ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Japan
2015/2016 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: Collaborative project with French researchers on Adelie penguins’ behaviors
Planned Operating Period: From  01 Dec 2016   To  26 Feb 2017
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Kozue Shiomi
Job Title or Position: Assistant Professor, NIPR
Phone: 81-42-512-0742
Email: shiomi.kozue@nipr.ac.jp
Details/Description: Comparison of Adelie penguin's behavioral ecology is the purpose of this study. Such environments as the size of the colony, feeding environments, and geomagnetic fields are different in Syowa Station and Dumont d'Urville Station. From the field research around Dumont d'Urville Station, the factors which could regulate breeding and behavior of the species will be investigated.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Animal tracking
Areas of Activity
Dumont d'Urville Station
Science Plan/Program/Project: Antarctic Treaty System on the Ground: A Preliminary Study into the Interface between Science and Law
Planned Operating Period: From  02 Dec 2016   To  20 Mar 2017
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Akiho Shibata
Job Title or Position: Professor, Kobe University
Phone: +81-78-803-7152
Email: akihos@kobe-u.ac.jp
Details/Description: This study aims to investigates relationship between international law and science in the Antarctic. Fields research will be performed from the point of views which focuses on how international law is perceived and applied.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Social science
Areas of Activity
Antarctic Area
Science Plan/Program/Project: Cloud fraction with an all-sky camera onboard R/V Shirase
Planned Operating Period: From  02 Dec 2016   To  20 Mar 2017
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Makoto Kuji
Job Title or Position: Professor, Nara Women University
Phone: +81-742-20-3044
Email: makoto@ics.nara-wu.ac.jp
Details/Description: An all-sky camera, mounted on R/V Shirase, is used to detect marine clouds. The cloud amount product is useful to validate that from the satellite remote sensing.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Atmospheric sciences
Areas of Activity
Indian Sector of the Southern Ocean

Science Plan/Program/Project: Observation of the Southern Ocean using surface drifters -deployments of drifters from Shirase
Planned Operating Period: From  02 Dec 2016   To  17 Dec 2016
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Graeme Ball
Job Title or Position: Manager, Marine Operations Group, Bureau of Meteorology, Australia
Phone: +61 3 9669 4203
Email: g.ball@bom.gov.au
Details/Description: Surface drifting buoys will be deployed from R/V Shirase in response to the request of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Location and sea surface data are transmitted to the satellite.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Oceanography
Areas of Activity
Indian Sector of the Southern Ocean
Science Plan/Program/Project: Collaborative project with UK on the Signy Island terrestrial ecosystem
Planned Operating Period: From  20 Dec 2016   To  20 Mar 2017
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Megumu Tsujimoto
Job Title or Position: Research Fellow, NIPR
Phone: 81-42-512-0763
Email: tsujimoto@nipr.ac.jp
Details/Description: The purpose of this study is comparison of the differences of the diversity of micro animals and the micro-habitat under the different climatic conditions. Since the data have already been obtained around Syowa Station which is located in continental Antarctic, Field sampling is planned at Signy Island which is in warmer sub-Antarctic and has higher diversity of micro animals.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline: Biological sciences - other
Areas of Activity
Signy Island
Science Plan/Program/Project: Test of a hydroponic culture system using new power-saving light source at Syowa Station
Planned Operating Period: From  24 Dec 2016   To  01 Feb 2018
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Takayo Ogawa
Job Title or Position: Researcher, RIKEN Photonics Control Technology Team
Phone: 81-48-467-9827
Email: pogawa@riken.jp
Details/Description: By using the power-saving light source which is under developing, trial of aquatic cultivation system will be conducted. Since Syowa Station does have its limited resources regarding energy and man hands, obtained data could be useful for further improvements of practical cultivation system.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity
Syowa Station

