ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Uruguay
2017/2018 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: Microbial ecology and effects of climate change in Antarctica.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2011   To  01 Dec 2020
Contact Point:
Organisation: Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable
Name: Silvia Batista 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: sbatista@iibce.edu.uy
Details/Description: The subprogramme "Microbial ecology and effects of climate change in Antarctica" includes different projects oriented to study the contribution of Antarctic microorganisms to biogeochemical cycles of elements like N, P, C and their behavior under climate change scenarios. Within the framework of this subprogram we also study the microbial mobilome as a dispersing element of physiological functions required for adaptation to the environment. Due to low temperatures, low humidity and high radiation, the diversity of living organisms in the Antarctic is very low. The majority of the processes are carried out by microorganisms adapted to live under these extreme conditions. Although the diversity of microorganisms in the Antarctica has been extensively studied, the works focus on the microorganisms involved in the Nitrogen cycle and in particular in the denitrifying bacteria are scarce. These microorganisms perform anaerobic respiration of nitrate producing N2 and are a crucial group of the N cycle. One of the negative effects of denitrification is the production of nitrous oxide (N2O) as an intermediate. The greenhouse effect produced by this gas is 298 times greater than the effect of carbon dioxide. Although denitrification in cold environments has been poorly studied, the emission of N2O has been demonstrated in thawing lakes and in frozen areas. These emissions could be increased by global warming due to an increase in denitrification rate generating negative feedback. The objective of one of these projects is to identify bacteria involved in denitrification at low temperatures in the Antarctica, to determine their role in the N2O emissions and the effect of the global warming on the N2O emissions. It is expected to obtain basic knowledge about a group of microorganisms very little studied in the Antarctic environment, this knowledge will allow to evaluate a major environmental problem. Another project proposes to identify long-term trends in biotic responses of Antarctic microbial communities exposed to climate change. Microbial mats are used as study models. The subprogramme is complemented with the study of the mobilome of environmental microorganisms of maritime Antarctica, including horizontal gene transfer elements and associated genes, eventually involved in environmental adaptation.
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Discipline: Biology, Microbiology, Ecology, Climate studies
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Microorganisms promoters of plant growth present in Antarctica.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2011   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable
Name: Natalia Bajsa 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: nbajsa@gmail.com
Details/Description: In Antarctica there are only two native species of vascular plants: the Antarctic grass (Deschampsia antarctica) and the Antarctic carnation (Colobanthus quitensis); the moss alpine haircap (Polytrichastrum alpinum) is also abundant. In this project we are studying the bacteria that live in the roots of these plants. Some of these bacteria have the ability to help plants nourish themselves and protect them from diseases. This happens in different plants, but it is especially relevant in Antarctica, since the conditions are more adverse than in other ecosystems. In austral summer campaigns, we collected grass and carnation plants in several sites of King George Island. In the Microbial Ecology Laboratory of the IIBCE we study the bacteria that live in their roots. Some of these bacteria increase the supply of nutrients such as phosphorus or iron. Others produce plant hormones that improve the development of plants. Others produce antibiotics and enzymes that affect the growth of pathogenic fungi, preventing them from causing diseases. Some very special bacteria possess several of the described activities and we identify them to know which species they belong to. We also want to study how they behave when we add them to the roots of plants, and verify that they can improve their growth. For this, we are growing plants under controlled laboratory conditions. Although microorganisms are the most abundant organisms in Antarctica, they have not been widely studied. It is likely that there is a large number of them that is not yet known or that presents new and interesting activities to discover.
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Discipline: Biology, Ecology, Microbiology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Red algae as sources of pigments in solar cells based on the use of natural dyes.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2013   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias
Name: María Fernanda Cerdá 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: fcerda@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: Solar cells based on the use of natural dyes are a form of technology developed in Switzerland, reported for the first time in the 90's. Here, the pigment is responsible for capturing the energy of sunlight and transforming it into electrons, thus generating an electric current. Several pigments have been used for this purpose, achieving efficiencies comparable to those obtained with traditional silicon panels. The goal of this Project is to adapt this type of technology that allows using pigments extracted from Antarctic algae to capture the energy of sunlight. In the Antarctic territory red algae abound, and the pigment that is responsible for that colour is easily extracted and can be purified and used to assemble these panels. Using this type of pigment has two advantages: 1 - it is abundant in the summer months on Isla Rey Jorge and 2- it implies the use of native species, preventing the entry of alien species to those existing in this area of ​​the planet. The solar cells based on the use of pigments use the visible energy of the spectrum of sunlight, and can be placed under roof for its use. In addition, since the visible spectrum is wider than the ultraviolet, they need less radiation to work than the silicon panels. They can be installed in windows since they are transparent and do not obscure the room. This technology can be used indoors at the Base protected from weather inclemency.
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Discipline: Biology
Areas of Activity

