ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2014/2015 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Comandante Ferraz
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Comandante Ferraz   Lat: 62°49´59´´S   Long: 58°23´28´´W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor available all year long; surgery room, infirmary, x-ray equipment. Dental emergency services.
Remarks / Description: The Ferraz Station is built on the same site than the old British Station G (Admiralty Bay).
Name: Astrônomo Cruls
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Nelson Island   Lat: 62°17´S   Long: 59°00´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in January 1985.
Remarks / Description:
Name: Emílio Goeldi
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Elephant Island   Lat: 61°10´S   Long: 55°14´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in 1989.
Remarks / Description:

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Almirante Maximiano
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 14
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 30
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil or IH-6B (Bell Jet Ranger) helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
16 Oct 2014 Rio Grande 27 Oct 2014 Ushuaia - Argentina Logistics
29 Oct 2014 Ushuaia - Argentina 29 Oct 2014 Baía do Almirantado - Antártica Logistics
07 Nov 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 18 Nov 2014 Elephant Island - Antártica Logistics
19 Nov 2014 Elephant Island - Antártica 23 Nov 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
26 Nov 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile 29 Nov 2014 Elephant Island - Antártica Logistics
05 Dec 2014 Elephant Island - Antártica 18 Dec 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
19 Dec 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 22 Dec 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
02 Jan 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile 05 Jan 2015 Estreito de Gerlache - Antártica Logistics
26 Jan 2015 Estreito de Gerlache - Antártica 30 Jan 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
02 Feb 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile 22 Feb 2015 Estreito de Gerlache - Antártica Logistics
23 Feb 2015 Estreito de Gerlache - Antártica 27 Feb 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
02 Mar 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile 06 Mar 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
07 Mar 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 18 Mar 2015 Buenos Aires - Argentina Logistics
02 Apr 2015 Buenos Aires - Argentina 04 Apr 2015 Rio Grande - RS Logistics
Name: Ary Rongel
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages: 19
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 27
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
11 Oct 2014 Rio Grande - RS 19 Oct 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
21 Oct 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile 24 Oct 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
14 Nov 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 18 Nov 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
21 Nov 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile 24 Nov 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
25 Nov 2014 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 19 Dec 2014 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
02 Jan 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile 05 Jan 2015 Livingston island - Antártica Logistics
09 Jan 2015 Livingston island - Antártica 14 Jan 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
15 Jan 2015 Livingston island - Antártica 21 Jan 2015 Ushuaia - Argentina Logistics
23 Jan 2015 Ushuaia - Argentina 25 Jan 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
26 Jan 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 31 Jan 2015 Elephant Island - Antártica Logistics
01 Feb 2015 Elephant Island - Antártica 04 Feb 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
11 Feb 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 14 Feb 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
16 Feb 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile 19 Feb 2015 Island Ardley, james Ross e Hope Bay - Antártica Logistics
24 Feb 2015 Island Ardley, james Ross e Hope Bay - Antártica 28 Feb 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
04 Mar 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 05 Mar 2015 Island Half Monn - Antártica Logistics
05 Mar 2015 Island Half Monn - Antártica 06 Mar 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica Logistics
18 Mar 2015 Admiralty Bay - Antártica 22 Mar 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile Logistics
25 Mar 2015 Punta Arenas - Chile 01 Apr 2015 Montevidéu - Uruguai Logistics
06 Apr 2015 Montevidéu - Uruguai 08 Apr 2015 Rio Grande - RS Logistics

Name: Veleiro Polar Kotik
Country of Registry: St. Jons's
Number of Voyages: 12
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 30
Remarks: Expedition to Antarctica
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
18 Jan 2015 Salvador - BA 20 Jan 2015 Ushuaia - Argentina -
20 Jan 2015 Ushuaia - Argentina 24 Jan 2015 Melchior Archipelago - Antarctica Photography birds, seals and icebergs
26 Jan 2015 Melchior Archipelago - Antarctica 27 Jan 2015 Cuverville island Penguins Photography
27 Jan 2015 Cuverville Island - Antarctica 29 Jan 2015 Dorian Bay - Antarctica Photography birds, seals, icebergs and glaciers
29 Jan 2015 Dorian Bay - Antarctica 31 Jan 2015 Port Lockroy - Antarctic Museum visitation in English based off of Port Lockroy
31 Jan 2015 Port lockroy - Antarctica 02 Feb 2015 Pleneau - Antarctica Photography of birds and seals
02 Feb 2015 Pleneau - Antarctica 05 Feb 2015 Vernadsky - Antarctica Visitation base Ukraniana Vernadsky
05 Feb 2015 Vernadsky - Antarctica 06 Feb 2015 Port Charcot - Antarctica The board without landing
06 Feb 2015 Port Charcot - Antarctica 08 Feb 2015 Coughtray Peninsula - Antarctica Sinking photography, birds and landscapes
08 Feb 2015 Coughtray Peninsula - Antarctica 10 Feb 2015 Enterprise Island - Antarctica Photography from the ruins of the whaling base, landscape, seals and penguins
10 Feb 2015 Enterprise Island - Antarctica 12 Feb 2015 Deception Island - Antarctica Sinking photography, birds and landscapes
12 Feb 2015 Deception Island - Antarctica 14 Feb 2015 Ushuaia - Argentina -

