ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2011/2012 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Comandante Ferraz
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Comandante Ferraz   Lat: 62°49´59´´S   Long: 58°23´28´´W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor available all year long; surgery room, infirmary, x-ray equipment. Dental emergency services.
Remarks / Description: The Ferraz Station is built on the same site than the old British Station G (Admiralty Bay).
Name: Astrônomo Cruls
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Nelson Island   Lat: 62°17´S   Long: 59°00´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in January 1985.
Remarks / Description:
Name: Emílio Goeldi
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Elephant Island   Lat: 61°10´S   Long: 55°14´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in 1989.
Remarks / Description:

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Almirante Maximiano
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 11
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 30
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil or IH-6B (Bell Jet Ranger) helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
14 Oct 2011 Rio Grande (Brazil) 22 Oct 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
14 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 18 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
20 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) 25 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
19 Dec 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 23 Dec 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
02 Jan 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
27 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 31 Jan 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
02 Feb 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Feb 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
24 Feb 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 26 Feb 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) Logistics
28 Feb 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) 03 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
27 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 04 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) Logistics
08 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) 11 Apr 2012 Rio Grande (Brazil) Logistics
Name: Ary Rongel
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 11
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 27
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
14 Oct 2011 Rio Grande (Brazil) 25 Oct 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
07 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 11 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
13 Nov 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) 18 Nov 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
19 Dec 2011 King George Island (Antarctica) 23 Dec 2011 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
02 Jan 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
23 Jan 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 26 Jan 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) Logistics
28 Jan 2012 Ushuaia (Argentina) 01 Feb 2012 Deception Island, Seymor Island and King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
24 Feb 2012 Deception Island, Seymor Island and King George Island 28 Feb 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) Logistics
01 Mar 2012 Punta Arenas (Chile) 06 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) Logistics
27 Mar 2012 King George Island (Antarctica) 04 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) Logistics
08 Apr 2012 Monte Videu (Uruguai) 11 Apr 2012 Rio Grande (Brazil) Logistics

Name: DSV GULMAR ATLANTIS
Country of Registry: Ilhas Marshall
Number of Voyages: 1
Remarks: Callsign: V7SG3 MMSI: 538003646; IMO: 009441221. Position: Lat 62º 04,98S, Long 058º 22,21W.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
16 Feb 2012 Rio de Janeiro 08 Mar 2012 King George Island Provide Support to Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Station

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: C-130 HERCULES
Category:
Number Of Flights: 10
Period From: 09/10/2011
Period To: 30/09/2012
Remarks: 9º and 10º flight, waiting for confirmation of date.
Departure Date Route Purpose
04 Nov 2011 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 1º Flight Logistics
28 Nov 2011 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 2º Flight Logistics
12 Dec 2011 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 3º Flight Logistics
08 Jan 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 4º Flight Logistics
06 Feb 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 5º Flight Logistics
07 Mar 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 6º Flight Logistics
20 Mar 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 7º Flight Logistics
27 May 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 8º Flight Logistics
31 Jul 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 9º VOO Logistics
25 Sep 2012 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) 10º Flight Logistic

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: 15 military (4 officers: 1 Commander and 3 Lieutenant-Commander)
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: none
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: none
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: none

