ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Belgium
2017/2018 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Princess Elisabeth
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Utsteinen   Lat: 71º 57´ 00´´ S   Long: 23º 20´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 28
Medical Facilities: Supplies and equipment - 30kg of medical equipment and supplies. Medical facilities have basic equipment – defibrillators, ventilators. No X rays, ultrasound or other sophisticated diagnostic capabilities. Emergency facilities installed at the airstrip. One doctor will be present from 17/11/2017 and will be replaced by a second on the 12/01/2018.4 paramedics amongst team and 1 fireman for season 2017-18. Number of patient beds: One
Remarks / Description: The systems described below allow the station to be close to a zero emission station. The station utilize renewable energy as the primary energy source with the minimum use of fossil fuels. The station has a comprehensive energy management regime. In addition technologies reducing consumption are present, such as use of low energy-use equipment, “presence detector” systems for unoccupied rooms, etc. er. 2 Back-up generators have been installed to ensure a constant energy supply, it is currently expected that fuel consumption for power generation (tonnes) foreseen is less 2000 litres of diesel. However, fuel will be used for vehicles and transport. Impact at the site. Station : There are 2855 man-days foreseen at the station and in the vicinity (1492 days in 2016-17 season). Combined waste management facilities can handle the projected daily numbers of visitors. Bioreactors were not designed for large numbers, and during high occupation, the station has to use alternative sanitary facilities for sealing waste before collection and evacuation. Grey and blackwater production is managed using an alternative dry toilet this season. Additional installations have been put in place to reduce the final production of material for evacuation from the continent. Some grey water discharge is likely to a marked crevasse (bergschrund).
Operating Period: From: November To: February

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: AUSTRALIS (BELGICA 120)
Country of Registry: AUSTRALIA
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 9
Remarks: In the framework of the RECTO project funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office, the expedition BELGICA 120 aims at carrying out a biodiversity census in the Western Antarctic Peninsula in March 2018, and to test-case the potential for an agile sampling platform (the Australis sailboat). The expedition bears a strong historic link to the first scientific expedition to overwinter in Antarctica in 1897-99 recording the first intertidal biodiversity data, 120 years ago. This historic expedition was led by Adrien de Gerlache, onboard the RV Belgica. There is a dearth of knowledge about biodiversity levels found in intertidal environment in the Southern Ocean, a situation opposite to that found in other oceans. These habitats are exposed to fast-paced changes in key environmental parameters (seawater temperature, salinity, primary production, sea-ice regimes), and host organisms which have been facing past events shaping the function and structure of ecosystems. On top of understanding these aspects, the RECTO/vERSO projects have identified plasticities (trophic, dispersive) and connectivities as a key areas of research to understand the impact of the environmental changes on Antarctic ecosystems. Another key aspect of this expedition it to assess the feasibility of low-impact cruises for Antarctic field sampling. Customarily, scientific cruises are conducted by large costintensive icebreakers, including a large crew and multiple research teams. Due to the conflict of interest in such a large science party, expedition leaders can often only slowly react to short term changes (e.g. weather) to accommodate for all areas of research. Furthermore, due to the size of such ships, sampling is restricted to deeper waters. Lastly, the environmental impact of such expeditions is significantly larger, compared to smaller sailing vessels. The expedition on the “Australis” will not only yield valuable data and samples, but also act as a proof of concept as a low-impact, cost-efficient and agile expedition to the Southern Ocean. The expedition will be focusing on a small amount of stations, in order to prioritize an exhaustive and qualitative sampling effort in at least three localities, which are contrasted in terms of exposure to the influence of melting glaciers: • “control” station close to Palmer station • “glacier” station: Buls Bay • “glacier” station: Andvord Bay • “glacier” station: Melchior Islands Activity to be undertaken : 1) Census – Micro- and macro benthos census: a. Habitat mapping (Remotely operated vehicle(ROV), Diving) b. Dredging (collection of organisms) 2) Census – Top predators a. Continuous monitoring of birds and marine mammals (binoculars) 3) Census – Mio fauna and soft sediment macro fauna a. Sampling of sediment (Van Veen, Perspex push cores) 4) Census – Intertidal zone a. Standard ecological survey techniques (quadrats, measuring tape, microscope) 5) Habitat mapping a. Gathering of environmental and biological data (bathymetric imagery transects, conductivity temperature depth measurements, sediment properties, scuba diving, dredging, intertidal subtidal sampling, ROV video) 6) Genetics sampling (collecting tissue for further genetic analysis): a. Birds (Snow Petrel Pagodroma nivea s.l.; collecting feathers along the shore) b. Sea stars (Asteroidea; collecting selected species during scuba dives) c. Fish (Fishing with rod and line, gillnets, collecting during scuba dives) 7) Water filtering a. Filtering water for the collection of microplastics
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
20 Feb 2018 USHUAÏA 02 Apr 2018 USHUAÏA
26 Feb 2018 Palmer Station
09 Mar 2018 Buls, Baie
25 Mar 2018 Andvord, Baie
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (BIODIVERSITY)

Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: Dimitri BROUHNS
Contact Address: 181 Rue au bois, B-1150 Bruxelles, Belgique
Email Address: dbrouhns@yahoo.fr
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Le Grand Jack en Liberté
Country of Registry: BELGIUM
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 5
Maximum Passengers: 1
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
15 Dec 2017 Puerto Williams 15 Jan 2018 Puerto Williams Dimitri BROUHNS

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Drake Passage Latitude: 58°00´S Longitude: 65°00´W
Visit Date24/12/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Robert Island Latitude: 62°24´S Longitude: 59°31´W
Visit Date25/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: Greenwich Island Latitude: 62°30´S Longitude: 59°47´W
Visit Date26/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: Livingston Island Latitude: 62°36´S Longitude: 60°30´W
Visit Date27/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date28/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date31/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: de Gerlache, Détroit Latitude: 64°30´S Longitude: 62°20´W
Visit Date02/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Bryde Channel Latitude: 64°50´S Longitude: 62°59´W
Visit Date02/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date03/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingfrom 30 minutes to maximum 3 hours
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date04/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesAnchoring Only
Duration of landing
Site Name: Drake Passage Latitude: 58°00´S Longitude: 65°00´W
Visit Date05/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: LATITUDE OCEANE SPRL
Contact Address: 40 RUE NYSTEN, B-4000 LIEGE
Email Address: info@vaihere.com
Website Address: http://www.vaihere.com
Name of Vessel: VAIHERE
Country of Registry: BELGIUM
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 10
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Dec 2017 USHUAÏA 12 Jan 2018 USHUAÏA ERIC DUPUIS

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Drake Passage Latitude: 58°00´S Longitude: 65°00´W
Visit Date18/12/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date24/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Jougla Point Latitude: 64º 49´ 35´´ S Longitude: 63º 29´ 37´´ W
Visit Date25/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Damoy Point Latitude: 64º 49´ 10´´ S Longitude: 63º 31´ 11´´ W
Visit Date26/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Peltier Channel Latitude: 64°52´S Longitude: 63°32´W
Visit Date27/12/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date28/12/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 00´ 06´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Hovgaard Island Latitude: 65°08´S Longitude: 64°07´W
Visit Date31/12/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Vernadsky Station Latitude: 65º 02´ 05´´ S Longitude: 64º 02´ 06´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date03/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date04/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date05/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesAnchoring Only
Duration of landing
Site Name: Drake Passage Latitude: 58°00´S Longitude: 65°00´W
Visit Date06/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
19 Jan 2018 USHUAÏA 14 Feb 2018 USHUAÏA ERIC DUPUIS

