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Party: Germany
2015/2016 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: Active long-term measurements of the tropospheric halogen chemistry at Neumayer Acronym: HALOGON (Halogen chemistry Long-term Observations at Neumayer)
Discipline: polar atmosphere
Principal Investigator: Dr. Udo Frieß (Uni Heidelberg)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Key part of this project was the installation of an additional Long-Path DOAS instrument for continuous autonomous measurements at Neumayer to investigate diurnal and seasonal variations in the halogen chemistry. While the MAX-DOAS instrument requires sunlight for operation, this new instrument uses an own light source and thus allows continuous measurements during the whole year including Polar winter. This, for the first time, will give insight in the complete diurnal and seasonal variations of the halogen chemistry at Neumayer. The different components of the instrument were set up on the trace gas observatory of Neumayer III station and in the immediate vicinity of the station (<1,5 km) from December 26th until January 10th.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Jan 2016   To:  31 Dec 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III
Project Name/Number: AMAK (Aerosol Measurements At Kohnen)
Discipline: atmosphere
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rolf Weller (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The recent AMAK activities are the successor of a project with the same name successfully conducted at Kohnen last summer campaign (between 14 January and 4 February 2015). The main objective of AMAK in general is to initiate a periodic intensive aerosol measuring program during summer campaigns at the EPICA drilling site in Dronning Maud Land (Kohnen Station, 75°00'S, 0°04'E). The measurements of our actual campaign started at 11. January 2016 and ended at 29. January 2016. The research focus was the dynamics of particle concentration and particle size distribution, in particular size dependent aerosol deposition rates. For the latter we measured aerosol concentrations as well as aerosol size distributions at two different heights above ground (around 1 cm and 150 cm; so-called gradient measurements) and different depth below the snow surface (between 5 mm and 100 mm). To this end we used a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) to determine particle size distributions in the range between 2.5 nm and 65 nm, complemented by laser aerosol spectrometer measurements capturing the size range between 90 nm and 5 µm. Finally, total particle number concentration between 3 nm and 3.5 µm were recorded by a condensation particle counter (CPC). As for the aerosol sampling program, we installed one low-volume aerosol sampler and a Berner type impactor. All in all, 7 impactor samples with a respecting sampling period of 2-3 days and 17 low volume bulk aerosol samples (on teflon/nylon filter combinations) with daily resolution were obtained. These samples are dedicated for ion chromatography analyses (ions to be determined: Cl-, SO42-, NO3-, methane sulfonate, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and NH4+), which will be performed at the AWI soon after return. A preliminary analysis revealed that a valuable data set could be obtained, which will be thoroughly evaluated in the forthcoming months.
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Operating Period: From:  14 Jan 2016   To:  04 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Kohnen Station
Project Name/Number: Analysis of benthic communities to understand climate related system shifts
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Doris Abele, Dr. Kerstin Jerosch (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: In the last 20 years an extensive interdisciplinary data collection to investigate past, ongoing and future climate change and glacier melting effects on coastal ecosystems in the model area, Potter Cove (PC), King George Island (KGI) at the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) was accomplished. Surface waters at the WAP have warmed up more than 1°C since the 1950s and are predicted to warm further in the future. Spatial classifications of the seabed are one prerequisite for the calculation of biological or biogeochemical budgets and organic matter turnover rates under the impact of climate change at the WPA. In PC macroalgae are the main source of biomass and carbon transfer to the ecosystem. The planned campaign is to record video footage of the seabed completing the existing data sets of video transects and still photographs to identify quantitatively areas covered by macroalgae, supplementary macrobenthos or algae free areas (soft bottom) with a Geospatial Image Database and Analysis System (GIDAS). The goal was to produce a significant coverage of the seabed by video transects with focus on the seabed influenced by the ice situation and the change of the PC Fourcade glacier front to provide a substantiated dataset for geostatistical interpolation and multivariate modeling. This seabed mapping will support the translation of macroalgae ecology knowledge gained by from selective physiological experiments to a spatially more extended area in PC and will support the quantification of biomass and carbon transfer to the ecosystem in a changing environment. The campaign filled gaps of existing algae distribution. The existing data were provided from the partners of the (Instituto Antártico Argentino (IAA) and the University of Córdoba (UCO). Earlier video footage recorded during common campaigns (Christian Hass, AWI, and Dolores Campana, IAA) was analysed in cooperation with Liliana Quartino (IAA) in Buenos Aires during secondments of Kerstin Jerosch and Frauke Scharf, AWI. A joined publication about the potential macroalgae habitat has been recently submitted to Global Change Biology. Furthermore, the cooperation includes all IMCONET partners since the IMCONET work package 6 is responsible for ecosystem modelling in Potter Cove and for the data homogenization. Here, we collaborate with the group of Fernando Momo from the Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento (UNGS) in Argentina.
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Operating Period: From:  04 Jan 2016   To:  31 Mar 2016
Areas of Operation
Dallmann Laboratory
Project Name/Number: Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) - Sea ice properties in Atka Bay (near Neumayer Station)
Discipline: Sea ice physics
Principal Investigator: Dr. Marcel Nicolaus, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: In the framework of the Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) physical properties, thickness and extend of sea ice and its snow cover were determined over the entire Atka Bay. The work was performed as a matter of routine by the wintering team of the Neumayer station. Main measurements were: 1) Snow and Ice thicknesses, 2) Thermistor buoys, 3) Snow buoys, and 4) GPS station.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Apr 2015   To:  31 Mar 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III

Project Name/Number: APHYCA GARS O‘Higgins
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Dr. Bernd Krock (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The goal of this study is the development of a long-term monitoring system to detect changes in the phytoplankton communities in Antarctica. Passive samplers were deployed in the direct vicinity of the DLR-Station GARS O‘Higgins (max 100m away from the coast) to retrieve samples, which were packed and shipped to Germany for further investigations.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Nov 2015   To:  31 Oct 2016
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Assessing the ecological role of scavenging amphipods (Lysianassoidea) and their potential response in a changing polar food web (Potter Cove, King George Island)
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Christoph Held (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The project worked on different aspects of the ecology and biodiversity of Antarctic carrion feeding amphipods (Lysianassoidea). Due to their high abundance lysianassoids are important participants in Antarctic food webs by recycling organic matter and speeding up decomposition rates. However, due to the fact that lysianassoids are notoriously difficult to identify, very little is known about their species composition, feeding behaviour and feeding rates on species level. In our project, we built on the experience gathered at Potter Cove (PC) during the campaign 2014/15 and aimed to investigate the ecological role of the now known lysianassoid species in the PC, to understand the value and interactions of these essential decomposers in the local food web. The first objective of our project was monitoring lysianassoid amphipods in PC by resampling our already established field sites of the previous campaign in order to underpin our results of taxonomical biodiversity and abundances on lysianassoid amphipods and to increase ranges of different benthic habitat types and sample sites. Secondly, in a cooperation project with Dr. Maria Liliana Quartino (Instituto Antártico Argentino, Buenos Aires, Argentina) and her macroalgae group we investigated the ecological role and behaviour of scavenging amphipods attracted to bait by measuring feeding rates in laboratory experiments. We carried out the experiments with the scavenging amphipod species Hippomedon kergueleni and thus expanded our laboratory experiments of the last campaign by diversifying the food source (P. decipiens, Desmarestia menziesii, N. coriiceps). The new findings allow us to better understand the abundance and trophic importance of the lysianassoid amphipods in Potter Cove. Our experiments formed the baseline for future experiments that will focus on the response of lysianassoid amphipods to changing conditions (pH, temperature) in laboratory experiments. In a cooperation project with Dr. Esteban Barrera-Oro and his ichthyology group (Instituto Antártico Argentino and CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina), as well as with Dr. Maria Liliana Quartino (Instituto Antártico Argentino, Buenos Aires, Argentina) we investigated the feeding selectivity in Notothenia coriiceps and N. rossii (Pisces, Nototheniidae) on amphipod species at Potter Cove. The mutual relation of lysianassoid amphipods and local fish as prey and food source was thereby investigated which now delivers us more insights into the trophic relations of those important species in the Potter Cove food web.
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Operating Period: From:  30 Dec 2015   To:  13 Mar 2016
Areas of Operation
Dallmann Laboratory
Project Name/Number: Automatic Weather Station on the Soerasen
Discipline: atmosphere
Principal Investigator: Dr. Gert König-Langlo (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Scientific activities report: An automatic weather station (AWS) was deployed on the Soerasen from the stuff at Neumayer_III in 2016-01-21. The AWS transmit minutely averaged data from air-temperature, humidity, wind-vector, air-pressure snow-height, radiation via IRIDIUM to the Alfred Wegener Institute where synoptic observations l get calculated hourly and send into the Global Telecommunication System (GTS) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The IRIDIUM transmission was not working reliable. Since end of May 2016 no data could be received. The system gets powered via a solar panel and a wind turbine. Maintenance is hopefully not needed for about one year. After one year of operation AWS will be lifted up to compensate snow accumulation.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Jan 2016   To:  30 Jun 2016
Areas of Operation
Sorasen - AWS
Project Name/Number: Biogeochemical fluxes and dynamics in a changing environment
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ralf Hoffmann (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This project was not carried out.
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Areas of Operation
Dallmann Laboratory