Science Plan/Program/Project: Effects of the melting of the Collins Glacier on the Antarctic marine coastal ecosystem.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2015   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias
Name: Natalia Venturini 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: rulo@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: The increase in the contribution of fresh water by melting glaciers is a consequence of Climate Change and the reduction of ice coverage in the Antarctic Peninsula in recent decades. A greater discharge of fresh water increases the stratification and turbidity of the coastal marine waters of Antarctica, as well as the transport of sediments and organic matter from the land to the sea. Marine organic matter represents a of protein-rich food source for marine consumers, while terrestrial organic matter has a low nutritional value. The quantity and quality of organic matter available to marine consumers is controlled by various environmental and biological factors that act both locally and regionally, and also depend in the long term on global processes such as Climate Change. Therefore, in a scenario of continuous glacial melting, a decrease in the quality of food available to marine consumers in Antarctic coastal waters is possible. It is necessary to first understand the variability at the local scale in the composition of organic matter (terrestrial vs. marine) and its potential ecological and functional consequences in Antarctic marine-coastal ecosystems, as an input to reach a perspective of future regional and global patterns. The main objectives of this work are (i) to characterize the quantity and composition of the organic matter exported by the melting of the Collins Glacier to the adjacent marine environment (both through surface runoff and calving); ii) establish its influence on the quality and availability of food for marine consumers (zooplankton, macro and meiofauna) and iii) the effects on the ecological and functional structure of these communities.
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Discipline: Biology, Ecology, Oceanography
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Remote monitoring of atmosphere and other applications.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2015   To  01 Feb 2020
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ingeniería
Name: Erna Frins 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: efrins@fing.edu.uy
Details/Description: The Earth's atmosphere is a very complex dynamic system where small distortions can have great effects. Remote sensing has become a key tool to successful monitor environmental parameters and in particular the atmosphere. This provides the data to generate predictability models. Trace gases * play a fundamental role in the Earth's climate. Stratospheric ozone is one of them and one of its roles is to effectively block ultraviolet (UV) radiation, thus allowing life on our planet. In the polar regions, variations of the total ozone column are large and may be associated with the seasonal presence of halogenated gases. Also the continuous increase of CO2 in the atmosphere can alter its vertical structure, producing changes in the transport of air masses to and through the stratosphere. Through this project we aim to install a device that allows the acquisition of high resolution solar spectrums, in order to study atmospheric constituents. The results obtained can be compared with other research stations located in the Antarctic continent which perform similar measurements. The information generated will also allow to study seasonal variations and trends of trace gases, such as ozone, halogenated radicals and eventually aerosols. * gases whose concentration in the atmosphere is less than 1%
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Discipline: Atmospheric sciences
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Plastic and microplastic waste in marine-coastal zones of the Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (Antarctica).
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Jan 2016   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Centro Universitario Regional del Este
Name: Juan Pablo Lozoya 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: jplozoya@gmail.com
Details/Description: Plastic is an important and ubiquitous material in our economy and daily lives, with multiple functions that are central for human welfare. However, since the late 80s waste plastics have been identified as hazardous materials and a threat for coasts and seas, where they tend to accumulate. Constituting 80% of the marine litter, plastics debris are transported by marine currents over long distances, trapped in ocean gyres, washed up on beaches, and/or degraded into micro (and nano) plastics. Plastic aggregation is starting to alter the physical, chemical and ecological functioning of marine systems. The “discovery” of microplastics (i.e. smaller than 5mm), their presence throughout the world’s oceans, and their potential consequences on ecosystems and human health (e.g. introducing POPs into marine food webs) reloaded public and scientific attention in the last decade. Although plastic pollution is a global threat, little is known about the distribution and sources of plastic in the Polar Regions, including Antarctica (including the southern ocean, archipelagos and mainland to the south of the 60º of latitude) which does not escape from this problem. Despite not being a significant source of plastics itself, plastics are accumulating through coastal and marine ecosystems, both as macro and microplastics, and thus, becoming a significant threat to its fragile biota and ecosystems. The magnitude of this problem is far from understood, yet evidence of surprisingly high levels of plastics in surface waters and coastal areas, and their impact in these pristine areas is rapidly increasing. We will generate an integral diagnosis (for a future monitoring program) of plastic and microplastic debris in marine and coastal areas of the Fildes Peninsula. For this, the presence of plastic waste will be assessed in beaches and rocky shores, in surface sea waters, and the seabed. We will also analyze the terrestrial contribution through glacier melting streams, as well as the consumption of microplastics by zooplankton and seabirds, and the composition and pollutants concentrations in the debris found. In this way, we will know current levels of plastic pollution in our study area, based on the occurrence, abundance and distribution of macro and microplastics, their possible sources, and their interactions and consequences on marine and terrestrial biota. Through the generation of this new baseline information we seek to contribute to the current objectives and challenges of the Antarctic Treaty System against this ‘global wicked problem’.
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Discipline: Biology, Ecology, Human Impacts
Areas of Activity

