ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2009/2010 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: China as one of the consultative parties maintains its substantial scientific research since 1985 in a long-term manner in Antarctica. Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration in Beijing provides fundamental infrastructure for international cooperation and national coordination. As a governmental agency, it is in a position to support and oversee the programs coordinated among research institutes and universities. Polar Research Institute of China in Shanghai with icebreaker Xuelong and its dock there has developed as a base for both Arctic and Antarctic scientific research. The past few years have witnessed China’s long term environmental monitoring and surveying programs such as meteorological, glaciological and eco-environmental monitoring programs carried out in both the Great Wall Station and the Zhongshan Station.
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Details/Description:
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: scientific reserch program of the Prydz Bay, Amery Ice Shelf and Dome A transects(PANDA)
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Wang Yong Wang
Job Title or Position: Head of Science Development Division
Phone: 0086-10-68011632
Email: wang_yong@263.net.cn;wangyong@caa.gov.cn
Details/Description: PANDA is the key program of IPY China Programme and also the first international research and study plan initiated and organized by Chinese scientists since China undertook expedition in polar regions. From Prydz Bay sea area in the north to Dome A, the summit of Antarctic ice sheet, in the south, the transect PANDA program will cover several key areas of global changes such as the biggest glacier system in east Antarctica, the third biggest ice shelf in the Antarctic and the important areas where Southern Ocean cold water mass forms. Through integrated investigation on the transect which contains the elements of ocean, ice-shelf, naked rock, ice sheet, atmosphere and near-land space, PANDA will observe the interactions among these layers and drill ice core sample in key positions. It will also integrate modern process study with historical evolution, so as to better study the relationship between the Antarctic region and the global changes, hence to forecast changes in the future. The main activities are as follows: ■ ice core drilling at Dome A , rock core drilling Gamburtsev, astronomical observation in the Antarctic. ■integrated observation of atmosphere environment and physical geography along the transect of Zhongshan-Dome A ■research on ancient climate environmental change at Grove Mountains ■integrated marine observation of transect along Amery Ice Shelf- Prydz Bay- South Indian Ocean ■IPY internationally coordinated observation at Zhongshan Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
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Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: all projects
Discipline: see additional information
Principal Investigator: see additional information
Main Activity/ Remarks: see additional information
Link (URL):
Additional Information: Open file
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: CHINA
Number of Voyages: 9
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2009/2010 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
11 Oct 2009 Shanghai,China 29 Oct 2009 Christchurch Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
31 Oct 2009 Christchurch 12 Nov 2009 Great Wall Station fuel and water supplement
16 Nov 2009 Great Wall Station 19 Nov 2009 Ushuaia Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
20 Nov 2009 Ushuaia 22 Nov 2009 Great Wall Station fuel and water supplement
22 Nov 2009 Great Wall Station 15 Dec 2010 Zhongshan Station Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
13 Jan 2010 Zhongshan Station 28 Jan 2010 Melbourne Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
02 Feb 2010 Melbourne 14 Feb 2010 Zhongshan Station Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
10 Mar 2010 Zhongshan Station 20 Mar 2010 Fremantle Atmospheric CO2 pressure (PCO2) observation; N2O, CH4 and surface water sapling; aerosol on-going sampling; on-going plankton sampling; carbon flux and biogeochemical process research in Prydz bay and its adjacent area; physical oceanography observation
25 Mar 2010 Fremantle 10 Apr 2010 Shanghai ,China Oceanography investigation

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: KA-32
Category:
Period From: 12/11/2009
Period To: 10/03/2010
Remarks: KA-32 air plane on board will be used for delivery of goods between the vessel and the station.
Type: Z9(Dolphin)
Category:
Period From: 12/11/2009
Period To: 08/03/2010
Remarks: Z9-air plane on board will be used for transportation of personnel, aerial photograph and aerial survey in the Antarctica

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Waste management regulation has been implemented by every expedition wherever they are on board M/A Xuelong or at the three Chinese Antarctic stations. All wastes are separated and treated according to the regulation. And the waste produced in the Kunlun Station was brought back to the Zhongshan Station for further treatment. Waste management regulation for the station: The solid waste materials are divided into 4 catalogues and treated in different ways at the three stations; combustible materials are not permitted to store in the station for a long time, and they are burned in the incinerator after being recorded and the remains are put in case and be transported back to China; metal, plastic and other non-combustible materials are collected to be transported back to China; glass materials are smashed into pieces and put into cases to be transported back to China; battery useless is collected into cases and be transported back to China; the daily domestic liquid waste is treated in the sewage treatment system and then discharged into the sea; the chemical liquid waste is collected; the fuel waste and lubricant are collected separately. The Kunlun Station is a summer station on the ice sheet , it is ourintention to bring as much waste as possible to the Zhongshan Station. Waste management regulations for the vessel: All the wastes on the M/V “Xuelong”, including the daily domestic liquid waste and the solid waste, were treated according to the related regulations of the IMO.

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2009/01,2009/04,2009/05,2
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2009   To:  20 Feb 2010
Purpose: Ecological studies
Summary of activities: -visits by scientists of the University of Science and Technology of China-Soil sampling and Eco-geological investigating
Event or project name/number: research on Holocene eco-environmental evolution and the contrast study in the ice free area of the
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  168    Name:  Mount Harding, Grove Mountains, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 2009/02
Number of people: Permitted to enter  10   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  25 Dec 2009   To:  15 Feb 2010
Purpose: Geological studies
Summary of activities: -visits by scientists from the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS, Institute of Tibet Plateau Research, CAS, Institute of Polar Environment, USTC, and Institute of Geomechanics ,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences—Investigation on the recovery of meteorite and inter-dust particles , research on exposure ages , research on Cenozoic sedimentary rocks and palynology , investigation on ecoenvironmental chemistry and ecogeology, Geophysical exploration of sub-glacial ancient sedimentary basin, structural survey in the Grove Mountains, environmental evaluation and environmental analysis on Grove Mountains.
Event or project name/number: The Integrated research on the Grove Mountains
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  169    Name:  Amanda Bay, Ingrid Christensen Coast, Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 2009/03
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  20 Dec 2009   To:  25 Feb 2010
Purpose: Ecological studies
Summary of activities: -visits by scientists from the Academy of Zhejiang Wanli-Soil sampling and Eco-geological investigating
Event or project name/number: Ecology investigation in Amanda bay

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
Other Information - Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies
Emergency Title: Evacuation of an Injured Expeditioner at Zhongshan Station
Emergency Description: An expeditioner of CHINARE 26 at Zhongshan Station of China suffered abdominal injury in the course of construction on January 8, 2010.
Date of Emergency: 08 Jan 2010
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Action Undertaken: The doctors from Australia, Russia and China, performed the timely operation on the patient for the total time of 9 hours and 45 minutes. The injured expeditioner was transported to Hobart on Jan. 12, by means of S76, C212 and A319 with great endeavors of Australian Antarctic Division. He received proper treatment in Royal Hobart Hospitalis. On Feb.21, he returned to china for further treatment with the aid of international SOS.
General Report