ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2010/2011 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Comandante Ferraz
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Comandante Ferraz   Lat: 62°49´59´´S   Long: 58°23´28´´W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor available all year long; surgery room, infirmary, x-ray equipment. Dental emergency services.
Remarks / Description: The Ferraz Station is built on the same site than the old British Station G (Admiralty Bay).
Name: Astrônomo Cruls
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Nelson Island   Lat: 62°17´S   Long: 59°00´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in January 1985.
Remarks / Description:
Name: Emílio Goeldi
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Elephant Island   Lat: 61°10´S   Long: 55°14´W  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Established in 1989.
Remarks / Description:

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Almirante Maximiano
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 30
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil or IH-6B (Bell Jet Ranger) helicopters.
Name: Ary Rongel
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 27
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil helicopters.

Name: Felinto Perry
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 65
Remarks:
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
15 Oct 2010 Rio de Janeiro 13 Dec 2010 Rio de Janeiro Logistic support for Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Station

Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: GUTEMBERG FELIPE MARTINS DA SILVA
Contact Address: Rua Maria Soares, 182 – Vila Industrial – CAMPINAS/SP – Brasil
Email Address: gutemberg@origemconsultoria.com.br
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Kotik
Country of Registry: Antigua (WI)
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
22 Jan 2011 PORTO WILLIANS/CHILE 19 Feb 2011 Sao Paulo/Brasil

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 10
Permit Period: From:  07 Jan 2011   To:  13 Feb 2011
Purpose: The main goal of this project is to learn more about the first human strategies for occupying Antarctica at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries, fousing our attention on the South Shetland Islands from an archaeological point of view. Archaeological investigations in Antarctica are at an early stage. As a consequence, the pieces of evidence gathered are scarce. These circumstances do not allow scholars to fully understand the potential of archaeology for shedding light on the recent history of the continent. This investigation intends to obtain archaeological information on the first human occupations on South Shetland Islands. Having this idea into account, we will try to achieve the following specific goals: 1.Produce a critical review of the archaeological works in Antarctica. 2.Reconstruct the daily life of the people who worked in the region at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries. 3.Continue the fieldwork activities on the South Shetland Islands.
Summary of activities: Fieldwork activities will involve archaeological surveys in specific areas of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island. We will use architectural survey techniques to determine the conservation of historical sites previously detected in other fieldwork seasons. We also plan to excavate two archaeological sites: Pencas 3 and Punta Varadero.
Event or project name/number: Blank landscapes; Archaeology in Antarctica
ASPA: Number:  126    Name:  Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  08 Feb 2011   To:  15 Feb 2011
Purpose: In this project, we aim the detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region.
Summary of activities: Maintenance of automatic systems for monitoring active layer temperature and water content. The procedure is the downloading the data acquired during the previous year and battery replacement for data acquisition during 2011.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 10
Permit Period: From:  04 Dec 2010   To:  11 Mar 2011
Purpose: - Evaluate population trends and distribution of seabirds at all ice-free areas of Admiralty Bay; - Evaluate population trends and distribution of seabirds at areas near and outside Admiralty Bay (Penguin Island and Turret Point); - Compare past data with those actual, aiming to infer about increases or decreases of seabird populations.
Summary of activities: Identification and counting of seabird population are to be conducted. Identification by sight and with binoculars depending on species and environment conditions. Quantitative evaluation will be conduced at ice-free areas through land permanence by short periods. Quantitative evaluation and breeding success will follow techniques proposed by CEMP (CCMLR Ecosystem Monitoring Program), Standard Methods (2000). All information about breeding colony and nest distribution may be signed in geographic letters through specialized softwares. For such, we intend to register, by GPS receptor, the colonies edges, nest distribution and demarcate the moulting and feeding grounds of birds. The samplings will be conduced at all ice-free areas where there are birds in breed.
Event or project name/number: Impact of Global Change on Antarctic Environment, Flotation and Distribution of Bird Populations
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 12
Permit Period: From:  08 Dec 2010   To:  15 Feb 2011
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 5.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 6.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 7.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 8.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Three sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside ASPA 128 – Admiralty Bay. The moss beds are quite distant from the sampled area, such as birds and or marine mammal’s colonies, ensuring not to disturb fauna, flora and/or entire coastal ecosystems.
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated with abiotic, biochemical and

ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  08 Dec 2010   To:  08 Mar 2011
Purpose: Establish through non invasive sampling methods the levels of persistent toxic substances (organochlorated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls), trace-elements (mercury, cadmium and selenium) and stress levels (corticosterone) of the avian community of the Admiralty Bay and other areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, with emphasis in Skuas and Penguins. The analysis planned in this study, made in an integrated and complimentary manner, will contribute to expand the knowledge about the ecology of the studied species populations, specially in relation to the contamination levels and the stress ecology. Beyond the scientific interest, studies that expand the knowledge about these birds ecology will have future application in conservation plans for these birds, as well as for related species and the environment they live.
Summary of activities: All Skuas’ breeding sites and nests, as well as all Penguins’ breeding colonies encountered will be registered with the use of a GPS (Datun WGS 84). No capture activities will be done near the breeding colonies during the reproductive period, when eggs and young birds are present in the area. The capture activities will be done only during the last period of research in Antarctica, with only 10 specimens of each species being captured. It is important to notice that from mid-February the penguins chicks and adults are no longer in the breeding sites, been found in the adjacent areas in the molt process (nurseries areas). There will be no measurements or marking of the penguins eggs, since all captures will be done outside their breeding colonies in other to avoid any disturbance in their breeding process. All techniques, from the capture methods (netting for penguins and snare trap for the skuas), banding methods, as well as weighing (with balance dynamometer, Pesola), morphometric measurements (high precision caliper), will obey to the norms internationally established by CCAMLR (2004, Standard Methods). Adult birds will be inspected to verify the existence of ectoparasites and feather conditions, and records of health conditions recorded in specific spreadsheet. Breast and wing feathers of each captured individual will be collected (approximately 5g). Also, penguins and skuas excreta (feces), pellets (post-feeding, voluntarily regurgitated material), and spontaneous regurgitation will be collected from captured birds. Eggs found outside the nests will be collected (for a maximum of 10 per species). Five cm3 of the breeding grounds soil will be collected in five points of penguins’breeding colonies (one colony per species) and five skuas’ breeding areas (total of 25 samples). In case the research group finds bird carcasses small amounts of fat or muscle tissue will be collected (approximately 5 g, at most 25 samples collection of this material, 5 per species studied).
Event or project name/number: Bioecological Studies in Penguins and Skuas: micropollutants and stress levels determination through
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  21 Jan 2011   To:  06 Mar 2011
Purpose: Installation of two experiments for in situ measurements of C-CO2 (and other gases) flux in soils, in partnership with the Polish Antarctic Division.
Summary of activities: Installation of gas emission experiment Soil sampling (500 g per sampling unit, at depth of 0-10 cm) at 51 points resulting in approximately 25.5 kg of soil samples processed for transport and analysis at laboratories of UFV and EMBRAPA-Agrobiology; Any change in this amount will be rigorously informed to MMA after the Antarctic Expedition, with the precise location of each sampled point. The hydric and thermic monitoring of the sites will be carried out during the experiment, without need of soil sampling.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 1
Permit Period: From:  18 Jan 2011   To:  19 Feb 2011
Purpose: The objective of the visit is the recognition of the Area by the environmental officer from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and to follow-up the approved scientific projects. Natural characteristics of this Antarctic Specially Protected Area will be observed, as well as local permanent structures and the efficiency and means to its protection.
Summary of activities: Walks on foot around the Area aiming its recognition and the following up of scientific activities conducted by brazilian researchers inside the area.
Event or project name/number: Environmental Management
ASPA: Number:  128    Name:  Western shore of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 19
Permit Period: From:  30 Nov 2010   To:  30 Mar 2011
Purpose: Provide logistical support to researchers carrying an official permit to undertake scientific activities in the Area.
Summary of activities: Basic support activities to ongoning research projects in the area
Event or project name/number: Logistical Staff

ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  03 Feb 2011   To:  06 Mar 2011
Purpose: In this project, we aim: (1) The detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region. (2) determination of biogeochemistry of soils with increasing temperature and melting, and calculations of carbon sequestered and emissions in such environments; ecological studies on cyanobacteria and vegetation effects to nutrient cycles under climate change scenarios.
Summary of activities: Combined sampling of soils and sediments (maximun of 500 g per soil sample) and another 500 g of rocks and coarse fragments of different lithologies present in Decepcion island, considering the digging of 20 soils pits, with a total of approximately 100 kg of soil samples which will transported for analyses at the laboratories of UFV or UFRRJ, in Brazil. According to observations at field level, the number of soil pits may be slightly altered, but the total amount effectively sampled will be rigourously informed to the Brazilian Environmental Authorities after the end of the Antarctic Expedition, including the exact location of the sampled sites Pit digging down to permafrost level with hydric and thermic measurements; Maintenance of automatic systems for monitoring active layer temperature and water content. The procedure is the downloading the data acquired during the previous year and battery replacement for data acquisition during 2011.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  10 Feb 2011   To:  01 Mar 2011
Purpose: To describe the local synoptic coupling between the atmosphere and the ocean taken in situ vessel campaigns in the interior and vicinity of the Deception Island; To study the concentration and space-time variability of greenhouse effect gases and ozone; To describe the heat fluxes between the land and atmosphere using numerical modelling and data collected by sensors; To describe the temporal variability of the water temperature, air temperature, Wind intensity and direction, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, relative humidity, photosyntetically active radiation (PAR) and radiative fluxes from time series of data collected by sensors; To compare the heat fluxes between the ocean, atmosphere and the coastal zone at the Deception Island and vicinities with the outputs of a Large Eddy Simulation model; To describe the space-time variability of the sea water temperature in the interior and vicinity of the Deception Island from time series of data collected in situ; To build up and test 10 prototypes of Lagrangean drifters tracked by radio for coastal region applications; To describe the space-time variability of the sea surface currents inside the island by using the Lagrangean drifters developed in the project; To describe the vertical profile of the coastal ocean currents and the waves pattern in an specific location inside the island; To describe the beach dynamics inside the island based on data from currents, waves and beach morphology measured locally.
Summary of activities: The main activity to be performed this year in the Deception Island is the land surveillance aiming to help on the installation of equipments that will be made next year (30th Brazilian Antarctic Operation). The project is now in the phase of buying and mounting the instruments that will be installed in the Deception Island’s water and land. The areas to be chosen for the equipment installation depend upon the characteristics of the terrain and the bathymetry, the environmental restrictions and the proximity to the source of energy (batteries or electricity). The camping team will work to measure and register possible areas for future (next year) installation of one meteorological tower with sensors, one anchored meteo-oceanographic buoy, one or more instruments for measuring ocean currents and waves (ADCP, current meter) and an array of mini-buoys anchored to measure the sea water temperature in several levels. An important part of the project is related to the research on the beach dynamics in the island. For that, already in this year we will perform a morphological survey of the beach in a region close to our camp base. The methodology includesfeet walks using GPS for determining the beach morphology in the interest region. The surveys consists of a person walking about with the mobile receptor (antenna and receptor) and the collection of positioning data in a fixed station (tripod, antenna and receptor). The walking will be performed along pre-determined cross sections in the beach for allowing the survey of the beach morphology at a good resolution. For allowing a preliminary prospection of the sedimentary composition of the beach in question, we propose the collection of 30 (thirty) sedimentary samples collected along 10 (ten) sections (3 samples by section). The samples will weight about 300 g each, and will be held inside plastic bags and marked for future granulometric analysis back in Brazil.
Event or project name/number: INTERCEPTION – OCEAN, COSTAL ZONE AND ATMOSPHERE MICRO-SCALE INTERACTIONS AT THE DECEPTION ISLAND, S
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  06 Jan 2011   To:  13 Jan 2011
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 5.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 6.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 7.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 8.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 9.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Three sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside ASPA 140 (Ilha Deception, subareas: site C Unnamed hill, southern end of Fumarole Bay; site D Fumarole Bay, site F Telephone Bay; site G Pendulum Cove; site K Ronald Hill to Kroner Lake).
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated with abiotic, biochemical and
ASPA: Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  05 Jan 2011   To:  25 Jan 2011
Purpose: 1.Perform diversity analysis of seaweeds and associated fungi, using morphoanatomical features and molecular approaches. 2.Associated distribution and biomass of conspicuous seaweed with abiotic parameters. 3.Perform morphoanatomical and molecular studies with Chlorophytes, Rhodophytes, Phaeophyceae and associated fungi / yeasts using several taxonomical tools; 4.Approaches on colonization of monostromatic chlorophytes in this seismic area of recent events; 5.Monitor temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds of water column from sampling sites; 6.Estimate index of Escherichia coli and Enterococcos faecalis in adjacent waters and on macroalgal thallus / fronds; 7.Analyze concentrations of heavy metals in bottom sediments and in macroalgal thallus; 8.Publishing teaching material regarding seaweeds species and marine fungi aiming to promote PROANTAR and introduce the polar research relevance in public high schools; 9.Trainee human resources through monographs, Master and Doctoral program.
Summary of activities: Samples (n=6) of distinct species (20-50 spp.) of seaweeds will be collected using spatula in the intertidal area. In the shallow subtidal area sampling will be performed using a Van Veen grabber (opening of 30 cm, without trawling). Three sampling transects on intertidal area (500 m long each) from the rocky beach, parallel and transversal to the coastal line, will be traveled walking inside of ASPA 145 (Ilha Deception, subareas A e B – Port Foster).
Event or project name/number: Biodiversity and distribution of seaweeds and marine fungi, associated with abiotic, biochemical and

ASPA: Number:  151    Name:  Lions Rump, King George Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number:
Number of people permitted: 6
Permit Period: From:  10 Feb 2011   To:  26 Feb 2011
Purpose: In this project, we aim the detailed characterization of the active layer in pilot areas of Maritime Antarctica, in terms of its thermal, hydric and physico-chemical dynamics, establishing a data base regarding soils of this region.
Summary of activities: Maintenance of automatic systems for monitoring active layer temperature and water content. The procedure is the downloading the data acquired during the previous year and battery replacement for data acquisition during 2011.
Event or project name/number: INCT Criosfera (Núcleo TERRANTAR)
Aircrat Report
General Report