Science Plan/Program/Project: Biogeochemical cycle of carbon in Antarctic sediments.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2017   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Química
Name: Javier Menes 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: jmenes@gmail.com
Details/Description: The decomposition (or mineralization) of organic matter recycles carbon in aquatic and terrestrial environments. The processes involved (carbon cycle) are similar in all ecosystems, however some particular characteristics of environmental factors can influence the eficiency: type of organic matter, presence of certain ions, presence of microorganisms and temperature. Carbon cycle is an extremely important process for life development. Likewise chemical, physical, geological and biological processes take action in carbon cycle. In biological processes (biogeochemical carbon cycle) microorganisms play an important role and some steps are carried out exclusively by microorganisms. It is frequently considered that this cycle is constituted by four major reservoirs of carbon interconnected by pathways of exchange: atmosphere, terrestrial biosphere, oceans and sediments. The aim of this project is to study microorganisms involved in the anaerobic degradation of organic matter in Antarctic lakes. This ecosystem is very particular due to the extreme conditions (low temperatures, low concentration of organic matter). In this project the rate of organic matter degradation, methane production and consumption will be studied in different sediments. Anaerobic microbial processes (methanogenesis, anaerobic methane oxidation) will be studied. Key microorganisms will be identified and also the composition of other participating microorganisms in the process.
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Discipline: Biochemistry, Geochemistry, Biology, Soil biology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Elaboration of a sound map of King George Island: towards the use of acoustic landscape monitoring as an environmental indicator in Antarctica.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2017   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Centro Universitario Regional del Este
Name: Lucía Ziegler 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: lucia.ziegler@cure.edu.uy
Details/Description: The worldwide increase of anthropogenic noise levels due to the expansion of human populations and their intervention in ecosystems, has generated a recent expansion in research on the effects of noise on wildlife and the functioning of natural systems. Although the increase in noise levels is one of several environmental effects generated by human activities, it is well reported in the literature that anthropogenic sounds present diverse threats to species, mainly due to their disruptive effect on animal communication systems that, in turn, affect social interactions, reproduction and care of offspring, and foraging, among others. Several current research lines are focused on generating guidelines that contribute to making future decisions regarding the management of human intervention in environmental systems in the sound axis. Recent research shows that the responses of organisms begin to manifest at sound levels that humans consider comfortable. In addition, many systems that appear to have little alteration have significant anthropic background noise profiles. In this context, this project aims to focus on building a baseline of the spatial and temporal extension of anthropic sounds and the associated noise levels in the Fildes Peninsula (King George Island), with projection to an acoustic monitoring system on this Antarctic island. A second objective focuses on exploring the potential effect of noise generated by human activities in local biological communities. Since the signing of the Antarctic Treaty, this continent has become a sentinel site, and a unique natural laboratory for determining the main reasons for global changes at the planetary level. This project aims to obtain quality information that contributes to understanding the magnitude and severity of noise impacts, expanding the taxonomic, geographic and ecosystemic scope of which information is currently available. On the other hand, the spectrum of scientific information generated in Antarctica will be expanded, with an important potential to improve the management of human activity in this continent.
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Discipline: Biology, Environmental sciences, Human Impacts
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Extreme Environments in Planetary Exploration: geolipids, stable isotopes and associated mineralogy on King George Island.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2017   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: INTA-SCIC
Name: Daniel Carrizo 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: carrizodan@gmail.com
Details/Description: The Exomars mission is forseen for launch in 2020. The mission aims to the detection of possible evidences of past or present tracers of life in Mars and to introduce new insights into the geological history of water activity in the red planet. Caching the most valuable samples on Mars requires the ability to recognize the signatures of habitability, their modifications through time, and their significance for the presence of biosignatures and their preservation potential. The study of early life may be addressed in different ways. One approach is using molecular markers as proxies of biological activities. Molecular biomarkers are natural products that can be assigned to a particular biosynthetic origin. The most useful molecular biomarkers are organic compounds with high taxonomic specificity (limited number of well-defined sources) and potential for preservation (i.e. recalcitrant against geochemical changes). Biomarkers are molecular fossils that can be proxies of modern and past organism´s activities in environmental studies (e.g. paleoenvironmental or climatic reconstructions). The structural and isotopic information in biomarkers allows them to be distinguished from abiogenic organic compounds, thus constituting an important tool in the search for extra-terrestrial life. Organic matter from defunct organisms is almost quantitatively remineralized back to carbon dioxide, with only a small fraction of total biomass (<0.1% on average) escaping remineralization and eventually accumulating in sediments. During diagenesis, the compounds with rapid biological turnover rates (e.g. nucleic acids) are most prone to recycling, while the more resistant molecules such as lipids and recalcitrant structural biopolymers become concentrated. Therefore, molecular fossils that are stable under geological conditions mostly originate from biological lipids. They encode information about ancient biodiversity, trophic associations, and environmental conditions, being recorders of element cycling, sediment and water chemistry, redox conditions, and temperature histories. The isotopic content of organic matter carries information about the immediate environment of an organism, its primary carbon assimilation pathways and subsequent processing of its metabolic products in the environment. While isotopic measurements of bulk organic materials allow some correlations between precursor and product, compound specific measurements at the molecular level reveal stunningly detailed information about the biosynthetic pathways and organismic sources of individual carbon skeletons. In this way, stable isotope analysis is a geochemical tool of enormous potential for deciphering sources and diagenesis of organic matter, with implications for the search of life signs. Raman spectroscopy is widely used in extra-terrestrial exploration, has a wavelength range which covers most vibrational modes including metal oxides, carbonates, silicates and sulphates. The combination of biomarkers, isotopic and spectral (mineralogical) data proposed in this project will be extremely useful for calibrate and understand the data from ExoMars 2020 rover (Raman).
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Discipline: Geology
Areas of Activity