Project Name/Number: Coldest Firn 2015/16 (CoFi1516)
Discipline: glaciology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Sepp Kipfstuhl (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Focus of the 2015/16 field season was the evolution of the snow pack in the upper few. Of particular interest were the isotope dynamics in the snow close to the surface and exchanging vapour with the free atmosphere. We tried to collect as many sample as possible of fresh snow, moving snow and snow from the surface (uppermost 5 mm). This sampling was supplemented by measuring the specific surface area and density of surface snow and firn down to 1 m depth. Firn cores (length: 2 m) were taken in thin plastic tubes for computer tomography studies in Bremerhaven (high resolution density and/or 3d-porespace). From a second set of firn cores the dielectric properties and density were measured in the field. Accumulation in the close vicinity of Kohnen Station was determined several times during the season.
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Operating Period: From:  04 Jan 2016   To:  11 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Kohnen Station
Project Name/Number: FISP – Filchner Ice Shelf Project 2015/16
Discipline: glaciology
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Angelika Humbert, Dr. Daniel Steinhage (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Scientific activities report: Glaciology: 1 firn core of about 10 m was drilled at S 80.97° / W 41.45° Snow sampling was carried out at 8 locations: #1 S 82.25° / W 45.47° (Camp1) #2 S 82.07° / W 45.32° (Camp2) #3 S 81.62° / W 44.12° (Camp4) #4 S 81.20° / W 42.68° (Camp5) #5 S 80.43° / W 44.42“ (FSW-1) #6 S 81.08° / W 40.83° (FSE-2) #7 S 80.97° / W 41.45° (FSE-1) #8 S 80.48° / W 44.19° (FSW-2) Oceanography: - installation of moorings through hot-water drill holes - installation of temperature sensors in 2 drill holes (FSW-2, FSE-1) - installation of an AWS at drill site FSW-1 (site next to Berkner Island) Please note, only the snow sampling was carried out with UBA permit, all other work was covered by permit applied for by BAS.
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Operating Period: From:  27 Nov 2015   To:  25 Jan 2016
Areas of Operation
Filchnerschelfeis
Project Name/Number: GANOVEX XI (German Antarctic North Victoria Land Expedition)
Discipline: geology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Andreas Läufer (BGR)
Main Activity/ Remarks: In the last season, the GANOVEX XI project worked on several tasks and questions. To achieve the goal, field work and helicopter measurements were used. Subtheme 1 --> The Ross Orogeny and geodynamics at Gondwana's Palaeopacific margin: - aerogeophysical high-resolution survey over the Lanteman Range: implications for Ross- and post-Ross geodynamics - amphibolities in metasedimentary series of the Wilson Terrane as documents of early Ross-orogenic igneous activity - searching for Selwyn: do the Proterozoic rocks of southeastern Australia continue into Victoria Land - evolution of zircon chemistry and inclusion paragenesis of I- to S-type granitoids from the Wilson Terrane of northern Victoria Land (Antarctica: Zircon as a record of dynamic continental crust formation - GIGAMAP - German-Italien Antarctic Mapping Project Subtheme 2: Gondwana between amalgamation and break-up (the Middel-/Late Palaeozoic to Mesozoic time window) - fossil floras and vertebrate remains of the Beacon Supergroup Subtheme 3: The modern continent structure and shaping of Antarctica since the Late Mesozoic - influence of climate, tectonics and lithology on the evolution of the Tansantarctic Mountains and their hinterland in the Ross Sea sector - Meso-Cenozoic tectonics in NVL with soecial emphasis on the Cretaceous-Paleogene structures: implications for the opening of the Tasman Gateway and passive margin evolution - Antarctica asa terrestrial analogue to Mars
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Operating Period: From:  29 Dec 2015   To:  11 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Northern Victoria Land
Project Name/Number: Geophysics Observatory at Neumayer-III and remote seismographic stations
Discipline: geophysics
Principal Investigator: Dr. Alfons Eckstaller, Dr. Tanja Fromm (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: a) Seismology The primary objective of the seismographic observations at Neumayer-III (NM) is to complement the worldwide network of seismographic monitoring stations in the southern hemisphere. Special interests focus on the detection of local and regional earthquakes within Antarctica. Long term monitoring of regional seismicity over many years may eventually allow a rather detailed mapping of seismic active regions within the Antarctic plate. This will contribute to a better understanding of current neotectonic processes in Antartica. The local seismographic network at Neumayer-III Station comprises the Geophysics Observatory VNA1 near NM itself and 2 remote stations VNA2 and VNA3 on the ice rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen, resp. Additionally to seismic broadband recording a small aperture detection array with 15 vertical seismometers placed on three concentric rings with a total diameter of almost 2 km is operated at station VNA2. This array is a powerful tool for monitoring local and regional seismicity. Oher unattended seismographic broadband stations are operated at the Russion base Novolazarevskaya, at Kohnen Station, near Weigel Nunatak and at the Swedish summer base Svea. The seismic broadband station at SanaeIV is also included into the larger seismographic network. Additional recordings from seismic stations in and around Antarctica are retrieved via internet and are very helpful for reliable localizations of Antarctic earthquakes. As in previous years both remote stations VNA2 and VNA3 have to be serviced during austral season 2015/2016 by members of the wintering team and a summer staffr. A third windturbine installed at station VNA2 in summer season 2014/2015 was destroyed during heavy storm in September 2014. It will not be replaced in the near future unless major technical improvements will be made by the manufacturer. This total damage happended not only to this wind turbine but also to 2 wind turbines at the SPOT penguin obervatory container presumably during the same storm perid. This storm period should have been of the strongest ever recorded. Due to heavy snow drift and thereby caused strong electrostatic discharges 12 of 15 seismometer preamplifiers were also destroyed during this heavy storm. Most of them, but not all, could be repaired in December 2015 when the required spare circuits could be delivered to NM. However, because the electronics of these peramplifiers dates back to 1997 they will be replaced by new preamplifiers which are at the state of art. Remote station VNA3 operated without any interruption also in 2013. In February 2015 the seismometer at this site was replaced a second time during that summer season because the previous exchanged sensor also developped to show the persistent long period oscillations on the horizontal components in the period range 80 – 100 sec. Servicing Kohnen Station and Weigel Nunatak was carried out by a team member of the Kohnen traverse team. Data retrieval at the Novolazarevskaya seismic station was made by a summer staff member when leaving Antarctica Cape Town. A service rip to Svea station with a Twin Otter aircraft in January 2015 could not be made due to bad landing conditions. In summer season 2015/2016 it is intended to join a Finnish oversnow traverse group to travel to Svea from Aboa station for a couple of days probably in early January 2016. Then there should be time enough to compeltely restore the seismic broadband station and resume recording again. b) Geomagnetism The new Geomagnetic Observatory at Neumayer-III was built during January and February 2009 and the routine observations were carried on at the new site with just a rather short data gap. During summer season 2011/2012 a second 3-component fluxgate magnetometer was installed. It is a standard FGE fluxgate sensor which is the current worldwide observatory standard. This second sensor was placed on top of a deeply frozen in, stable pillar outside the measuring hut. The geomagnetic observatory comprises now a NS orientated STL 3-component sensor and a second FGE sensor oriented in magnetic North direction. A GSM-19 Overhauser proton-magnetometer is used for recording total intensity. All systems run at a sample rate of 1 second. For better absolute measurements of the field components also a second declinometer was installed on a stable pillar outside the measuring container housing. These measurements are now free from vertical deflections by walking around the tripod which sometimes cause some reading errors. Continuous recording of the second system started in July 2013, however, still interrupted by some software problems. Since January 2014 we have been operating with no major interruptions anymore and in July we became am member of the Intermagnet organsiation. During summer season 2015/2016 parts of the side walls of the observatory's firn cavern must probably reshaped again by cutting out some more ice creeping from the side walls into the cavern. c) GPS recordings Contiunuous GPS recordings were carried on again and are now available sind beginning of July 2012. This is accomplished using a 2-band Ashtec Z-12 receiver with its antenna on the roof of Neumayer-III. Converted data in Rinex format are available on request and might in future be downloaded from a web interface. These GPS recordings have been relaunched because they provide valuable informations for higher atmosphere reasearch. d) Magnetotelluric mesurements During summerseason 2015/2016 we intend to operate three magnetotelluric recording stations borrowed from GFZ Potsdam. First of all this should be a feasibility study of magnetotelluric (MT) measurements in the Antarctic region with standard MT equipment. Points of interest are the investigation of electromagnetic source effects in polar regions and the quality of MT-recordings on an electrically poorly conducting ice body over or nearby a electrically highly conductive layer of sea water. If MT-recordings are promising we may investigate the distribution of electrical conductivity of the subsurface underneath different locations on an ice sheet and on the Ekstöm Ice Shelf. In this context we are specially interested if we can deduce some hints for subglacial water underneath an ice sheet from MT-recordings. The existence of a potential water layer below an ice shield will be of great importance for understanding the dynamics of the ice sheet. Two stations should be installed on the the ice rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen. The third station will be in the middle between these two stations on the Ekström Ice Shelf as a refernce station. If recordings are contaminated too much by the underlaying highly conductive sea water the reference station may be moved closer to the grounding line. Additional MT-recordings may eventually be carried out at Svea station and at Kohnen station. At Kohnen station we know already about the existence of a subgalcial water layer because the deep ice core drilling hit this layer at its bottom. Therefore this would be an excellent testing site.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Jul 2015   To:  30 Jun 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III

