ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2014/2015 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. Science disciplines carried out at the Station mainly include Biology, Ecology, Meteorology, Geology, Geochemistry, Environment and Ocean Sciences. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was erected on the 26th February, 1989. At the moment there are 15 buildings, and the total area amounts to 2700 square meters. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth.Compared with Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station.
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on.
Operating Period: From: December To: January
Name: Taishan Summer Camp
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Taishan Summer Camp   Lat: 73º 51´ 49´´ S   Long: 76º 56´ 29´´ E  
Medical Facilities: not applied at present time
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Taishan Summer Camp is announced to open on February 8, 2014 by the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), People’s Republic of China. It is located at the site with travelling distance of 522 km far from the Zhongshan Station, 715 km from the Kunlun Station, and 85 km from the Grove Mountains. The attitude there is 2620m. The annual average temperature is -35.44℃ and the annual average wind speed is 5.5 m/s. The main purpose of the camp is to provide relay support of logistics for the investigation of the Kunlun Station and Grove Mountains, to provide emergency rescue protection for inland research activities in east Antarctica, and to support local observation of glaciology, meteorology, geophysics and aviation remote sensing in the east Antarctic ice sheet. The camp construction area takes up about 300 m2 at present time. With the logistical support provided mainly by inland fleet vehicles, the proposed summer camp can supply up to 5 people for 60 days’ accommodation and work, and another 25 people for an average of 4 days’ accommodation per capita during the summer season. The design service life of the proposed camp is 10 years.

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: China
Number of Voyages: 7
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 3 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2014/2015 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean investigation.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
30 Oct 2014 Shanghai 16 Nov 2014 Hobart Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes,fuels supply.
21 Nov 2014 Hobart 07 Dec 2014 Zhongshan Station Multidiscipline marine science investigation;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels. Discharge the expeditioners, fuel and other materials.
17 Dec 2014 Zhongshan Station 02 Jan 2015 Ross Sea Multidiscipline marine science investigation;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels. Discharge the expeditioners, fuel and other materials. Taking the personnel from New Zealand, Italy and Korea out of Antarctica.
10 Jan 2015 Ross Sea 18 Jan 2015 Christchurch Multidiscipline marine science investigation;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels. Discharge the expeditioners, fuel and other materials supply.
20 Jan 2015 Christchurch 02 Feb 2015 Pryz Bay Multidiscipline marine science investigation;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels.
13 Mar 2015 Pryz Bay 23 Mar 2015 Fremantle Multidiscipline marine science investigations, Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels,fuel and water supplement
25 Mar 2015 Fremantle 10 Apr 2015 Shanghai Multidiscipline marine science trials;Transportation of Personnnel\cargoes\fuels.Back to China

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Dolphin B-7102
Category:
Period From: 01/12/2014
Period To: 05/03/2015
Remarks: Dolphin B-7102 is mainly used for tansporting the logistic support material, personnel bewteen the vessel and the Zhongshan Station, as will as performing other tasks like aerial photograph.
Type: KA-32
Category:
Period From: 01/12/2014
Period To: 05/03/2015
Remarks: KA-32 is mainly used for transporting the logistic support material bewteen vessel and stations, research fields, etc.

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  20 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Biological and geological study with sampling.
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Botany Institute(CAS), Institute of Geomechanics,Beijing Institute of Genomice (CAS) to collectg rocks, soil, water, plant samples, and establishing vegetation quadrats.
Event or project name/number: 2014/04
ASPA: Number:  113    Name:  Litchfield Island, Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Palmer Archipelago (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  20 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Biological and geological study with sampling.
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Botany Institute(CAS), Institute of Geomechanics,Beijing Institute of Genomice (CAS) to collectg rocks, soil, water, plant samples, and establishing vegetation quadrats.
Event or project name/number: 2014/04
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Ecological studies, sampling
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. to carry out soil, bird faeces, moss and lichen sampling, and vegetation quadrats establishment and reinvestigation.
Event or project name/number: 2014/02
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  20 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Biological and geological study with sampling.
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Botany Institute(CAS), Institute of Geomechanics,Beijing Institute of Genomice (CAS) to collectg rocks, soil, water, plant samples, and establishing vegetation quadrats.
Event or project name/number: 2014/04

ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  20 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Biological and geological study with sampling.
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Botany Institute(CAS), Institute of Geomechanics,Beijing Institute of Genomice (CAS) to collectg rocks, soil, water, plant samples, and establishing vegetation quadrats.
Event or project name/number: 2014/04
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  20 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Biological and geological study with sampling.
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Botany Institute(CAS), Institute of Geomechanics,Beijing Institute of Genomice (CAS) to collectg rocks, soil, water, plant samples, and establishing vegetation quadrats.
Event or project name/number: 2014/04
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 4
Number of people permitted: 13
Permit Period: From:  30 Dec 2014   To:  01 Mar 2015
Purpose: Biological, ecological and environmental studies, sampling
Summary of activities: Visits by scientists from National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center,Ocean University of China,The University of Science and Technology of China (USTC),First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, P. R. China,Zhejiang University,Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, P. R. China,Shanghai Ocean University (SHOU),Tongji University,Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS,Institute of Botany, CAS. Investigations on collecting air, sediment, plant, soil, vegetation, penguin feathers,moss, ice and snow, and lake water sampling , vegetation quadrats establishment and reinvestigation .
Event or project name/number: 2014/01,2014/02,2014/03, 2014/05
Aircrat Report
General Report