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: C-130 HERCULES
Category:
Number Of Flights: 10
Period From: 01/11/2014
Period To: 25/09/2015
Remarks: Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA)
Departure Date Route Purpose
01 Nov 2014 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 1º Flight Logistcs
24 Nov 2014 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 2º Flight Logistcs
15 Dec 2014 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 3º Flight Logistcs
09 Jan 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 4º Flight Logistcs
31 Jan 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 5º Flight Logistcs
23 Feb 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 6º Flight Logistcs
14 Mar 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 7º Flight Logistcs
18 Mar 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 8º Flight Logistcs
19 Jul 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 9º Flight Logistcs
20 Sep 2015 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 10º Flight Logistcs

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: 15 Militares (4 Officers: 1 Commander and 3 Lieutenant-Commander)
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: none
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: none
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: none

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  05 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: (1) Detailed study of the active layer in key areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its CO2 emissions, thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics; (2) Validation of soil mapping produced in 2014 (3) Biogeochemical dynamics of soils due to increasing permafrost melting with emphasis on mechanisms of carbon sinking and emissions in soils under a warming trend
Summary of activities: Dowloading of an automatic monitoring site installed in 2014. Transit of research people within the ASPA limits
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)
ASPA: Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  30 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its
ASPA: Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Learn more about the first strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, focusing on attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view.
Summary of activities: Surveys will be conducted on the beaches in order to look for archaeological sites.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes: Archaeology in Antarctica

ASPA: Number:  113    Name:  Litchfield Island, Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Palmer Archipelago (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2015   To:  15 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA: Number:  113    Name:  Litchfield Island, Arthur Harbor, Anvers Island, Palmer Archipelago (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2014   To:  12 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  01 Feb 2015   To:  28 Feb 2015
Purpose: Determination of state and dynamics of Dome Bellingshausen and contiguous areas, the climate changes impacts on the glacier mass balance and response of the melting waters and sedimentary processes to Fildes Peninsula environment
Summary of activities: Sediment samples collecting at previus selected points at parallesls and transversal transect to the glacier flow Daily meltwater flow measurements during 20 days Shallow cores sediment sampling in proglacial lagoon (10-40 cm long) Surficial layer/ horizon (0-10 cm) at marginal sites/soils of glacier front The greatest weight of all samples (sediment/soil) will be 40-50 kg Small cores of ice from Dome Bellingshausen ice front
Event or project name/number: Use of sedimentary and biogeochemical data as indicative of climate and environmental change in Sout
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  30 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap

ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  31 Jan 2015   To:  01 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2014   To:  12 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2015   To:  15 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  30 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its

ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2015   To:  10 Feb 2015
Purpose: Learn more about the first strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, focusing on attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view.
Summary of activities: Archaeological surveys will be held in Byers Peninsula using a laser scan, which will yield a 3D record of the structures identified in previous campaigns.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes: Archaeology in Antarctica
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2015   To:  15 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  31 Jan 2015   To:  01 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens

ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  30 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  06 Mar 2015   To:  27 Mar 2015
Purpose: - Conduct the phytosociological studies to locate the different vegetation occurring in the study area, assessing trends and the occurrence of environmental impacts caused by phenomena natural or by human action. - Describe the plant formations and associations, based mainly on vegetation cover and species lists. - Determine the abundance, diversity and identity of microorganisms (bacteria, archaea and fungi) that live in the studied areas. - Relate the plant and microbial communities of the region with the bird colonies, which are important data in the impact assessment environment, being indicative of the presence of birds. - To assess the genetic diversity of plant species of Maritime Antarctic to understanding of the phylogeographical relationship of Polytrichum moss species in order to understand the dynamics of populations of Subantarctic and bipolar species.
Summary of activities: - Mapping vegetation and phytosociological survey. - Collection of plants (flowering plants, liverworts, mosses, fungi and lichens) for identification in the laboratory and molecular analyzes; ca 100 gr for each species. - Collecting soil samples to represent the microbial diversity associated plant communities surveyed (approx 250g of soil sampled in each community) - Collecting water samples from lakes near Penguin Ridge for identification of diatom algae
Event or project name/number: Plant communities from ice-free areas of Antarctica
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2014   To:  12 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA: Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 10
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  30 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap

ASPA: Number:  133    Name:  Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 10
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2014   To:  12 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  30 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens)
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap

ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2015   To:  15 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  31 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA: Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  10 Nov 2014   To:  12 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1. To perform continuous monitoring on diversity of Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, and Phaeophyceae, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches, having as priority on infralittoral samplings, alien species or taxa geographical distribution changes, mainly at sensible areas showing high vessels frequency, including tourism. 2. Detect photossinthetic parameters of conspicuous species 3. To document chemical extracts obtained from conspicuous seaweeds. 4. Isolate strategic chemical coumpounds for aclimatation of adverse conditions such as: Photossinthetic pigments, carotenoids, lipids (ômega 3 and 6), and phytoquelatins 3 and 4. 5. Study chemical composition of bioactive extracts: antioxidant potencial, leishmanicide, antitumoral, antiviral, reductor potencial. 6. To evaluate concentrations and types of micosporinas like-aminoacidos (MAA), absorbing substances of UV radiation, comparing with seaweeds from tropical zones. 7. Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 8. Summer continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and UV radiation from sampling sites; 9. Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in the bottom sediments and also in some target macroalgae species; 10. Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 11. Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program. 12. Create a herbarium Antarctic collection 13. Establish a chemical extract collection
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (10-30 spp. per sampling site) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using “sapão”and deeper infralittoral using a Van Veen and Box Corer grabber (opening of 90 cm, without trawling). Samplig using Van Veen and Box Corer only will be used out of ASPA/ASMA areas, been auxiliary techniques to ROV and scuba diving sampling.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity, monitoring, survival strategies and bioprospection of extremofilous seaweeds along Mar

ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  03 Jan 2015   To:  01 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003)
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  02 Feb 2015   To:  10 Mar 2015
Purpose: Conduct the phytosociological studies to locate the different vegetation occurring in the study area, assessing trends and the occurrence of environmental impacts caused by phenomena natural or by human action. - Describe the plant formations and associations, based mainly on vegetation cover and species lists. - Determine the abundance, diversity and identity of microorganisms (bacteria, archaea and fungi) that live in the studied areas. - Relate the plant and microbial communities of the region with the bird colonies, which are important data in the impact assessment environment, being indicative of the presence of birds. - To assess the genetic diversity of plant species of Maritime Antarctic to understanding of the phylogeographical relationship of Polytrichum moss species in order to understand the dynamics of populations of Sub Antarctic and bipolar species.
Summary of activities: Mapping vegetation and phytosociological survey in Ardley Island. - Collection of plants (flowering plants, liverworts, mosses, fungi and lichens) for identification in the laboratory and molecular analyses; ca 100 gr for each species. - Collecting soil samples to represent the microbial diversity associated plant communities surveyed (approx 250g of soil sampled in each community) - Collecting water samples from lakes near Penguin Ridge for identification of diatom algae
Event or project name/number: Plant communities from ice-free areas of Antarctica
ASPA: Number:  151    Name:  Lions Rump, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 10
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2015   To:  05 Feb 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
ASPA: Number:  151    Name:  Lions Rump, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 10
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2014   To:  20 Dec 2014
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America.
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens

ASPA: Number:  152    Name:  Western Bransfield Strait (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2014   To:  31 Jan 2015
Purpose: Characterize the fungal communities present in different substrates of Antarctica to increase the knowledge about their diversity and biotechnological application.
Summary of activities: To collect samples of soils (15-20 kg), rocks (15-20 kg), water (50-100 L) and sediment (15-20 kg) of lakes, moss (20 specimens) and lichens (20 specimens).
Event or project name/number: MycoAntar: Taxonomy, diversity and geographic distribution of fungi present in Antarctica and its ap
ASPA: Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  31 Jan 2015   To:  01 Mar 2015
Purpose: 1) Test the hypothesis Holarctic origin of the target species with posterior dispersal to the south, focusing specially on the "American Pathway". 2) Understand the importance of the Neotropics on the dispersal processes of bipolar species to Western Antarctica and consequently to Antarctic colonization. 3) Compare the genetic diversity among mosses and lichens with similar distribution pattern. 4) Compare the morphological and genetic diversity in bipolar mosses and lichens. 5) Identify, using molecular markers, if there are cryptic species or speciation processes occurring. 6) Use molecular markers to check if the molecular diversity found among bipolar populations is reflected on its geographical distribution. 7) Increase our understanding of which factors plays a major role in dispersal and colonization between Antarctica and South America
Summary of activities: As the distribution of mousses and lichens in Antarctic are well known, we select target species in a total of 15 mosses and 20 lichens. The collections are aimed to obtain fresh material for DNA extraction. Up to 10 samples for each population of target species. Each sample will have 5 x 5cm. The collections will be done following Yano (1984) and Frahm (2003).
Event or project name/number: Evolution and Dispersal of Antarctic Bipolar species of Mosses and Lichens
Aircrat Report
General Report