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: 8-B1111-W: Medical researches on Antarctic expeditioners under extreme environment
Discipline: Bioscience
Principal Investigator: Kentaro Watanabe, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0646 Email: kentaro@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Survey for Legionella in Antarctic environment / Study on dental health of expedition personnel./ Study on autonomic nervous system during overwintering/ Study of oriental medicine approach for improving physical and mental health of overwinterers.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Aboard R/V Shirase
Project Name/Number: 8-E01-S: Collaborative study on solid-earth, atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere interaction with Republic of Korea (Jang Bogo Station)
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Masaki Kanao, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0713 Email: kanao@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Deploy infrasound and seismic instruments around the Jang-Bogo Station, Terra Nova Bay, including David glacier and Mt. Melbourne in order to detect seismic and infrasound waves so as to identify seismicity, volcanic eruption, location of multi-sphere sources and their occurrence mechanism.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Jang Bogo
Project Name/Number: 8-E02-S: Feasible study to investigate a possibility to establish a Tera-Hz 10m-diameter telescope for future astronomical observations at Concordia Station
Discipline: Astronomy
Principal Investigator: Naomasa Nakai, Professor, University of Tsukuba Phone: +81-29-853-4281 Email: nakai@physics.px.tsukuba.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: The main point is to observe transportation system by sea and land through joining the French Antarctic Expedition to Concordia Station during 2015/16 season. The data obtained through this activity will be made full use of the budget request to the Japanese government for the FY 2016.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Dome C
Project Name/Number: 8-G03-S: Collaborative study on high latitude dayside aurora at U.S. South Pole and McMurdo Stations in Antarctica
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Yusuke Ebihara, Associate Professor, Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University Phone: +81-774-38-3844 Email: ebihara@rish.kyoto-u.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: To observe high latitude dayside electron and proton auroras with all-sky monochromatic imagers at South Pole and McMurdo Stations in Antarctica.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
McMurdo
South Pole

Project Name/Number: 8-G04-S: Collaborative ecological study on Lake Untersee with USA, Russia, Austria, and Canada (Russian Novolazarevskaya Station)
Discipline: Biology and biogeochemistry
Principal Investigator: Yukiko Tanabe, Assistant Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0736 Email: ukko@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Benthic and planktonic microbial communities, sediment cores, lake water samples, photo-physiological data of the benthic phototrophs, limnological data of water column, and bathymetric data will be collected from Lake Untersee, Gruber Mountain.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Lake Untersee
Project Name/Number: 8-J1-WS: Earth's environmental change revealed by observing the Antarctic middle and upper atmosphere
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences, Meteorology and glaciology
Principal Investigator: Takuji Nakamura, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0602 Email: nakamura.takuji@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Studies of various processes on the global atmospheric environmental change based on Antarctic observations with (1) PANSY (Program of the ANtarctic SYowa MST/IS) radar, the largest atmospheric radar in the Antarctic, which started a full system operation during JARE 56 and (2) various instruments such as Rayleigh/Raman lidar, millimeter wave spectrometer, MF and HF radars, OH spectrometers etc. operated/developed already during the VIIth term.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-J3-WS: Present evaluation and future prediction of the global environment in the framework of glacial-interglacial cycle
Discipline: Meteorology and glaciology, Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Hideaki Motoyama, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0680 Email: motoyama@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: (1) Ice core drilling, firn air sampling and snow pit observation at H128 (2) Submarine glacial landform surveys using an echo-sounder with vessel (3) Adelie penguin rookery sediments survey in the Soya Kaigan (4) Geomorphologic and geologic field surveys in the central Dronning Maud Land
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Soya Kaigan
H128
Lützow-Holmbukta
central Dronning Maud Land
Project Name/Number: 8-MB1-W: Population census of Adélie penguins
Discipline: Bioscience
Principal Investigator: Akinori Takahashi, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0741 Email: atak@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Census of Adélie penguins at rockeries in the Sôya Kaigan area is carried out in mid-November and early December. Number of the penguins and the pairs are counted.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Benten Jima
Rumpa
Ytre hovdeholmen
Mizukuguri Ura
Fukuro Ura
Nekkelholmane
Sigaren
Ongulkalven
Torinosu Wan
Mame Jima

