ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2018/2019 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Science Activities in Previous Year
Station Report
Vessels Report
Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
Description: The Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR), based on technical opinions and the analysis of the rapporteurs of the scientific community, considered all projects underway in 2017/2018 as having less than minor or transitory impact, taking as a parameter the definitions of the Madrid Protocol. The analyzes used as inputs the information provided by the coordinators of the research projects in the Logistics and Environment Form, the topics of activities to be carried out, impacts on the environment and informed research sites.
File: List of the Initial Environmental Evaluations and Comprehensive Environmental Evaluations_2017.docx

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “PROSPECTION OF CRETACEOUS FOSSILS FROM THE JAMES ROSS SUB-BASIN AND EVOLUTION OF THE VERTEBRATE FAUNA AIMING THE PALEOENVIRONMENTAL RECONSTRUCTION AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF THE ANTARCTIC PENINSULA (PALEOANTAR)”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: To investigate the former Antarctic fauna and flora, particularly from the Mesozoic Era.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude: 63°48´10´´S
Latitude: 57°53´00´´W
Site name: Vega Island
Latitude: 63º 52´ 32´´ S
Latitude: 57º 33´ 16´´ W
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: IEE of the project “Establishment of performance parameters for new Brazilian buildings in Antarctica from the evaluation results of the Antarctic Station Cmte Ferraz/Sustainability and performance of Brazilian buildings in Antarctica.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Follow up of the construction phases of the new EACF buildings through photographic record, field records, measurements and interviews with Navy Group
Topics: - Construction / operation of facilities
- Science
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz, Keller Peninsula
Latitude:
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Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project enitled “New autonomous technologies in the invesgation and monitoring of Antarctic Bottom Water transformations (Nautilus)".
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: The launch and collection of autonomous underwater vehicles (seagliders); monitoring of net CO2 flows at the air-sea interface.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Bellinghausen Sea and Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude:
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Site name: Bransfield Strait, Northern Antarctic Peninsula region
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Site name: Gerlache Strait, Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude:
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Site name: Weddell
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project enitled “Surviving in the extreme: polar medicine and health anthropology in Antarctica”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Carry out biological and cognitive data collection of military volunteers who will remain on the ships and EACF, and researchers volunteers in camps.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz, Keller Peninsula
Latitude:
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Site name: Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island (ASPA 126),
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Site name: Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands
Latitude:
Latit
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.

Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled "Surface energy balance and its control in the permafrost and active layer of the Fields Peninsula and Maritime Antarctica".
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Use an UAV to obtain high spatial resolution images at Harmony Point; monitoring system and data collection of the thermal and water dynamic...
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: ECARE, Hope Bay, Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude: 63º 24´ 08´´ S
Latitude: 56º 58´ 23´´ W
Site name: Fildes Peninsula
Latitude: 62°S
Latitude: 59°W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact. Therefore, as prescribed in Annex I, art.1 (§2) of the Madrid Protocol, this project is authorized to carry out the activities described in the annex A during Operantar XXXVII.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Antarctic Mycology (MycoAntar)”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Sampling of ice, snow, soil, marine and lake sediments, plants (mosses, angiosperms), lichens and macroalgae in the marine and continental environment
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Admiralty Bay, King George Island (ASPA 128)
Latitude:
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Site name: Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz, Keller Peninsula
Latitude:
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Site name: ASPA 109
Latitude:
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Site name: ASPA 110
Latitude:
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Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Maritime Antarctica”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Almirante Brown Antarctic Base
Latitude:
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Site name: Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands, Elephant Island
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Site name: Brabant Island
Latitude:
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Site name: Cuverville Island
Latitude:
Latitu
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Biological and ecological standards of the Antarctic avifauna”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Georeferencing of colonies and census of bird populations on KGI; Capture of birds banded in previous years; colection of biological samples.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Admiralty Bay (Hannequim Point, Vaurreal Point, Shag Islands)
Latitude:
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Site name: Hannah Point
Latitude:
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Site name: Livingstone Island
Latitude:
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Site name: Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact. Therefore, as prescribed in Annex I, art.1 (§2) of the Madrid Protocol, this project is authorized to carry out the activities described in the annex A during OPERANTAR XXXVII.

Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Biological interactions in marine ecosystems around the Antarctic Peninsula considering different aspects of climate change (INTERBIOTA)”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: To evaluate biological production and interactions in the pelagic food web (microbes; phytoplankton; zooplankton; whales) at 3 subregions.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Peninsula Region
Latitude:
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Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Center for the Study of Ocean-Atmosphere-Cryosphere Interaction of the NIST of the Cryosphere, INTERCONF Program (OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTION IN THE BRAZIL-MALVINAS CONFLUENCE REGION)”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Installation of the tower and sensor assembly on board the NPo Almirante Maximiano; Tests of reception of data; Data collection in the region.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Atlantic Ocean - Brazil-Malvinas confluence region
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Characterization of the ionospheric dynamics in Antarctic region and its connection with South America: interaction with geospace and coupling with other atmospheric layers”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Maintenance of meteoric radar antennas; Maintenance of domes and optical instruments; Verification of materials available and needs for Radar rapair.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz, Keller Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Punta Plaza
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Environmental monitoring of the direct influence area at the Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Sampling of soil, mosses,lichens, sedments, gastropod and microorganisms for analysis of contaminants and its dispersion.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz, Keller Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Mackellar Sound, Admiralty Bay - King George Island
Latitude: 62°05´29´´ S
Latitude: 58°28´16 W
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact. Therefore, as prescribed in Annex I, art.1 (§2) of the Madrid Protocol, this project is authorized to carry out the activities described in the annex A during OPERANTAR XXXVII.

Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Evolution and Dispersion of Bipolar Antarctic Species of Bryophytes and Lichens”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: 15 moss and 20 lichen species were selected as target-species, will be stored as scientific samples, used to identification and phylogenetic studies
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Admiralty Bay, King George Island (ASPA 128)
Latitude:
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Site name: Antarctic Peninsula, Vernadsky Station
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Anvers Island
Latitude:
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Site name: Arctowski Station
Latitude: 62º 09´ 41´´
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Glaciological Expedition to Monte Johns, Maintenance of the Cryosphere Module 1 and optional (installation of the Scientific Cryosphere Module 2)”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Installaton of the Cryosphere 2 module and the atmospheric sensors. Surface sampling of the snowpack in the Mount Johns region
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Johns Mount
Latitude: 79º 55´ 00´´ S
Latitude: 94º 23´ 00´´ W
Site name: Union Glacier
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “INCT DA CRIOSFERA - TERRANTAR NETWORK - CHANGES IN THE TERRESTRIAL CRIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS AND PERMAFROST OF ANTARCTICA AND NEIGHBORHOODS”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Collect soil profiles according to the ANTPAS international protocol.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Barton Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Cape Shirreff and San Telmo Island, Livingston Island (ASPA 149)
Latitude:
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Site name: Cape Wallece, Low Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Keller Peninsula, Admiralty Bay
Lat
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “ISOLATION AND COMPARISON OF ECHINOCHROME OF TROPICAL URCHINS Lytechinus variegatus AND ANTARCTIC URCHINS Sterechinus neumayeri AND THEIR PHARMACOLOGICAL AND THERAPEUTIC POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS".
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: 40-60 adult sea urchins of the species S. neumayeri will be collected, packed in boxes containing local water and submitted to biological asseys.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Base Profesor Julio Escudero
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.

Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Landscapes in White: Archeology, Anthropology, History and Conservation of Human Occupations in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: 3D Laser Scan; Archaeological Excavation; Visit and prospecting of a site in Punta Potter (King George Island)
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island (ASPA 126),
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Potter Peninsula, King George Island (ASPA 132)
Latitude: 62º 15´ 00´´ S
Latitude: 58º 37´ 00´´ W
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Microbial Life in the Antarctic Cryosphere: Climate Change and Bioprospecting (MICROSPHERE)”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Collection of soils exposed by glacier retreat, soils, biofilms, lichens, mosses, grasses, sediments; Glacial ice collection.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Admiralty Bay, King George Island (ASPA 128)
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: ASPA 125
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Deception Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Deception Island (ASPA 140)
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact. Therefore, as prescribed in Annex I, art.1 (§2) of the Madrid Protocol, this project is authorized to carry out the activities described in the annex A during OPERANTAR XXXVII.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “National Institute of Science and Technology (INCT) – Cryosphere (the role of the cryosphere in the global system)”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Study of atmospheric emissions in areas of penguin colony.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Admiralty Bay, King George Island (ASPA 128)
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “RISKS AND PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACTS IN PROANTAR MILITARY EXPOSED TO THE ANTARCTIC ENVIRONMENT”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Information will be collected through questionnaires, interviews, psychological insuments; analysis hormonal markers and the heart rate variability.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz, Keller Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.

Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “Spatiotemporal Variability in Southern Cetacean Habitat Distribution and Use Patterns and their Connections to South America (WHALE PROJECT)”.
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Cetacean visual surveys; Collection of biological samples; Photo-identification and acoustic records; Placement of satellite transmitters.
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula and Weddell Sea
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact.
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the project entitled “USE OF SEDIMENTARY AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL RECORDS AS INDICATIVES OF CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES IN THE SOUTHERN SHETLAND ISLANDS AND ANTARCTIC PENINSULA”
Organization(s) responsible: Environmental Assessment Group of the Brazilian Antarctic Program (GAAm/PROANTAR)
Activity: Geophysical surveys; sediment cores; sampling of water, CO2, CH4, CO2, nutrients, organic and inorganic carbon, plankton, water and oceanographic data
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Bransfield Strait
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Deception Island
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: King George Island
Latitude:
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Site name: King George Island, Maxwell Bay
Latitude: 62°11´S
Latitude: 58°51W
Site name: Mackellar
Period/length of the activity: Summer 2018/2019
Decision/Comment: The project was approved by the GAAm and was considered as less than minor or transitory impact. Therefore, as prescribed in Annex I, art.1 (§2) of the Madrid Protocol, this project is authorized to carry out the activities described in the annex A during OPERANTAR XXXVII.

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  109    Name:  Moe Island, South Orkney Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2018   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The aim of the present research is characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: Collect samples of soils (5 kg), rocks (5 kg), snow and ice (20-50 L) and sediment (5-10 kg) of lakes, plants (fragments of 20 specimens of each species) and lichens (fragments of 20 specimens of each species).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  109    Name:  Moe Island, South Orkney Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  26 Nov 2018   To:  19 Dec 2018
Purpose: Test the hypothesis of Holarctic origin of target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing especially on the “American Pathway”; Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization; Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern; Compare morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens; Identify, using molecular markers, if they are cryptic species or if speciation process is occurring; Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographic distributions; Increase our understanding of which factors play a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mosses and lichens in Antarctica are well known, we selected target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5x5 cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003), it means that the material will be collected by hand or with the help of a small knife and put in paper bags to dry naturally without the use of heaters, dryers or press. After dried, the material will be sent to our laboratories at the Universities (UnB and UFMS).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar Species of Mosses and Lichens.
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  110    Name:  Lynch Island, South Orkney Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2018   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The aim of the present research is characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: Collect samples of soils (5 kg), rocks (5 kg), snow and ice (20-50 L) and sediment (5-10 kg) of lakes, plants (fragments of 20 specimens of each species) and lichens (fragments of 20 specimens of each species).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  110    Name:  Lynch Island, South Orkney Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  26 Nov 2018   To:  19 Dec 2018
Purpose: Test the hypothesis of Holarctic origin of target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing especially on the “American Pathway”; Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization; Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern; Compare morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens; Identify, using molecular markers, if they are cryptic species or if speciation process is occurring; Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographic distributions; Increase our understanding of which factors play a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mosses and lichens in Antarctica are well known, we selected target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5x5 cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003), it means that the material will be collected by hand or with the help of a small knife and put in paper bags to dry naturally without the use of heaters, dryers or press. After dried, the material will be sent to our laboratories at the Universities (UnB and UFMS).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar Species of Mosses and Lichens.

