ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2011/2012 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Science Activities in Previous Year
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Comandante Ferraz
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Comandante Ferraz   Lat: 62°49´59´´S   Long: 58°23´28´´W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor available all year long; surgery room, infirmary, x-ray equipment. Dental emergency services.
Remarks / Description: The Ferraz Station is built on the same site than the old British Station G (Admiralty Bay).
Name: Astrônomo Cruls
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Nelson Island   Lat: 62°17´S   Long: 59°00´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in January 1985.
Remarks / Description:
Name: Emílio Goeldi
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Elephant Island   Lat: 61°10´S   Long: 55°14´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in 1989.
Remarks / Description:

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Almirante Maximiano
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 11
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 30
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil or IH-6B (Bell Jet Ranger) helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
14 Oct 2011 Rio Grande (Brazil) 22 Oct 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
14 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 18 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
20 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) 25 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
19 Dec 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 23 Dec 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
02 Jan 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
27 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 31 Jan 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
02 Feb 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Feb 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
24 Feb 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 26 Feb 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) Logistics
28 Feb 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) 03 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
27 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 04 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) Logistics
08 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) 11 Apr 2012 Rio Grande (Brazil) Logistics
Name: Ary Rongel
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 11
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 27
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
14 Oct 2011 Rio Grande (Brazil) 25 Oct 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
07 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 11 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
13 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) 18 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
19 Dec 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 23 Dec 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
02 Jan 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
23 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 26 Jan 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) Logistics
28 Jan 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) 01 Feb 2012 Deception Island, Seymor Island and King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
24 Feb 2012 Deception Island, Seymor Island and King George Island 28 Feb 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
01 Mar 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 06 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
27 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 04 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) Logistics
08 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) 11 Apr 2012 Rio Grande (Brazil) Logistics

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: C-130 HERCULES
Category:
Number Of Flights: 10
Period From: 09/10/2011
Period To: 30/09/2012
Remarks: 9º and 10º flight, waiting for confirmation of date.
Departure Date Route Purpose
04 Nov 2011 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 1º Flight Logistics
28 Nov 2011 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 2º Flight Logistics
12 Dec 2011 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 3º Flight Logistics
08 Jan 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 4º Flight Logistics
06 Feb 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 5º Flight Logistics
07 Mar 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 6º Flight Logistics
20 Mar 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 7º Flight Logistics
27 May 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 8º Flight Logistics
31 Jul 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 9º Flight Logistics
25 Sep 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 10º Flight Logistics

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: 15 military (4 officers: 1 Commander and 3 Lieutenant-Commander)
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: None
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: None
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: None

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  6   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  11 Mar 2012   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: (1) Detailed study of the active layer in key areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a database regarding the soils from this region; (2) Characterization and mapping of soils (3) Biogeochemical dynamics of soils due to increasing permafrost melting with emphasis on mechanisms of carbon sinking and emissions in soils and development of patterned ground;
Summary of activities: Combined sampling of soils and sediments (max of 500 g per sample for each hoirzon or layer) and samples of 500g of rocks or coarse materials on different substrates of Coppermine. Considering 18 perfis soil profiles, the estimate total of sample is aproximately 90 kg of soil samlples to be transported and analyzed in the laboratories of UFV or UFRRJ; Due to field observations the total of soil profiles may be altered and this will be rigorously informed to the Brazilian Ministry of Environment with the exact position of each sampled point. Soil sampling down to permafrost table and hydryc and thermal monitoring during sampling; Installation of automatic monitoring sites for active layer temperature and moisture.
Event or project name/number: INCT - Criosfera (Núcleo Terramar)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  31 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the visit is the recognition of the Area by the environmental officer from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and to follow-up the approved scientific projects. Natural characteristics of this Antarctic Specially Protected Area will be observed, as well as local permanent structures and the efficiency and means to its protection.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Ministry of the Environment
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  9   That actually entered:  7
Permit Period: From:  14 Jan 2012   To:  24 Jan 2012
Purpose: The main goal of this project is to learn more about the first human strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, focusing our attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view. Archaeological investigations in Antarctica are at an early stage. As a consequence, the pieces of evidence gathered are scarce. These circumstances do not allow scholars to fully understand the potential of archaeology for shedding light on the recent history of the continent. This investigation intends to obtain archaeological information on the first human occupations on South Shetland Islands. Having this idea into account, we will try to achieve the following specific goals: - Produce a critical review of the archaeological works in Antarctica. - Reconstruct the daily life of the people who worked in the region at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries. - Continue the fieldwork activities on the South Shetland Islands.