Project Name/Number: 8-MB4-S: Marine ecosystem monitoring
Discipline: Bioscience
Principal Investigator: Tsuneo Odate, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0738 Email: odate@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Oceanographic observations in the Southern Ocean along the cruise track of R/V Shirase are carried out between Fremantle and Sydney. Surface water is pumped up to measure physical, chemical and biological parameters, including Chlorophyll a and pCO2 concentrations. Water collections at some depths and plankton collections are carried out at stations, including those in ice covered areas.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase between Syowa and Sydney
Project Name/Number: 8-MG10-S: Broad-band seismic monitoring observation at the Lützow-Holmbukta Region, East Antarctica
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Masaki Kanao, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0713 Email: kanao@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Structure and dynamics of the Earth, as viewed from Antarctica, together with seismicity and characteristics of wave propabgation were investigated by using portable broad-band seismometer (CMG-40T) at the Lützow-Holmbukta Region, East Antarctica.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Rundvågshetta
S16
Skallen
Langhovde
Project Name/Number: 8-MG11-S: Marine geophysical obseravations
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Yoshifumi Nogi, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0711 Email: nogi@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Ocean gravity and geomagnetism were measured on board the R/V Shirase. Sea bottom pressure was monitored with a pressure gauge installed and recovered every summer on the sea bottom about 4000 meter deep in the Southern Ocean.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MG12-S: Monitoring of ground temperature
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Hideki Miura, Associate Professor, NIPR Email: miura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Data of ground temperatures below 2m depth were collected periodically every 1 hour all year-round at Nishi-Ongul To and Langhovde.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Langhovde
Nishi-Ongul To

Project Name/Number: 8-MG13-W: DORIS observation
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Koichiro Doi, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0701 Email: doi@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Monitoring of a fixed point location in Syowa Station was carried out with a DORIS antenna operating all year-round.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MG4-W: Gravity measurement by a superconducting gravimeter
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Koichiro Doi, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0701 Email: doi@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Continuous measurement of temporal gravity change was carried out by a superconducting gravimeter.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MG5-W: Ground truth observations for satellite remote sensing data validation
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Koichiro Doi Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0701 Email: doi@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Some GPS observations were carried out at one site on sea ice and one site on ice sheet.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Kitano-ura (Cove)
Offing of Benten-jima
S18
S19
S20
Ongul strait
Nisi-no-ura (Cove)
Project Name/Number: 8-MG7-S: Broad-band and short-period seismic monitoring observation at Syowa Station, East Antarctica
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Masaki Kanao, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0713 Email: kanao@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Structure and dynamics of the Earth, as viewed from Antarctica, together with seismicity and characteristics of wave propagation were investigated by using both broad-band seismometer (STS-1) and short-period seismometer (HES) at Syowa Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-MG8-W: VLBI experiment
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Koichiro Doi, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0701 Email: doi@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: International VLBI experiments were carried out at 6 times in JARE55 at Syowa Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MG9-WS: GPS measurement in bare rock areas
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Yuichi Aoyama, Assistant Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-887-57-0712 Email: aoyama@nipr.ac.jp@kochi-tech.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Coordinates of fixed points in bare rock areas around the Lützow-Holmbukta and in the Riiser-Larsen Mountains areas were monitored by 24 hours GPS measurements every summer or year-round unmanned GPS measurement systems.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Riiser-Larsen Mountains
Padda
Skallen
Rundvågshetta
Tottsuki Misaki
Ongulgalten
Skarvsnes
Langhovde
Mukai Iwa
Project Name/Number: 8-MP1-W: Monitoring of atmospheric greenhouse gases and related constituents
Discipline: Atmospheric science
Principal Investigator: Daisuke Goto, Assistant Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0673 Email: goto.daisuke@nipr.ac.jp​
Main Activity/ Remarks: Monitoring of atmospheric CO2, CH4, CO and O2 concentrations is carried out all year-round at Syowa Station. Whole air samples are collected periodically for subsequent analyses in Japan.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MP2-W: Surface-based remote-sensing observation of clouds and aerosol
Discipline: Atmospheric science
Principal Investigator: Masataka Shiobara, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0678 Email: shio@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: All-sky images are recorded every 10 minutes to monitor cloud cover at Syowa Station all year-round. Vertical distribution of clouds and aerosols are monitored continuously with a micro-pulse lidar at Syowa Station. A sky radiometer is installed at Syowa Station to monitor solar radiation and aerosol optical properties from mid-August to early May.
Link (URL): http://mplnet.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-MP3-W: Observations of aerosol size distributions
Discipline: Atmospheric science
Principal Investigator: Masataka Shiobara, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0678 Email: shio@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Size distribution of aerosols is continuously monitored by an optical particle counter and a condensation nucleus counter at Syowa Station all year-round.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MP4-WS: Monitoring of Antarctic ice sheet mass balance
Discipline: Glaciology
Principal Investigator: Hideaki Motoyama, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0680 Email: motoyama@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Sea ice thickness and snow depth measurements along a route from Syowa Station to S16 site via Tottuki Misaki (Point) in winter.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MS1-W: Data Acquisition of Earth Observation Satellites in the Antarctic
Discipline: Multi-disciplinary
Principal Investigator: Hiroshi Miyaoka, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0662 Email: miyaoka@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Data acquisition of NOAA, METOP-1, DMSP, AQUA, TERRA and NPP polar orbiting Earth observation satellites with L/S/X-band receiving facility at Syowa Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-MU1-W: Optical observation of auroras
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Kadokura, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0631 Email: kadokura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Auroras are monitored with all-sky electron and proton auroral imagers (EAI and PAI) and a color digital camera from late February to early October at Syowa Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-MU2-WS: Monitoring of Cosmic Noise Absorption (CNA)
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Kadokura, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0631 Email: kadokura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: A riometer observation is conducted with two sets of antenna arrays all year-round at Syowa Station and on Nishi-Ongul To (Island).
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Nisi-Ongul Tô
Project Name/Number: 8-MU3-W: Monitoring of natural ULF/ELF/VLF emissions
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Kadokura, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0631 Email: kadokura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Natural electromagnetic waves are monitored all year-round on Nishi-Ongul To (Island), where artificial noise level is low.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Nisi-Ongul Tô
Project Name/Number: 8-MU4-W: Geomagnetism observation
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Kadokura, Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0631 Email: kadokura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Absolute geomagnetism is observed every month and relative observation is conducted continuously at Syowa Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-O06-S: Observation of the Southern Ocean using surface drifters -deployments of drifters from Shirase
Discipline: Physical oceanography and meteorology
Principal Investigator: Joel Cabriél, Technical Officer, Marine Networks, Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA Phone: +61 3 9669 4651 Email: j.cabrie@bom.gov.au
Main Activity/ Remarks: Seven surface drifting buoys were deployed from R/V Shirase in response to the request of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Location and sea surface data are transmitted to the satellite.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase

Project Name/Number: 8-O08-S: Deployment of Argo floats (autonomous ocean observing subsurface buoys)
Discipline: Atmospheric science
Principal Investigator: Katsuro Katsumata, Deputy Group Leader, Research and Development Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology Phone: +81-46-867-9849 Email: k.katsumata@jamstec.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Profiling floats will be deployed from the icebreaker Shirase in the Southern Ocean. Temperature and salinity profiles measured by floats are to be transmitted via satellite systems.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase
Project Name/Number: 8-O09-S: Cloud fraction with an all-sky camera onboard R/V Shirase
Discipline: Atmospheric science
Principal Investigator: Makoto Kuji, Professor, Nara Women's University Phone: +81-742-20-3044 Email: makato@ics.nara-wu.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: An all-sky camera, mounted on the Research Vessel Shirase, is used to detect marine clouds. The cloud amount product is useful to validate that from the satellite remote sensing.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase
Project Name/Number: 8-O10-S: Effect of solar UV radiation on life in Antarctica, and psychrophile-origin cellulose
Discipline: Bioscience
Principal Investigator: Tetsuya Takahashi, Professor, Shimane University Phone: +81-852-32-6350 Email: ttetsuya@edu.shimane-u.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Collagen sheets will be used in a unique evaluation method to examine skin damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) light of short wavelength during a season of the Antarctic ozone hole. Also the biosynthesis pathway of psychrophile-origin cellulose will be surveyed.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-O12-S: Monitoring for long term changes in primary productivity using fast repetition rate fluorometry (FRRf)
Discipline: Bioscience
Principal Investigator: Andrew McMinn, University of Tasmania Phone: +61 3 6226 2980 Email: Andrew.McMinn@utas.edu.au
Main Activity/ Remarks: To estimate temporal and spatial variabilty of phytoplankton physiology, parameters of primary production will be collected using FRRf. Observation was susppended bucause of mechanical trouble of the instrument.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Project Name/Number: 8-P07-WS: Monitoring and satellite validation of ozone-depleting minor constituents and stratospheric water vapor and aerosols with FTIR infrared spectroscopy, water vapor sondes, and aerosol sondes a
Discipline: Meteorology and glaciology, Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Hideaki Nakajima Director, Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan Phone: +81-3-6257-1337 Email: nakajima@nies.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Antarctic ozone hole still continues to appear every austral spring, despite the regulation of emission of CFCs under the Montreal protocol. This project use the ground-based Fourier-transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) data at Syowa Station, and balloon-borne ozonesonde, aerosolsonde, and hygrosonde data to study the detailed chemical/physical mechanism of ozone destruction over the Antarctic stratosphere. The feature of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) are simultaneously studied using micro-pulse lidar (MPL) data and PANSY radar data at Syowa Station.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-P09-S: The atmospheric circulation and transport of moisture and aerosols in the Antarctic coastal region in summer season
Discipline: Meteorology and glaciology
Principal Investigator: Naohiko Hirasawa, Assistant Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0685 Email: hira.n@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Moisture exchange processes between the Antarctic coastal icesheet, atmosphere and Southern Ocean. This study measured the ratio of stable isotopes of H and O in water vapor along cruise track of Shirase.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase
Project Name/Number: 8-P34-S: Direct observation of the outflow of Antarctic Bottom Water and sea-ice thickness
Discipline: Physical oceanography, Sea ice physics
Principal Investigator: Yasushi Fukamachi, Associate Professor, Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University Phone: +81-11-706-7432 Email: yasuf@lowtem.hokudai.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Hydrographic and topographic survey in the bottom water production area.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Off Cape Darnley
Project Name/Number: 8-P35-S: Study on ionospheric perturbation observed by monitoring VLF transmitter signals in Syowa
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Yasuhide Hobara, Professor, Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications  Phone: +81-42-443-5154 Email: hobara@ee.uec.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Observations on ionospheric perturbations (D and E regions) using the magnetic signal amplitude and phase will be carried out for statistical studies on ionosphere from (1) energetic particle precipitation from the magnetosphere, (2) global thunderstorm activities, and (3) high energy astronomical events etc.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-P36-S: Ionosphere-Atmosphere-Ocean-Cryosphere–Geosphere interaction by infrasonic observations
Discipline: Geoscience, Atmospheric science
Principal Investigator: Masa-yuki Yamamoto, Professor, Kochi University of Technology Phone: +81-887-57-2112 Email: yamamoto.masa-yuki@kochi-tech.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Multiple-site arrayed observation of infrasound has been operated since 2012 to reveal the energy transportation among the ionosphere, atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere, and geosphere in Antarctica. The target is to identify infrasound signals generated by icequake, motion of icesheets and ice fields, blizzard, aurora, etc. by the multiple-site arrayed observation. The infrasound, long-period barometric waves, might be a good proxy for studying climate changes.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Rundvågshetta