Science Plan/Program/Project: Monitoring of the presence of the non-native diptera Trichocera (Saltrichocera) maculipennis Meigen, 1818 (Diptera: Trichoceridae) in the Antarctic bases of King George Island and its surroundings.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2017   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias
Name: Enrique Morelli 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: emorelli@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: Trichocera maculipennis is a insects of the order Diptera, not native to Antarctic ecosystems. It is a species adapted to very cold climates, its presence has been documented since 2013. According to Antarctic policies, the greatest effort must be made to eradicate or control the populations of non-native organisms in the area. This project aims to survey the populations of T. maculipennis in areas of influence of the different Bases, determine the breeding and emergence areas, establish their range of dispersion to present a protocol for control, mitigation and eradication of this species in Antarctica.
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Discipline: Entomology and parasitology, Environmental sciences, Human Impacts
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Physical properties and geological features in the vicinity of the Artigas Antarctic Science Base (BCAA), King George Island.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2017   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias - DINAMIGE
Name: Leda Sánchez Bettucci 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: leda@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: The planet Earth, both inside and on its surface, is composed predominantly of rocky material; which is presented in different states (rigid, disaggregated, in fusion, semi-fusion, etc.). Therefore, the study of the properties of the soil and the rocky materials are of relevance when it comes to assembling the evolutionary history of the Earth. Also, the study of the geological and tectonic processes that occur both in surface and in depth, directly affect the inhabitants of any region, in this particular case, on King George Island (Antarctica). Within this conceptual framework, this project seeks to study the physical properties and geological characteristics in the surroundings of the Artigas Antarctic Scientific Base (BCAA). In particular, it is intended to obtain more information about the type of rocks found in the region, study the behavior of the magnetic field, make a magnetometric map, study the properties of the subsoil, how the temperature and humidity varies in depth and along the time and determine the thickness of the glacier. These objectives, besides being of scientific-academic interest, are important for the BCAA. To mention some examples, the incidence of solar particles on Earth, either in moments of stability or in solar storms, has a direct impact on the health of people and the quality of operation of telecommunications systems. Given this, the Earth's Magnetic Field works as a natural protector, so that its monitoring will provide information on the associated risks. On the other hand, the study of the properties of the subsoil will allow, among other things, to determine the stability of the same for the building constructions of the BCAA. To meet these objectives, different geophysical ( geo~ earth ; physics~ physical properties of materials) and geochemical (chemical properties) investigation techniques will be used. For the characterization of the types of rock present, a Scintillometer (RS-125 Super-SPEC) and an X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (S1 TITAN-BRUKER) will be used. Both magnetometer mapping and the monitoring of the Earth Magnetic Field will use two magnetometers. The study of the characteristics of the glacier near the BCAA will be made with georadar antennas (GPR) at frequencies of 75 and 50 MHz and for the study of the properties of the subsoil materials, an Electrical Tomograph and temperature and humidity sensors will be used. The natural radiation emitted by the rocks is measured with the scentometer and the elemental chemical composition is obtained with the X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer. On the other hand, with the Electrical Tomograph and Georadar, subsurface profiles are generated by studying the behavior of the materials before the injection of electric currents and electromagnetic waves, respectively. The magnetometers consist of sensors that are oriented with respect to magnetic north and take measurements of the earth's magnetic field either automatically or manually. Finally, the measurement of temperature in the subsoil involves the placement of sensors located at different depths reaching a maximum of 2 m. All these methods are non-invasive techniques so no changes will be generated in the environment that damage the natural dynamics of the place.
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Discipline: Geology, Geophysics and seismology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Topographic, geodesic and geophysical surveys for the development of the Antarctic Geodetic Infrastructure, the International Geodetic Reference System and the King George Island Geographic Information System.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2017   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Servicio Geográfico Militar
Name: Norbertino Suárez 
Job Title or Position: Coronel
Phone:
Email: nsuarez@sgm.gub.uy
Details/Description: The activities to be developed are framed within the objectives of two international cooperation projects promoted by SCAR: SCAR-GIANT (Antarctic Geodesic Infrastructure) and SCAR-KGIS (King George Island Geographic Information System). The main objective is to establish and maintain a High Precision Geodetic Infrastructure. To this end, the Military Geographic Service has installed semi-permanent (summer operation) and permanent (annual operation) Passive (milestones) and Active (CORS) Stations (summer operation) on Fildes Peninsula, King George Island. With these it is possible to study different geodetic and geophysical components and to carry out topographic, geodetic, photogrammetric and geophysical surveys for different technical and scientific purposes (cartographic production, georeferencing of objects, control of movement of tectonic plates, among others). The advantage of using active stations (continuous observation) is that they allow the precise position of the site to be recorded permanently (24 hours a day, 365 days a year), thus being able to generate more useful information. It is also intended to implement a Geographic Information System of King George Island (KGIS) with the main purpose of keeping integrated and updated a cartographic base and geospatial information referring to King George Island. It is expected to make a digital surface model, a digital terrain model, level curves every meter (1m), an orthomosaic, and a 3D reconstruction of the environment of the Artigas Antarctic Scientific Base.
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Discipline: Geophysics and seismology
Areas of Activity