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  112    Name:  Coppermine Peninsula, Robert Island, South Shetland Islands  (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  11 Mar 2012   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: (1) Detailed study of the active layer in key areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a database regarding the soils from this region; (2) Characterization and mapping of soils (3) Biogeochemical dynamics of soils due to increasing permafrost melting with emphasis on mechanisms of carbon sinking and emissions in soils and development of patterned ground;
Summary of activities: Combined sampling of soils and sediments (max of 500 g per sample for each hoirzon or layer) and samples of 500g of rocks or coarse materials on different substrates of Coppermine. Considering 18 perfis soil profiles, the estimate total of sample is aproximately 90 kg of soil samlples to be transported and analyzed in the laboratories of UFV or UFRRJ; Due to field observations the total of soil profiles may be altered and this will be rigorously informed to the Brazilian Ministry of Environment with the exact position of each sampled point. Soil sampling down to permafrost table and hydryc and thermal monitoring during sampling; Installation of automatic monitoring sites for active layer temperature and moisture.
Event or project name/number: INCT - Criosfera (Núcleo Terramar)
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 9
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2012   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: The main goal of this project is to learn more about the first human strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, focusing our attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view. Archaeological investigations in Antarctica are at an early stage. As a consequence, the pieces of evidence gathered are scarce. These circumstances do not allow scholars to fully understand the potential of archaeology for shedding light on the recent history of the continent. This investigation intends to obtain archaeological information on the first human occupations on South Shetland Islands. Having this idea into account, we will try to achieve the following specific goals: - Produce a critical review of the archaeological works in Antarctica. - Reconstruct the daily life of the people who worked in the region at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries. - Continue the fieldwork activities on the South Shetland Islands.
Summary of activities: Fieldwork activities will involve archaeological surveys in specific areas of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island. We will use architectural survey techniques to determine the conservation of historical sites previously detected in other fieldwork seasons. We also plan to excavate three archaeological sites, among the following: Punta X1, Punta X2, Punta X3, Stackpole 1 e Stackpole 2 (still to be chosen in loco).
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes; Archaeology in Antarctica
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  31 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the visit is the recognition of the Area by the environmental officer from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and to follow-up the approved scientific projects. Natural characteristics of this Antarctic Specially Protected Area will be observed, as well as local permanent structures and the efficiency and means to its protection.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Ministry of the Environment
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 1
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the technical visit is for making the Area recognition and following-up the development of scientific projects by the public manager from the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation on this Antarctic Specially Protected Area.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Scientific Officer – Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation

ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 3
Permit Period: From:  05 Jan 2012   To:  30 Jan 2012
Purpose: In this project, we aim the detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region.
Summary of activities: Maintenance of automatic systems for monitoring active layer temperature and water content. The procedure is the downloading the data acquired during the previous year and battery replacement for data acquisition during 2012.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2011   To:  31 Mar 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 5.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 6.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 7.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 8.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 9.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside of ASPA 126.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the visit is the recognition of the Area by the environmental officer from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and to follow-up the approved scientific projects. Natural characteristics of this Antarctic Specially Protected Area will be observed, as well as local permanent structures and the efficiency and means to its protection.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Ministry of the Environment
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 13
Permit Period: From:  20 Nov 2011   To:  11 Mar 2012
Purpose: - Evaluate population trends and distribution of seabirds at all ice-free areas of Admiralty Bay; - Evaluate population trends and distribution of seabirds at areas near and outside Admiralty Bay (Penguin Island and Turret Point); - Compare past data with those actual, aiming to infer about increases or decreases of seabird populations.
Summary of activities: Identification and counting of seabird population are to be conducted. Identification by sight and with binoculars depending on species and environment conditions. Quantitative evaluation will be conduced at ice-free areas through land permanence by short periods. Quantitative evaluation and breeding success will follow techniques proposed by CEMP (CCMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program), Standard Methods (2000). All information about breeding colony and nest distribution may be signed in geographic letters through specialized softwares. For such, we intend to register, by GPS receptor, the colonies edges, nest distribution and demarcate the moulting and feeding grounds of birds. The samplings will be conduced at all ice-free areas where there are birds in breed.
Event or project name/number: Impact of Global Change on Antarctic Environment, Flotation and Distribution of Bird Populations

ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 1
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the technical visit is for making the Area recognition and following-up the development of scientific projects by the public manager from the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation on this Antarctic Specially Protected Area.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition. Also, the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area. Special attention will be paid to use only the marked paths and to avoid disturbance to birds, seals and damage of vegetation.
Event or project name/number: Scientific Officer – Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 17
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  01 Dec 2011
Purpose: Establish though non invasive sampling methods the levels of persistent toxic substances (organochlorated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls), trace-elements (mercury, cadmium and selenium) and stress levels (corticosterone) of the avian community of the Admiralty Bay and other areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, with emphasis in Skuas and Penguins. The analysis planned in this study, made in an integrated and complimentary manner, will contribute to expand the knowledge about the ecology of the studied species populations, specially in relation to the contamination levels and the stress ecology. Beyond the scientific interest, studies that expand the knowledge about these birds ecology will have future application in conservation plans for these birds, as well as for related species and the environment they live.
Summary of activities: All Skuas’ breeding sites and nests, as well as all Penguins’ breeding colonies encountered will be registered with the use of a GPS (Datun WGS 84). No capture activities will be done near the breeding colonies during the reproductive period, when eggs and young birds are present in the area. The capture activities will be done only during the last period of research in Antarctica, with only 10 specimens of each species being captured. It is important to notice that from mid-February the penguins chicks and adults are no longer in the breeding sites, been found in the adjacent areas in the molt process (nurseries areas). We request permission to take egg measurements, including here the measurement of the temperature to verify the viability of eggs. This will permit the collection of unviable eggs for the analysis provided in the project. These measures will only take place in the nests at the periphery of the colonies so as to avoid behavioral changes that may negatively influence the reproductive success of animals. Only one researcher will approach the colony to take the measures. All techniques, from the capture methods (netting for penguins and snare trap for the skuas), banding methods, as well as weighing (with balance dynamometer, Pesola), morphometric measurements (high precision caliper), will obey to the norms internationally established by CCAMLR (2004, Standard Methods). Adult birds will be inspected to verify the existence of ectoparasites and feather conditions, and records of health conditions recorded in specific spreadsheet. Breast and wing feathers of each captured individual will be collected (approximately 5g). Also, penguins and skuas excreta (feces), pellets (post-feeding, voluntarily regurgitated material), and spontaneous regurgitation will be collected from captured birds. Additional authorization is requested for the collection of 2 ml of blood samples from the penguins captured and 1 ml of blood samples of skuas for stress analysis, sex determination by other non-destructive methods, and also for the Avian Influenza project. Eggs found outside the nests will be collected (for a maximum of 30 per species) and also eggshells from predated or hatched eggs. Five cm3 of the breeding grounds soil will be collected in at least 10 points of penguins’ breeding colonies (one colony per species) and five skuas’ breeding areas (total of 25 samples). In case the research group finds bird carcasses small amounts of fat or muscle tissue will be collected (approximately 5 g, at most 25 samples of this material, 5 per species studied).
Event or project name/number: Bioecological Studies in Penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica, P. papua and P. adeliae) and Skuas (Cathar
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 19
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2011   To:  31 Mar 2012
Purpose: Provide logistical support to researchers carrying an official permit to undertake scientific activities in the Area.
Summary of activities: Provide logistical support to researchers carrying an official permit to undertake scientific activities in the Area.
Event or project name/number: Logistical Support Operations
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted:
Permit Period: From:  13 Oct 2011   To:  30 Mar 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 5.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 6.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 7.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 8.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside ASPA 128 – Admiralty Bay. The moss beds are quite distant from the sampled area, such as birds and or marine mammal’s colonies, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators

ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  08 Jan 2012   To:  10 Mar 2012
Purpose: The research of Macroalgae communities and associated invertebrates of the Antarctic Peninsula propose a taxonomic survey of seaweeds (marine and terrestrial) of ice-free areas of the coastal area of Admiralty Bay and intertidal and sublitoral zones (20 to 30 m depth), and in parallel to study the structure and diversity of invertebrate fauna associated to macroalgaes. The Macroalgae collected will be documented by the Herbarium of the Botany Department RFA of the Institute of Biology of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Associated invertebrate fauna will be preserved in the Marine Macroalgae Laboratory (UFRJ). All data collected will be included in the INCT-APA database.
Summary of activities: 1) Ezcurra Inlet (including Dufayel Island), Hennequin Point, Thomas Point, Demey Point, Vauréal, Napier Rock, Chabrier Rock and Martins Point. Samples of terrestrial and marine macroalgae of the intertidal zone and sublittoral fringe will be collected through manual random sampling of some individuals (between 1 and 3 individuals) for taxonomic survey. Among the most abundant algae in those areas will be chosen for a study of the associated fauna. The associated fauna sampling will be conducted through nylon bags of 38µm mesh to capture invertebrates (maximum number of samples of algae elected: 3). ROV bottom imaging to localization and observation of the macroalgae banks. 2) Terrestrial vegetation of coastal ice-free areas: Sampling of terrestrial macroalgae Prasiola Crispa for ecological and taxonomic survey of the associated microfauna. The samples will be collected through three square of 5 cm² in which the algae will be removed. This sampling will be realized on the dry and wet areas of Prasiola crispa pathness, before and after the period in which seabirds are present in the region. In these sampling points are also collected three mini-corers (diameter =2.5 cm and length =5 cm) for biomass and organic matter analysis.
Event or project name/number: Impact of Human Activities on the Antarctic Marine Environment
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 3
Permit Period: From:  10 Jan 2012   To:  10 Feb 2012
Purpose: Measure soil CO2 emissions along a transect representing areas with different ages of exposition and degree of vegetation establishment, in the melt retreat area of the Ecology Glacier (partnership with the Polish Antarctic Division);
Summary of activities: Measurement of CO2 emission in soils (see photo above) Soil sampling (500 g per sample at two depths 0-3cm and 3-10 cm), and na undisturbed sample with a ring of 10 cm diameter for soil density analysis, with estimated mass of 1000 g. We estimate a total of 75 sampling points; If there is any alteration in the amount sampled it will be rigorously informed to the Brazilian Ministry of Environment with location of all sampled points.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2011   To:  05 Mar 2012
Purpose: The objective of the visit is to observe the manner researchers deal with their sampling and with the development of projects which maintain a relation to the use of areas included at the ASPA.
Summary of activities: The only activity being conducted at the area will be the accompaniment of other researchers visiting the ASPA.
Event or project name/number: Environmental Management System (EMS/14.001) at EACF
ASPA: Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  11 Feb 2012   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: (1) Detailed study of the active layer in key areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a database regarding the soils from this region; (2) Characterization and mapping of soils (3) Biogeochemical dynamics of soils due to increasing permafrost melting with emphasis on mechanisms of carbon sinking and emissions in soils and development of patterned ground;
Summary of activities: Combined sampling of soils and sediments (max of 500 g per sample for each hoirzon or layer) and samples of 500g of rocks or coarse materials on different substrates of Coppermine. Considering 18 perfis soil profiles, the estimate total of sample is aproximately 90 kg of soil samlples to be transported and analyzed in the laboratories of UFV or UFRRJ; Due to field observations the total of soil profiles may be altered and this will be rigorously informed to the Brazilian Ministry of Environment with the exact position of each sampled point. Soil sampling down to permafrost table and hydryc and thermal monitoring during sampling; Installation of automatic monitoring sites for active layer temperature and moisture.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Nucleo Terrantar)

ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 9
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.To study viability or remotely underwater operated vehicles on biological monitoring projects in polar ecosystems. 3.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 4.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 5.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 6.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 7.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 8.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 9.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 10.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside ASPA 140 (Ilha Deception, subareas: around Fumarole Bay; Telephone Bay; Pendulum Cove; and Whalers Bay). During this OPERANTAR, will be hurled ROV for images capture, the equipment will operate using ship DP (dymanic positioning system) and no contact with bottom substrate will occur, nor sample collection will be performed using this device. Dynamic positioning (DP) is a computer controlled system to automatically maintain a vessel's position and heading by using its own propellers and thrusters. Position reference sensors, combined with wind sensors, motion sensors and gyro compasses, provide information to the computer pertaining to the vessel's position and the magnitude and direction of environmental forces affecting its position or its programmed position.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators
ASPA: Number:  141    Name:  Yukidori Valley, Langhovde, Lützow-Holm Bay (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 9
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2011   To:  29 Feb 2012
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.To study viability or remotely underwater operated vehicles on biological monitoring projects in polar ecosystems. 3.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 4.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 5.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 6.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 7.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 8.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 9.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 10.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Tree sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside of ASPA 145 (Ilha Deception, subareas A e B – Port Foster). During this OPERANTAR, will be hurled ROV for images capture, the equipment will operate using ship DP (dymanic positioning system) and no contact with bottom substrate will occur, nor sample collection will be performed using this device. Dynamic positioning (DP) is a computer controlled system to automatically maintain a vessel's position and heading by using its own propellers and thrusters. Position reference sensors, combined with wind sensors, motion sensors and gyro compasses, provide information to the computer pertaining to the vessel's position and the magnitude and direction of environmental forces affecting its position or its programmed position.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated abiotic and biotic indicators
Aircrat Report
General Report