S16
Skallen
Syowa
Langhovde
Project Name/Number: 8-P37-WS: Longitudinal displacement of conjugate auroras as observed by low-power autonomous aurora observation system
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Kadokura, Professor, NIPR  Phone: +81-42-512-0631 Email: kadokura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Unmanned magnetometer network along Dome Fuji traverse route, Sør Rondane Mountains, Amundsen Bay, and Lützow-Holmbukta area is maintained.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Skallen
Mizuho
Amundsen Bay
Innhovde
H68
Project Name/Number: 8-P39-W: Study on magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling processes with SuperDARN radars and ground-based optical observations
Discipline: Space and upper atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Sessai Yukimatu, Associate Professor, NIPR
Main Activity/ Remarks: With SENSU SuperDARN HF radars at Syowa station and auroral all-sky imager network at Dome Fuji, Zhongshan and South Pole stations under FOVs of the SENSU radars, simultaneous observation will be conducted to try to reveal M-I (magnetosphere-ionosphere) coupling associated with meso-scale (10 - several 100km) aurora in cusp, polar cap and aurora regions, and cross-scale coupling associated with these aurora and ionospheric disturbances, e.g., break-up type and pulsating aurora and surrounding 2-D electric field structure, and relationship between aurora streamer and initiation of auroral brightening. / Remarks: Dome Fuji imager was not operational during the season.
Link (URL): http://polaris.nipr.ac.jp/~SD/sensu/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
South Pole
Zhongshan
Project Name/Number: 8-P40-S: Sea ice and hydrographic observations onboard R/V Shirase and in Lützow-Holmbukta
Discipline: Physical oceanography, Sea ice physics
Principal Investigator: Shuki Ushio, Associate Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-42-512-0676 Email: ushio@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Measurements of sea ice thickness, ice concentration, and water temperature/salinity profile. Monitoring of vessel movement during ice navigation.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-P41-W: Study on Global Lightning and Global Circuit Activities and Their Relation to Climate Changes Monitored from Polar Region
Discipline: Atmospheric electricity, Space and upper atmosphere sciences
Principal Investigator: Mitsuteru Sato, Lecturer, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University Phone: +81-11-706-2763 Email: msato@ep.sci.hokudai.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Continuous measurements of ELF electromagnetic waves in the frequency range of 1-100Hz and atmospheric DC electric field are carried out. At West Ongul island, two horizontal induction magnetometer were installed for the ELF measurement, while the field mill sensors were installed at East Ongul island for atmospheric electric field measurement. From these data, it is possible to monitor global activities of lightning discharges and global electric circuit.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-P43-W: Study on conjugacy of auroral activities during the maximum to descending phase of solar activity cycle
Discipline: Space and upper atmosphere sciences
Principal Investigator: Akira Kadokura, Professor, NIPR  Phone: +81-42-512-0631 Email: kadokura@nipr.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Conjugate observations of auroral phenomena between Iceland and Syowa Station by using auroral imagers, Scanning photometer, magnetometers, VLF and ULF wave receivers, and riometers.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-P47-WS: Study on the material cycle over the Southern Ocean and Antarctic coast by ship-borne, air-borne, and ground based aerosol observations
Discipline: Atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Masahiko Hayashi, Professor, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University Phone: +81-871-6631 ex.6168 Email: mhayashi@fukuoka-u.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: 1) Observation of optical property and aerosol concentration along cruise track of R/V Shirase by ship borne instruments, skyradiometer, condensation particle counter, optical particle counter, nephelometer, aethalometer, ceilometer 2) Observation of aerosol size distribution up to 30 km in altitude over Syowa Station by balloon borne optical particle counter. 3)measurement of optical absorption coefficient of aerosol at Syowa Station by an aethalometer. 4)Observation of nitric acid and nitorgen oxides gases released from snow surface and photolysis of nitric acid in snow by measureing gaseous component in the surface atmosphere and vertical nitrate distribution in snow.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase
H128
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-P48-S: Precise monitoring for ice flows of Antarctic ice sheet and ice stream with GPS
Discipline: Geoscience
Principal Investigator: Yuichi Aoyama, Assistant Professor, NIPR Phone: +81-887-57-0712 Email: aoyama@nipr.ac.jp@kochi-tech.ac.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: To measure the temporal and spatial variations in the ice flows of Antarctic ice sheet, glacier, and ice stream around Lützow-Holmbukta by the network of several unmanned GPS units.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Shirase Hyôga (Glacier)
Skallen Hyôga (Glacier)
Vågs Hyôga (Glacier)