Science Plan/Program/Project: Feeding Habits in Antarctic Top Predators: Tracking Possible Effects of Climate Change on the Trophic Structure.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Dec 2017   To  01 Dec 2020
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias
Name: Valentina Franco-Trecu 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: vfranco-trecu@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: Antarctica is the system most affected by climate change, with consequences for the community trophic structure. Kril (Euphausia superba) is a key species, a major component of zooplankton (estimated biomass ~500,000,000 tonnes) and a link between primary production and top predators. The decrease in their abundance is associated in part with the increase in temperature and acidification of the water, negatively affecting the recruitment of larvae. This has a profound effect on the rest of the food web. Among the top predators that consume krill are the pinnipeds (represented by a species of fur seal and 5 species of seals). During lactation, the females of the fur seal (4 months) feed and their offspring remain in the colony. Those of seals instead fast (~15 days), generating different dependence on nearby resources. The objective of this project is to study the feeding habits of Antarctic top predators as a function of the change in zooplankton composition associated with the replacement of krill by other species, evaluating lactation strategies. In this sense, the female fur seals are proposed as sentinels of the state of the local Antarctic food web. The breeding and resting colonies will be visited on King George Island, where the Uruguayan base is located in order to collect faeces and obtain skin samples from individuals of these species in order to carry out stable isotope analysis using darts fired with a rifle of compressed air from a distance. The niche width will be estimated for each species/sex/year, evaluating its overlap and the composition of the diet will be estimated by combining both sources of information (isotopes and faeces). This information will be contextualized in relation to krill abundances (www.ccamlr.org) and environmental variables. While long-term projections of climate change have focused on habitat change and krill decline, their most immediate impacts include alteration of the upper trophic level community structure. In order to minimize the long-term impacts of climate change, the first step is to know the interactions between the different species that make up the community and the intensity of the trophic connections.
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Discipline: Biology, Ecology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Molecular ecology of King George Island penguin populations.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Dec 2017   To  01 Dec 2020
Contact Point:
Organisation: Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable
Name: Mariana Cosse 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: marianacosse@gmail.com
Details/Description: The current climate change scenario and the increase of human pressure in the Antarctica can alter the stability of animal communities. Therefore, it is important to develop medium and long-term monitoring tools. Landscape features and environmental changes can affect or modify the genetic characteristics of the population. Molecular ecology research allows to understand the species and populations evolutionary processes, and contribute to the understanding of the factors that influence them. Penguins play an important role in the Antarctic ecosystem and are often used as indicator species. In recent years, numerous investigations have been carried out on these species that require their capture and handling. This generates stress in the animals as well as a high logistics and equipment requirements. We propose to use non-invasive samples (dead animals, feces, scats) to analyze population structure, sex determination and diet of the three species of penguins that breeds in Fildes Península and nearby, in order to generate a monitoring tool that minimize the disturbance generated on the focal species. Likewise, a Uruguayan bank of Antarctic bird genetic material will be created that will remain available for other investigations according to the needs or concerns that arise in the future.
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Discipline: Biology, Cell and molecular biology, Microbiology, Ecology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Assessment of phosphocalcic and thyroid metabolism in the Uruguayan Antarctic population.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2018   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Medicina
Name: Mauricio Carbia 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: mcarbia@hc.edu.uy
Details/Description: The inhabitants of the Antarctic detachments are exposed to extreme temperatures, low relative humidity, increased electromagnetic radiation and social isolation, experiencing prolonged periods of solar deprivation and UV exposure in the period from March to September. Previous Antarctic studies have focused on the study of Vitamin D and thyroid hormones. They have observed that serum Vitamin D levels decrease approximately half of the initial values during the winter months, and that prolonged stays in Antarctica are associated with a decrease in the concentration of T3 at the end of summer and an increase of the same during winter, with little hypophysarial response to these changes, a phenomenon described as Polar T3 Syndrome. Thyroid hormones play an important role in thermoregulation, contributing to cellular, cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric metabolism, as well as adaptation to environmental influences. This project pretends to understand the phosphocalcic and thyroid matebolism of the national Antarctic missions, in order to draw up strategies for monitoring and prevention in the health of the Uruguayan Antarctic endowments.
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Discipline: Biology
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Science Plan/Program/Project: Effect of glacial retraction on productivity and trophic status of Fildes Peninsula lakes: a paleolimnological approach.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2018   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Centro Universitario Regional del Este
Name: Felipe García-Rodríguez 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: felipegr@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: Paleolimnology is an interdisciplinary science concerning the reconstruction of paleoenvironments of inland waters (lakes and streams; freshwater, brackish, or saline). Especially, it evaluates the impact of changes associated with climatic events and human impacts (e.g., eutrophication, or acidification) on ecosystem functioning. In this study, paleolimnological investigations will be carried out in Lago Uruguay, Kitezh, Ionosférico, Long Lake and Xihu Lake, in order to infer the environmental conditions in the past, especially regarding organic matter composition and concentration, trophic state, productivity and community structure of the above-mentioned ecosystems. With the aforementioned information, the sedimentation changes derived from thaws, trophic conditions and microbial communities present will be inferred. The scientific information generated in this project is important to understand the effect of glacial retreat/advance on the historical paleolimnological conditions of the Fildes Peninsula lakes, especially on the composition of organic matter, the trophic state and productivity and the historical microbial communities. Furthermore, anthropic pollutants will be analyzed, and the information will be correlated to the paleoenvironmental reconstruction in order to evaluate the influence of these pollutants in the Antarctic environment. This information is useful for conservation and management and conservation of lakes of Fildes Peninsula.
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Discipline: Limnology, Paleobiology, Glaciology, Biology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Functional diversity of microbial communities and bioprospecting of microorganisms with potential technological applications in Antarctic samples.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2018   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias
Name: Susana Castro Sowinski 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: s.castro.sow@gmail.com
Details/Description: The research team study the microbial communities that inhabit a few Antarctic niches, as well as search and analyze the genetic microbial Antarctic material for the development of biotechnological products. Among Antarctic niches, our team works with cryoconites. These are structures found in polar areas and snowy peaks. They are holes produced by the deposition of dust, which absorbs light and thereby increases the heat and melts the snow, forming holes with a dark background containing mineral and biological material. In this project, we propose to study the microbial communities of cryoconites and their margins, with emphasis on their functional activity, as well as to study the content of pigments and to isolate microorganisms with biotechnological potential. With these results we expect to contribute to the knowledge of the role of cryoconites in the biogeochemical cycles of Antarctica. The team also works in the bio-prospection of Antarctic microorganisms with potential biotechnological uses. Among our projects are: 1) the isolation of UV-resistant microorganisms and the identification of enzymes responsible for repairing the DNA-damage caused by UV, these enzymes, known as photolyases, have potential applications in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. 2) the isolation of microorganisms that produce cellulases, laccases, and proteases, with focus in their purification and biochemical characterization, and the study of their potential application in the biofuels, cellulose and detergent industries, as well as in the production of functional foods. 3) Purification, chemical identification and study of the potential use of microbial pigments as antiproliferative and healing agents. 4) The study of the molecular mechanisms involved in microbial cold adaptation through proteomic and transcriptomic approaches. 5) Sequencing and annotation of microbial genomes.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Biology, Ecology, Microbiology, Soil biology
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Human circadian rhythms challenged by Antarctic environmental conditions.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2018   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ciencias
Name: Bettina Tassino 
Job Title or Position: PhD
Phone:
Email: tassino@fcien.edu.uy
Details/Description: In living beings, a periodic and quite predictable internal clock marks the passage of physiological, biochemical and behavioural functions that present daily rhythms called circadians. This internal clock has an endogenous character, since these rhythms persist even in conditions of constant illumination or darkness, but are synchronized daily with the cycle light-dark environment. Light is the timed environmental key par excellence and in human beings the most conspicuous circadian rhythm is the alternation between sleep (usually night) and wakefulness (usually day). Melatonin is a key hormone in these rhythms, and its secretion (by the pineal gland) is inhibited by exposure to light. The conditions of constant darkness in winter and prolonged days in summer that occur in Antarctica generate a "natural laboratory" for chronobiological studies, especially when analyzing prolonged residences such as those performed by base crews that remain throughout the year. This residence exposes people to altered light conditions: excess light in summer and absence of light in winter. The most frequent symptoms reported in polar expeditions refer to circadian desynchronization, sleep disorders, cognitive performance impairment, negative affectivity and interpersonal tension associated with altered light conditions. In some cases, light therapies have been successfully applied to improve the well-being and performance of the people who make up the Antarctic endowments. This proposal constitutes the first approach to the study of changes in circadian rhythms and sleep habits in the members of a crew living on a Latin American Antarctic base.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Biology, Humanities, Environmental sciences
Areas of Activity