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  111    Name:  Southern Powell Island and adjacent islands, South Orkney Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2018   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The aim of the present research is characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: Collect samples of soils (5 kg), rocks (5 kg), snow and ice (20-50 L) and sediment (5-10 kg) of lakes, plants (fragments of 20 specimens of each species) and lichens (fragments of 20 specimens of each species).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  111    Name:  Southern Powell Island and adjacent islands, South Orkney Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  26 Nov 2018   To:  19 Dec 2018
Purpose: Test the hypothesis of Holarctic origin of target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing especially on the “American Pathway”; Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization; Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern; Compare morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens; Identify, using molecular markers, if they are cryptic species or if speciation process is occurring; Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographic distributions; Increase our understanding of which factors play a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mosses and lichens in Antarctica are well known, we selected target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5x5 cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003), it means that the material will be collected by hand or with the help of a small knife and put in paper bags to dry naturally without the use of heaters, dryers or press. After dried, the material will be sent to our laboratories at the Universities (UnB and UFMS).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar Species of Mosses and Lichens.
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  113    Name:  Litchfield Island, Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Palmer Archipelago (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  113    Name:  Litchfield Island, Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Palmer Archipelago (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Feb 2019   To:  15 Mar 2019
Purpose: Visits in the area will be done to collect lake and streams sediment and water samples, soil and ice for microbial diversity and ecology studies.
Summary of activities: Glacier melt water – microbial biofilms will be collected in melt water streams associated to Glacier Collins. Sampling will be carried out manually using material prepared under aseptic conditions. It is estimated that a total of 300 g of biofilms will be sampled in different locations along the melt water streams; Soil – samples will be taken manually with sterile spatules, in a 400 m transect from Collins Glacier and in other sites whose characteristics indicate interesting habitats for microbial ecology studies, such as melt water streams. Soils will be sampled in 11 sites in increasing distances from the Collins Glacier border (0 m or subglacial soil, 1 m, 10 m, 50 m, 100 m, 150 m, 200 m, 250 m, 300 m, 350 m, 400 m). Each site will be sampled in triplicates of 250 g of soil (for microbiological analysis), and a fourth replicate of 500 g will be sampled for geochemical analysis. A total amount of about 15 Kg of soil will be sampled in the area; Ice – samples will be collected manually in the border of the Collins Glacier, using an ice pick. Samples will be collected in triplicates in one single site, at the exact same place of the soil transect. The sampling procedure consists of digging a hole with approximate area of 0,5 m x 0,5 m by 0,3 m depth. It is estimated that a total amount of 30 Kg of ice will be collected.
Event or project name/number: Microbial life in Antarctic cryosphere: climatic changes and bioprospecting (MICROSFERA)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2019   To:  10 Mar 2019
Purpose: Considering that daily physical effort may have influence the changes in aerobic fitness, we will record the daily distance travelled and physiological responses (i.e., HR and skin temperature) of researchers (archaeologists) during the displacements for prospection.
Summary of activities: Collect the data: heart rate, heart rate variability, sweating, perception of effort and skin and internal temperatures in archeologists during field work.
Event or project name/number: Surviving in the extreme: polar medicine and health anthropology in Antarctica
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2019   To:  10 Mar 2019
Purpose: The main goal of this project is to learn more about the first human strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, focusing our attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view. Archaeological investigations in Antarctica are at an early stage. As a consequence, the pieces of evidence gathered are scarce. These circumstances do not allow scholars to fully understand the potential of archaeology for shedding light on the recent history of the continent. This investigation intends to obtain archaeological information on the first human occupations on the South Shetland Islands. Taking this idea into account, we will try to achieve the following specific goals: Produce a critical review of the archaeological works in Antarctica; Reconstruct the daily life of the people who worked in the region at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries; Continue fieldwork activities on the South Shetland Islands.
Summary of activities: During fieldwork in 2019, archaeological surveys will be held in Byers Peninsula, using a laser scan, which will yield a 3D record of the structures identified in previous campaigns.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes; Archaeology in Antarctica: Archaoeology, Anthropology, History and Conservation of
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  30 Jan 2019   To:  28 Feb 2019
Purpose: Test the hypothesis of Holarctic origin of target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing especially on the “American Pathway”; Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization; Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern; Compare morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens; Identify, using molecular markers, if they are cryptic species or if speciation process is occurring; Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographic distributions; Increase our understanding of which factors play a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mosses and lichens in Antarctica are well known, we selected target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5x5 cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003), it means that the material will be collected by hand or with the help of a small knife and put in paper bags to dry naturally without the use of heaters, dryers or press. After dried, the material will be sent to our laboratories at the Universities (UnB and UFMS).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar Species of Mosses and Lichens.