Project Name/Number: 8-TC1-S: Bathymetric survey
Discipline: Oceanography
Principal Investigator: Yo Iwabuchi Job Title or Position: Director, Hydrographic Surveys Division, Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department, Japan Coast Guard Phone:+81-3-3595-3601
Main Activity/ Remarks: Bathymetric survey
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Lützow-Holmbukta
Project Name/Number: 8-TC2-WS: Tidal observation
Discipline: Oceanography
Principal Investigator: Hiroyuki Yoritaka, Director, Environmental and Oceanographic Research Division Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department, Japan Coast Guard Phone: +81-3-3595-3601
Main Activity/ Remarks: Tidal observation
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-TG1-WS: Geodetic observations
Discipline: Geodesy
Principal Investigator: Osamu Akutsu, Deputy Director of International Affairs Div., Planning Dept., Geospatial Information Authority of Japan Phone: +81-29-864-6159 Email: gsi-antarctic@ml.mlit.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Precise Geodetic Observations (GNSS Observation), Precise Geodetic Observations (Relative Gravity Survey), Precise Geodetic Observations (Geoid Survey)
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
No.5707
No.2401
No.221
No.5601
No.4619
No.5702
SYOG (IGS)
Langhovde
No.5704
No.5706
No.5705
No.2403
IAGBN
No.5701
No.5703
No.2402
No.238
No.231
Project Name/Number: 8-TG2-S: Geodetic survey
Discipline: Geodesy
Principal Investigator: Osamu Akutsu, Deputy Director of International Affairs Div., Planning Dept., Geospatial Information Authority of Japan Phone: +81-29-864-6159 Email: gsi-antarctic@ml.mlit.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Signal for aerial photography, Aerial photography, Aerial photography
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
No.5707
No.3604
No.09
No.10
No.31
No.114
No.157
No.5704
No.5706
No.32
No.5705
East & West Ongul
No.5703
S17
No.231

