ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Australia
2008/2009 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: Science strategy, 2004/05-2008/09
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Details/Description: This strategy for Australia's future program of scientific research in Antarctica for the period 2004/05-2008/09 is designed to support the Australian Government's role in the Antarctic Treaty System and to enhance our influence in it. Environmental protection, knowledge of the part played by Antarctica in the global climate system, and an understanding of how biological organisms are adapted to the extreme environment and are reacting to change are the main strategic foci for research. A thorough external evaluation of Australia's Antarctic science program conducted in 2002/03, followed by widespread consultation with the science community has finalised this Science Strategy. Context With its claim to 42% of Antarctica, Australia has a heavy responsibility to contribute to the growing body of scientific knowledge about Antarctica. The advent of air transportation to, and within Antarctica has transformed how the research community views its future activities. Our future program of scientific research encourages and welcomes both strategically focussed and fundamental high-quality research across the disciplines, to maintain Australia's position as a significant and respected contributor to Antarctic research. Much of the research conducted involves Australia's participation in major international research programs. The quality of life for Australians in the 21st century and beyond will be determined by a range of factors, several of which have a global origin. Global climate change will inexorably affect Australia's weather and future climate, its fringing oceans and its diverse natural ecosystems. Better predictions of future change are needed if Australia is to meet the challenge of the next several decades. Antarctica and the high-latitude Southern Ocean are especially relevant to Australia because of their proximity and their influence on regional climate processes and because of the importance of the Southern Ocean to so much of our marine industries. The development of national policy to realise the opportunities and minimise the risks of future environmental change demands a high level of scientific understanding. Australia's Antarctic science program plays a significant role in advancing our understanding of how these global processes arise, how they interact with the natural environment and what their consequences might be.
Link (URL): http://www.aad.gov.au/MediaLibrary/asset/MediaItems/ml_381406578356481_ScienceStrategy.pdf
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: All Projects
Discipline: Ice, Ocean, Atmosphere and Climate; Southern Ocean Ecosystems; Environmental Protection and Change.
Principal Investigator: All Projects
Main Activity/ Remarks: Below is a link to all projects for 2008/09
Link (URL): http://cs-db.aad.gov.au/proms/public/publicStations.cfm?season=0809
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Casey
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Casey   Lat: 66°16´54´´S   Long: 110°31´39´´E  
Maximum Population: 88
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available.
Remarks / Description: Casey is on the west coast of Law Dome, an almost circular ice cap 200 km in diameter rising to a height of 1395 m, 110 km inland. The regularly traversed routes on Law Dome are mostly crevasse-free, the exceptions being the steep regions of the coast eat of Cape Folger; the Peterson Glacier; the inflow into the Vanderford Glacier; and the eastern coast of Sparkes Bay at the end of the Loken Moraine. In summer, melt streams and soft snow in the low areas between Loken Moraine and the coast often form hazards for vehicles. Beyond the moraine the surface is comparatively smooth and featureless, with patchy blue ice and snow for several kilometres, gradually changing to neve upon which small to medium sastrugi are encountered. At the southern (inland) edge of the Law Dome ice cape, the elevation drops to 600 m in a wide valley extending from the Totten Glacier to the Vanderford Glacier. South of this valley the plateau continues to rise gradually, reaching an altitude of some 3650 m as the Russian station Vostok is approached. It is a featureless plateau and navigational competence is essential. Although the average wind speed at Casey is 30 km/h, the weather can be deceptively calm. When the wind direction turns to the east, blizzards can set in with very little warning and rapidly reach wind speeds in excess of 150 km/h. These winds can last for several days. occur at any time of the year and can make travel hazardous. Keep a constant watch to the east; when the horizon becomes fuzzy you have less than 30 minutes to take shelter before a blow arrives. The direction of strong winds over the Law Dome area is usually easterly providing a constant sastrugi direction which is often an aid to navigation in bad weather. The inland plateau is characterised by frequent, persistent strong wind and drift, especially during winter months. Temperatures recorded in the station area range from +9.2°C (January) to -41°C (July). (construction commenced 1978)
Name: Davis
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Davis   Lat: 68°34´36´´S   Long: 77°58´03´´E  
Maximum Population: 91
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available.
Remarks / Description: Davis is on the edge of the Vestfold Hills, a triangular ice-free area approximately 400 km2 located on the coast of Princess Elizabeth Land. The hills are of low relief (maximum height 158 m) and are broken by valleys and penetrated deeply by fjords and lakes. They are bounded on two sides by the ice plateau and the Sorsdal Glacier. Numerous islands fringe the coast around Davis, up to 5 km offshore. Davis mean temperatures range from +2.9°C in January to -20.4°C in August, with recorded extremes of +13°C and -40°C. Long periods of relatively calm, fine conditions occur throughout the year. Winds are generally light; the yearly average is around 20 km/h. Violent winds and blizzards can commence with little warning, and gusts over 200 km/h have been recorded. At Platcha hut and other areas near the continental ice sheet, gale force (katabatic) winds regularly occur, even in otherwise fine weather. The effect diminishes significantly as distances of 5 km or more inland on the ice sheet are reached. Snow fall averages 78 mm/year, with the greater proportion of annual accumulation resulting from wind blown drift. Apart from several permanent ice banks, the hills are virtually snow free in summer and lightly covered in winter.
Name: Mawson
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Mawson   Lat: 67°36´10´´S   Long: 62°52´26´´E  
Maximum Population: 41
Medical Facilities: Doctor and surgery available.
Remarks / Description: Mawson Station is located on an isolated outcrop of rock on the coast, at the edge of the Antarctic plateau in Mac.Robertson Land. The plateau surface in the coastal region is mostly blue ice occasionally covered by light snow in winter and spring. The snow is deepest in valleys or on steep leeward slopes, while the higher ridges are invariably swept clear. Heavy melting occurs during summer and melt-water collects in well-defined streams and lakes. Although not necessarily deep they are a hazard to travellers, especially those in fast-moving transport. Further inland from the coast the surface is mainly snow or white ice with occasional blue ice patches. The mean annual windspeed at Mawson is almost 40 km/h although gusts measure well above 180 km/h. Sixteen kilometres inland the wind is much stronger. The winds usually increase after sunset and fall off around midday. Winds are predominantly south-easterly moving towards the west with the onset of bad weather. Mawson experiences long periods of fine weather broken at intervals by periods of high wind and heavy drifting snow. Temperatures range from 10°C to -36°C.
Name: Beaver Lake
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Beaver Lake   Lat: 70°47´34´´S   Long: 68°17´43´´E  
Maximum Population: 10
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive field medical kit only available during summer occupation.
Remarks / Description: Beaver Lake: established January 1995. Used to support Northern Prince Charles Mountains and Amery Ice Shelf operations. The Prince Charles Mountains (PCMs) includes all the mountain areas around by the Lambert Glacier and the Amery ice Shelf, in Mac. Robertson Land. There are numerous mountain ranges and nunataks varying between 1000 m and 3000 m in height. Beaver Lake Base is on the western side of Beaver Lake by the northern shore of Pagadroma George and was established in 1995. The continental ice sheet is highest in the west and east and falls into the trough of the Lambert. The topography within the northern region is variable. The Aramis and Porthos Ranges consist of sharp peaks, with sheer rock faces and large wind scours. In the area of the Beaver Lake and Mawson Escarpment there are mainly rounded mountains with rubble surfaces.
Operating Period: From: November To: February