Project Name/Number: Heterothermy and torpor as energy saving strategies in Antarctic storm-petrel nestlings
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Petra Quillfeldt (Uni Giessen)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Wilson’s storm petrels Oceanites oceanicus are the smallest endotherm breeding in the Antarctic. Given their small size and thus limited energy storage capacities, Wilson’s storm petrels need to use efficient strategies to cope with both predictable and unpredictable food shortages. Strong fluctuations in food availability have been observed both within and among breeding seasons in this species. In the present study, we aim to study how Wilson’s storm-petrel nestlings use heterothermy as a physiological strategy to optimize energetic investment and torpor as a strategy to ensure survival during unpredictable food shortages. We will test how body temperature and resting metabolic rate are determined by the nutritional state of nestlings, and if this is modulated by ambient temperature.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Jan 2016   To:  30 Apr 2016
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Impact of global warming on Antarctic benthic algae
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Katharina Zacher (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The Polar Regions, especially the Western Antarctic Peninsula, experience the fastest rates of global warming worldwide. Along rocky shores seaweeds build highly complex and productive underwater forests constituting as ecosystem engineers an essential part of polar coastal ecosystems. The perennial brown algae Desmarestia anceps and Desmarestia menziesii form dense stocks of high biomass in the sublittoral coastal zone and are endemic to the Antarctic. Both species grow at the same sites with D. menziesii more abundant in shallower depths and D. anceps below the D. menziesii fringe. We do not know the mechanisms behind this zonation and if global warming may affect it. Temperature fundamentally determines life-cycle processes such as growth, reproduction and survival. Most former studies focussed on uni-factorial experiments and there is a general lack of investigations of the interplay of various factors (abiotic and biotic). Studies on interspecific competition of seaweeds are very scarce in general and we are not aware of any study on interactive effects of temperature and competition on Antarctic algae so far. For this study two-factorial experiments on young sporophytes of two endemic Antarctic Desmarestia species (D. anceps and D. menziesii) were conducted with field material at Dallmann Laboratory. We wanted to tackle the question if and how global warming will affect the interspecific competition between the two species. For this reason unialgal (one species only) and multialgal (both species mixed) treatments were exposed to two different temperature conditions (2° and 7°C) for approx. 3 weeks. In a second experiment the light climate was manipulated but algae exposed as described above. The study was part the Master thesis of Valentina Savaglia jointly supervised by Katharina Zacher (AWI) and Liliana Quartino (IAA) which was finished mid-June 2016. The aim of these studies was to combine the results from the multi-factorial laboratory experiments on single species with results from community research and multifactorial GIS-based habitat modeling (PI Kerstin Jerosch) to get a more precise picture of how the changing environmental conditions will alter the polar seaweed communities in an interdisciplinary approach.
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Operating Period: From:  26 Dec 2015   To:  04 Mar 2016
Areas of Operation
Dallmann Laboratory
Project Name/Number: Kottaspegel - Accumulation measurements along NM-Kottas-Kohnen traverse routend 2015/16
Discipline: glaciology
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Olaf Eisen (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This expedition re-initiates the continuous measurements of annual surface snow mass balance along a stake line from Neumayer III via Kottas to Kohnen station. In the future the measurements will be carried out on an annual to bi-annual basis. To allow a reliable connection to measurements carried out in the 10-year period to 2006, a shallow ground-penetrating radar survey will be conducted. It is complemented by several shallow firn-core drillings to obtain density-depth profiles, seasonal to annual cycles of surface accumulation and allow for depth conversion of the radar data.
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Operating Period: From:  21 Dec 2015   To:  10 Jan 2016
Areas of Operation
Kottasberge
Project Name/Number: Long term gamma dose rate measurements under extreme conditions
Discipline: Atmospheric sciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Roger Luff (Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz, Rendsburg)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The probe installed at Neumeyer is the standard BfS probe equipped with 2 Geiger-Müller tubes for high and low count rates. It measures automatically and continuously the environmental gamma dose rate. It registers the radiation to get the terrestrial as well as the cosmic component of the gamma radiation. Moreover the probe measures the temperature and the air pressure in the probe housing for quality insurance. Due to the extreme weather conditions (temperatures below -55°C) one of the goals is to find out, if the hardware developed by BfS can be used under these extreme conditions and to find out what kind of problems occur if it does not work to find new kind of “error responses” from the system. The other goal is the detection of the radioactive flux from the cosmic radiation originating from the sun and from outer space. It is subject to a complex process of interaction with the earth’s magnetic field and atmosphere. Most of this radiation is attenuated and only a small fraction reaches the earth’s surface as ionizing radiation. At ground level, it contributes to the total measured ambient dose rate between 15%-50%. It is modulated by atmospheric pressure, the solar cycle and, occasionally, by solar flare events. Dose rate probes of similar response to cosmic radiation at different latitudes will help to understand the characteristics of the temporal variability of cosmic radiation and to better separate these effects from other environmental parameters.
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Areas of Operation
Neumayer III

Project Name/Number: Long term gamma dose rate measurements under extreme conditions
Discipline: atmosphere
Principal Investigator: Dr. Roger Luff (Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz, Rendsburg)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The probe installed at Neumeyer is the standard BfS probe equipped with 2 Geiger-Müller tubes for high and low count rates. It measures automatically and continuously the environmental gamma dose rate. It registers the radiation to get the terrestrial as well as the cosmic component of the gamma radiation. Moreover the probe measures the temperature and the air pressure in the probe housing for quality insurance. Due to the extreme weather conditions (temperatures below -55°C) one of the goals is to find out, if the hardware developed by BfS can be used under these extreme conditions and to find out what kind of problems occur if it does not work to find new kind of “error responses” from the system. The other goal is the detection of the radioactive flux from the cosmic radiation originating from the sun and from outer space. It is subject to a complex process of interaction with the earth’s magnetic field and atmosphere. Most of this radiation is attenuated and only a small fraction reaches the earth’s surface as ionizing radiation. At ground level, it contributes to the total measured ambient dose rate between 15%-50%. It is modulated by atmospheric pressure, the solar cycle and, occasionally, by solar flare events. Dose rate probes of similar response to cosmic radiation at different latitudes will help to understand the characteristics of the temporal variability of cosmic radiation and to better separate these effects from other environmental parameters.
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Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III
Project Name/Number: MOGS 3 – Modernisation of Gondwana Station
Discipline: Major renovation and modernization work at Gondwana Station, Terra Nova Bay
Principal Investigator: Christoph Kasch (BGR)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The German Gondwana Station is a non-permanent facility at Gerlache Inlet of Terra Nova Bay on the Ross Sea, operated by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR). It was erected during the GANOVEX III expedition in 1982/1983 as a bivouac hut and then extended and converted into a summer station during GANOVEX V (1988/1989). The main building consists of 16 interconnected 20-foot containers. Gondwana Station is accessible by ship or an aeroplane capable of landing on the sea ice in Terra Nova Bay. Gondwana Station was used as the main base during numerous BGR expeditions to North Victoria Land. After more than 30 years of its existence, a major renovation and modernisation of the station was necessary, which was carried out in the 2015/2016 Antarctic season. In advance of the planned activities, BGR presented an Initial Environmental Study (IES) in order to evaluate and present the impact on the Antarctic environment. The IES was submitted to the German Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt, UBA) in April 2015. UBA carried out an Initial Environmental Evaluation (IEE) arriving at the conclusion that the planned activity gives cause to suspect less than a minor and transitory impact on the Antarctic environment. UBA granted an appropriate permit on 13 November 2015 under a condition and several provisos. In general, the modernization of the station will lead to an improvement of working conditions, increase of maintenance feasibility and its operating efficiency, and considerable decrease of the environmental impact and the reduction of human footprint. This could be achieved by installation of the following new facilities: - a pair of generators (40 kVA each) - photovoltaic plant (40 kW) and an associated battery installation - solar air panels - electric heating installation - snow melting installation (electrically driven) - water supply and water treatment system (water disinfection and a reverse osmosis system) - kitchen and sanitary installations Further, the new waste management is based on a more efficient state-of-the-art wastewater treatment, which includes a mechanic and a biological component. As a result, the quality of the wastewater, which is discharged into the sea can be improved significantly and meets modern high standards. The work was carried out by installation of a temporary construction camp at the station between end-December 2015 and mid-February 2016. The infrastructure of the station remained basically unchanged. The renovation/modernization of the station allows its future operation to continue for at least 25-30 years as a base for scientific research in northern Victoria Land. Transport of building material, construction equipment and personnel was done with the logistic support of the Italian National Antarctic Research Programme. Germany very much acknowledges the support of the neighboring stations Jang Bogo and Mario Zucchelli of the Korean and Italian National Antarctic Programmes.
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Operating Period: From:  30 Dec 2015   To:  11 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Gondwana Station
Project Name/Number: Monitoring of penguin colonies with remote sensing methods
Discipline: biology, ecology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Hans-Ulrich Peter (Uni Jena)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The aim of the project “Long term monitoring of Antarctic seabirds and seals on Fildes Peninsula, King George Island” was the continuation of an updated standardized assessment of fauna and flora of the Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island with focus on birds and seals. Within this project the monitoring of penguins (Pygoscelis spec.) was continued by using remote sensing methods. The aim of the “Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas” on Fildes Peninsula is the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pairs. The third project was the cinematic documentation of the expedition´s professional activities in relation to the social life on King George Island. The focus is on the interaction between German and Russian residents at the Bellingshausen Station. The aim of the documentary film is primarily an artistic one, destined for an audience of festivals and cinemas.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Nov 2015   To:  29 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Fildes Peninsula (including Ardley Island, King George Island, South Shetland Islands)
Project Name/Number: Neumayer III Meteorological observatory
Discipline: atmosphere
Principal Investigator: Dr. Gert König-Langlo (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Scientific activities report: The meteorological observatory programme at Neumayer is ongoing. It includes: • 3-hourly routine synoptic observations, • daily upper-air soundings, • weekly ozone soundings, • continuous surface radiation and mast measurements, • satellite picture reception (HRPT). • training of the over winterer staff. • preparation of the over wintering period 2016. During the summer season 2015/16 the automatic weather station (AWS) from the Neumayer Observatory was moved in January 2016 on the Soerasen. DROMLAN Weather forecast service Established in season 2002/03, the meteorological observatory of the German Antarctic station Neumayer offered a detailed and individual weather forecast service for all activities in Dronning Maud Land. This service is performed in close cooperation between the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the German Weather Service (DWD). During the summer season 2015/2016 several thousand forecasts get performed for field parties, ships, stations and especially aircrafts. It is obvious, that this service increased the safeness of the ambiguous projects in the Dronning Maud Land. Furthermore, it helps to reduce weather induced idle times of expensive flight operations to a minimum. The service will start again in November 2016.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Jul 2015   To:  30 Jun 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III

