ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2010/2011 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: China as one of the consultative parties maintains its substantial scientific research since 1985 in a long-term manner in Antarctica. Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing provides fundamental infrastructure for international cooperation and national coordination. As a governmental agency, it is in a position to support and oversee the programs coordinated among research institutes and universities. Polar Research Institute of China in Shanghai with icebreaker Xuelong and its dock there has developed as a base for both Arctic and Antarctic scientific research. In next five years, China expedition and scientific research will focus on “Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation & Assessment Programmes”, long term environmental monitoring and surveying programs such as meteorological, glaciological and eco-environmental monitoring programs will be carried out in the Great Wall Station, the Zhongshan Station and the Kunlun Station.
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Wang Yong Wang
Job Title or Position: Head of Science Development Division
Phone: 0086-10-68011632
Email: wang_yong@263.net.cn;wangyong@caa.gov.cn
Details/Description: In the Great Wall Station area, in addition to the routine meteorological observation, scientific investigation projects were carried out around the station such as earthquake observation and research, eco-environmental monitoring and research, organic pollutants research and the environmental monitoring, lichen study, marine biological study and ionosphere study, etc; The routine maintenance work for the station area has been completed. In the Zhongshan Station area, on the basis of continuing the routine observation projects such as those on upper atmosphere physics, geomagnetism, gravity solid tide, tide gauging, global positioning system(GPS) as well as conventional meteorological and ozone observations,fishes diversity survey, tide gauge datum calibration, East Antarctic geological investigation and research. In the Kunlun station area, the deep ice core site built has been perfected and the installation of the instruments and equipment for astronomical observation completed; A multidisciplinary scientific research was made, including ice and snow, meteorology and environment. The Southern Ocean investigation lasted for 17 days, with on oceanic survey voyage of 1447 nautical miles in the aggregate and a total of 64 fixed-point survey stations, including 27 along oceanic sections on the outer edge of the Amery Ice Shelf and 37 along oceanic sections in the Prydz Bay three meridional and 1 zonal. The investigation covered physical oceanography, marine biology, marine chemistry, atmospheric chemistry and other disciplines.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: all projects
Discipline: see attached document
Principal Investigator: see attached document
Main Activity/ Remarks: see attached document
Link (URL):
Additional Information: Open file
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: CHINA
Number of Voyages: 7
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2010/2011 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
05 Nov 2010 Shanghai, China 08 Nov 2010 Shenzhen, China safety education and fire drill
11 Nov 2010 Shenzhen, China 21 Nov 2010 Fremantle Water and Fuel supplement; embarking some expeditioners
23 Nov 2010 Fremantle 05 Dec 2010 Zhongshan Station Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
17 Jan 2011 Zhongshan Station 20 Jan 2011 Casey Station loading wastes from Casey Station on request of ADD
26 Jan 2011 Casey Station 30 Jan 2011 Zhongshan Station Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
26 Feb 2011 Zhongshan Station 10 Mar 2011 Fremantle water and fuel supplement; discharging Wastes loaded in Casey Station; disembarking some passengers
17 Mar 2011 Fremantle 01 Apr 2011 Shanghai Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; physical oceanography observation

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: KA-32
Category:
Period From: 07/12/2010
Period To: 01/03/2011
Remarks: KA-32 air plane on board will be used for delivery of goods between the vessel and the station.
Type: Z9(Dolphin)
Category:
Period From: 07/12/2010
Period To: 01/03/2011
Remarks: Z9-air plane on board will be used for transportation of personnel, aerial photograph and aerial survey in the Antarctica

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: none
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: none
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: none
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: none

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: Distribution and characterization of persistent organic pollutants in environmental and biotic samples from coastal Antarctica
Organization(s) responsible: Dr. Chia‐Wei Lin, Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium
Activity: Science, Monitoring
Topics: - Monitoring Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Ardleigh Island nearby Great Wall station
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Only less than minor or transitory impacts associated to the planned activity
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental impact assessment of scientific expedition near Great Wall station during the 27th CHINARE
Organization(s) responsible: Zhou Qi‐Ming, Institute Of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Activity: Scientific Expedition
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: This project will cause no harmful impact on lichen communities and the eco‐environment in Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island.
Type: IEE
Title: Evaluation on the Environmental impact of project “Ecogeolgical Investigation on the Ardley Island, Antarctic”
Organization(s) responsible: Prof. Liguang Sun and Zhouqing Xie. University of Science and Technology of China
Activity: Science: Ecology
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Ardley Island
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or short-term impacts to local environment during the activity
Type: IEE
Title: Evaluation on the Environmental impact of project “Study on Bioaccumulation Effect of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Antarctic”
Organization(s) responsible: LI Yingming, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS
Activity: Sicence, Monitoring
Topics: - Monitoring Programme
- Science
Locations: Site name: King Geroge Island and Penguin Island, South Shetland Islands
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Minor or no impacts to local animals and plants during the planned activity.

Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the Construction of a new Power Generating Building at Zhongshan Station
Organization(s) responsible: Chinese Arctic and Antarctc Administration, Polar Research Institute of China
Activity: Construction of a new Power Generating Building at Zhongshan Station
Topics: - Construction / operation of facilities
Locations: Site name: Zhongshan Station
Latitude: 69º22´24´´S
Latitude: 76º22´40´´W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed-minor and transitory impact

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Waste management regulation has been implemented by every expedition wherever they are on board M/V Xuelong or at the three Chinese Antarctic stations. All wastes are separated and treated according to the regulation. And the waste produced in the Kunlun Station was brought back to the Zhongshan Station for further treatment. Waste management regulation for the station: The solid waste materials are divided into 4 catalogues and treated in different ways at the three stations; combustible materials are not permitted to store in the station for a long time, and they are burned in the incinerator after being recorded and the remains are put in case and be transported back to China; metal, plastic and other non-combustible materials are collected to be transported back to China; glass materials are smashed into pieces and put into cases to be transported back to China; battery useless is collected into cases and be transported back to China; the daily domestic liquid waste is treated in the sewage treatment system and then discharged into the sea; the chemical liquid waste is collected; the fuel waste and lubricant are collected separately. The Kunlun Station is a summer station on the ice sheet , it is our intention to bring as much waste as possible to the Zhongshan Station. Waste management regulations for the vessel: All the wastes on the M/V “Xuelong”, including the daily domestic liquid waste and the solid waste, were treated according to the related regulations of the IMO.

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2010/01,2010/02,2010/03
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  24 Nov 2010   To:  01 Feb 2011
Purpose: Ecological and Eco-chemical Studies
Summary of activities: visits by scientists from Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS; Institute of Microbiology, CAS; Taiwan Museum of marine biology and Qquarium---soil, sediment sampling and Ecological investigation
Event or project name/number: Studies on Persistent Organic Pollutants, and Photosynthetic acitivity of Lichens.
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2010/01,2010/02,2010/03,2
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  24 Nov 2010   To:  03 Feb 2011
Purpose: Ecological, Eco-geological and Eco-chemincal Studies
Summary of activities: visits by scientists from Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS and Taiwan Museum of marine biology and Qquarium,Institute of Microbiology, CAS,University of Science and Technology of China---soil, sediment sampling and Ecological investigation
Event or project name/number: Studies on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Eco-geology, and Photosynthetic acitivity of Lichens.
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number: 2011/01
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered:  3
Permit Period: From:  15 Jan 2011   To:  15 Feb 2011
Purpose: Ecogeolgical studies
Summary of activities: visited by the scientists from University of Science and Technology of China andUniversity of North Carolina for sediment and biological relics sampling .
Event or project name/number: Evaluation on the Environmental impact of project “Ecogeolgical Investigation on the Barton Peninsul

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
Other Information - Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies
Emergency Title: Evacuation of an Altitude Sickness-suffered Expeditioner at the Kunlun Station
Emergency Description: One inland expeditioner, the doctor himself, suffered altitude sickness at the Kunlun Station.The symptoms of altitude stress began to appear on December 29, 2010, and at the midnight of January 5, 2011, with all the necessary and possible medical treatments like oxygen uptake taken, there was no sign of improvement.
Date of Emergency: 05 Jan 2011
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun Station   Lat80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Action Undertaken: Great news came at the noon of January 6, 2011. After coordinating with the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Mr. Robb Clifton, the Operations Support and Coordination Manager of the Australian Antarctic Division, called the 27th CHINARE spontaneously to offer to take the suffered expeditioner to the Australian Davis Station for further medical treatment. At 22:45 on January 6, one AAD Twin Otter flied from the Australian Davis Station, over the Grove Mountains, with the emergency rescue t
General Report