Name: Cape Denison
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Cape Denison   Lat: 67º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 142º 40´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 8
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit during occupation.
Remarks / Description: Historic Site, ASPA 162, ASMA 3 and refuge Used intermittently to support field personnel carrying out repairs to the Mawson's huts over the summer period. Cape Denison juts northward into Commonwealth Bay in George V Land.
Operating Period: From: November To: January
Name: Edgeworth David Base (Bunger hills)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Edgeworth David Base (Bunger hills)   Lat: 66º 15´ 00´´ S   Long: 100º 36´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 8
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive field medical kit available during summer occupation for emergency use.
Remarks / Description: Approximately 440 km west of Casey and 85 km inland from the Shackleton Ice Shelf in the Bunger Hills region, Wilkes Land. Winds are generally easterly and can be particularly strong on the eastern side of the hills. The Denman and Scott Glaciers both generate strong katabatic winds due to the sharpness of their final descent to the coastal shelf ice. Permanent sea ice exists in many areas. However, the ice in tidal passages in the Thomas and Charnockite Island areas and in the north near the Highjump Archipelago are particularly liable to break up in late January and February. An area of permanent sea ice, 4000 m long and 2 m thick, suitable as a runway for large aircraft, can be found on the western side of the Bunger Hills beside Edgeworth David. A glacier blue ice runway area is located to the south at Grace Rocks on the Apfel Glacier. Established 1986.
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Law Racovita Base
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Law Racovita Base   Lat: 69º 23´ 00´´ S   Long: 76º 23´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 11
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive field medical kit available during summer occupation for emergency use.
Remarks / Description: In 2005 a 10 year Memorandum of Understanding was signed by Australia and Romania for joint use of this base. Used in summer by field personnel in support of scientists studying the formation of the Larsemanns and the lakes there. The Larsemann Hills are an ice-free area 110 km southwest of Davis in Princess Elizabeth Land. The hills are bounded in the east by the Dalk Glacier and in the west by the Polararboken Glacier. Numerous lakes and fjords and peninsulas dominate the area. Due to its proximity to the plateau, the area is subject to katabatic winds early in the day but has reliably fine afternoon weather. Law Base is walking distance to the Chinese station of Zhongshan and the Russian station of Progress. Australia has worked with China and the Russian Federation to draft a management plan, which would declare the region an ASMA.
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Wilkins Camp
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Wilkins Runway   Lat: 66°41´27.0´´S   Long: 11°31´43.6´´E  
Maximum Population: 8
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive field medical kit on site during summer occupation. Staff members are trained in first aid and crash rescue operations. A doctor is located at Casey.
Remarks / Description: Camp position will be within 2000m of this point. established Jan 2003 Upper Peterson Glacier, Wilkes Land. The camp (and Wilkins runway) is located on an ablation zone, 65km SE of Casey Station. Plant: dozers D7R & D7H; motor grader 14H; snow blowers x2; tracked tractors MT865B & 65B; loader 966G. Vehicles: Hagglunds BV-206, Skidoo, 4x4 utility. Wilkins Runways is Secondary Air Information Station (SAIS). Callsign: 'Wilkins Runway' International Marine VHF: Ch 10- aircraft operations Ch 8- aircraft alternate and camp operations HF, Airband VHF and Iridium available. Note: Casey Station, call sign 'VNJ Casey', is the Primary Air Information Station (PAIS) and monitors Airband 129.7 Mhz and 121.1 Mhz during periods of operation.
Operating Period: From: October To: March