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2018   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The aim of the present research is characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: Collect samples of soils (5 kg), rocks (5 kg), snow and ice (20-50 L) and sediment (5-10 kg) of lakes, plants (fragments of 20 specimens of each species) and lichens (fragments of 20 specimens of each species).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2018   To:  15 Mar 2019
Purpose: Visits in the area will be done to collect lake and streams sediment and water samples, soil and ice for microbial diversity and ecology studies.
Summary of activities: Lakes – sediment and water will be collected in lakes of Wanda and Ecology Glaciers. Sediment will be sampled with a corer sampler and water will be collected with a van Dorn sampler. Sampling will be carried out manually; there will be no need of using boats. It is estimated that 20L of water and 10Kg of sediment will be sampled in different lakes from the region; Soil and vegetation – samples will be taken manually with sterile spatulas, in areas near to penguin colonies (ornithogenic soil) and other sites whose characteristics indicate interesting habitats for microbial ecology studies. Vegetation sampling will also be manual, in soil and rocky areas which contain species representative of the local vegetation along ASPA 128 area. An amount of about 10Kg of soil and 50 vegetation fragments will be sampled in the area; Ice – samples will be collected manually in Wanda and Ecology Glaciers, using climbing axe. It is estimated that an amount of 30Kg of ice will be collected in each glacier; Seabirds – faeces samples will be collected in the environment, in small amounts of each type, using spatulas or swabs. Capture of seabirds for research of virus of zoonotic interest will be done with a net and the procedure for each bird will be carried out in approximately 3 minutes. No anaesthetic substances will be used. The species that will be captured are: Penguins: Gentoo (Pygoscelis papua); Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae); Chinstrap (Pygoscelis antarctica); Skua: Chataracta sp; Kelp Gulls: Larus dominicanus
Event or project name/number: Microbial life in Antarctic cryosphere: climatic changes and bioprospecting (MICROSFERA)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2019   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: Considering that daily physical effort may have influence the changes in aerobic fitness, we will record the daily distance travelled and physiological responses (i.e., HR and skin temperature) of researchers (archaeologists) during the displacements for prospection.
Summary of activities: Collect the data: heart rate, heart rate variability, sweating, perception of effort and skin and internal temperatures in archeologists during field work.
Event or project name/number: Surviving in the extreme: polar medicine and health anthropology in Antarctica
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2019   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The main goal of this project is to learn more about the first human strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, focusing our attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view. Archaeological investigations in Antarctica are at an early stage. As a consequence, the pieces of evidence gathered are scarce. These circumstances do not allow scholars to fully understand the potential of archaeology for shedding light on the recent history of the continent. This investigation intends to obtain archaeological information on the first human occupations on the South Shetland Islands. Taking this idea into account, we will try to achieve the following specific goals: Produce a critical review of the archaeological works in Antarctica; Reconstruct the daily life of the people who worked in the region at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries; Continue fieldwork activities on the South Shetland Islands.
Summary of activities: During fieldwork in 2019, archaeological surveys will be held Potter Peninsula to locate archaeological sites.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes; Archaeology in Antarctica: Archaoeology, Anthropology, History and Conservation of
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  02 Jan 2019   To:  20 Feb 2019
Purpose: Obtain aerial data through an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV); Mapping of spectral data from surface targets; Install a permanent climate monitoring site.
Summary of activities: Aerial images of the entire ice-free area and the front of the glacier will be obtained using a UAV. We will also install a site for permanent monitoring of meteorological data on permafrost and air temperature. These procedures do not need to take samples of material.
Event or project name/number: Surface energy balance and its control in the permafrost and active layer of the Fildes Peninsula an
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  03 Feb 2019   To:  13 Feb 2019
Purpose: The detailed characterization of the active layer in areas of Harmony Point, Nelson Island, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a database regarding soils of this region; Studies of the microbiology of soils along a transect from the present glacier to recent ice-free areas.
