ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2018/2019 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 44´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January
Name: Taishan Summer Camp
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Taishan Summer Camp   Lat: 73º 51´ 49´´ S   Long: 76º 56´ 29´´ E  
Medical Facilities: not applied at present time
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Taishan Summer Camp is announced to open on February 8, 2014 by the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), People’s Republic of China. It is located at the site with travelling distance of 522 km far from the Zhongshan Station, 715 km from the Kunlun Station, and 85 km from the Grove Mountains. The altitude there is 2620m. The annual average temperature is -35.44℃ and the annual average wind speed is 5.5 m/s. The main purpose of the camp is to provide relay support of logistics for the investigation of the Kunlun Station and Grove Mountains, to provide emergency rescue protection for inland research activities in east Antarctica, and to support local observation of glaciology, meteorology, geophysics and aviation remote sensing in the east Antarctic ice sheet. The camp construction area takes up about 300 m2 at present time. With the logistical support provided mainly by inland fleet vehicles, the summer camp can supply up to 5 people for 60 days’ accommodation and work, and another 25 people for an average of 4 days’ accommodation per capita during the summer season. The design service life of the camp is 10 years.

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: China
Number of Voyages: 10
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2009/2010 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
02 Nov 2018 Shanghai 17 Nov 2018 Hobart heading to Antarctica
19 Nov 2018 Hobart 03 Dec 2018 Zhongshan Station heading to Antarctica
14 Dec 2018 Zhongshan Station 28 Dec 2018 Christchurch aftering loading personnel and cargo in the Zhongshan Station, Xuelong plans to go the Christchurch for fuel and material resupply with personnel shifting
31 Dec 2018 Christchurch 09 Jan 2019 Ross Sea conduct preparation work for the new station construction in the Ross Sea area
12 Jan 2019 Ross Sea 17 Jan 2019 Amundsen Sea conduct oceanic investigation
30 Jan 2019 Amundsen Sean 04 Feb 2019 Ross Sea take the new station staff on board
06 Feb 2019 Ross Sea 16 Feb 2019 Hobart material resupply and presonnel shifting
19 Feb 2019 Hobart 01 Mar 2019 Davis Sea conduct oceanic investigation
03 Mar 2019 Davis Sea 06 Mar 2019 Zhongshan Station take the Zhongshan Station summer summer staff on board, and conduce investigation int he Pryze Bay
17 Mar 2019 Pryz Bay 12 Apr 2019 Shanghai returning home

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: BT-67
Category: Intercontinental flights
Period From: 13/10/2018
Period To: 02/03/2019
Remarks: Xueying 601, the fixed-wing aircraft's main missions include cargoes and personnel transportation, scientific research in areas like Princess Elizabeth land, Amery ice shelf, Ridge B and South Prince Charles Mountains and emergency rescue.
Type: Dolphin B-7102
Category: Local helicopter flights
Period From: 03/12/2018
Period To: 17/03/2019
Remarks: Dolphin B-7102 is mainly used for tansporting the logistic support materials, personnel bewteen the vessel and the Zhongshan Station, as well as emergency rescure when needed.
Type: KA-32
Category: Local helicopter flights
Period From: 03/12/2018
Period To: 17/03/2019
Remarks: KA-32 is mainly used for transporting the logistic support material bewteen vessel and stations, research fields, etc.

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/03
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  29 Dec 2018   To:  10 Feb 2019
Purpose: ecological environment monitoring in the Great Wall Station
Summary of activities: collect samples including 10 duplicate samples of soil, 4 of vegetation, 2 of intertidal biological material, and 2 of intertidal sediments
Event or project name/number: ecological environment monitoring in the Great Wall Station
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/04
Number of people permitted: 1
Permit Period: From:  18 Dec 2018   To:  15 Feb 2019
Purpose: Antarctic Birds Monitoring and Protection
Summary of activities: record the population, distribution and habit of birds by cameras and other small devices, collect wastes, dead bodies and abandoned eggs.
Event or project name/number: Antarctic Birds Monitoring and Protection
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/06
Number of people permitted: 1
Permit Period: From:  18 Dec 2018   To:  17 Jan 2019
Purpose: STUDY ON SOURCES AND SINKSOF METHYL HALIDESAND NITROGEN BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESFROM ANTARCTIC TUNDRA ENVIRONMENT
Summary of activities: collect greenhouse gas samples in 2 sites, and 3 soil samples in each of the 5 selected sites in the penguin activity area and the common tundra area respectively.
Event or project name/number: STUDY ON SOURCES AND SINKSOF METHYL HALIDESAND NITROGEN BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLESFROM ANTARCTIC TUNDRA E
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/07
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  18 Jan 2019   To:  22 Feb 2019
Purpose: RESEARCH ON BIRD POPULATIONS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF POPS
Summary of activities: collect a few samples of dung sediment and soil, and bioremnants of penguins
Event or project name/number: RESEARCH ON BIRD POPULATIONS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF POPS

ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/08
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  18 Jan 2019   To:  22 Feb 2019
Purpose: RESEARCH ON THE CHANGES AND PREDICTION OF PENGUIN POPULATION ON ARDLEY ISLAND IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Summary of activities: drill 2-3 sediments core in the lake, and collect biological relics
Event or project name/number: RESEARCH ON THE CHANGES AND PREDICTION OF PENGUIN POPULATION ON ARDLEY ISLAND IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIM
ASPA: Number:  169    Name:  Amanda Bay, Ingrid Christensen Coast, Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/01
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  10 Oct 2018   To:  31 Dec 2018
Purpose: emperor penguins colony observation study
Summary of activities: shoot and record the population of the emperor penguins by cameras, walk around the habitat to record the GPS sites, and collect wastes, dead bodies and the abandoned eggs.
Event or project name/number: emperor penguins colony observation study
Aircrat Report
General Report