Name: Ace Lake Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Ace Lake   Lat: 68°28´18´´S   Long: 78°11´16´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 2
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: The hut is temporarily moved to the sea ice near the Plough Is skiway for up to 2 months in summer, then returned to Ace lake. This refuge consists of 1 Apple type hut, and provides accommodation for 2 people. The hut is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. A radio is available at this location. Ace Lake Hut is located near the north-western extremity of Long Fjord, 0.5 hours by quad from Davis. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. Established Summer 2004/05 to support research projects at Ace Lake.
Name: Bandits Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Bandits Bluff   Lat: 68°25´18´´S   Long: 78°23´05´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit
Remarks / Description: Accommodates 4 people, is equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. Bandits Hut is located on a small island at the entrance of Tryne Fjord, 3.5 hours by quad from Davis via Long Fjord and Tryne Fjord. It is located on the north-west side of Tryne Fjord. This hut is the furthest away from Davis (around 29 kilometres to the north-east) and can only be accessed via sea-ice or by helicopter. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 4 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. Established in 1983. Used in summer to support seal research field personnel, and for recreation.
Name: Bechervaise Island Huts
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Bechervaise Island Huts   Lat: 67º 35´ 02´´ S   Long: 62º 48´ 04´´ E  
Accommodation Capacity: 5
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit available.
Remarks / Description: Used to support penguin research on Bechervaise Island. Accommodates 5 people (one Apple hut, 2 Googie huts and a storage shed). Contains food, fuel, cooking, heating and laboratory facilities. It is fully fitted out with equipment for five researchers and also has a radio telephone and internet access. Each hut has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents.
Name: Brookes Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Brookes Refuge   Lat: 68º 36´ 06´´ S   Long: 78º 11´ 05´´ E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Accommodates 4 people, is equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. Brookes Hut is located on the shore of Shirokaya Bay, a 3 hour walk from Davis. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. Established 1972. Used in summer as a depot for seal and lake research, and for recreation.

Name: Browning Peninsula Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Browning Peninsula   Lat: 66°28´10´´S   Long: 110°33´00´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit
Remarks / Description: It is a custom-built sled-mounted hut made from AANBUS panel and accommodates 4 people, equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents. Shelter and a cache of food and fuel is at Ford Island enroute. Used in summer to support field personnel, and for recreation. The Browning Peninsula Refuge is 21 km due south of Casey station. The 69 km inland route for all vehicles is via Lanyon Junction to Haupt Nunatak, then west onto the peninsula. The final approaches from Haupt to the peninsula are prone to severe melting between December and March; beware of deep melt streams and lakes which may have a thin surface layer of ice. Vehicles may become bogged or stuck; deadmen, planks and winches must be carried. Browning Peninsula may be accessible across the sea ice from Robinson's Ridge during winter, and depends upon prior measurement of the ice thickness.
Name: Colbeck Hut
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Colbeck Archipelago   Lat: 67°24´51´´S   Long: 61°00´18´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Colbeck Hut is located 100 km west of Mawson and 5 km north-east of Taylor Glacier on an island in the Colbeck Archipelago. Established in 1988. It is used as shelter for visitors to the Taylor Glacier area, including to monitor the Taylor Glacier emperor penguin colony in ASPA 101. It can only be accessed over fast ice or via rotary wing aircraft. Accommodates four persons. It contains food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG).
Name: Crooked Lake Refuge and Boulder Tent Depot
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Crooked Lake   Lat: 68°37´01´´S   Long: 78°22´55´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 2
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: A refuge is located on the Crooked Lake side of the cross over from Druzhby Lake and a tent depot is situated at the eastern extreme of Crooked Lake at the base of Boulder Hill. Crooked Lake is a 6 hour walk or 2 hour quad journey from Davis. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. An Apple hut (accommodates 2) is located at the crossover. The hut is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities. No radio equipment present. A tent depot is located at the base of Boulder Hill. The tent depot accommodates 2 people, is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities. Used in summer to support field personnel.
Name: Fang Hut
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Fang Peak   Lat: 67°47´41´´S   Long: 62°35´04´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Fank Peak shelter is situated at the eastern foot of Fang Peak at the northern end of the range, approximately 26 km south-west of Mawson. It is used as shelter for visitors to the David Range. Although it has been used by geologists, its main usage is recreational visits and field training. Established 1982 it accommodates four persons. It contains food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG).

Name: Jack´s Donga
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Jack's Donga   Lat: 66º 13´ 07´´ S   Long: 110º 39´ 02´´ E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit
Remarks / Description: The hut is a decommissioned 'Freighter' sled-mounted traverse van. It accommodates 4 people, equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents. Jack's Donga is on the northern end of the moraine line 9 km directly north-east from Casey station. The 15 km caned access route for any type of vehicle is along the eastern side of the Loken Moraine. Established 1972. Used throughout the year to support field personnel, and for recreation.
Name: Ledingham Depot
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Ledingham Depot   Lat: 67º 22´ 00´´ S   Long: 59º 27´ 09´´ E  
Accommodation Capacity: 3
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit available during occupation only.
Remarks / Description: Ledingham depot is situated in the Stillwell Hills. Established in 1984 to support science programs. 1 Melon hut and variable fuel depending on programs in the area. Restocked in 2004. ATK
Name: Macey Hut
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Macey Islands   Lat: 67°26´21´´S   Long: 63°49´09´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Macey is located 47 km north-east of Mawson in the eastern part of the Robinson Group. It is accessible only when sea ice is present. Accommodates four persons. It contains food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG). Established in 1971. It is a shelter for visitors to the Auster emperor penguin colony, a further 6 to 9 km to the east, on fast ice.
Name: Marine Plain Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Marine Plain Refuge   Lat: 68º 36´ 09´´ S   Long: 78º 06´ 05´´ E  
Accommodation Capacity: 5
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Accommodates 5 people, is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. No radio equipment present. Used as an emergency refuge or specifically to support field persons working in the protected site, ASPA 143 (Marine Plain). There are 2 Apples and 1 Melon just outside the boundary of the Marine Plain ASPA. From Davis it takes 1.5 hours on foot (4 hours if Ellis Fjord has melted), or 30 minutes by small vehicle. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station.