Science Plan/Program/Project: Production of polylactic acid (PLA), through polymerization with lipases obtained from Antarctic microorganisms.
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Feb 2018   To  01 Feb 2021
Contact Point:
Organisation: Facultad de Ingeniería
Name: Laura Camesasca 
Job Title or Position: MSc
Phone:
Email: lcamesas@fing.edu.uy
Details/Description: In the last few years, the awareness of the pollution caused by plastics, has made researchers to focus on biomaterials that result more environmentally friendly. Poly lactic acid (PLA), a biopolymer obtained by the polymerization of units of lactic acid, has become one of the more studied and promising options to substitute plastic, compared to other bio plastics such as PHB (polyhydroxybutyrate) or PBS (polybutylene succinate). PLA is the only bioplastic produced at industrial scales, since it results much cheaper to produce compared to the other biopolymers previously mentioned. PLA has, nowadays, great relevance as a plastic substitute in different industries such as biomedicine, pharmaceutical or food industry. One of the characteristics which make PLA a very attractive material is its versatility, being possible to construct as delicate pieces such as bone prosthesis as much as containers for food and drug packaging. However, what makes this polymer really interesting is the possibility of being completely degraded under composting conditions, or reconverted to its monomer to be reused. The current techniques used for the polymerization of lactic acid to give PLA, require the use of solvents, high temperatures and organo-metallic catalysts that result in the generation of chemical effluents, unfriendly to the environment. Also, this chemical polymerization generates toxic compounds which can get retained over the surface of the polymer, hindering its biomedical use as well as its use for the food industry, making it necessary to add purification stages. These purification stages make the production of pure PLA more difficult and expensive. For this reason, the possibility of using enzymes for the polymerization of LA to PLA could result in a more environmentally friendly option, avoiding the generation of toxic residues. Lipases, are enzymes with esterase activity that hydrolyze esters such as triglycerides to glycerol and fatty acids. In some cases, lipase-mediated hydrolysis can be reversed to result in transesterifications and ester synthesis in non-aqueous media. Due to this behavior, multiple investigations have focused on the study of polymerization catalyzed by lipases. Lipases from Antarctic microorganisms can maintain high levels of enzymatic activity at low temperatures. This characteristic would make it possible to reduce or even avoid the generation of toxic residues over the polymer, as well as to reduce the amount of chemical effluents and avoid the use of excessive amounts of energy. The general objective of this proposal is to select and obtain lipases from Antarctic microorganisms, capable of polymerizing LA in the production of the PLA biopolymer. There is a wide variety of psychrophilic and psychrotolerant microorganisms known to produce lipases such as bacterial species of the genres Psychrobacter, Pseudomonas and Arthrobacter or yeasts such as Trichosporon pullulans and Cryptococcus. The yeast Candida Antarctica is also known as a great producer of lipases, being widely used in studies of polymerization of PLA with successful results. This background suggests a great possibility of success when isolating microorganisms with the desired characteristics. In general terms, this proposal aims to evaluate different lipases for the polymerization of lactic acid, as well as to contribute to the knowledge of Antarctic microbial populations and their potential biotechnological application.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Biology, Microbiology
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Base Científica Antártica Artigas (BCAA)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Base Cientifica Antartica Artigas   Lat: 62º 11´ 18´´ S   Long: 58º 51´ 07´´ W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Standard Level 1 Assests (in sp) - Ambú con máscara - Balanza - Balones de oxígeno - Bandejas de acero inoxidable - Cajas de pequeña cirugía - Botiquín - Camilla - Camilla de traslado - Carro de curaciones - Centrífuga - Chata de acero inoxidable - Collarete cervical - Descartador de material hospitalario - Desfibrilador y monitor cardíaco - Electrocardiógrafo con maletín para transporte - Embudo de metal para oídos - Equipo comparador de cloro - Esfingomanómetros (anaeroide
Remarks / Description:

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: ROU 04 "General Artigas "
Country of Registry: Uruguay
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 121
Maximum Passengers: 50
Remarks: Shipborne Naval Helicopter aboard Cold and frozen food storage capabilites for supply Fuel supply Carries Scientist for marine observations (meteorology and oceanography)
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
01 Dec 2017 Montevideo 09 Jan 2018 Montevideo
09 Dec 2017 PUNTA ARENAS
14 Dec 2017 BAHIA MAXWELL - BCAA
31 Dec 2017 PUNTA ARENAS
09 Jan 2018 MONTVIDEO
Abastecimiento anual de víveres, combustible, repuestos y materiales varios

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: C - 130
Category: Intercontinental flights
Number Of Flights: 5
Period From: 07/11/2017
Period To: 04/05/2018
Remarks: Relevos de dotación, traslado de científicos, traslado de personal técnico, traslado de insumos Ruta: Montevideo - Punta Arenas - Isla Rey Jorge - Punta Arenas Montevideo
Departure Date Route Purpose
07 Nov 2017 Montevideo - Punta Arenas - KGI Relevo de dotación, traslado de científicos, traslado de insumos
08 Dec 2017 Montevideo - Punta Arenas - KGI Traslado de científicos, técnicos reparadores, insumos
16 Jan 2018 Montevideo - Punta Arenas - KGI Traslado de científicos, personal técnico e insumos
27 Feb 2018 Montevideo - Punta Arenas - KGI Traslado de científicos, personal técnico e insumos
26 Apr 2018 Montevideo - Punta Arenas - KGI Traslado de científicos, extracción de personal técnico reparador, extracción de dotación de verano, traslado de insumos

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: Se prevé el ingreso de 200 militares distribuidos entre tripulaciones de Hércules C-130, buque logístico, dotación permanente de BCAA, grupo de trabajo de mantenimiento de BCAA y funcionarios del Instituto Antártico Uruguayo (dependiente del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional).
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: No se lleva armamento al área del Tratado Antártico.
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: No se lleva armamento al área del Tratado Antártico.
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: No se posee equipamiento militar, salvo los medios de transporte hacia el área del Tratado (avión C-130 y buque logístico), cuya información está en otra sección de este informe.

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title:
Organization(s) responsible: Instituto Antártico Uruguayo (IAU) y Dirección Nacional de Medio Ambiente (DINAMA)
Activity:
Topics: - Construction / operation of facilities
Locations: Site name: Artigas Station King George Island/Isla 25 de Mayo
Latitude: 62º 11´ 00´´ S
Latitude: 58º 54´ 00´´ W
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment:

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/01
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  21 Nov 2017   To:  08 Dec 2017
Purpose: Registro de información acústica
Summary of activities: Toma de datos de presión de sonido (dB) y grabaciones de sonido ambiente
Event or project name/number: Elaboración de un mapa sonoro de la Isla Rey Jorge: hacia la utilización del monitoreo del paisaje a
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/03
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  27 Nov 2017   To:  08 Dec 2017
Purpose: Obtención de muestras
Summary of activities: Colecta de fecas y disparar dardos a individuos adultos para obtener muestras de piel y grasa
Event or project name/number: Hábitos alimenticios en depredadores tope de la Antártida: rastreando posibles efectos del cambio cl
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/06
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se realizará muestreo de macro algas rojas, pardas y verdes
Event or project name/number: Algas rojas como fuentes de pigmentos en celdas fotovoltaicas de tipo DSSC
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/08
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  08 Mar 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Colecta de plantas nativas antárticas
Event or project name/number: Evaluación de bacterias rizósferas promotoras del crecimiento vegetal de plantas nativas antárticas

