ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Sweden
2015/2016 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Science Activities in Previous Year
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Carlini
Type: Other
Location:
Site Name: Base Carlini (ex Jubany)   Lat: 62º 14´ 16´´ S   Long: 58º 39´ 52´´ W  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: POTTER COVE: The Western Antarctic Peninsula is experiencing some of the fastest rates of global warming worldwide. Surface waters at the WAP have warmed by more than 1 °C since the 1950s and are predicted to warm further into the next century. n the polar regions, microscopic algae inhabit the shallow sediment (microphytobenthos) and are extremely important in terms of primary production, sediment biogeochemistry and ecology. In determining the effects of climate change, most studies focused on single-factor or single-species experiments. Hence, there is a general lack of experimental designs testing the interplay of abiotic factors on natural communities. No information on interactive effects of temperature and increased CO2 on the production and community structure of polar microphytobenthos is available to date. Therefore, the researchers will carry out a multi-factorial experiment on early successional communities of microphytobenthos at Potter Cove, King George Island, in order to indicate the most important drivers for microbial community structure.
Name: Maitri
Type: Other
Location:
Site Name: Maitri   Lat: 70°45´56´´S   Long: 11°44´8´´E  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: MARA, the Moveable Atmospheric Radar for Antarctica, is used to study winds, turbulence and layering in the atmosphere. After two complete years of observations at Troll, MARA was moved to the Indian station Maitri in January-February 2014. At Maitri, MARA observes meteorology over flat terrain near the coast, while at Troll conditions were dominated by mountains. In the upper atmosphere, conditions during the declining phase of the solar cycle are observed.Previously, minimum and increasing phases were covered. At the end of October 2014, a powerful storm caused widespread damage to the antenna field. Replacement parts were prepared and shipped to Maitri, and a repair team flew from Cape Town in January 2015. The antenna field was repaired and observations resumed on 22 January. MARA continues to operate, watched over by Indian colleagues on site. Data are streamed in real-time via India and displayed on a web page. So far we have seen some similar and some quite different meteorology compared to Troll, with particularly strong wave structures affecting stable layers low in the atmosphere at Maitri.

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Araon
Country of Registry: Korea
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Passengers: 2
Remarks: Two Swedish scientists will participate onboard the Korean icebreaking research vessel Araon with the Project "Ocean- and freshwater forcing of the West Antarctic ice shelves and their grounding zones: Using new technology to address a global challenge". The Project is a part of the Korean program "KOPRI Amundsen Cruise". Sweden have given permission to the activity and stay in Antarctica from December 17 2015 throughout Februari 2016.
Name: M/V Italica
Country of Registry: Italy
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Passengers: 2
Remarks: Two scientists from the Swedish Museum of Natural History, will participate in a German research expedition in Victoria Land, Antarctica called GANOVEX XI. In December, the Italian research vessel M/V Italica will leave Christchurch, New Zealand. The research expedition is organised by the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) and is a part of the programme German Antarctic North Victoria Land Expedition (GANOVEX). 23 researchers will participate in the expedition, most of them geologists from BGR, and geophysicists from the German aeronautics and space research centre (DLR). The two Swedish participants from the Swedish Museum of Natural History are the expedition’s paleontologists. The researchers will arrive at the Italian research station Mario Zucchelli in Antarctica around Christmas. After Christmas, the researchers will fly to their field camp in Helliwell Hills, where they will stay for 30 days to work at nunataks sticking out of the ice sheet 1,000–4,000 metres above sea level. Then the researchers will fly back to Mario Zucchelli to work an additional 13 days in the Transantarctic Mountains. 12 February, the researchers will leave the research station on board M/V Italica, which is scheduled to arrive Christchurch 20 February 2016.

Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

General Report