Project Name/Number: Neumayer Station - Maintenance Airchemistry Observatory
Discipline: atmosphere
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rolf Weller (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Apart from the routine measuring program established at the Air Chemistry Observatory, a so-called long-path Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometer (LP-DOAS) from the IUP Heidelberg (PI: Jan-Marcus Nasse) was successfully installed and provided the first valuable data. The main objective is to measure reactive trace gases, in particular iodine oxide (IO) within the atmospheric boundary layer. In addition, this instrument will provide valuable complementary data to the MAX-DOAS experiment, which is up to now in continuous operation since 1999. The ToF-ACSM (Time of Flight Aerosol Speciation Monitor) from the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI, PI: Risto Hillamo), installed during last summer campaign (2014/2015) for one season, was dismantled and sent back to the FMI. For the first time such a highly sophisticated instrument has been operated throughout a year at Neumayer. Finally, there the usual maintenance operation at the Air Chemistry Observatory as well as training of the new air chemistry over-winterer Thomas Schaefer were performed during the recent summer campaign.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  18 Dec 2015   To:  24 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III
Project Name/Number: Neurophysiological Investigations Before, During and After Long-Duration Stay at Neumayer Station in Antarctica (NEUROMAYER)
Discipline: medicine
Principal Investigator: Dr. Alexander Stahn (Charité Berlin)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Due the extreme conditions of long-duration stay in Antarctica such as isolation, confinement, altered day-and-night cycles, and extreme climates, it can serve as an excellent model for some of the physical and mental challenges associated with spaceflight. The purpose of this study is to examine the time course, magnitude, and individual variability in neurostructural, behavioral, cognitive, physiologic, affective and interpersonal reactions due to a prolonged period of confinement and isolation in the space analog environment of of the Neumayer-III station. The project is funded by the German Aerospace Agency (DLR) complements and extends previous and ongoing research such as the Mars500 study, bed rest studies, and even experiments on the International Space Station (ISS), where similar adaptations are being studied. The overall goal of this part of the study is to (a) investigate systematic changes in cognitive performance related to "time-in-winter-over" in Neumayer-III, (b) investigate differences in cognitive performance between crews over-wintering in the French/Italian Concordia station and in Neumayer-III, and (c) investigate the correlation between changes in hippocampal volume, key neurotrophic factors, sleep and changes in cognitive performance observed during the Antarctic winter-over. It is planned to carry out the investigation over several campaigns to confirm important findings related to health and safety and improve their generalizability.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Jul 2015   To:  30 Jun 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III
Project Name/Number: Operations of Antarctic research station GARS O'Higgins
Discipline: Earth observation and satellite operations, geodesy and astrometry, bird ecology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Erhard Diedrich (DLR)
Main Activity/ Remarks: • Project “Operations of Antarctic research station GARS O'Higgins”, PI Dr. Erhard Diedrich, DLR: The scientific long-term observations of the last 25 years have been continued. In particular spaceborne SAR data providing insights into ice mass balance, ice dynamics and ice shelf disintegration of the Antarctic has been received by GARS O’Higgins ground station. In general, research related to system Earth has been supported by SAR data reception (e.g. of TanDEM-X mission), by providing TT&C support for scientific satellite missions like TanDEM-X, TerraSAR-X, GRACE, FireBird, Cassiope and NEOSSat, and by VLBI, GNSS, tide gauge and gravimeter observations. In addition, Launch and Early Orbit Phase (LEOP) support was provided for BIROS. The main mission running at GARS O’Higgins is DLR’s TanDEM-X mission, which uses two X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites, TSX-1 and TDX-1. The two satellites fly in close formation in orbit around the earth and to do this safely they require TT&C support from GARS O’Higgins. The high resolution SAR images acquired by these satellites, which are received at GARS O’Higgins, are used for a wide range of scientific purposes. One of the primary aims of TanDEM-X is to produce accurate global elevation models with a 12m spatial resolution and a relative vertical accuracy better than two meters, including Antarctica. GARS O’Higgins is one of the two core ground stations around the world used to downlink the huge amount of SAR data being acquired by the TanDEM-X mission. GARS O’Higgins also supports geodetic research, including Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) using the 9-meter antenna as a radio telescope and taking permanent Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) measurements for the German Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG). GARS O’Higgins is network station of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), of the International GNSS Service (IGS), and of the “Cooperative Network for GIOVE Observations” (CONGO). The data is used to measure the tectonic movement of the Antarctic Peninsula, to realize the International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) and the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS), to derive Earth Rotation Parameters (ERP), and to support radio astronomy research like the TANAMI project (Tracking Active Galactic Nuclei with Austral Milliarcsecond Interferometry). As part of this support for the BKG, the station also operated an Automatic Weather Station (AWS) collecting air temperature, pressure, humidity and wind direction and velocity.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Jul 2015   To:  30 Jun 2016
Areas of Operation
German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)
Project Name/Number: PIA – Ecology of a newly discovered Platelet Ice Anthozoa in Antarctica
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Philipp Fischer (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: In January 2015, during test dives to train mooring recovery, an unknown type of anthozoa has been discovered living in the platelet ice ecosystem of the Atka Bay close to Neumayer Station. We conducted a scientific research project engaging in aspects of the species’ ecology with regard to its phylogenetic affiliation, origin, existence, and survival at the site. The project was the first to examine a benthic invertebrate species inhabiting shallow water platelet ice, a substrate so far thought to be uninhabitable for sessile organisms at all.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  22 Nov 2015   To:  04 Jan 2016
Areas of Operation
Atka Bay, close to Neumayer Station III

Project Name/Number: Quadcopter aerial survey GARS O'Higgins
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Dr. Robert Metzig (DLR)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The quadcopter based aerial survey has been used to map crevasses on the glacier area close to GARS O’Higgins and to support science visualization. The census of breeding penguins in colonies on Isla Kopaitic (Gentoo, Chinstrap and Adelié penguins) has not been conducted due to weather and logistic constraints.
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Operating Period: From:  01 Oct 2015   To:  31 Oct 2015
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: SEAls at the Drescher Inlet (SEADI)
Discipline: biology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Horst Bornemann (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: SEAls at the Drescher Inlet (SEADI) represents a follow-up study of seal investigations carried out during RV Polarstern expedition PS82 (2014) at the “Filchner Outflow System” (SEAFOS) and at the Drescher Inlet and complements earlier investigations at these locations carried out since 1986. SEADI is an ANT-Land 2015/2016 activity and supported by the Polarstern expedition PS96 (2015-12-08 – 2016-02-14) “Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now” (FROSN). Research was facilitated by means of a field camp. The camp was established on the Riiser-Larsen Ice Shelf in the immediate vicinity of the inlet ( LAT -72.83106, LON -19.13091). Because weather and sea ice conditions at Drescher Inlet were favourable, there was no need for using the envisaged alternative camp sites at the Atka Bay with a direct liaison and support via Neumayer Station III, or at an inlet in the vicinity of Halley VI, where research would have been carried out independently from the British Research Station. SEADI complemented earlier studies on Weddell seals and their prey in a season that was characterized by unbroken fast ice and permanent daylight. Weddell seals were instrumented to obtain (1) image data on the vertical distribution of zooplankton, krill and fish by seal borne still picture cameras, and (2) data on dive depth, spatial movement and in situ hydrography under the sea ice and in the immediate vicinity of the shelf ice by CTD-combined satellite relay dive loggers. (3) Sampling of whiskers was done for post hoc analyses of stable isotopes. (4) AWI’s Ocean Modules V8Sii ROV equipped with twin high-resolution cameras was deployed to explore the “hanging garden” biota with an accuracy unavailable in seal-mounted cameras.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  10 Dec 2015   To:  12 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Drescher Ice Camp
Project Name/Number: SPOT (Single Penguin Observation & Tracking), operation of a photographic emperor penguin observatory
Discipline: biology, physics
Principal Investigator: Dr. Daniel Zitterbart (Uni Erlangen/AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This project aims to understand the reorganization process in penguin huddles and the implications for social thermoregulation. We operate a remote-operated penguin observatory including hard- and software for fast image acquisition and real-time processing. The observatory will be capable of detecting the whole huddle, as well as tracking the movements of thousands of individual penguins throughout the winter. An accurate count of animals within the colony and the size of individual animals is will recorded, and together our data will help to estimate how the increasing environmental strain such as ongoing climate changes, thinning sea ice and reduced krill availability, is affecting Emperor penguins.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Feb 2015   To:  31 Jan 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III
Project Name/Number: Test drilling
Discipline: glaciology
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Frank Wilhelms (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The drill system is being developed to support research activities within the frame of the international partnerships in ice core sciences (IPICS). The second half of January the shallow drilling version of a lightweight system was tested in the lose vicinity of the Neumayer III station. The test comprised the application and handling of the drill and a hole below the firn ice transition.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  08 Jan 2016   To:  10 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Neumayer III