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/10
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Registro de información acústica
Summary of activities: Toma de datos de presión de sonido (dB) y grabaciones de sonido ambiente
Event or project name/number: Elaboración de un mapa sonoro de la Isla Rey Jorge: hacia la utilización del monitoreo del paisaje a
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/12
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se realizará monitoreo de residuos de microplástico en aguas marinocosteras, este monitoreo incluye el muestreo de plancton
Event or project name/number: Basura marina y residuos plásticos en las costas de la Isla Rey Jorge, Antártida
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/14
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered:  4
Permit Period: From:  07 Nov 2017   To:  05 May 2018
Purpose: Apoyo a Proyectos e investigadores
Summary of activities: Apoyo de la dotación de la Base Científica Antártica Artigas a los proyectos e investigadores
Event or project name/number: Apoyo a Proyectos e investigadores
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/20
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  25 Apr 2018   To:  04 May 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se realizará monitoreo de residuos de microplástico en aguas marinocosteras, este monitoreo incluye el muestreo de plancton
Event or project name/number: Basura marina y residuos plásticos en las costas de la Isla Rey Jorge, Antártida

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/18
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  27 Feb 2018   To:  08 Mar 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se recogerán muestras de suelo
Event or project name/number: Ambientes Extremos en Exploración Planetaria: geolípidos, isótopos estables y mineralogía asociada e
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/24
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2018   To:  31 Mar 2018
Purpose: Zona con alta presencia de las plantas en estudio y características nutricionales del suelo diferentes al resto de la Península
Summary of activities: Toma muestras de plantas clavel antártico (Colobanthus quitensis) y pasto antártico (Deschampsia antarctica). Colecta de suelo de zonas de crecimiento de dichas plantas para mantenimiento de los ejemplares en laboratorio
Event or project name/number: Evaluación de bacterias rizósferas promotoras del crecimiento vegetal de plantas nativas antárticas
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  132    Name:  Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/24
Number of people: Permitted to enter  9   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2018   To:  31 Mar 2018
Purpose: Apoyo a proyectos e investigadores
Summary of activities: Apoyo de la dotación de la Base Científica Antártica Artigas a proyectos e investigadores
Event or project name/number: Apoyo a Proyectos e investigadores
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/02
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  21 Nov 2017   To:  08 Dec 2017
Purpose: Registro de información acústica
Summary of activities: Toma de datos de presión de sonido (dB) y grabaciones de sonido ambiente
Event or project name/number: Elaboración de un mapa sonoro de la Isla Rey Jorge: hacia la utilización del monitoreo del paisaje a

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/04
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  27 Nov 2017   To:  08 Dec 2017
Purpose: Obtención de muestras
Summary of activities: Colecta de fecas y disparar dardos a individuos adultos para obtener muestras de piel y grasa
Event or project name/number: Hábitos alimenticios en depredadores tope de la Antártida: rastreando posibles efectos del cambio cl
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/05
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Colecta de restos de pingüinos hallados muertos en el área, tales como plumas (arrancadas), tejido (músculo esquelético u órganos), hueso, piel, entre otras. Relevamiento y georeferenciación de nidos
Event or project name/number: Evaluación de la diversidad genética y estructura poblacional de las colonias reproductivas de aves
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/07
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se realizará muestreo de macro algas rojas, pardas y verdes
Event or project name/number: Algas rojas como fuentes de pigmentos en celdas fotovoltaicas de tipo DSSC
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/09
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Colecta de plantas nativas antárticas
Event or project name/number: Evaluación de bacterias rizósferas promotoras del crecimiento vegetal de plantas nativas antárticas

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/11
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Registro de información acústica
Summary of activities: Toma de datos de presión de sonido (dB) y grabaciones de sonido ambiente
Event or project name/number: Elaboración de un mapa sonoro de la Isla Rey Jorge: hacia la utilización del monitoreo del paisaje a
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/13
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  16 Jan 2018   To:  25 Jan 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se realizará monitoreo de residuos de microplástico en aguas marinocosteras, este monitoreo incluye el muestreo de plancton
Event or project name/number: Basura marina y residuos plásticos en las costas de la Isla Rey Jorge, Antártida
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/15
Number of people: Permitted to enter  7   That actually entered:  4
Permit Period: From:  23 Jan 2018   To:  01 Mar 2018
Purpose: Apoyo a Proyectos e investigadores
Summary of activities: Apoyo de la dotación de la Base Científica Antártica Artigas a proyectos e investigadores
Event or project name/number: Apoyo a Proyectos e investigadores
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/21
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  2
Permit Period: From:  25 Apr 2018   To:  04 May 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se realizará monitoreo de residuos de microplástico en aguas marinocosteras, este monitoreo incluye el muestreo de plancton
Event or project name/number: Basura marina y residuos plásticos en las costas de la Isla Rey Jorge, Antártida

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/19
Number of people: Permitted to enter  1   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  27 Feb 2018   To:  08 Mar 2018
Purpose: Toma de muestras
Summary of activities: Se recogerán muestras de suelo
Event or project name/number: Ambientes Extremos en Exploración Planetaria: geolípidos, isótopos estables y mineralogía asociada e
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number: 2018/23
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered:  1
Permit Period: From:  01 Jan 2018   To:  31 Mar 2018
Purpose: Zona con alta presencia de las plantas en estudio y características nutricionales del suelo diferentes al resto de la Península
Summary of activities: Toma muestras de plantas clavel antártico (Colobanthus quitensis) y pasto antártico (Deschampsia antarctica). Colecta de suelo de zonas de crecimiento de dichas plantas para mantenimiento de los ejemplares en laboratorio
Event or project name/number: Evaluación de bacterias rizósferas promotoras del crecimiento vegetal de plantas nativas antárticas

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

General Report