ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: China
2013/2014 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Great Wall Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Great Wall   Lat: 62º 12´ 59´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 52´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Great Wall Station, located in King George Island, west Antarctic. At the moment there are 25 buildings, and the total area of Great Wall Station amounts to 4200 square meters. The station can accommodate 60 research personnel in summer and 20 research personnel in winter. According to statistics of the observed data from 1985 to 2000, Great Wall Station mean temperatures range from 1.9°C in January and February to -6.3°C in July, with the maximum of 11.7°C and the minimum of -26.6°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Great Wall Station is 7.2 m/s; the most frequent wind direction is WNW(18%) and the maximum wind speed is 40.3m/s. Science Programs to be conducted the Great Wall Station in the coming season will be: Establishment and reinvestigation of observation quadrats of terrestrial vegetation on the Fildes Peninsula, Process and law of natural succession for lichens on the fildes Peninsula, Study on the diversity of protease-producing bacteria in the areas adjacent to the Great Wall Station, The Investigation on the chiral signatures of the organic chlorinated compounds in Antarctica, Jointly ionosphere monitoring based on tri-band beacon & GPS signals and measuring of electromagnetic environment over the Great Wall Station, Observation on absorptive aerosol optical properties based on space-ground integration in the Antarctica, Numerical simulation of Polar ice shelf thermal structural strength, Repair and calibration of the tide gauge system, Retrieval and maintenance of “Polar Coastal Marine Environment Monitoring System”, Genetic resources survey and point cloud data acquisition of Antarctic plant photosynthesis adaptation diversity, Exploring study on the impacts of climate change on the marine ecosystem, benthos diversity and the bio-active substances contained in the benthos, The observation on the geomagnetic diurnal variation, Investigation on the biological, physical and chemical environment in the area adjacent to the Great Wall Station, Surface meteorological observation and forecast. The Logistic Programs will be: Renewal of the living facilities in the accommodation building and the rejuvenation of the No.1 Building that has been listed as a HSM, Research on the technology of hydroponics vegetable, improvement of the communication capacity, etc.
Name: Zhongshan Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Zhongshan    Lat: 69º 22´ 24´´ S   Long: 76º 22´ 40´´ E  
Maximum Population: 80
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Zhongshan Station, located at Larsemann Hills, was established on the 26th February, 1989. The station can accommodate 80 research personnel in summer and 25 research personnel in winter. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Upper Atmosphere Physics (UAP), Meteorology, Glaciology, Oceanography, Geology, Geochemistry(Meteorite), Geography and Environmental Science, and so forth. Compared with the Great Wall Station, the climate in Zhongshan Station is more continental. The mean temperatures there range from -0.2°C in January to -15.9°C in September, with the maximum of 9.6°C and the minimum of -45.7°C. The multi-yearly averaged wind speed of Zhongshan Station is 7.0 m/s; with the most frequent wind direction of E(27%) and the maximum wind speed of 46.2m/s. Katabatic winds regularly occur at Zhongshan Station. The science programs to be conducted in Zhongshan Station in the coming season will be: Investigation on persistent organic pollutants around Zhongshan Station, The comprehensive survey on the cryosphere based on Zhongshan Station and the Amery Ice Shelf, Surface meteorological observation and forecast, Polar atmosphere and sea ice monitoring and study and other regular observation programs. The logistics programs will be: Ending of the construction of the new accommodation building and the power house, the upgrade of the pump room, and the installment of supporting facilities, while Leveling the Russian Slope and the new helipad, improving the communication capacity, upgrading the remote medical system, and continuing the projects related to new source of energy, safety and monitoring and storage of materials.
Name: Elisabeth Land Summer Camp (temprary name)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Elisabeth Land Summer Camp (temprarily)   Lat: 73º 51´ 50´´ S   Long: 76º 58´ 29´´ E  
Maximum Population: 25
Medical Facilities: not available temprarily
Remarks / Description: under construction
Operating Period: From: January To: February
Name: Kunlun Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kunlun   Lat: 80º 25´ 01´´ S   Long: 77º 06´ 58´´ E  
Maximum Population: 24
Medical Facilities: General emergency medical care equipment
Remarks / Description: The Chinese Kunlun Station is the first Chinese inland station, located in the Dome A area. The altitude is 4087 meters. The total area is 556 square meters. The station can accommodate 20-24 research personnel in summer. The science disciplines carried out at the station include Glaciology, Geophysics, Astronomy and so on. Due to the construction of the summer camp in the Princess Elisabeth Land and the Grove Mountain expedition, there will be no scientific or logistics activities in Kunlun Station druing the 2013/2014 season.
Operating Period: From: December To: January

Name: Grove Mountains
Type: Other
Location:
Site Name: Grove Mountains   Lat: 72°45´00´´S   Long: 75°00´00´´E  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: The 30th CHINARE will conduct the following scientific research activities in the Grove Mountains: Meteorite survey, Collection of the sedimentary records in sub-glacial basins, Natural earthquake survey for crustal structure, Geology investigation in the Grove Mountains, Ecological environment survey, Land based multi-disciplinary study on the connection between the back and forth of the past ice and the ancient climate events, etc.