Summary of activities: Three archaeological sites were excavated, Punta X1, Punta X2, Punta X3. These sites were shelters made from local stone and measuring approximately 10m². The sites are believed to have been constructed by seal hunters at the beginnings of the eighteen hundreds. The excavation of the sites did not extend below a depth of 30 cm, and, once the works were finalized, the sediment that was removed during the excavation process was returned to its previous location. The stone structures at each site were drawn, photographed and preserved in loco. Test pits were undertaken in the areas external to the sites, in order to compare the internal and the external sectors of the sites. At the present moment, the archaeological material is being transported to Rio de Janeiro, aboard the Brazilian polar ship Almirante Maximiano. We also carried out field walking in order to observe and monitor the conservation state of the archaeological sites and stone structures, identifying the sites Stackpole 1 and 2. (for coordinates of the sites visited, see Table 1, at the end of the document). As well as our work on the Byers peninsula, we also prospected another area of Livingston island: Punta Elefante, separated by a glacier, 3 Km from Byers. Four new sites were identified, denominated Punta Elefante 1, 2, 3 and 4, one of which is the best preserved sealer site known in this region. Due to these results, we will be able to plan a specific field work at this area (for an image, see photos at the end of this document). As for the anthropological works, anthropological observations were gathered, including elements of the logistical operations, the dynamics of the camp, the human-environmental relations, resulting on an important field data base, still under analysis. This work was undergone by the anthropologist Nelson Soto, who has been working on navy ships and the Brazilian Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes; Archaeology in Antarctica
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2011   To:  31 Mar 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 5.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 6.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 7.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 8.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 9.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside of ASPA 126.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the technical visit is for making the Area recognition and following-up the development of scientific projects by the public manager from the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation on this Antarctic Specially Protected Area.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Scientific Officer – Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  05 Jan 2012   To:  30 Jan 2012
Purpose: In this project, we aim the detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region.
Summary of activities: Maintenance of automatic systems for monitoring active layer temperature and water content. The procedure is the downloading the data acquired during the previous year and battery replacement for data acquisition during 2012.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  17   That actually entered:  10
Permit Period: From:  06 Dec 2011   To:  25 Feb 2012
Purpose: Establish though non invasive sampling methods the levels of persistent toxic substances (organochlorated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls), trace-elements (mercury, cadmium and selenium) and stress levels (corticosterone) of the avian community of the Admiralty Bay and other areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, with emphasis in Skuas and Penguins. The analysis planned in this study, made in an integrated and complimentary manner, will contribute to expand the knowledge about the ecology of the studied species populations, specially in relation to the contamination levels and the stress ecology. Beyond the scientific interest, studies that expand the knowledge about these birds ecology will have future application in conservation plans for these birds, as well as for related species and the environment they live.
Summary of activities: Demay Point: Capture of 10 Pygoscelis antarctica to collected feathers, faeces and blood. Collected of abandoned eggs and carcasses of dead penguins and of 10 samples of soil in the breeding colony (each sample with 20 g). We have collected 5 samples of soil in the first activity in the area, when the breeding period star and 5 others in the last activity, in the end of the breeding period. All sampled collected in the last period was lost in the fire in the Station. Arctowski: Capture of 20 Pygoscelis adeliae to collected feathers, faeces and blood. Collected of abandoned eggs and carcasses of dead penguins and of 30 samples of soil in the breeding colony (each sample with 20 g). We have collected 15 samples of soil in the first activity in the area, when the breeding period star and 15 others in the last activity, in the end of the breeding period. All sampled collected in the last period was lost in the fire in the Station. Copacabana: Collected of abandoned eggs and carcasses of dead penguins and of 40 samples of soil in the breeding colony of Pygoscelis papua (each sample with 20 g). We have collected 20 samples of soil in the first activity in the area, when the breeding period star and 20 others in the last activity, in the end of the breeding period. All sampled collected in the last period was lost in the fire in the Station.