Summary of activities: Combined sampling of soils and sediments (maximum of 500 g per soil sample) and another 500 g of rocks and coarse fragments of different lithology’s present in the north of the Harmony Point, considering the digging of 15 soils pits, with a total of approximately 35 kg of soil samples which will transported for analyses at the laboratories of UFV in Brazil. According to observations at field level, the number of soil pits may be slightly altered, but the total amount effectively sampled will be rigourously informed to the Brazilian Environmental Authorities after the end of the Antarctic Expedition, including the exact location of the sampled sites. Pit digging down to permafrost level with hydric and thermic measurements, with minimal sampling of mosses and lichens for characterization of sites; A system for monitoring active layer temperature and water content will be installed.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2019   To:  28 Feb 2019
Purpose: Sampling of soil, biofilms, water and sediment in geothermal active environments and control areas for studies of microbial diversity.
Summary of activities: Sediment – samples will be obtained manually in shallow areas or with a van Veen drag in deeper points. Sampling areas have been pre-determined during previous campaigns (2012 and 2013). The selected areas do not include depths covered by ASPA 145. Water – samples will be collected manually in terrestrial environments (lakes, icemelting streams) or with a van Dorn bottle in marine environments at the same points selected for sediment. Soil - samples will be collected in geothermal environments and biofilms in associated areas. Sampling will be carried out manually, with sterile spoons and access to the area will be done in small boats or on foot.
Event or project name/number: Microbial life in Antarctic cryosphere: climatic changes and bioprospecting (MICROSFERA)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter    That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2018   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The aim of the present research is characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: Collect samples of soils (5 kg), rocks (5 kg), snow and ice (20-50 L) and sediment (5-10 kg) of lakes, plants (fragments of 20 specimens of each species) and lichens (fragments of 20 specimens of each species).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter    That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2018   To:  14 Dec 2018
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  14   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism; Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species; Document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds; Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4; Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial; Evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones; Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters; Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; Publishing teaching material (videos, books, interactive e.books and an Atlas) regarding seaweeds species aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in Brazilian public schools and for the general public; Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral programs in the areas of Phycology, Taxonomy, Biochemistry and Marine Ecology; Create a herbarium of Antarctic and South Atlantic macroalgae in the Instituto de Botânica de São Paulo and in the Herbário do Jardim Botânico de Curitiba; Establish a chemical extract collection and make it available for the biological assays. Chemical analysis and documentation of substance in the containing extracts.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6 samples) of distinct species (10-50 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling (n=6; 10-50 per site) will be performed using “sapão” and deeper infra littoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Sampling using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling. The moss beds, birds and marine mammal’s colonies are quite distant from the sampling area, therefore, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2018   To:  31 Jan 2019
Purpose: The aim of the present research is characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: Collect samples of soils (5 kg), rocks (5 kg), snow and ice (20-50 L) and sediment (5-10 kg) of lakes, plants (fragments of 20 specimens of each species) and lichens (fragments of 20 specimens of each species).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  149    Name:  Cape Shirreff and San Telmo Island, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  02 Jan 2019   To:  05 Feb 2019
Purpose: Soil and vegetation survey in ice-free areas of CAPE SHIRREFF; Geomorphological Mapping; Setting of Permafrost and active layer monitoring site.
Summary of activities: Survey of Soil, Geomorphology and vegetation will be carried out in the study area. Soil sampling (500 g per sample unit of soils and sediments (at a depth of 0-5cm and 5-10 cm). Approximately 90 kg of soil samples (triplicates sampling scheme) will be collected for transport and subsequent analysis in the laboratories of UFV and UFU. If there is any modification of this quantitative, it will be strictly informed the MMA when returning to Brazil, as well as the exact location of the points. Soil moisture and temperature monitoring will be analyzed in the sites during the experiment without sampling.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  20 Nov 2018   To:  20 Dec 2018
Purpose: The detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Barton Pen., Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region; Studies of the microbiology of soils along a transect from the present glacier to recent ice-free areas.
Summary of activities: Combined sampling of soils and sediments (maximum of 500 g per soil sample) and another 500 g of rocks and coarse fragments of different lithologies present, considering the digging of 6 soils pits, with a total of approximately 10 kg of soil samples which will transported for analyses at the laboratories of UFV in Brazil. According to observations at field level, the number of soil pits may be slightly altered, but the total amount effectively sampled will be rigourously informed to the Brazilian Environmental Authorities after the end of the Antarctic Expedition, including the exact location of the sampled sites. Pit digging down to permafrost level with hydric and thermic measurements; A system for monitoring active layer temperature and water content will be installed.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

General Report