Project Name/Number: VELMAP: Velocities, elevation changes and mass budgets of Antarctic Peninsula glaciers
Discipline: geodesy
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Matthias Braun (Uni Erlangen)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The aim of the project is to improve the estimates of mass discharge from Antarctic Peninsula glaciers using time series of SAR satellite imagery from the archives (ERS I/II, ENVISAT, Radarsat-1, ALSO PALSAR) as well as data from current sensors like TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X and Sentinel-1a. Changes in glacier extent and surface velocities are derived from the SAR data. Digital elevation models are interferometrically derived from TanDEM-X bistatic SAR acquisitions to calculate surface elevation changes in combination with ASTER and SPOT Spirit data. These datasets are complemented by in-situ data including DGNSS surveys, surface mass balance measurements and time lapse cameras photo series as well as survey flights with airborne laser altimetry and ground penetrating radar (by AWI Polar-6, NASA Operation IceBridge). Main target areas are the tributary glaciers draining into the former Larsen-A Ice Shelf and Prince Gustav Channel and glaciers on James-Ross Island.
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Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  19 Jan 2016   To:  23 Feb 2016
Areas of Operation
Marambio

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)   Lat: 63º 19´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 54´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: none, provided by O'Higgins Station
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Erhard Diedrich (DLR) The station is operated as an annex station to the General Bernardo O’Higgins station (Chile). The location was selected because of its excellent conditions regarding infrastructure, bedrock foundation, and access. The station is in operation 90-120 days throughout the year for data acquisition campaigns. The focus is on Antarctic summertime, when it is possible to obtain ground measurements for reference purposes, as well as to exchange personnel and magnetic tape data carriers, and bring in supplies and replacement parts. Transportation and logistics are coordinated with the Chilean Antarctic Programme using ships and aircraft.
Name: Neumayer III Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: Expedition Leader summer: Eberhard Kohlberg, AWI The NEUMAYER STATION III is the permanently occupied German research station located at the Ekstrøm Ice Shelf, north-west edge of Atka Bay in Dronning Maud Land. The station is operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) The station continuously operates scientific observatories, and it is the operational base for aircraft missions and deep field traverses during summer season. The wintering staff is 1 station leader/physician, 4 scientists, 3 technicians, 1 cook. During summer season up to 50 scientists and technicians can be accommodated. Transport of personnel and equipment is performed via the airlink from Cape Town to Antarctica established in the frame of the international cooperation Dronning Maud Land Air Network (DROMLAN). 8 to 11 intercontinetal flights are performed from November until February every summer season. Regular supply of the station is performed by ship delivering consumables, maintenance material, heavy equipment such as vehicles, sledges etc. 2 ship calls are performed every summer season. Permanent projects: Measurements of cosmic particles PI: Walter (DESY) Maintenance and operation of an automatic weather station (AWS) on Halvfarryggen PI: D. Steinhage (AWI)
Name: Dallmann Laboratory at Base Carlini
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 16
Medical Facilities: none, provided by Base Carlini
Remarks / Description: PI: D. Mengedoht (AWI) The Dallmann Laboratory is located at the Argentinean Base Carlini on King George Island. It was established as an international laboratory funded by the Instituto Antartico Argentino (IAA) and AWI in 1994. Access to and supply of the Dallmann Laboratory is coordinated in co-operation between AWI and DNA/IAA. On site support is provided by the technical staff of Carlini station. Research focussed on: marine and terrestrial biological studies, solar UV, ecophysical investigations, geological field works.
Operating Period: From: November To: March
Name: Kohnen Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 11
Medical Facilities: @ NM III
Remarks / Description: PI: S. Hain (AWI), S. Kipfstuhl (AWI) The station is currently used as the logistic base for subglacial studies using the EPICA drilling hole as well as for meteorological, air chemistry and seismic observations and glaciological field investigations. The station will also provide ground service for scientific aircraft mission above the inland ice plateau. The station is located on the inland ice plateau (Amundsenisen, Wegnerisen). The distance along the sledge traverse route to Neumayer Station III is about 750 km. Access to the station is possible by means of sledge traverses starting from NEUMAYER STATION III at the cost or by aircraft support in the frame of Dronning Maud Land Air Network (DROMLAN). The air link is mainly used for the transport of personnel, light weighted scientific cargo and food. The advantage of this aircraft access is that it became possible to start scientific works early in the season or to carry out a short stay for maintenance and service automatic stations. Supply of the station is mainly based on sledge traverses to transport large amount of fuel, consumables and material. To travel from NEUMAYER STATION III to KOHNEN STATION takes 11 days on average. The typical arrangement of a sledge train is 6 towing vehicles (Pistenbulli), 12 sledges carrying piece goods and containers, and 5 sledges with tank containers and accommodation facilities. On average about 180 tons of supply goods are needed to run the station. The fuel consumption is about 400 litres per one ton of payload over a distance of 1,000 km.
Operating Period: From: January To: February

