ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2010/2011 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Science Activities in Previous Year
Station Report
Vessels Report
Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: Initial Environmental Evaluation of the activities conducted by the private expedition in the ship "Kotik"
Organization(s) responsible: GAAm/Proantar
Activity: Private Expedition "Bye, Bye Antártica" on sail boat with landing
Topics: - Non Governmental Expedition
- Tourism
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Peninsula
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - No more than a minor or transitory impact

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  10   That actually entered:  6
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2011   To:  13 Feb 2011
Purpose: The general goal of this project is to study the human strategies of the occupation of the Antarctica, from the first occupations, regarding the sealers of the end of the 18th century, until the human presence of today. The first human occupations in Antarctica generated archaeological sites, from which it is possible to know its history. Therefore, through archaeology, we study how daily life and activities took place in the Antarctica of that period. On the other hand, the human presence of today in Antarctica is studied trough anthropology. The main objectives of the anthropological researches is to study and characterize human activities of use and occupation of the Antarctic territory. For such, the activities undertaken by several groups are observed and studied, including those of researchers from several areas of knowledge, the military and mountaineers, in static spaces, such as camps, shelters and the Brazilian Antarctic Station, as well as mobile spaces, such as ships, helicopters and planes. Therefore, the specific goals of this field research’s season were: 1. Congregation of anthropological data on a camp in the island of Livingston, South Shetland Islands, on the polar ships Almirante Maximiano and Ary Rongel, and on the Antarctic Station of Comandante Ferraz, as well as in the aerial vehicles that offer logistical support. 2. Excavation of the archaeological sites Punta Varadeiro, Penca 1 and Penca 3, as well as the collection of archaeological material from subsurface, therefore, properly contextualized. 3. Monitoring prospection of archaeological sites already known on the north coast, near the team’s camp site and near the sites to be excavated.
Summary of activities: Three archaeological sites were excavated, Punta Varadeiro, Penca 1and Penca 3. These sites were shelters made from local stone and measuring approximately 10m². The sites are believed to have been constructed by seal hunters at the beginnings of the eighteen hundreds. The excavation of the sites did not extend below a depth of 30 cm, and, once the works were finalized, the sediment that was removed during the excavation process was returned to its previous location. The stone structures at each site were drawn, photographed and preserved in loco. Test pits were undertaken in the areas external to the sites, in order to compare the internal and the external sectors of the sites. At the present moment, the archaeological material is being transported to Rio de Janeiro, aboard the ship Ary Rongel. We also carried out field walking in order to observe and monitor the conservation state of the archaeological sites and stone structures, already identified in previous studies undertaken by this team. During the prospection, we visited the archaeological sites Penca 2 and Lima Lima, which were evaluated as in good conditions (for coordinates of the sites visited, see Table 1). As for the anthropological works, anthropological observations were gathered, including elements of the logistical operations, the dynamics of the camp, the human-environmental relations and the archaeological works themselves. This resulted in an important amassment of field data, which will be analyzed at a posterior phase of this research. This work was undertaken by accompanying the archaeological team and their scientific and logistical activities.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes; Archaeology in Antarctica
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  0
Permit Period: From:  08 Feb 2011   To:  15 Feb 2011
Purpose: In this project, we aim the detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region.
Summary of activities: Batery replacement and downloading of soil data.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  10   That actually entered:  7
Permit Period: From:  04 Dec 2010   To:  11 Mar 2011
Purpose: - Count the breeding bird populations at ASPA 128 - Colect Biological Samples, biometric, ecological and biological data from Macronectes giganteus, Catharacta maccormicki, Catharacta lonnbergi, Larus dominicanus, Oceanites oceanicus, Pygoscelis adeliae, Pygoscelis papua, Pygoscelis antarctica, Daption capense. - Recover bands from previously marked birds for verifitcation of dislodgements inside the Admiralty Bay, and for demographic studies. - Map the colonies and compare with past information - Map and count tha mammals within the study areas - Record and colect garbage in the study areas
Summary of activities: Counting of breeding bird populations. The identification is visual and by binoculars. For quantitative evaluation of breeding success we applied the techniques proposed by CEMP (CCMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program), in the Standard Methods (2000). We maped with GPS receptors the edge of the colonies, the nest distribution and the moulting áreas. Capture and collection of biometric data, and biological samples of P. antarctica, P. papua e P. adeliae. Capture and collection of biometric from C. maccormcki e C. lonnbergi. Counting and mapping of mammals. Collection and record of garbage.
Event or project name/number: Impact of Global Change on Antarctic Environment, Flotation and Distribution of Bird Populations
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  6   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  08 Dec 2010   To:  08 Mar 2011
Purpose: Establish though non invasive sampling methods the levels of persistent toxic substances (organochlorated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls), trace-elements (mercury, cadmium and selenium) and stress levels (corticosterone) of the avian community of the Admiralty Bay and other areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, with emphasis in Skuas and Penguins. The analysis planned in this study, made in an integrated and complimentary manner, will contribute to expand the knowledge about the ecology of the studied species populations, specially in relation to the contamination levels and the stress ecology. Beyond the scientific interest, studies that expand the knowledge about these birds ecology will have future application in conservation plans for these birds, as well as for related species and the environment they live.
Summary of activities: • Demay Point (12/17/2010 – 12/18/2010) - Capture of penguins for feather samples collection, collection of soil samples and abandoned eggs. Avian census. • Arctowski (12/23/2010) - Penguins census, collection of soil samples and abandoned eggs. • Demay Point (01/04/2011) - samples and abandoned eggs. Capture of skuas for blood and feather samples collection. • Arctowski (02/08/2011) - Capture of penguins for feather samples collection. Avian census. • Arctowski (03/01/2011) - Soil samples collection.
Event or project name/number: Bioecological Studies in Penguins and Skuas: micropollutants and stress levels determination through