Name: Mt Henderson Hut
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Henderson, Mount   Lat: 67°42´03´´S   Long: 63°03´23´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Mount Henderson hut is located 15 km south of Mawson. It is situated on the western ridge, below the main peak. Accommodates four persons. It contains food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG). Established in 1978. It is a shelter for visitors to the Mount Henderson area and is presently used for recreational visits and field training.
Name: Peterson Island Emergency Shelter
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Peterson Island   Lat: 66°28´00´´S   Long: 110°30´00´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit
Remarks / Description: Used as emergency shelter only. A 'Melon' hut offering spartan accommodation for four, equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents. Petersen Island Emergency Shelter is located on the northern end of Petersen Island, 21 km south of Casey station, Wilkes Land.
Name: Platcha Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Platcha   Lat: 68°30´42´´S   Long: 78°30´44´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: This refuge consists of 2 huts. The main hut provides accommodation for 4 people. The hut is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. A radio is available at this location. Platcha Hut is located near the eastern extremity of Long Fjord, 12 hours by foot or 1.0-1.5 hours by quad from Davis. At Platcha hut and other areas near the continental ice sheet, gale force (katabatic) winds regularly occur, even in otherwise fine weather. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. First hut established in April-May 1961. Second hut established in 1982. It is used for access to the plateau. Also used as a base for field training, and for recreation.
Name: Rauer Islands Filla Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Filla Island   Lat: 68°48´29´´S   Long: 77°51´23´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 2
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit available during summer occupation.
Remarks / Description: Rauer Islands Filla Refuge is located on Filla Island. Accommodation for 2 people. Established 1999 to support field personnel in summer

Name: Rauer Islands Hop Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Hop Island   Lat: 68°49´43´´S   Long: 77°42´08´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 5
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit available during summer occupation.
Remarks / Description: Rauer Islands Hop Refuge is located on Hop Island. Accommodates up to 5 people. This site consists of a Smartie (3 people) and one Apple hut (2 people). The huts are equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities. ATK Established 1990. Used in summer to support field personnel.
Name: Robinson Ridge Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Robinson Ridge   Lat: 66°22´08´´S   Long: 110°35´40´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit
Remarks / Description: A rebuilt old-Casey building mounted on skids. It accommodates 4 people, equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents. Robinson's Ridge Refuge is located 10 km due south of Casey station. The 15 km caned route for any type of vehicle is initially along the western edge of the Loken Moraine for approximately 4 km and then through the gap to the eastern side of the moraine for the last 6 km. Travellers must keep well clear of the dangerously crevassed area at the southern end of the moraine line on the shores of Sparkes Bay, turning west for the final approach from the Kros Moraine. Established 1988. Used in summer to support field personnel, and for recreation.
Name: Rookery Lake Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Rookery Lake   Lat: 68°29´53´´S   Long: 78°04´23´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 2
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Used as an emergency refuge and in summer by field personnel in support of monitoring programs on Adelie penguins. Accommodates 2 people (Apple hut), is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. No radio equipment present. Rookery Lake hut is located at the western end of Long Peninsula, Vestfold Hills.
Name: Rumdoodle Hut
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Rumdoodle Lake   Lat: 67°46´08´´S   Long: 62°49´01´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 5
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Rumdoodle is located 18.5 km south of Mawson. The shelter is known as 'Maxine's' and is situated at the western foot of the range, approximately 2 km from its northern end. Accommodates five persons. It contains food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG). It is used as shelter for visitors to the North Masson Range. Although it has been used for snow petrel research, its main usage is for recreational visits and field training.

Name: Scullin Monolith Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Scullin Monolith   Lat: 67°47´00´´S   Long: 66°42´00´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 2
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive field first aid kit during occupation.
Remarks / Description: The Scullin Monolith shelter is located approximately 180 km east of Mawson. It is not usually accessible overland from the station but is resupplied and checked from vessels offshore or by helicopter. Established in 1988. It is used as a depot in support of summer field programs in ASPA 164. Accommodates two persons (Apple hut). It contains food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG). ATK
Name: Trajer Ridge Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Trajer Ridge   Lat: 68°33´39´´S   Long: 78°30´00´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 3
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Accommodates 3 people (Melon hut), is equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. Trajer Ridge hut is about 24 kms from Davis Station and is at least a 12 hour walk from Davis or 1.5 - 2 hour quad trip. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. Established 1988. Used as a emergency refuge and due to be replaced.
Name: Watts Lake Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Watts Lake   Lat: 68°36´12´´S   Long: 78°13´10´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 4
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit.
Remarks / Description: Accommodates 4 people, is equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut's fittings and contents. Watt's Lake Hut is located at the eastern end of Ellis Fjord, a 3 hour walk from Davis. Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. Used in summer by field personnel in support of biological programs in the Fjord and nearby lakes, and for recreation.
Name: Wilkes 'Hilton' Refuge
Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Wilkes   Lat: 66°15´26´´S   Long: 110°31´32´´E  
Accommodation Capacity: 6
Medical Facilities: Comprehensive first aid kit
Remarks / Description: It is a decommissioned Wilkes transmitter building. It accommodates six in bunks, with space for an additional four, equipped with a radio, food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents. Wilkes Refuge is located in the old transmitter hut within the Wilkes station complex, on the Clark Peninsula approximately 3 km due north of Casey station. Any form of vehicle may be used to reach Wilkes via the caned overland route (7 km). The route is subject to heavy melting and wash-aways during the summer months and may then be impassable to vehicles. Access to Wilkes by quad, foot or ski in winter requires good sea ice if you intend to cross Newcomb Bay. Established 1962. Used throughout the year to support field personnel, and for recreation.

Name: Casey Area emergency depots
Type: Other
Location:
Site Name:    Lat:    Long:   
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: To assist field parties in an emergency or to facilitate long-distance journeys, depots of fuel, food, and equipment have been placed at: - the receive site hut (GR 648.05/477.75 of Casey Station Local Area Map), - Shirley Island at (GR 648.5/477 of Casey Station Local Area Map). Provision caches can also be found at: - Thompson Is in the Balaena group, 40km north of Casey. This cache has not been visited for some time. It is recommended that if and when it is ever visited again, that it should be removed. - Ford Is in Penney Bay, 14km south of Casey.