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: RV Polarstern - General Opertations
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: The research and supply vessel RV POLARSTERN commissioned in 1982 is a high class ice breaking vessel and the major research tool for the German Antarctic program. The advanced scientific and technical equipment and ability to navigate in heavy ice conditions in almost all regions of the Arctic and Antarctic oceans provide ideal working conditions for almost all compartments of marine sciences, atmospheric as well as glaciological research (modernisation from 1998 till 2001). Since 1982 the ship regularly operates in arctic and antarctic waters with an average of 320 days on sea every year. The supply of NEUMAYER STATION III is a regular task. Lifting gears and scientific winches are designed for launching and recovery of devices and sensors, fishing and deep sea sediment probing. Hydro-acoustic survey systems such as Hydrosweep, Parasound and fishery sounders can be continuously operated. The fibre optic network connects bridge, winch control room, laboratories and all scientific working places with several servers and distributes information of the central data acquisition system. Altogether 24 scientific laboratories, aquarium and refrigerating rooms are placed at disposal. Additionally up to 15 mobile laboratory containers can be installed inside the ship on E-Deck (10) and at F-Deck (5). The weather station records meteorological data and provides forecast information and satellite imagery on sea ice distributions. Recently technical facilities and hydro-acoustic navigation aids have been installed to deploy ROV for deep sea missions. Shipping company: Reederei F. Laeisz Permanent Measurements: PI: G. König-Langlo (AWI) Meteorological measurements PI: Walter (DESY) Measurements of cosmic particles.
Name: RV Polarstern - PS 96; FROSN (Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now)
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: Cruese Leader: Dr. Michael Schröder, AWI The oceanographical program of Polarstern cruise PS96 (ANT-XXXI/2) was based on the main cruise application S-615 titled Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now (FROSN). This overarching project aims to assess long term oceanographic investigations in the region of the Filchner Trough compared with glaciological and hydrographical measurements on the Filchner ice shelf. FROSN (Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now) Dr. M. Schröder, AWI, Chief Scientist, Dr. O. Huhn, Uni-Bremen The second largest ice shelf is propably undergoing dramatic changes during this century in terms of melting rates and ice velocities as recent physical models suggest. Due to the sparse data base in this region a joint program between UK, Norway and Germany was settled up, to measure the state of the art of the water mass circulation system beneath and in front of this large ice shelf. This cruise is the second one (first FOS in 2013/2014) in a row of more planned cruises in the future. In total 110 CTD profiles were measured. In addition to the CTD work three moorings (AWI 252, AWI 253, and AWI 254) in the Filchner trough were recovered and deployed at the same position. As a remnant of a hydrographic cruise in 2014-2015, which has to be detoured due to engine problems of Polarstern, we tried to recover three moorings at the Antarctic Peninsula. Here only one (AWI 251-1), near Elephant Island, could be recovered whereas the other two (AWI 207-8, and AWI 206-7) failed due to battery problems and heavy ice cover. The major aims of our stable noble gas isotope and transient tracer observations are to trace the glacial melt water (GMW) formed at the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf in the southern Weddell Sea and of ambient water masses, to quantify the actual GMW inventory in the Filchner outflow area, the melt rate of the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, and to assess the related Weddell Sea Bottom Water (WSBW) composition, its formation rate and export into the deep Weddell Basin. It aims to enhance our understanding how (basal) ice shelf melting, ambient water masses, and Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) formation interact under possibly changing climate conditions. Sea ice physics - Interannual Snow, Ice and Drift experiment S. Schwegmann (AWI), S. Arndt (AWI) The main objective of „Interannual snow, ice and drift experiment (InSIDe) ANT XXXI/2“ was to deploy several sets of autonomous ice tethered platforms (buoys) to investigate the seasonal and interannual variability of sea ice thickness, snow depth, drift and deformation as a continuation of buoy deployments during previous studies on Antarctic sea ice, e.g. ANT-XXIX/9 (PS82) and ANT-XXX/2 (PS89). In total, 23 autonomous ice tethered platforms from the sea-ice physics group were deployed on the ice. Doing so, all 7 deployed snow buoys were combined with an Ice Mass Balance buoy. Two of these sets are surrounded by 3 to 4 Surface Velocity Buoys in a distance of 5 to 10 nm (so-called drift arrays). In addition, two Ice Mass Balance buoys were deployed separately. Due to technical issues, the requested radiation stations could not be deployed on the ice. In addition, the sea-ice physics group deployed three Autonomous Weather Stations from the British Antarctic Survey on the ice. This work is not part of the sea-ice physics application but is rather subjected to the British environmental agency. All buoys, except the last Ice Mass Balance buoy, were deployed by helicopter (flight altitude: 180 to 600 m) on the ice floes in the surrounding of the ship. The last Ice Mass Balance buoy was deployed from the ship on the fast ice in the Drescher Inlet. Furthermore, two additional ice floes as well as one buoy ice floe (15 January 2016) were examined in regard of snow depth distribution on the floe and physical snow properties. During all transfer helicopter flights as well as during the work on the ice, individual animals or small groups of animals were observed at a great distance at times. No animals were crossed by helicopter and the minimum distance to animals were observed according to ‘Leitfaden für Besucher der Antarktis’. Sponge ecology and benthic fluxes C. Richter, L. Federwisch (AWI), M. Holtappels (MPI), R. Johansson, E. Andersson (U Göteborg) Within the context of the overall ecological working programme of Polarstern cruise PS96, and based on investigations performed during previous cruises to the Weddell Sea, a follow-up field study was carried out to investigate the role of sponges, one of the dominating megafauna representatives on Antarctic shelves, for the flux of materials between the water column and the benthos. The main objectives of the investigations were: a) to assess the diet, feeding rates and metabolism of sponge assemblages on the southeastern Weddell Sea shelf, b) to assess the distribution of phytoplankton, bacterioplankton, C, N and Si between the surface and the seabed to infer production and re-mineralisation processes, c) to assess, for the first time, the benthic oxygen flux on an Antarctic shelf, using the in situ Eddy Correlation (EC) method, d) to identify spatial distribution patterns of sponges in relation to bottom-up (food, Si) and top-down factors (predators) governing sponge occurrence at local and regional scales, and e) to assess the abundance and size distribution of sponges investigated in previous Polarstern cruises to estimate the growth dynamics over the scale of years to decades. To address these issues, we used a combination of methods :(1) seabed imaging for sponge abundance, size distribution and changes in sponge benthos, (2) collection of water samples from the water column, in the benthic boundary layer and the immediate vicinity of sponges, (3) assessment of sponge pumping, oxygen consumption, nitrogen excretion, dSi uptake and particle retention efficiency in situ, (4) deployment of a Eddy Correlation lander to assess oxygen fluxes in situ. A side aspect included (5) the collection of sponge tissue samples for characterisation of the sponge-associated microbiome. For technical reasons, the proposal to deploy short-term moorings to assess the short-term changes in currents and environmental parameters had to be abandoned. For technical reasons, also the proposal to leave reference markers for future re-visits of the sites was abandoned. Seabed imaging was carried out by the OFOS team and included one repeat transect visited during PS82. For the collection of water samples, the CTD-rosette, a bottom water sampler (BWS) and a new custom ROV-sampling system was used. Water samples were collected at 13 stations from the CTD and at 11 stations from the BWS. The ROV was deployed ten times at eight stations. Additional CTD samples were collected for a side project on dissolved organic matter (DOM) with Thorsten Dittmar at Uni Oldenburg. Seabed imagery was obtained at ROV and OFOS stations. A new ROV-mounted water sampler provided a total 22 samples from sponge oscula and 21 samples from ambient waters for picoplankton, ammonia and dSi determination. Combining these data with fluorescein dye experiments for the determination of corresponding pumping rates will provide the in situ filtering rates for Antarctic hexactinellid sponges. Optode measurements in the ambient water and inside the sponge osculum were carried out to measure oxygen consumption in sponge exhalant waters. For technical reasons, the Eddy Correlation lander could be deployed successfully only once. Samples, video images and data will be analysed after the cruise. Data will eventually be made available at at PANGAEA (www.pangaea.de). Spatial distribution patterns of epibenthic megafauna D. Piepenburg (AWI) Within the context of the overall ecological working programme of Polarstern cruise PS96, and based on investigations performed during previous cruises to the southeastern and southern Weddell Sea, comparative follow-up field studies were carried out to investigate the abundance, distribution, composition and diversity of epibenthic megafauna. The main objectives of the investigations were: a) Complement surveys of mega-epibenthic assemblages of the shelf of the southeastern and southern Weddell Sea, providing further data comparable with those gained in earlier studies, b) identify spatial distribution patterns of epibenthic megafauna at local and regional scales, c) assess the status of the recovery of megabenthic communities in the area of a long-term benthic disturbance experiment started in 2003, and d) contribute to the standardization of the classification of Antarctic megabenthic communities. To address these issues, seabed imaging surveys, providing both still photographs and video footage, were carried out by means of the Ocean Floor Observation System (OFOS) at a total of 13 stations at water depths between 200 and 754 m (Tab. 2.5.1, Fig. 2.5.1). During the casts of 0:54 to 2:14 hours on-ground duration, series of 110 to 293 stills (2,670 in total) were obtained along transects of 0.9 to 2.6 km length (Tab. 2.5.1). In addition, more than a total of 14:50 hours of video footage was recorded. The stations were distributed over several areas in the southeastern and southern Weddell Sea: 1) Off Austasen, one transect (St. 001) was positioned in close vicinity to the BENDEX sites investigated in 2003, 2011 and 2014. Unfortunately, the actual main BENDEX location, artificially disturbed in 2003, could not be revisited, since in 2015 it was under fast ice and, hence, not accessible. 2) Four stations (Sts. 026, 027, 037 and 048) were located in the main study area of the PS96 cruise, the broad shelf of the southern Weddell Sea west of the Filchner Trough. 3) Five stations (Sts. 007, 008, 010, 057 and 061) were situated on the shelf east of the Filchner Trough. Some of these station were revisits of sites that had been investigated during Polarstern cruise PS82 in 2014, using seabed imaging gears other than OFOS: a) St. 008 was close to the position of St. PS82-277 (74°54.3'S, 29°40.1'W), where in 2014 evidence of demersal eggs and nest-parental care behaviour (guarded fishnests) had been recorded; b) St. 057 was a revisit of a ROV track made in 2014 (from 79°19.1'S, 29°02.0'W to 79°19.3'S, 29°00.9'W), where close to the coast of Coats Land, at depths of about 240 m, a rich sponge-dominated seabed fauna had been recorded. 4) One station (St. 072) was located in the Filchner Trough itself, at about 750 m depth. 5) Two additional stations (Sts. 090 and 106) were surveyed on the southeastern Weddell Sea shelf, close to the mouths of inlets in the edge of the Riiser-Larsen Ice Shelf. The seabed imagery (photos and videos) will be quantitatively analysed after return from the cruise. These investigations will focus on the exploration of the multi-scale distribution patterns (local = within-station, regional = among-stations) of seabed habitat features as well as abundances, composition and diversity of selected epibenthic megafaunal taxa and/or functional groups, in relation environmental seabed and water-column factors, the data on which are available through multidisciplinary collaboration with other working groups participating in the cruise. Macro- and megabenthic fauna collected from concomitant trawl catches at the same or nearby stations will aid identification of the organisms visible in the seabed images. Seabed images and metadata will be published in due course after the cruise (approx. May 2016) at PANGAEA (www.pangaea.de), and a DOI number will be assigned for each station. When making use of the photos in scientific publications, users are asked to cite the data source as indicated in PANGAEA (for an example, search for "OFOS Piepenburg" in PANGAEA to retrieve OFOS photos from previous cruises). The video footage will be available on request. In case it is planned to quantitatively analyze seabed photos and/or videos for a scientific study, the principal investigator should be contacted, to avoid redundant efforts and discuss opportunities of collaborative investigations. Faunistic data will be published in AntaBIF (Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility; www.biodiversity.aq) as soon as benthic classification, quantification and identification are finished. Tracing the effect of ice-shelf loss on benthic ecosystem functioning - from Meio to Macro H. Link, D. Seifert (U Kiel), G. Veit-Köhler, Y. Bodur (DZMB) During PS 96 we studied the two complementary aspects of (A) trophic interactions and partitioning among meio- and macrobenthic communities and (B) the net remineralisation response to simulated ice retreat using pulse-chase experiments with isotopically labelled algae (U. Witte, University of Aberdeen). To disentangle the effect of local environmental conditions from regional ice cover regimes, environmental parameters need to be determined and pulse-chase experiments need to be replicated in areas of different ice cover regimes and other environmental conditions. Therefore, our objectives were to 1. Study the effect of increased food supply on benthic ecosystem functioning (meiofauna, macrofauna, trophic pathways, remineralisation) a) in areas of different ice cover in the Southern Weddell Sea b) under the Filcher Outflow gradient c) mitigated by Meiofauna at different time intervals 2. Study the natural variability of benthic ecosystem functioning (meiofauna, macrofauna, trophic pathways, remineralisation) along an ice-cover gradient. In general, we used sediments collected by the multicorer MUC10 and water from the rosette water sampler at two depths (closest to the bottom and at the fluorescence maximum) for the work on board. According to the objectives presented above, we conducted field experiments (incubation of sediment cores with inhabiting meio- and macrofauna, pulse-chase experiments) of three different types for collecting samples of faunal communities, benthic boundary fluxes and stable isotopes: • Algae Feeding Experiments (AFEx) to answer objectives 1a-b • Meiofauna Feeding Experiment (MeioFEx) to answer objective 1c • Benthic Ecosystem Function Experiments (BEFEx) to answer objective 2 Further, we collected natural samples for the following parameter groups at each station: • Habitat factors of the sediment (Chl a, stable isotopes, grain size) • Fauna natural stable isotopic composition • Environmental factors of the water column (Chl a, stable isotopes) For this project, MUC10 deployments were carried out at all stations where bottom topography would allow safe use of the gear. We collected information on sediment composition and bottom topography from the bathymetry and by following the OFOS deployment. Samples could be obtained from 8 stations. In most cases, MUC10 was used to collect up to 8 undisturbed sediment cores (inner diameter of plexiglass core liners 94 mm, surface 0.007 m²). Subsamples from the giant boxcorer (GKG) were taken with the same core liners in case conditions did not allow for safe MUC10 deployment. This was the case at station 017. At all stations, MUC sampling was accompanied by water-column sampling from the CTD-Rosette water sampler equipped with Niskin bottles. Most data (see Preliminary results) will be obtained through laboratory analyses after the cruise. As soon as they have gone through quality control, processed data will be uploaded to the open-access databases PANGAEA (www.pangaea.de) and/or SCAR-MarBIN. FROSN FISH (Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now: Fish and Invertebrates on the SHelf) Dr. Magnus Lucassen (AWI), Dr. Felix Mark (AWI), Dr. Christoph Held (AWI), Dr. Dorte Janussen (Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt) The biological programme of the cruise aims at characterizing the benthic community along the thermal gradients and continental slopes of the Eastern Weddell Sea and the Filchner outflow system and to correlate the benthic communities with the oceanographic patterns. The characterisation of the colonisation, biomass and distribution pattern of fishes, sponges, crustaceans, Echinodermata, Asteroidea and Crinoidea included the analyses of the genetic and population structure of several species groups, the physiological performance and phenotypic plasticity in the coldest water masses and the sensitivity of these specialists towards climate change, together with ecotoxicological studies. Studies on reproduction biology and young life stages of fish complemented these analyses. ISOPOL (Dr. M.Werner, AWI): The project IsoPol was successfully conducted within the framework of the Polarstern expeditions PS96 and PS97 during the period December 2015 till April 2016. For the first time, the atmospheric water vapour content and its isotopic composition (H216O, H218O, H217O, HDO) was measured by a laser-based spectrometer, which had been installed on board of Polarstern in summer 2015. In addition, daily probes of ocean water were sampled and air-tightly sealed during both cruises. These probes will be analysed regarding their isotopic composition after the return of Polarstern to Bremerhaven in May 2016. ABL-Weddell (G. Heinemann, Uni Trier): In the southern Weddell Sea, the heat transfer of coastal polynyas to the atmosphere has strong effects on the atmospheric boundary layer, sea ice production and associated formation of High-Salinity Shelf Water (HSSW). The knowledge of polynya area, coverage of polynyas with thin ice, atmospheric forcing processes and oceanic processes is therefore of high importance. The goal of the field measurements was to obtain a data set of wind profiles in the atmospheric boundary layer in the Weddell Sea area. For this purpose, we used a “Halo-Photonics Streamline“ wind lidar (wavelength of 1.5 μm, eye-safe class 1M). The lidar is a scanner and has a maximum range of 10 km, but was used only for a range up to 3600 m due to the low aerosol concentration in the Antarctic. The operation principle of the lidar is backscattering at aerosol particles and the use of the Doppler effect. The lidar worked with a pulse rate of 15 kHz. The lidar was operated continuously between 23 December 2015 and 30 January 2016. The lidar was installed on R/V Polarstern at a height of 19m above sea level. The data will be used for process studies, intercomparison with the radiosonde profiles and for the verification of a regional climate model. Bathymetry (B. Dorschel, AWI) During Expedition PS96 (ANT XXXI/2) with the RV Polarstern ca. 104.000 km² of seafloor were mapped south of 60°S. Most bathymetric data were recorded during transit. In addition, small bathymetric surveys were conducted in the Filchner Trough and on the eastern side of the Antarctic Peninsula. In order to avoid duplicate measurements, no data were collected from the Atka Bay.