Event or project name/number: Bioecological Studies in Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica, P. papua and P. adeliae) and Skuas (Cathar
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  8   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  19 Jan 2012   To:  19 Jan 2012
Purpose: The research of Macroalgae communities and associated invertebrates of the Antarctic Peninsula propose a taxonomic survey of seaweeds (marine and terrestrial) of ice-free areas of the coastal area of Admiralty Bay and intertidal and sublitoral zones (20 to 30 m depth), and in parallel to study the structure and diversity of invertebrate fauna associated to macroalgaes. The Macroalgae collected will be documented by the Herbarium of the Botany Department RFA of the Institute of Biology of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Associated invertebrate fauna will be preserved in the Marine Macroalgae Laboratory (UFRJ). All data collected will be included in the INCT-APA database.
Summary of activities: 1) Intertidal zone: random sampling of macroalgae on beach. 2) Terrestrial vegetation in ice-free coastal areas: the macroalgae Prasiola crispa were collected for taxonomic and ecological studies on this macroalgae and their associated fauna. The samples were collected using 3 squares of 5 cm ² within which the alga was removed. This sampling was repeated at another point drier and wetter region. In these same points were also sampling mini corers of three 2.5 cm diameter by 5 cm in length for organic matter analysis.
Event or project name/number: Impact of Human Activities on the Antarctic Marine Environment

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  3   That actually entered:  3
Permit Period: From:  12 Jan 2012   To:  06 Feb 2012
Purpose: Measure soil CO2 emissions along a transect representing areas with different ages of exposition and degree of vegetation establishment, in the melt retreat area of the Ecology Glacier (partnership with the Polish Antarctic Division);
Summary of activities: 1 - Interpretation of geomorphological features in the area of the glacier, to support the rest of the studies. 2 - Sedimentological studies in the various compartments featured in the geomorphological map. Each sub environment was studied by sedimentary analysis and its textural characteristics described (size, shape and surface texture of the clasts). About 0.500 kg of sample was collected at a depth of 10 cm. Finally, loose rock fragments on the sedimentary deposits were collected and will be analyzed in the laboratory to determine their compositions in order to determine the source area of the sediment and the material of the soil. Further studies of texture and composition will be performed in Brazil (particle size, morphology, surface texture and petrography of the sediments). 3 - CO2 flux measurements were performed using the LI-8100 portable system. This system monitors the changes in CO2 concentration inside the camera by infrared spectroscopy (IRGA Infrared Gas Analyzer). The soils have a camera to an internal volume of 854.2 cm3, with the contact area of 83.7 cm2, being placed on PVC collars inserted into the soil to a depth of 0.02 m. The collars were inserted at the time of assessment and removed after finishing the same, about 10 min, with no environmental impact on system or site measured. Parallel assessments of CO2, measured soil temperature in the surface layer (0-0.10 m) were performed using the thermometer TAYLOR9878E. 4 - In locations with measurements of CO2 emissions, soil samples were collected in layers of 0-0.10 and 0.10-0.20 m, containing about 0.50 kg each. These samples will be used for the complete physical and chemical characterization of soil in later stages to be held in Brazil. 5 - A geological mapping was carried out throughout the area around the Arctowski Station and Ecology Glacier, with order of recognition of the rocks in the region and comparison with the sedimentary material found in glacial deposits of the Ecology Glacier. This comparison is essential to determine whether there is a predominance of local or exotic clasts and thus obtain new elements that contribute to the study of the dynamics of the glacier.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the technical visit is for making the Area recognition and following-up the development of scientific projects by the public manager from the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation on this Antarctic Specially Protected Area.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Scientific Officer – Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  19   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  31 Mar 2012
Purpose: Provide logistical support to researchers carrying an official permit to undertake scientific activities in the Area.