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Drake Passage Latitude: 58°00´S Longitude: 65°00´W
Visit Date20/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date26/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Jougla Point Latitude: 64º 49´ 35´´ S Longitude: 63º 29´ 37´´ W
Visit Date27/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Damoy Point Latitude: 64º 49´ 10´´ S Longitude: 63º 31´ 11´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Peltier Channel Latitude: 64°52´S Longitude: 63°32´W
Visit Date29/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date30/01/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 00´ 06´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Hovgaard Island Latitude: 65°08´S Longitude: 64°07´W
Visit Date02/02/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Vernadsky Station Latitude: 65º 02´ 05´´ S Longitude: 64º 02´ 06´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date05/02/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date06/02/2018
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landingmaximum 2 hours
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date07/02/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Anchoring Only
Duration of landing
Site Name: Drake Passage Latitude: 58°00´S Longitude: 65°00´W
Visit Date08/02/2018
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  140    Name:  Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 2017/05
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  25 Feb 2018   To:  04 Mar 2018
Purpose: The Permit grant authorisation to the 2 applicants to enter Antarctic Specially Managed Area (ASMA) N°4 “Deception Island”; Sites D (Fumarole Bay), F (Telefon Bay), G (Pendulum Cove) of Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) N°140 “Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands” and Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) N°145 “Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands” and to sample echinoderms.
Summary of activities: Scientific activity organised by Prof. Philippe Dubois (ULB) and planned by Mrs Sarah Di Giglio and Mr Philippe Pernet - in the framework of the Spanish Antarctic campaign 2017-18, Base “Gabriel de Castilla”. The goal of the proposed research is to assess the effects of temperature increase and ocean acidification on selected echinoderms: the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri (Meissner, 1900), the sea star Odontaster validus (Koehler, 1906) and the ophiourid Ophionotus victoriae (Bell, 1902). The selected species are abundant epibenthic species with circumpolar distribution and key roles in the ecosystem due partly to their presence in large numbers. The response of their populations to global change will, therefore, have an impact on the ecosystem giving these species a special interest as indicators. The studied variables will be the acid-base physiology, oxygen metabolism, resource allocation and skeleton formation, with the research aim to mechanistically link observed patterns and effects within measured gradients. Port Foster gives the opportunity to observe the performance of these organisms in an already acidified and warmed habitat, and the results from this study will provide insight to assess the effect of future global change conditions in the Southern Ocean ecosystems. This research takes place in a more general frame to assess the most important stressors linked to global change. Taking into account the strong contrasts in global change magnitude among different regions of Antarctica, such approach will allow to determine priority areas of conservation concern. This study will allow to develop a mechanistic approach to assess the effect of ocean acidification in combination with temperature and food availability for a range of key species adding to the knowledge on how their populations elsewhere will respond to future pH and temperature changes. Within each location samples will be taken at 2 different depths (5,15m) to incorporate within location variability in the foretold variables. Animal samples will be taken by SCUBA diving. A total number of 4-8 animals (depending upon current density) of each of the aimed species will be collected at each depth, alongside with a seawater sample and a sediment sample consisting on a sediment core (when possible) at the exact point where animals are being collected.
Event or project name/number: STUDYING THE PRESENT TO PREDICT THE FUTURE
ASPA: Number:  145    Name:  Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands (More Details)
Permit Number: 2017/05
Number of people permitted: 2
Permit Period: From:  25 Feb 2018   To:  04 Mar 2018
Purpose: The Permit grant authorisation to the 2 applicants to enter Antarctic Specially Managed Area (ASMA) N°4 “Deception Island”; Sites D (Fumarole Bay), F (Telefon Bay), G (Pendulum Cove) of Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) N°140 “Parts of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands” and Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) N°145 “Port Foster, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands” and to sample echinoderms.
Summary of activities: Scientific activity organised by Prof. Philippe Dubois (ULB) and planned by Mrs Sarah Di Giglio and Mr Philippe Pernet - in the framework of the Spanish Antarctic campaign 2017-18, Base “Gabriel de Castilla”. The goal of the proposed research is to assess the effects of temperature increase and ocean acidification on selected echinoderms: the sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri (Meissner, 1900), the sea star Odontaster validus (Koehler, 1906) and the ophiourid Ophionotus victoriae (Bell, 1902). The selected species are abundant epibenthic species with circumpolar distribution and key roles in the ecosystem due partly to their presence in large numbers. The response of their populations to global change will, therefore, have an impact on the ecosystem giving these species a special interest as indicators. The studied variables will be the acid-base physiology, oxygen metabolism, resource allocation and skeleton formation, with the research aim to mechanistically link observed patterns and effects within measured gradients. Port Foster gives the opportunity to observe the performance of these organisms in an already acidified and warmed habitat, and the results from this study will provide insight to assess the effect of future global change conditions in the Southern Ocean ecosystems. This research takes place in a more general frame to assess the most important stressors linked to global change. Taking into account the strong contrasts in global change magnitude among different regions of Antarctica, such approach will allow to determine priority areas of conservation concern. This study will allow to develop a mechanistic approach to assess the effect of ocean acidification in combination with temperature and food availability for a range of key species adding to the knowledge on how their populations elsewhere will respond to future pH and temperature changes. Within each location samples will be taken at 2 different depths (5,15m) to incorporate within location variability in the foretold variables. Animal samples will be taken by SCUBA diving. A total number of 4-8 animals (depending upon current density) of each of the aimed species will be collected at each depth, alongside with a seawater sample and a sediment sample consisting on a sediment core (when possible) at the exact point where animals are being collected.
Event or project name/number: STUDYING THE PRESENT TO PREDICT THE FUTURE
Aircrat Report
General Report