was deployed at more than 10 stations, 75 zooplankter samples ware collected; the krill frame trawl was deployed at 1 station ,5 krill samples were collected. In cross-section survey, 99G krill resource acoustic image data was collected, krill trawl and IKMT trawl were deployed at 5 stations for each gear; 30 krill samples were collected. More than 50 microorganism samples were gathered during the whole survey. 7) Data Management Executor Wu Hao Polar Research Institute of China Chinese National Actic and Antarctic Data Center Abstract According to the “Management Policy of Polar Science Data of China” and its implementing rules, the data obtained in polar researches should be kept securely and shared. To ensure the legacy of CHINARE, all scientific research proposes report must include a data management plan. All the participants of polar researchers should submit the original observation data to the archive section and submit the pre-processed observation data and metadata to CN-NADC in accordance with the data policy.
Link (URL):
Additional Information: Open file
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: China
Number of Voyages: 8
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2009/2010 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
05 Nov 2012 Shenzhen, China 16 Nov 2012 Fremantle, Australia Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes,fuels supply.
19 Nov 2012 Fremantle, Australia 02 Dec 2012 Zhongshan Station Multidiscipline marine science trials;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels. Discharge the expeditioners, fuel and other materials.
17 Dec 2012 Zhongshan Station 27 Dec 2012 Ross Sea Station 1 Multidiscipline marine science trials;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels.
01 Jan 2013 Ross Sea Station 1 07 Jan 2013 Ross Sea Station 2 Multidiscipline marine science trials;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels.
12 Jan 2013 Ross Sea Station 2 19 Jan 2013 Hobart, Australia Multidiscipline marine science trials;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels. Discharge the expeditioners, fuel and other materials supply.
22 Jan 2013 Hobart, Australia 01 Feb 2013 Zhongshan Station Investigation in Pryze Bay, transportation personnel, fuel and cargo.
11 Mar 2013 Zhongshan Station 22 Mar 2013 Fremantle, Australia Multidiscipline marine science trials, Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels,fuel and water supplement
26 Mar 2013 Fremantle, Australia 09 Apr 2013 Shanghai, China Multidiscipline marine science trials;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels.

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: KA-32
Category:
Period From: 02/12/2012
Period To: 11/03/2013
Remarks: KA-32 air plane on board will be used for delivery of goods between the vessel and the station.
Type: Z9(Dolphin)
Category:
Period From: 02/12/2012
Period To: 11/03/2013
Remarks: Z9-airplane on board will be used for transportation of personnel, aerial photograph and aerial survey in the Antarctica

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: None
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: None
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: None
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: None

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of Botany Study near the Chinese Great Wall Station during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Activity: National Antarctic Science Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of Microbiology Study near Great Wall station during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Shandong university, China
Activity: National Antarctic Science Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of microbiology study near Great Wall station during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Institute Of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Activity: National Antarctic Scientific Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of Pollutants Study on Ardley Island during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: National Marine Environment Monitoring Center
Activity: National Antarctic Science Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact

Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of scientific expedition near Great Wall station during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Research center for eco-environmental science,, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Activity: National Antarctic Scientific Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of Exploring the benthos diversity, benthic ecology environment, organic pollutants and natural products on Ardley Island of Antarctic during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Institute of Marine Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Taiwan Donng Hwa University
Activity: National Antarctic Science Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the Climate Change Study inArdley Island
Organization(s) responsible: University of Science and Technology of China
Activity: National Antarctic Scientific Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evalustion of the STUDY OF ASHORE BEHAVIOR OF PINNIPEDS AND HABITAT SITUATION IN FILDES PENINSULA ANTARCTIC during the 29th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration
Activity: National Antarctic Science Program
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula King George Island
Latitude: 62º11´S
Latitude: 58º54´W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Waste management regulation has been implemented by every expedition wherever they are on board M/V Xuelong or at the three Chinese Antarctic stations. All wastes are separated and treated according to the regulation. And the waste produced in the Kunlun Station was brought back to the Zhongshan Station for further treatment. Waste management regulation for the station: The solid waste materials are divided into 4 catalogues and treated in different ways at the three stations; combustible materials are not permitted to store in the station for a long time, and they are burned in the incinerator after being recorded and the remains are put in case and be transported back to China; metal, plastic and other non-combustible materials are collected to be transported back to China; glass materials are smashed into pieces and put into cases to be transported back to China; battery useless is collected into cases and be transported back to China; the daily domestic liquid waste is treated in the sewage treatment system and then discharged into the sea; the chemical liquid waste is collected; the fuel waste and lubricant are collected separately. The Kunlun Station is a summer station on the ice sheet , it is our intention to bring as much waste as possible to the Zhongshan Station. Waste management regulations for the vessel: All the wastes on the M/V “Xuelong”, including the daily domestic liquid waste and the solid waste, were treated according to the related regulations of the IMO.

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 3
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2012   To:  22 Feb 2013
Purpose: Ecological studies, sampling
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from Institute of Micobiology,CAS, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Wuhan University, Institute of Botany, CAS. Investigations on experiment plot of colonization and recovery of lichens,experiment plot of observation of lichen-plant, experiment plots establishments, microbial communities’ activation and interrelationship study, Deschampsia antarctica distribution reinvestigation, plant speciments collection and lichen species, lake water, snow, air, sediments and soil sampling
Event or project name/number: 2012/2, 2012/3, 2012/5
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 6
Number of people: Permitted to enter  9   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2012   To:  22 Feb 2013
Purpose: Ecological studies
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from Institute of Micobiology,CAS, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Wuhan University, Institute of botany, CAS, Shandong University, National Marine Environment Monirtoring Cener, Marine Biology Museum in Taiwan. Investigations on experiment plot of colonization and recovery of lichens,experiment plot of observation of lichen-plant,experiment plots establishments, microbial communities’ activation and interrelationship study, Deschampsia antarctica distribution reinvestigation, plant speciments collection,lichen species, lake water, snow, air, sediments , soil and animal dung sampling
Event or project name/number: 2012/2, 2012/3, 2012/4, 2012/5, 2012/6, 2012/7

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report