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Amderma
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 22
Maximum Passengers: 25
Remarks:
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
18 Jan 2009 Hobart 06 Mar 2009 Hobart Resupply
Name: Aurora Australis
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages: 4
Maximum Crew: 27
Maximum Passengers: 116
Remarks:
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
12 Oct 2008 Hobart 21 Nov 2008 Hobart personnel changeover, resupply, marine science
23 Nov 2008 Hobart 27 Dec 2008 Fremantle personnel changeover
30 Dec 2008 Fremantle 21 Feb 2009 Hobart Japanese resupply, personnel changeover and marine science
24 Feb 2009 Hobart 28 Mar 2009 Hobart personnel changeover, resupply

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Airbus A319
Category:
Period From: 01/01/2009
Period To: 18/02/2009
Remarks: Hobart Casey Airlink Flight schedule: http://its-db.aad.gov.au/proms/public/schedules/flight.cfm?season=0809
Type: CASA 212E
Category:
Period From: 15/10/2008
Period To: 06/02/2009
Remarks: Intra continental logistic and science flights Flight schedule: http://its-db.aad.gov.au/proms/public/schedules/flight.cfm?season=0809
Type: S76A/S76A+
Category:
Period From: 03/11/2008
Period To: 06/12/2008
Remarks: Intra-continential science and logistical support Flight schedule: http://its-db.aad.gov.au/proms/public/schedules/flight.cfm?season=0809

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: Martin Levey, LTCOL, Australian Army, Psychologist; Greg Coman, LTCOL, Australian Army, Psychologist; Peter Murphy, COL, Australian Army, Psychologist; Laura Sinclair, MAJ, Australian Army, Psychologist; TBA, TBA, Australian Navy, Forecaster;
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: Psychologists and Forecasters do not carry Armaments.
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: The Customs and Fisheries Patrol vessel the Oceanic Viking, as part of its Heard Island fisheries enforcement patrols, carries personal protection equipment for its officers on board.
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: Mawson Station: One pistol in display cabinet (inoperable - bolt welded in place)

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: Aurora Expeditions
Contact Address: level 2, 35 Buckingham Street, Surrey Hills, NSW 2010
Email Address: auroraex@auroraexpeditions.com.au
Website Address: www.auroraexpeditions.com.au
Name of Vessel: Polar Pioneer
Country of Registry: Russia
Number of Voyages: 10 
Maximum Crew: 24
Maximum Passengers: 56
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
10 Nov 2008 Ushuaia 18 Nov 2008 Ushuaia
28 Nov 2008 Ushuaia 08 Dec 2008 Ushuaia
08 Dec 2008 Ushuaia 19 Dec 2008 Ushuaia
19 Dec 2008 Ushuaia 29 Dec 2008 Ushuaia
29 Dec 2008 Ushuaia 08 Jan 2009 Ushuaia
06 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 26 Jan 2009 Ushuaia
26 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 06 Feb 2009 Ushuaia
06 Feb 2009 Ushuaia 17 Feb 2009 Ushuaia
17 Feb 2009 Ushuaia 28 Feb 2009 Ushuaia
28 Feb 2009 Ushuaia 19 Mar 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Aurora Expeditions
Contact Address: level 2, 35 Buckingham Street, Surrey Hills, NSW 2010
Email Address: auroraex@auroraexpeditions.com.au
Website Address: www.auroraexpeditions.com.au
Name of Vessel: Marina Svetaeva
Country of Registry: Russia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 40
Maximum Passengers: 100
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
12 Dec 2008 Hobart, Australia 07 Jan 2009 Hobart, Australia
08 Jan 2009 Hobart, Australia 02 Feb 2009 Bluff, NZ
03 Feb 2009 Bluff, NZ 28 Feb 2009 Hobart, Australia

Operator:
Name: Ben Wallis
Contact Address:
Email Address: ben@ocean-expeditions.com
Website Address: www.ocean-expditions.com
Name of Vessel: Philos
Country of Registry: Australia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 2
Maximum Passengers: 10
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
01 Dec 2008 Ushuaia 31 Dec 2008 Ushuaia
08 Feb 2009 Ushuaia 05 Mar 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Ben Wallis
Contact Address:
Email Address: ben@ocean-expeditions.com
Website Address: www.ocean-expditions.com
Name of Vessel: Australis
Country of Registry: Australia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 9
Remarks: Two trips to be undertaken from Ushuaia
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
10 Nov 2008 Ushuaia 28 Dec 2008 Ushuaia
05 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 03 Feb 2009 Ushuaia
10 Feb 2009 Ushuaia 01 Mar 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Darrel Day
Contact Address:
Email Address: darrelday@spiritofsydney.net
Website Address: N/A
Name of Vessel: Spirit of Sydney
Country of Registry: Australia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 8
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
04 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 30 Jan 2009 Ushuaia
04 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 30 Jan 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Don McIntyre
Contact Address: PO Box 547, Kingston Tas 7050
Email Address: jkatz@orioncruises.com.au
Website Address: www.orioncruises.com.au
Name of Vessel: MV Orion
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 65
Maximum Passengers: 106
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
11 Dec 2008 Bluff, NZ 27 Dec 2008 Hobart, Australia
27 Dec 2008 Hobart, Australia 08 Jan 2009 Bluff, NZ