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Xue Long
Country of Registry: China
Number of Voyages: 7
Maximum Crew: 41
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks: “Xuelong” is B1 ice-breaker with displacement 21025 tons, 167 meters long, 22.6m wide, the maximum navigation ability for 20,000 nautical miles. “Xuelong” has been upgraded for 4 times since 1993. the present vessel has the atmosphere, hydrology, biological, computer data processing center, meteorological forecast center and Marine physical, chemical, biological, geology, meteorological and clean and so on a series of scientific research laboratories, with a total area of 500 square meters. Equipped with the MK-3 / WOCE CTD and water sampler; 75KHZ and ADCP fish explorer; survey equipment such as was A frame, CTD winch; 3000 meters hydrological winch and two 6000 meters geological winches, can undertake multi-disciplinary comprehensive Marine investigation. Her main task for 2013/2014 is to transport personnel, materials and fuels and provide a platform for ocean surveys.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
08 Nov 2013 Shanghai 08 Dec 2013 Zhongshan Station
21 Dec 2013 Zhongshan
personnel exchange and logistics operation
21 Dec 2013 Zhongshan Station 03 Jan 2014 Ross Sea
11 Jan 2014 Ross Sea
oceanographic survey
11 Jan 2014 Ross Sea 24 Jan 2014 Ushuaia, Argentina
27 Jan 2014 Ushuaia, Argentina
resupply of fresh water and fuel, and exchange of some personnel
27 Jan 2014 Ushuaia, Argentina 29 Jan 2014 the Great Wall Station
14 Feb 2014 Great Wall
logistics operation and personnel exchange
14 Feb 2014 the Great Wall Station 28 Feb 2014 Zhongshan Station
10 Mar 2014 the Southern Ocean
oceanographic survey, logistics operation
10 Mar 2014 Zhongshan Station 23 Mar 2014 Fremantle, Australia
27 Mar 2014 Fremantle, Australia
resupply of fresh water and fuel
27 Mar 2014 Fremantle, Australia 10 Apr 2014 Shanghai Back to China

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Ka-32
Category:
Period From: 08/12/2013
Period To: 10/03/2014
Remarks: the Ka-32 helicopter will be largely used for the purpose of logistics operation and scientific research during the period when M/V Xue Long berths at Zhongshan Station and the Great Wall Station
Type: Z-9
Category:
Period From: 08/12/2013
Period To: 10/03/2014
Remarks: the Z-9 helicopter will be largely used for transportation of personnel during the logistics operation and scientific research activities around Zhongshan Station and the Great Wall Station.

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  02 Feb 2014   To:  01 Mar 2014
Purpose: Ecological studies, sampling
Summary of activities: Visits by by scientists Li Jinfeng, Peng Fang, Zhang Yuzhong and Zhou Qiming who are engaged in the fields of biological, ecological, environmental studies and sampling of soil and vegetation (moss, lichens, Deschampsia antarctica etc.)
Event or project name/number: 2013/4
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 3
Number of people permitted: 11
Permit Period: From:  06 Dec 2013   To:  01 Mar 2014
Purpose: Biological, ecological and environmental studies, sampling
Summary of activities: Visits by by scientists Ge Linke, Lou Chuangneng, Jiao Liping, Zheng Hongyuan, Ding Hui, Zhang Zhengwang, Yu Haining, Zhang Yuzhong, Li Jinfeng, Peng Fang, Zhou Qiming who are engaged in the fields of biological, ecological, environmental studies, sampling of soil, sediment, vegetation (including moss and lichens, Deschampsia antarctica etc.) and animal-related specimens (wastes and feathers/hair fallen off birds, penguins and seals, bones, muscles and skins from the naturally dead animals and eggshells from the hatched birds).
Event or project name/number: 2013/2, 2013/3, 2013/4
ASPA: Number:  168    Name:  Mount Harding, Grove Mountains, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 1
Number of people permitted: 9
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2014   To:  10 Feb 2014
Purpose: Ecological and geological research, sampling
Summary of activities: Visits by by scientists Miao Bingkui, Li Yawei, Zhao Junmeng, Liu Hongbing, Wang Wei, Yang Wenqing, Li Jinyan, Fei Yuhao and Yao Xu who specialize in ecological and geological research, sampling of meteorites and geological specimens, installation of 3-5 broad band seismic stations for seismic monitoring, sub-glacial topography survey by snow-ledge ice-radar and other management and logistics activities esp. some related to the review of the management plan of the ASPA.
Event or project name/number: 2013/1
Aircrat Report
General Report