Project Name/Number: 8-TJM1-W: Surface synoptic observation
Discipline: Meteorology
Principal Investigator: Masato Fukuda, Head, Office of Antarctic Observation, Observation Department, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Phone: +81-3-3211-8409 Email: antarctic@met.kishou.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Air Pressure, Air Temperature, Humidity, Wind speed, Wind direction, Sunshine duration, Global solar radiation
Link (URL): http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-TJM2-W: Upper-air observation
Discipline: Meteorology
Principal Investigator: Masato Fukuda, Head, Office of Antarctic Observation, Observation Department, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Phone: +81-3-3211-8409 Email: antarctic@met.kishou.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Radiosonde/ Atmospheric pressure, Air temperature, Humidity, Wind speed, Wind direction
Link (URL): http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-TJM3-W: Ozone observations
Discipline: Meteorology
Principal Investigator: Masato Masato Fukuda, Head, Office of Antarctic Observation, Observation Department, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Phone: +81-3-3211-8409 Email: antarctic@met.kishou.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Total ozone, Umkehr, Surface ozone, Ozonesonde/Ozone amount, Atmospheric pressure
Link (URL): http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-TJM4-W: Radiation observation
Discipline: Meteorology
Principal Investigator: Masato Masato Fukuda, Head, Office of Antarctic Observation, Observation Department, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Phone: +81-3-3211-8409 Email: antarctic@met.kishou.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Global solar radiation, Direct solar radiation, Diffuse solar radiation, Composite global solar radiation, Downward longwave radiation, Downward total radiation, UV-B radiation, Reflected solar radiation Upward longwave radiation, Upward total radiation, Atmospheric turbidity Surface spectral ultraviolet radiation
Link (URL): http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-TJM5-W: Weather analysis
Discipline: Meteorology
Principal Investigator: Masato Fukuda, Head, Office of Antarctic Observation, Observation Department, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Phone: +81-3-3211-8409 Email: antarctic@met.kishou.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Weather Conditions
Link (URL): http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa
Project Name/Number: 8-TJM6-W: Another observation
Discipline: Meteorology
Principal Investigator: Masato Fukuda, Head, Office of Antarctic Observation, Observation Department, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) Phone: +81-3-3211-8409 Email: antarctic@met.kishou.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Weather robot observation
Link (URL): http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
S17
Project Name/Number: 8-TN1-WS: Ionospheric observations
Discipline: Ionospheric Research
Principal Investigator: Tsutomu Nagatsuma, Research Manager, Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology Phone: +81-42-327-6095 Email: tnagatsu@nict.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Ionospheric vertical sounding, GPS scintillarion monitoring
Link (URL): http://iono-syowa.nict.go.jp/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
SYO1
SYO2
Syowa
SYO3
Project Name/Number: 8-TN2-WS: Data acquisition for monitoring space weather conditions
Discipline: Space Weather
Principal Investigator: Tsutomu Nagatsuma, Research Manager, Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology Phone: +81-42-327-6095 Email: tnagatsu@nict.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: Data acuisition of ionospheric vertical sounding, GPS scintillation monitoring, magnetic field variations, and cosmic noise absorption
Link (URL): http://iono-syowa.nict.go.jp/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Syowa