Operator:
Name: Jordan Mowbray
Contact Address: 14 Evans Street, Belmont, NSW, Australia, 2280
Email Address: jordan@jordanmowbray.com
Website Address: www.tonymowbray.com.au
Name of Vessel: Commitment
Country of Registry: Australia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 8
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
15 Dec 2008 Ushuaia 06 Jan 2009 Ushuaia
13 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 04 Feb 2009 Ushuaia
11 Feb 2009 Ushuaia 05 Mar 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Rodney Russ
Contact Address: 53b Montreal st, Christchurch, NZ
Email Address: info@heritage-expeditions.co.nz
Website Address: www.heritage-expeditions.com
Name of Vessel: Spirit of Enderby
Country of Registry: Russia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 8
Maximum Passengers: 24
Remarks: Heritage are making one visit to Mawson's Huts under a permit granted by the AAD
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
09 Dec 2008 Bluff, NZ 03 Jan 2009 Bluff, NZ

Operator:
Name: Sarsen
Contact Address: PO Box 144, North Beach, WA 6020
Email Address: leanne@sarsen.com.au
Website Address: www.sarsen.com.au
Name of Vessel: Sarsen
Country of Registry: St Vincents & Grenadines
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 25
Maximum Passengers: 12
Remarks: Only one voayge was undertaken this season
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
16 Dec 2008 Ushuaia 28 Dec 2008 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Stuart Richard Sugden
Contact Address: 27 Thorn Street Pennant Hills New South Wales 2120 Australia
Email Address: stuartsugden@hotmail.com
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Vlarkvark
Country of Registry: Australia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers: 5
Remarks: Private yacht voyage
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
20 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 20 Feb 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Unique Frontiers
Contact Address: PO Box 2120, Hawthron Vic 3122
Email Address: pjbland@uniquefrontiers.com
Website Address: www.uniquefrontiers.com
Name of Vessel: Professor Multanovskiy
Country of Registry: Russia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 20
Maximum Passengers: 53
Remarks: Ship is being subchartered from Ocean Expeditions
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
24 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 04 Feb 2009 Ushuaia

Operator:
Name: Xplore Expeditions
Contact Address: 102 Flinders St, Beauty Point, Tas 7270
Email Address: stephenwilkins@hotmail.com
Website Address: www.xplore-expeditions.com
Name of Vessel: Xplore
Country of Registry: Australia
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 10
Remarks: Xplore carries a maximum of 12 people including passengers - of this there is an experienced Expedition leader and a minimum of 1 to 2 crew members of who at least 1 has experience in polar regions.
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
15 Jan 2009 Ushuaia 15 Feb 2009 Ushuaia

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: Implementation and operation of an ongoing air transport system including intercontinental flights between the Australian and Antarctic continents and intra-continental flights between Antarctic stations
Organization(s) responsible: Australian Antarctic Division
Activity: Air Transport System
Topics: - Air facilities: construction / operations
Locations: Site name: Casey station
Latitude: 66° 16´ 54.5´´ S
Latitude: 110° 31´ 39.4´´ E
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Proceed - no more than a minor or transitory impact
Type: IEE
Title: Upgrade of organic waste management equipment, procedures and associated infrastructure at Australia's Antarctic stations
Organization(s) responsible:
Activity: Construction of upgraded organic waste systems
Topics: - Construction / operation of facilities
- Waste management
Locations: Site name: Casey Station, East Antarctica
Latitude:
Latitude:
Site name: Davis station
Latitude: 68° 34´ 35.8´´ S
Latitude: 77° 58´ 02.6´´ E
Site name: Mawson Station, Mac.Robertson Land
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: The activity was authorised by the AAD's Director on 22 September 2008 as being minor or transitory.

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Monitoring and follow-up Activities)
Name of Activity: Monitoring Intercontinental Airlink
Location:
Site Name:       Long:   
Procedures put in Place: Monitoring air, snow, algae for contaminants pre and post introduction of intercontinal airlink at Wilkins near Casey
Information Obtained:
Actions Taken:
Related EIA:
Year 0   Title

Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Environmental Information - Conservation of Fauna and Flora
Permit Number: ATEP08091252
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Dec 2008   Date end:  01 Mar 2009
Species: Aptenodytes forsteri
Location:
Site Name: Marambio, isla   Lat: 64°18´S   Long: 56°50´W  
Action: Taking
Taking: Handle
Amount: 30
Purpose: scientific weighing and tracker deployment on up to 20
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks: Extension of project to Snow Hill in conjunction with Argentina No activities were undertaken under this permit.
Event or Project Name/Number: 1252
Permit Number: ATEP07092954
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Feb 2008   Date end:  01 Feb 2009
Species: Aptenodytes forsteri
Location:
Site Name: Auster Rookery   Lat: 67°23´46´´S   Long: 63°57´03´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Handle
Amount: 680
Purpose: collect samples to determine disease status
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks:
Event or Project Name/Number: 2954
Permit Number: ATEP08092971
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Dec 2008   Date end:  12 Dec 2009
Species: Bird and seal
Location:
Site Name: Antarctica   Lat: 90°00´S   Long: 00°00´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Handle
Amount: 100
Purpose: collection of samples from dead animals
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks: No interferrence permitted with live animals. No samples taken under this permit.
Event or Project Name/Number: 2971

Permit Number: ATEP08093070
Permit Period: Date begin:  20 Nov 2008   Date end:  20 Mar 2009
Species: Leptonychotes weddellii
Location:
Site Name: Windmill Islands   Lat: 66°21´00´´S   Long: 110°25´00´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Molest
Amount: 25
Purpose: collect scientific swabs in conjunction with another project
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks: 25 blood samples permitted but not taken, 2 swabs taken
Event or Project Name/Number: 3070
Permit Number: ATEP08092794
Permit Period: Date begin:  10 Nov 2008   Date end:  20 Mar 2009
Species: Leptonychotes weddellii, Mirounga leonina
Location:
Site Name: Casey   Lat: 66°16´54´´S   Long: 110°31´39´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Handle
Amount: 55
Purpose: scientific resighting and tagging
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks:
Event or Project Name/Number: 2794
Permit Number: ATEP08092753CASEY
Permit Period: Date begin:  10 Nov 2008   Date end:  20 Mar 2009
Species: Leptonychotes weddellii, Mirounga leonina
Location:
Site Name: Casey   Lat: 66°16´54´´S   Long: 110°31´39´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Handle
Amount: 100
Purpose: scientific collection and study
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks:
Event or Project Name/Number: 2753

