ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2011/2012 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: China as one of the consultative parties maintains its substantial scientific research since 1985 in a long-term manner in Antarctica. Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing provides fundamental infrastructure for international cooperation and national coordination. As a governmental agency, it is in a position to support and oversee the programs coordinated among research institutes and universities. Polar Research Institute of China in Shanghai with icebreaker Xuelong and its dock there has developed as a base for both Arctic and Antarctic scientific research. In next five years, China expedition and scientific research will focus on “Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation & Assessment Programmes”, long term environmental monitoring and surveying programs such as meteorological, glaciological and eco-environmental monitoring programs will be carried out in the Great Wall Station, the Zhongshan Station and the Kunlun Station.
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Wang Yong Wang
Job Title or Position: Head of Science Development Division
Phone: 0086-10-68011632
Email: wang_yong@263.net.cn;wangyong@caa.gov.cn
Details/Description: In the Great Wall Station area, in addition to meteorology conventional observation, GPS tracking stations, biological and ecological research around the station area were carried out, study on organic pollutants and the deployment of environmental monitoring system and other scientific investigation projects were carried out. In the Zhongshan Station area, based on continuation of upper atmospheric physics, geomagnetism, gravity solid tide, conventional meteorological and ozone and other regular observation projects, study on air pollutants, study on application of the polar robot system, Dahlke glacier dynamics and observational studies of Larsemann Hills typical lake, Amery ice shelf field investigation and comprehensive surveys on Prydz Bay ice were carried out. In Kunlun station area, Kunlun deep ice core drilling plan was carried out, astronomy, geomagnetism, earthquake, automatic weather stations and other observational equipment was installed; scientific observations on glaciers, astronomy, mapping and other fields were conducted. Southern Ocean in situ survey was done in 21 stations, including 14 key stations survey on Amery ice shelf front and 7 key stations of P1 section in Prydz Bay; survey in the sea around Antarctic Peninsula was done in 46 stations, including 42 fixed-point survey stations and 4 along oceanic stations. Investigation contents cover the physical oceanography, geophysical oceanography, marine ecology, marine chemistry, environmental science and database management and other disciplines.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: all projects
Discipline: see attached document
Principal Investigator: see attached document
Main Activity/ Remarks: see attached document
Link (URL):
Additional Information: Open file
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: China
Number of Voyages: 7
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2009/2010 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
29 Oct 2011 Shanghai, China 31 Oct 2011 Tianjin, China safety education and fire drill
03 Nov 2011 Tianjin, China 18 Nov 2011 Fremantle, Australia Water and Fuel supplement; embarking some expeditioners
20 Nov 2011 Fremantle, Australia 30 Nov 2011 Zhongshan Station Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
16 Dec 2011 Zhongshan Station 01 Jan 2012 Great Wall Station Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
07 Jan 2012 Great Wall Station 11 Jan 2012 Ushuaia, Argentina Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes, water and fuel supplement.
14 Jan 2012 Ushuaia, Argentina 20 Mar 2012 Fremantle, Australia Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
24 Mar 2012 Fremantle, Australia 08 Apr 2012 Shanghai, China Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; physical oceanography observation

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: KA-32
Category:
Period From: 03/12/2011
Period To: 10/03/2012
Remarks: KA-32 air plane on board will be used for delivery of goods between the vessel and the station.
Type: Z9(Dolphin)
Category:
Period From: 03/12/2011
Period To: 10/03/2012
Remarks: Z9-air plane on board will be used for transportation of personnel, aerial photograph and aerial survey in the Antarctica

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: None
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: None
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: None
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: None

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title:
Organization(s) responsible: An Jiachun, Wuhan University
Activity: Science, monitoring
Topics: - Monitoring Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or short-term impacts to local environment during the activity . This project will cause no harmful impact on the eco-environment of Ardley Island, such as penguin or tundra plants.
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of scientific expedition near Great Wall station during the 28th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Cao Shu-nan, Institute Of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Activity: Science, biology
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or short-term impacts to local environment during the activity . This project will cause no harmful impact on lichen communities and the eco-environment in Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island.
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of scientific expedition on Ardley Island during the 28th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Ho, Hsuan-Chung, National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium;Chang, Yu-Chia, National Sun Yat-sen University,
Activity: Science, biology
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or short-term impacts to local environment during the activity. This project will cause no harmful impact on the eco-environment of Ardley Island, such as penguin or tundra plants.
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of scientific expedition on Fildes Peninsula, Ardley Island and Baden Peninsula during the 28th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Ma Dawei, University of Science and Technology of China
Activity: Science, Observation, microbiology
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Baden Peninsula
Latitude: 62º 13´ 40´´ S
Latitude: 58º 45´ 25´´ W
Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or short-term impacts to local environment during the activity . This project will cause no harmful impact on the eco-environment of on Fildes Peninsula, Ardley Island and Baden Peninsula, such as penguin or tundra plants.

Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of scientific expeditionon Ardley Island during the 28th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Wang Pu, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS
Activity: Science, monitoring
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or short-term impacts to local environment during the activity . This project will cause no harmful impact on the eco-environment of Ardley Island, such as penguin or tundra plants.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of a new Living Building at Chinese Zhongshan Station, Antarctica
Organization(s) responsible: Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration, Polar Research Institute of China
Activity: Construction of a new Living Building at the Zhongshan Station
Topics: - Construction / operation of facilities
Locations: Site name: Zhongshan Station
Latitude: 69°22´24´´ S
Latitude: 76°22´40´´ E
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - a minor a nd transitory impact

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Waste management regulation has been implemented by every expedition wherever they are on board M/V Xuelong or at the three Chinese Antarctic stations. All wastes are separated and treated according to the regulation. And the waste produced in the Kunlun Station was brought back to the Zhongshan Station for further treatment. Waste management regulation for the station: The solid waste materials are divided into 4 catalogues and treated in different ways at the three stations; combustible materials are not permitted to store in the station for a long time, and they are burned in the incinerator after being recorded and the remains are put in case and be transported back to China; metal, plastic and other non-combustible materials are collected to be transported back to China; glass materials are smashed into pieces and put into cases to be transported back to China; battery useless is collected into cases and be transported back to China; the daily domestic liquid waste is treated in the sewage treatment system and then discharged into the sea; the chemical liquid waste is collected; the fuel waste and lubricant are collected separately. The Kunlun Station is a summer station on the ice sheet , it is our intention to bring as much waste as possible to the Zhongshan Station. Waste management regulations for the vessel: All the wastes on the M/V “Xuelong”, including the daily domestic liquid waste and the solid waste, were treated according to the related regulations of the IMO.

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  22 Feb 2012
Purpose: Ecological studies
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from Institute of Micobiology,CAS, andPolar Research Institute of China. Investigations of GHG flux measurement, microbial ecology investigation and resynthesis of the mycobiont and photobiont of lichen, lichen species sampling.
Event or project name/number: 2011/02, 2011/04
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 5
Number of people: Permitted to enter  8   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: Ecological studies
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Institute of Micobiology,CAS, Polar Research Institute of China, Heilongjiang Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation, Wuhan University, University of Science and Technology of China, Taiwan Zhongshan University, Taiwan Marine Biology and Aquarium Museum. Investigations on air sampling, resynthesis of the mycobiont and photobiont of lichen, lichen species sampling, site selection and construction of GPS control point, , conjunction of GPS network , GHG flux measurement, microbial ecology investigation, soil, feather, egg shell remains, animal dung and body remains sampling.
Event or project name/number: 2011/02,2011/03,2011/04,2011/05,2011/06
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: Ecological and Eco-chemical Studies
Summary of activities: visits by scientist from University of Science and Technology of China, investigation on tundra carbon nitrogen and phosporus biogeochemical cycles.
Event or project name/number: 2011/04

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
Other Information - Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies
Emergency Title: The Helicopter Equipped on board of Xuelong crashed in the area close to Chinese Antarctic Zhongshan Station
Emergency Description: The helicopter named as Xueying (Snow Eagle) which is equipped aboard of Chinese polar research vessel Xuelong crashed in the area close to Chinese Antarctic Zhongshan Station at 2120 (local time) on December 8, 2011.
Date of Emergency: 08 Dec 2011
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Action Undertaken: This is a Ka-32 helicopter. The accident occurred when the helicopter was on her way back to Xuelong after finishing the unloading job in Zhongshan. The helicopter was suddenly out of control over the sea ice and failed in a forced landing and crashed. The two pilots on board escaped from the danger and were rescued back to Xuelong. One of them suffered only a light bruise. With the help of Indian and Russian colleagues from nearby station, the wreckage of the helicopter was collected and tran
General Report