Summary of activities: Provide logistical support to researchers carrying an official permit to undertake scientific activities in the Area.
Event or project name/number: Logistical Support Operations
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2011   To:  05 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the visit is to observe the manner researchers deal with their sampling and with the development of projects which maintain a relation to the use of areas included at the ASPA.
Summary of activities: The only activity being conducted at the area will be the accompaniment of other researchers visiting the ASPA.
Event or project name/number: Environmental Management System (EMS/14.001) at EACF

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  13   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  10 Dec 2011   To:  24 Feb 2012
Purpose: - Evaluate population trends and distribution of seabirds at all ice-free areas of Admiralty Bay; - Evaluate population trends and distribution of seabirds at areas near and outside Admiralty Bay (Penguin Island and Turret Point); - Compare past data with those actual, aiming to infer about increases or decreases of seabird populations.
Summary of activities: Counting of breeding bird populations. The identification is visual and by binoculars. For quantitative evaluation of breeding success we applied the techniques proposed by CEMP (CCAMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program), in the Standard Methods (2000). We mapped with hand-held GPS receptors the edge of the colonies, the nest distribution and the moulting areas. Counting and mapping of mammals. Collection and record of garbage.
Event or project name/number: Impact of Global Change on Antarctic Environment, Flotation and Distribution of Bird Populations
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter    That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  13 Oct 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 5.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 6.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 7.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 8.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside ASPA 128 – Admiralty Bay. The moss beds are quite distant from the sampled area, such as birds and or marine mammal’s colonies, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the visit is the recognition of the Area by the environmental officer from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and to follow-up the approved scientific projects. Natural characteristics of this Antarctic Specially Protected Area will be observed, as well as local permanent structures and the efficiency and means to its protection.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Ministry of the Environment
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  6   That actually entered:  4
Permit Period: From:  10 Feb 2012   To:  19 Feb 2012
Purpose: (1) Detailed study of the active layer in key areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a database regarding the soils from this region; (2) Characterization and mapping of soils (3) Biogeochemical dynamics of soils due to increasing permafrost melting with emphasis on mechanisms of carbon sinking and emissions in soils and development of patterned ground;
Summary of activities: The researchers enteres the protected area in two ocasions only to do field observations and recognition of the area. The researchers walked through the are on the 10th and 13th of february 2012. No samples were colected.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  9   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.To study viability or remotely underwater operated vehicles on biological monitoring projects in polar ecosystems. 3.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 4.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 5.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 6.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 7.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 8.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 9.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 10.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside ASPA 140 (Ilha Deception, subareas: around Fumarole Bay; Telephone Bay; Pendulum Cove; and Whalers Bay). During this OPERANTAR, will be hurled ROV for images capture, the equipment will operate using ship DP (dymanic positioning system) and no contact with bottom substrate will occur, nor sample collection will be performed using this device. Dynamic positioning (DP) is a computer controlled system to automatically maintain a vessel's position and heading by using its own propellers and thrusters. Position reference sensors, combined with wind sensors, motion sensors and gyro compasses, provide information to the computer pertaining to the vessel's position and the magnitude and direction of environmental forces affecting its position or its programmed position.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  141    Name:  Yukidori Valley, Langhovde, Lützow-Holm Bay (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  9   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.To study viability or remotely underwater operated vehicles on biological monitoring projects in polar ecosystems. 3.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 4.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 5.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 6.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 7.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 8.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 9.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 10.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside of ASPA 145 (Ilha Deception, subareas A e B – Port Foster). During this OPERANTAR, will be hurled ROV for images capture, the equipment will operate using ship DP (dymanic positioning system) and no contact with bottom substrate will occur, nor sample collection will be performed using this device. Dynamic positioning (DP) is a computer controlled system to automatically maintain a vessel's position and heading by using its own propellers and thrusters. Position reference sensors, combined with wind sensors, motion sensors and gyro compasses, provide information to the computer pertaining to the vessel's position and the magnitude and direction of environmental forces affecting its position or its programmed position.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report