Name: RV Polarstern - PS 97
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: Cruese Leader: Frank Lamy, AWI PaleoDrake – Marine geological sampling of the upper sediment layers PI: Dr. Frank Lamy (AWI) The Polarstern expedition PS97 “Paleoceanography of the Drake Passage (PaleoDrake)” started on February 16, 2016 in Punta Arenas (Chile) and ended on April 8, 2016 again in Punta Arenas. Onboard Polarstern were 44 crew members as well as 52 scientists, meteorologists, technical staff and helicopter pilots. The scientific members belonged to six working groups with research expertise in geology, oceanography, geodesy and biology. Scientific members came from Argentina, Chile, Germany, France, Netherlands, Peru, Switzerland and Spain. One Chilean and two Argentine scientists on board fulfilled the role of official expedition observers, nominated by their home countries. The principal working area of cruise PS97 was the Drake Passage which forms the major geographical constriction for the flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and plays an essential role in the modern ocean circulation patterns and global climate. Despite its importance for modern and likely also future climate, little is known about past climatic and oceanographic changes on longer, geological time-scales in this region. Therefore, the principle scientific goal of the marine geological work is to enhance understanding of the paleoceanographic role of the Drake Passage during Quaternary global climate variations at orbital and sub-orbital time-scales. The main focus of Polarstern Expedition PS97 were marine geological investigations on two north-south transects across the western and central Drake Passage. The recovered surface sediment samples and sediment cores in the open Drake Passage are the first deep-sea sediments taken in this area since the geological work performed with the American research vessel Eltanin in the 1960ies. A second major geological working area was the Argentinian/Chilean continental slope in the Scotia Sea and the Pacific southern Chilean continental margin between Cape Horn and the Magellan Strait. In the area of the Antarctic Peninsula we recovered surface sediment samples and sediment cores in the Bransfield Strait. The major results of the geological work of PS97 include: • We acquired Hydrosweep and PARASOUND data during all transits and coring site surveys (outside the approved 3-miles zone of Chile and Argentina), in total over a length of ca. 5900 nm. These data formed the most important background information for localizing suitable coring sites. The PARASOUND data document a very sparse sediment cover along the Argentinean/Chilean Scotia Sea margin and within the Polar Frontal Zone of the western Drake Passage. • Surface sediments were recovered successfully at 53 stations with the Multicorer and at 11 stations with the Giant Box Corer. 41 gravity corer deployments, of which 33 were successful, yielded ca. 160 m sediment cores. 32 piston corer deployments, of which 30 were successful, yielded ca. 300 m sediment cores. The longest core had a length of 22.73 m. • The most important geological achievement is the recovery of sediment cores along a north-south transect across the central Drake Passage in the area of the Shackleton Fracture Zone. This Transect starts south of the Polar Front and extends north into the central Polar Frontal Zone. First shipboard sediment-physical measurements and stratigraphic age determinations suggest that we mostly recovered high resolution sediment records extending over one complete glacial-interglacial cycle. • Off Chile we could recover sediment cores over a depth range from ca. 600 m to 4000 m, in order to reconstruct changes in the water mass structure within the northern Antarctic Circumpolar Current before entering the Drake Passage. • The geophysical and geological survey for potential International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) drilling locations at the Chilean continental slope at a sediment drift with high resolution sediment sequences with a total thickness of up to 900 m was very successful. A second geophysical cross profile was accomplished at a deep-sea location about 50 nm west of the Chile Trench. The data suggest up to 500 m sediment thickness. This site is likewise very promising for IODP drilling. • In the area of the Antarctic Peninsula, we recovered several long sediment cores from the Bransfield Strait. These cores contain high resolution Holocene sediment records, which will be used for improving biomarker-based sea-ice reconstructions in the Antarctic realm. The marine geological work was supplemented by paleoclimatic land work. This work has been carried out on Chilean islands (Isla Noir and Isla Cabo de Hornos), which are only accessible by Helicopter. In spite of bad weather conditions, we could recover sediment cores from lakes on both islands. An additional focus of expedition PS97 were oceanographic measurements in order to better document the poorly known Cape Horn Current and the western Drake Passage. A major goal was the acquisition of current velocity measurements. In addition, we obtained a substantial set of water samples and plankton hauls. These will be used to improve the calibration and validation of a variety of microfossil-based proxy methods. In total we worked at 69 CTD/rosette stations. Extensive water sampling and subsequent laboratory experiments onboard Polarstern were undertaken by the biological working group at 3 major biological stations within the Drake Passage. A major focus of the biological work is to understand how trace metal limitation and cycling operates and how global change will impact the Drake Passage and Antarctic Peninsula ecosystems. To achieve this, a teflon membrane pump connected to a polythelene line was used to pump surface seawater from 25 m depth for ca. 24 hours directly into a trace metal clean van where the seawater could be sampled. The paleoclimatic work on land was complemented by geological and geodetic investigations at the Chilean continental margin and the northern Antarctic Peninsula (South Shetland Islands). Besides glacial-geological questions, our work focused on the investigation of the long-term tectonic reconstruction of the Scotia Sea area. For this purpose, we collected rock samples for thermochronological analyses. The geodetic working group investigated recent crustal motion patterns at the Antarctic Peninsula and along the southern Chilean margin. Hydroacoustic survey of the water column, sea floor and upper sediment layers PI: B. Dorschel (AWI) During Expedition PS97 with the RV Polarstern ca. 69.100 km² of seafloor were mapped south of 60°S. Bathymetric data were only recorded during transit. Simultaneously to the bathymetric data, sediment echosounder data were recorded. PaleoDrake – Water and plankon survey PI: S. Trimborn (AWI) The Drake Passage is the major geographical constriction for the flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and plays an essential role in the modern ocean circulation patterns and global climate. Seawater water sampling and subsequent laboratory biological experiments onboard Polarstern were undertaken within the Drake Passage. A major focus of the biological work was to understand how trace metal limitation and cycling operates and how global change will affect the Drake Passage and Antarctic Peninsula ecosystems. The project was conducted in close cooperation with Prof. Dr. Christel (University of Geneva, UoG, Switzerland) and her working group. To this end, seawater from 25 m depth was sampled south of 60° using a teflon membrane pump at 2 locations as well as using a 30L teflon-niskin bottle (GoFlo) at 7 locations. Additionally, seawater was sampled south of 60° using a CTD rosette system at 9 locations as well as via a plankton net (Nansen plankton net 10-50 µm, until 100 m depth. Theomotectonic and glacial evolution of crustal fragments around the Scotia Sea PI: C. Spiegel (U Bremen) The tectonic evolution of the Scotia Sea is a long-standing problem in Geoscientific research. It is of particular interest for understanding post-Gondwana plate tectonic evolution of Antarctica, but it is also of significance for oceanographic, climatic, and biological research: prior to the – presumably Eocene / early Oligocene – opening, the area of the Scotia Sea was clogged by numerous crustal fragments which formed barriers blocking deep-water circulation. Opening of the Scotia Sea led to the formation of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, the largest ocean current on earth, which may have resulted in continental glaciation of Antarctica and a sharp decrease of global temperatures. It also allowed high-latitude fauna and flora exchange between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and put an end to biota migration between Antarctica and South America. Today, the various crustal fragments surround the Scotia Sea and are separated by different basins. Larger continental blocks involved in the opening of the Scotia Sea are South America and the Antarctic Peninsula. The superimposed goal of the project was deriving the tectonic evolution of the different crustal fragments of and around the Scotia Sea by thermochronological dating methods on samples from (i) the southern Patagonian Andes, (ii) the Antarctic Peninsula, (iii) the South Shetland Islands, and (iv) the South Orkney Microcontinent. Comparing the tectonic evolutions of these crustal blocks gives evidence about common or differential movements and thus allows inferences about the timing of their separation and the opening of oceanic basins between these blocks. Repeated GNSS measurements in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula to investigate neotectonics PI: M. Scheinert (TU Dresden) Originally it was planned to carry out GNSS measurements at up to seven locations in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula, which were set up during the German Antarctic Project (GAP) and observed for the first time in 1995 and for a second time in 1996 or 1998. In the end, due to logistic and weather reasons, only two stations could be set-up and observed. Using these data we aim to infer coordinate changes over a time span of about 20 years whereby the same level of accuracy can be reached as for permanent GNSS observations. These coordinate changes will be interpreted in terms of horizontal and vertical crustal deformations. For the vertical, we will get in-situ data to investigate the glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA). The vertical deformation rates will help to constrain GIA model predictions which still vary considerably among different models. Hence, the results will enhance the vertical deformation pattern yielded by observations in the Antarctic Peninsula region, and thus will allow to improve both the models on glacial history and on the viscoelastic response of the earth. Finally, an improved and more reliable determination of the GIA effect will have a positive feedback on estimates of the Antarctic ice-mass balance and of the respective sea-level change. ISOPOL PI: M.Werner (AWI): The project IsoPol was successfully conducted within the framework of the Polarstern expeditions PS96 and PS97 during the period December 2015 till April 2016. For the first time, the atmospheric water vapour content and its isotopic composition (H216O, H218O, H217O, HDO) was measured by a laser-based spectrometer, which had been installed on board of Polarstern in summer 2015. In addition, daily probes of ocean water were sampled and air-tightly sealed during both cruises. These probes will be analysed regarding their isotopic composition after the return of Polarstern to Bremerhaven in May 2016.