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  12   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  08 Feb 2011   To:  08 Feb 2011
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 5.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 6.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 7.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 8.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Collecting sample of Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) on the intertidal zone.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated with abiotic, biochemical and
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  21 Jan 2011   To:  06 Mar 2011
Purpose: Installation of two experiments for in situ measurements of C-CO2 (and other gases) flux in soils, in partnership with the Polish Antarctic Division.
Summary of activities: To carry out an experiment on CO2 and nitrous oxide emissions under different vegetation cover, and assess spatial variability of emissions.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  19   That actually entered:  19
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2010   To:  30 Mar 2011
Purpose: Provide logistical support to researchers carrying an official permit to undertake scientific activities in the Area.
Summary of activities: Basic support activities to ongoning research projects in the area
Event or project name/number: Logistical Staff
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  18 Jan 2011   To:  19 Feb 2011
Purpose: The objective of the visit is the recognition of the Area by the environmental officer from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and to follow-up the approved scientific projects. Natural characteristics of this Antarctic Specially Protected Area will be observed, as well as local permanent structures and the efficiency and means to its protection.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition and the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area.
Event or project name/number: Environmental Management

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  6   That actually entered:  0
Permit Period: From:  03 Feb 2011   To:  06 Mar 2011
Purpose: In this project, we aim: (1) The detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region. (2) determination of biogeochemistry of soils with increasing temperature and melting, and calculations of carbon sequestered and emissions in such environments; ecological studies on cyanobacteria and vegetation effects to nutrient cycles under climate change scenarios.
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  06 Jan 2011   To:  13 Jan 2011
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 5.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 6.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 7.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 8.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 9.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Thallus and or fronds of macroalgae were collected on intertidal zone of Telephone Bay, Whalers Bay, Pendulum Cove and Fumarole Bay.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated with abiotic, biochemical and
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  10 Feb 2011   To:  01 Mar 2011
Purpose: - identify, describe and evaluate the principal áreas favorable for the future instalation of scientific instruments to be used for automatic and manual data collection in the water and at the beach; - To establish a contact with the Argentinean and Spanish stations Decepción and Gabriel de Castilla, in order to verify the possible interest and available infrastructure for logistic and scientific support to the project.
Summary of activities: The main activity to be performed this year in the Deception The activities started on the 8th of February 2011 ending on the 25th of the same month. Much of the activities were related to the observation, reconeissence, georeference and gathering of photography of possible areas suitable for the instalation of meteorological and oceanographical instruments for the future monitoring of the relations between the ocean, the atmosphere and the coastal zone. As part of the mission, some visits to the Argentinean and Spanish stations Decepción e Gabriel de Castilla were made. There the group was able to establish contacts, observe the equipments used and get information on the topographycal, meteorological and oceanographic characteristics of Deception Island. Beside this some activities related to the camping itself were also performed. Among these, activities such as the mounting and desmouting of the camping barracs, mantainance and cleaning, as well as the daily observation of meteorological parameters in the island. No material of any kind was physically collected nor any kind of environmental data was performed.
Event or project name/number: INTERCEPTION – OCEAN, COSTAL ZONE AND ATMOSPHERE MICRO-SCALE INTERACTIONS AT THE DECEPTION ISLAND, S
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  05 Jan 2011   To:  25 Jan 2011
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 5.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 6.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 7.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 8.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 9.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Thallus and or fronds of macroalgae were collected on intertidal zone of Telephone Bay, Whalers Bay, Pendulum Cove and Fumarole Bay.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated with abiotic, biochemical and

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  151    Name:  Lions Rump, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people: Permitted to enter  6   That actually entered:  0
Permit Period: From:  10 Feb 2011   To:  26 Feb 2011
Purpose: In this project, we aim the detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region.
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report