Permit Number: ATEP08092152
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Nov 2008   Date end:  01 Apr 2009
Species: Mosses and Liverworts
Location:
Site Name: Clark Peninsula   Lat: 66°15´14´´S   Long: 110°33´48´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Plant Damage
Plant Removal
Amount: 370 samples 2cm
Purpose: scientific collection and study
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks: ASPA 136, ASPA 135, Casey, Davis and the Vestfold hills
Event or Project Name/Number: 2152
Permit Number: ATEP08092722
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Oct 2008   Date end:  20 Mar 2009
Species: Pygoscelis adeliae
Location:
Site Name: Mawson   Lat: 67°36´10´´S   Long: 62°52´26´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Handle
Amount: 450
Purpose: scientific tagging, weighing and up to 25 radiotransmitters
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks: Permit also includes counting other bird species and ASPA entry Actual numbers - 269 tagged, 24 radiotransmitters
Event or Project Name/Number: 2722
Permit Number: ATEP08092926
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Nov 2008   Date end:  01 Feb 2009
Species: Pygoscelis adeliae
Location:
Site Name: Clark Peninsula   Lat: 66°15´14´´S   Long: 110°33´48´´E  
Action: Taking
Taking: Molest
Amount:
Purpose: Collection of dropped faecal matter
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks:
Event or Project Name/Number: 2926

Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Station & Field Waste Management Guide
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report:
Title: Asbestos Management Plan: Australian Antarctic Territory and Macquarie Island
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Plan reviewed annually
Link (URL): http://intranet.aad.gov.au/files/operations/engineering/engineering_instructions/Asbestos_management_plan_mt_final_Aug08.doc
Title: Environmental Audit: Self Assessment for Stations: Waste Generation
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Procedure to review waste management operations

Title: Operations Manual: Volume 4: Shipping Standard Operating Procedures
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Reviewed Annually
Link (URL): http://intranet.aad.gov.au/files/operations/Manuals/Operations_Manual_2009/Vol_4_Shipping_SOPs/Vol_4_Shipping_SOPs_11sep08_ar.pdf
Title: Waste Management Guide for Medical
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Reviewed biannually
Link (URL): http://intranet.aad.gov.au/files/policy/environment/manuals_procedures/PMUG_med_waste_mx_curr_2007_2009.pdf
Title: AAD web page information on waste management:
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=755

Title: Expeditioner Handbook
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report: Contains the 'Environmental Code for Participants in Australias Antarctic Programme' including waste procedures
Title: Operations Manual: Volume 1: Station & Field Standard Operating Procedures
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective:
Implementation Report:
Title: AAD Field Manual
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship:
Objective: Management of field waste
Implementation Report:

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Management (Inventory of Past Activities)
Activity Type: Huts and camps
Location:
Site Name: Law Racovita Base   Lat69º 23´ 00´´ S   Long76º 23´ 00´´ E  
Description of Activity: Summer field station for scientific research now shared with Romania
Period of Activity: Date begin:  05 Feb 1986   Date end:  05 Feb 1986
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: The base is located on the eastern peninsula and comprises 0ne Apple huts, three Melon huts, a large prefabricated hut and a small metal shed.
Activity Type: Huts and camps
Location:
Site Name: Commonwealth Bay   Lat67°00´00´´S   Long142°30´00´´E  
Description of Activity: Hut to support the 1911-14 Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Mawson
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Jan 1911   Date end:  01 Jan 1911
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: 2 Historic Huts and various heritage listed items. A refuge hut and laboratory to support current heritage management summer visits to the site.
Activity Type: Huts and camps
Location:
Site Name: Beaver Lake   Lat70°47´34´´S   Long68°17´43´´E  
Description of Activity: Field camp for scientific research
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Jan 1995   Date end:  01 Jan 1995
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: 4 Apple huts and camping gear for 10 people. Some field rations.
Activity Type: Huts and camps
Location:
Site Name: Edgeworth David Base (Bunger hills)   Lat66º 15´ 00´´ S   Long100º 36´ 00´´ E  
Description of Activity: Summer Base to support science
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Ongoing use

Activity Type: Scientific observation
Location:
Site Name: Law Dome   Lat66°44´00´´S   Long112°50´00´´E  
Description of Activity: Glaciology research site using temporary field camps and traverse vehicles
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: AWS
Activity Type: Scientific observation
Location:
Site Name: S2   Lat66º 29´ 00´´ S   Long122º 13´ 00´´ E  
Description of Activity: Glaciology research site
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Jan 1957   Date end:  01 Jan 1966
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: S2 consisted of a 'Jamesway' hut, generator, storage, and snow laboratory all dug in the snow, joined with a roofed trench and then covered over with snow, and a shaft which they dug down into the ice, 36m deep. Over the years the snow has covered it all. But each year expeditioners returned and dug it out to do more experiments and take more ice samples. When they finally closed the site (around 1966) they were living in an underground ice cave/tunnel, the hut and all, buried. Now there is a 15m deep shaft to the original dwelling which consists of a tunnel joining the hut and the 36m shaft.
Activity Type: Fuel depot
Location:
Site Name: Mawson Escarpment Two Dogs Depot   Lat72º 31´ 00´´ S   Long68º 19´ 00´´ E  
Description of Activity: Fuel depot for helicopters
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end:  01 Jan 1997
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Drums of ATK
Activity Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Scullin Monolith   Lat67°47´00´´S   Long66°42´00´´E  
Description of Activity: Refuge in support of science
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Apple hut