Project Name/Number: 8-TN3-S: Mobile ionospheric observations
Discipline: Ionospheric Research
Principal Investigator: Tsutomu Nagatsuma, Research Manager, Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology Phone: +81-42-327-6095 Email: tnagatsu@nict.go.jp
Main Activity/ Remarks: The phase and field strength of LF standard time and frequency signals along cruise track of R/V Shirase
Link (URL): http://iono-syowa.nict.go.jp/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Along cruise track of R/V Shirase

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Syowa Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Syowa   Lat: 69º 00´ 25´´ S   Long: 39º 35´ 01´´ E  
Maximum Population: 130
Medical Facilities: Minimum required surgical operation facilities and dental emergency facilities are equipped. Two medical doctors stay at the station.
Remarks / Description: Location: Higashi-Ongul To (Island), Lützow-Holmbukta Elevation: 28.9m Established: January 29, 1957 Major Field Activities: Oversnow traverse to Dome Fuji Station / Biological and geophysical observations in Lützow-Holmbukta area

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: R/V Shirase
Country of Registry: Japan
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 179
Maximum Passengers: 80
Remarks:
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
06 Dec 2015 Fremantle, Australia 24 Mar 2016 Sydney, Australia Areas of Operation: Lützow-Holmbukta, Purpose: Transportation of cargo and personnel / Support of oceanographic and biological observations

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: CH-101
Category: Local helicopter flights
Period From: 23/12/2015
Period To: 17/02/2016
Remarks: transportation of cargo and personnel / support of field observations
Type: AS350BA
Category: Local helicopter flights
Period From: 24/12/2015
Period To: 14/02/2016
Remarks: support of field observations

Research Rockets Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Research Rockets
Location Launch: Site Name: Syowa   Lat: 69º 00´ 25´´ S   Long: 39º 35´ 01´´ E  
Date/Period/Frequency: 4 times, throughout the year
Direction: All directions, depending on wind
Max. Altitude: 30000
Impact Area: Within a radius of 100 km from the site
Type: Rubber balloon
Specifications: OPC (optical particle counter)
Purpose: Aerosol measurement
Project Title/Number: Study on the material cycle over the Southern Ocean and sea ice area by ship-born and balloon-born aerosol observations
Location Launch: Site Name: Syowa   Lat: 69º 00´ 25´´ S   Long: 39º 35´ 01´´ E  
Date/Period/Frequency: Twice daily, throughout the year
Direction: All directions, depending on wind
Max. Altitude: 30000
Impact Area: Within a radius of 200-300 km from the site
Type: Rubber balloon
Specifications: Radiosonde
Purpose: Aerological observation
Project Title/Number: Meteorological observations
Location Launch: Site Name: Syowa   Lat: 69º 00´ 25´´ S   Long: 39º 35´ 01´´ E  
Date/Period/Frequency: 1 to 2 times a week, throughout the year
Direction: All directions, depending on wind
Max. Altitude: 30000
Impact Area: Within a radius of 200-300 km from the site
Type: Rubber balloon
Specifications: ECC(Electrochemical Concentration Cell)Type Ozone sonde
Purpose: Ozone vertical profile measurement
Project Title/Number: Meteorological observations

Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: 57th Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions
Organization(s) responsible: Headquarters of the Japanese Antarctic Research
Activity: Construction (Constructions at Syowa station)
Topics: - Construction / operation of facilities
- Science
Locations: Site name: Syowa station
Latitude: 69 00´S
Latitude: 39 35´E
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed (No more than a minor or transitory impact)

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste Management Guide
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship: Station and Field
Objective: Management of field Wastes, Station Wastes
Implementation Report: Disposal of wastes in the stations and fields is implemented in accordance with Annex III of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty and the relevant national legislation. Sewage and gray water from summer accommodation are treated by non-biological method (Coagulation-Sedimentation Method), and Sewage and gray water from winter accommodation are treated by contact aeration process and the treated water is discharged into the sea. All the wastes are sorted and treated properly. Combustible wastes are disposed of by a two-stage incinerator. The ash is taken back to Japan. Wet food waste is treated by a dehydrating instrument. The residue is directly taken back to Japan or incinerated and its ash is also taken back to Japan. The other waste is taken back to Japan.
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Yutaka Katsuta
Job Title or Position: Head of Logistics Section, National Institute of Polar Research
Phone: +81-42-512-0779
Email: ykatsuta@nipr.ac.jp

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Management (Inventory of Past Activities)
Activity Type: Scientific observation
Location:
Site Name: Asuka   Lat71º 31´ 29´´ S   Long24º 07´ 50´´ E  
Description of Activity: Meteorological observations and used for a base station for glaciological observations in the Sør Rondane Mountains
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Five huts including diesel generators, communication antennas and a small wind turbine.
Activity Type: Scientific observation
Location:
Site Name: Mizuho   Lat70º 41´ 58´´ S   Long44º 16´ 52´´ E  
Description of Activity: Meteorological, glaciological observations and used for a relay station for inland traverses.
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Five huts including diesel generators, communication antennas and an observation tower.

Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

General Report