Activity Type: Refuge
Location:
Site Name: Colbeck Archipelago   Lat67°24´51´´S   Long61°00´18´´E  
Description of Activity: Field Refuge
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Ongoing
Activity Type: Runway
Location:
Site Name: Airstrip 2 - Casey   Lat66º 16´ 31´´ S   Long110º 47´ 52´´ E  
Description of Activity: Intracontinental Runway
Period of Activity: Date begin:     Date end: 
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Ongoing use, fuel depot
Activity Type: Runway
Location:
Site Name: Wilkins Runway   Lat66°41´27.0´´S   Long11°31´43.6´´E  
Description of Activity: Intercontinental runway
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Jan 2006   Date end:  01 Jan 2006
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: All equipment and facilities are mobile.
Activity Type: Station
Location:
Site Name: Casey   Lat66°16´54´´S   Long110°31´39´´E  
Description of Activity: Wintering station supporting scientific activities
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Dec 1988   Date end:  01 Dec 1988
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Current Operational Station

Activity Type: Station
Location:
Site Name: Davis   Lat68°34´36´´S   Long77°58´03´´E  
Description of Activity: Wintering station supporting scientific activities
Period of Activity: Date begin:  13 Jan 1957   Date end:  13 Jan 1957
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Current Station
Activity Type: Station
Location:
Site Name: Wilkes   Lat66°15´26´´S   Long110°31´32´´E  
Description of Activity: Abandoned Research Station
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Jan 1958   Date end:  01 Jan 1962
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Numerous buildings and equipment, much of which is ice covered.
Activity Type: Station
Location:
Site Name: Casey tunnel   Lat66º 28´ 00´´ S   Long110º 53´ 00´´ E  
Description of Activity: Wintering research station
Period of Activity: Date begin:  01 Jan 1962   Date end:  01 Jan 1962
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Majority of facilities removed except a couple buildings that are in use in conjunction with the current Casey Station
Activity Type: Station
Location:
Site Name: Mawson   Lat67°36´10´´S   Long62°52´26´´E  
Description of Activity: Wintering station supporting scientific activities
Period of Activity: Date begin:  13 Feb 1954   Date end:  13 Feb 1954
Remaining Equipment or Facilities: Ongoing

Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  101    Name:  Taylor Rookery, Mac. Robertson Land (More Details)
Permit Number: ATEP08090484MAWSON
Number of people: Permitted to enter  2   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  15 Jun 2008   To:  25 Dec 2008
Purpose: Emperor Penguin colony census photography
Summary of activities: entry restricted to 2 persons at a time, more than 2 may visit.
Event or project name/number: AAS484 Population estimates of emperor penguins, Mawson coast, Antarctica.
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  102    Name:  Rookery Islands, Holme Bay, Mac. Robertson Land (More Details)
Permit Number: ATEP08092722
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Oct 2008   To:  20 Mar 2009
Purpose: Bird survey.
Summary of activities: entry restricted to 4 persons at a time, more may enter in total. visited 2 times - 3 people then 4 people - 5 different people
Event or project name/number: AAS2722 Predator research survey and monitoring in support of CCAMLR's management of the krill fish
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  135    Name:  North-east Bailey Peninsula, Budd Coast, Wilkes Land (More Details)
Permit Number: ATEP08092152
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2008   To:  01 Apr 2009
Purpose: Study of vegetation
Summary of activities: 4 people permitted to enter at a time, more than 4 may enter in total.
Event or project name/number: AAS2152 Conservation of plant biodiversity in Antarctica – a genetic approach
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  136    Name:  Clark Peninsula, Budd Coast, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: ATEP08092152
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2008   To:  01 Apr 2009
Purpose: Study of vegetation
Summary of activities: entry restricted to 4 at a time, more may enter in total.
Event or project name/number: AAS2152 Conservation of plant biodiversity in Antarctica – a genetic approach

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  136    Name:  Clark Peninsula, Budd Coast, Wilkes Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: ATEP08092926
Number of people: Permitted to enter  4   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2008   To:  01 Feb 2009
Purpose: Study of penguin faeces. AAS 2926 Molecular ecology of key Southern Ocean predators
Summary of activities: entry restricted to 4 persons at a time, more may enter in total.
Event or project name/number: AAS 2926
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  162    Name:  Mawson’s Huts, Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, George V Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 08-09-Aurora Expeditions
Number of people: Permitted to enter  100   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2008   To:  31 Jan 2009
Purpose: Tourism visit to Mawson's Huts historic site
Summary of activities: Day visit involving sightseeing only
Event or project name/number:
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  162    Name:  Mawson’s Huts, Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, George V Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 08-09-Bremen
Number of people: Permitted to enter  141   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  20 Dec 2008   To:  31 Jan 2009
Purpose: Tourism visit to Mawson's Huts historic site
Summary of activities: Day trip involving sightseeing only
Event or project name/number:
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  162    Name:  Mawson’s Huts, Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, George V Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 08-09-Heritage Expedition
Number of people: Permitted to enter  50   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2008   To:  31 Dec 2008
Purpose: Tourism visit to Mawson's Huts historic site
Summary of activities: Day visit involving sightseeing only
Event or project name/number:

ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  162    Name:  Mawson’s Huts, Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, George V Land, East Antarctica (More Details)
Permit Number: 08-09-Orion
Number of people: Permitted to enter  100   That actually entered: 
Permit Period: From:  11 Dec 2008   To:  28 Feb 2009
Purpose: Tourism visit to Mawson's Huts historic site
Summary of activities: Day trip involving sightseeing only.
Event or project name/number:

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report