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Helicopter service
Category: Local helicopter flights
Period From: 06/12/2015
Period To: 06/03/2016
Remarks: PI: E. Herr (HeliService International) Helicopter service during PS 96 and PS97 Support for Polarstern cruise PS96 and PS97 PS 96: Ice survey, Heli-CTS (ca. 120h); Neumayer and Drescher supply (ca. 30h); Support for work on sea ice (ca 24 h) PS 97: Ice survey (ca 20h); Application of GPS stations (ca. 40h)
Type: POLAR 5 - science
Category: Intracontinental flights
Period From: 08/12/2015
Period To: 04/01/2016
Remarks: Due to problems with the flight permissions the previously planned campaign "Airborne geophysical/ glaciological and remote sensing surveys" (PI: T. Binder, AWI) had to be cancelled. In exchange, the WEGAS campaigns was flown (PI: G. Eagles, AWI): During the season 2015/16 POLAR 5 made 56 flights in Antarctica and on the ferry in 97 days. In total, 65 h were flown for the season’s scientific project, WEGAS. Logistics flights totalled 42 h. There were 7 ferry-only flights within Antarctica. The ferry to and from Antarctica (Novo runway) lasted about 106 h. The logistic flights were carried out for support of CoFi and FISS/FISP, flying ice cores from Kohnen to Neumayer, and personnel and equipment between Neumyer, Kohnen, and FISS/FISP Camp. During the course of the austral season 2015/16 7 stations and 1 field camp were visited, including on the ferry to and from Dronning Maud Land. For the most part, there were enough days of good flying conditions for the project aims to be met: • 11 survey flights as part of WEGAS from Neumayer III. • 2 test and calibration flights as part of WEGAS from Neumayer III. Three of these flights were abandoned before completion owing to a combination of changing weather conditions and, on one, aircraft generator failure.
Type: Polar 5 operation
Category: Intracontinental flights
Period From: 06/11/2015
Period To: 10/02/2016
Remarks: Calgary: 06 November 2015 Rothera: 18 November 2015 Rothera: 03 February 2016 Calgary: 10 February 2016 On 18 logistic flights equipment and personnel was moved between Kohnen, Novo, FISS/FISP Camp and Neumayer.

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: Arved Fuchs
Contact Address: Reiherstieg 2, D-24576 Bad Bramstedt
Email Address: mail@arved-fuchs.de
Website Address: http://www.arved-fuchs.de/
Name of Vessel: Dagmar Aaen
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 9
Maximum Passengers: 0
Remarks: Sailing Expedition in the course of Project "Ocean Change": http://www.arved-fuchs.de/expeditionen/ocean-change
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Jan 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile 25 Feb 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile Arved Fuchs

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point/Gonzalez Videla Station Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky Station Latitude: 65º 02´ 05´´ S Longitude: 64º 02´ 06´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°15´S Longitude: 62°40´W
Visit Date13/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Bernhard Moser
Contact Address: Josef Speckbacherstraße 10a, 6112 Wattens, Österreich
Email Address: mb@itakka.at
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Casa
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 0
Remarks: Private Sailing trip to Westantarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
01 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 29 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 46´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Livingston Island Latitude: 62°36´S Longitude: 60°30´W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date20/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 64°01´W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island/Jougla Point & Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Dr. Hans Müller
Contact Address: Schönbrunnerstraße 28, 81245 München
Email Address: dr-hans-mueller@gmx.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Alkyone
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 7
Maximum Passengers: 0
Remarks: Private Sailing Cruise to Westantarctic Peninsula. The cruise itself will be documented with pictures and short movies within a travel-blog. For this purpose a UAV was used to do aerial shots of the Antarctic landscape. The drone crashed into an iceberg and was lost in the southern ocean.
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
16 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina or Puerto Williams, Chile 07 Feb 2016 Port Stanley, Falklands Dr. Hans Müller

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Livingston Island Latitude: 62°36´S Longitude: 60°30´W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors4
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 14:30
Site Name: Arthur Harbour, Palmer basin Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing10:00 - 11:45
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing21:00 - 24:00
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 14:30
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°17´W
Visit Date26/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesVisit HSM Wordie House, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:00 - 19:00
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesVisit Port Lockroy HSM, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 14:45
Site Name: Waterboat Point/Gonzalez Videla Station Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing16:30 - 18:00
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing21:00 - 24:00
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors2
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 13:30
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Stancomb Cove Latitude: 62°56´S Longitude: 60°41´W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors2
ActivitiesOutput of landfasts for the yacht
Duration of landing20:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Pendulum Cove Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesAnchoring Only
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island, Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:30 - 12:30

Operator:
Name: Hanse Explorer GmbH & Co KG
Contact Address: Hermann-Hollerith-Str. 10, 28355 Bremen
Email Address: HanseExplorer@hp-shipping.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Hanse Explorer
Country of Registry: Antigua and Barbuda
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 16
Maximum Passengers: 12
Remarks: 3 Voyages along the Antarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
04 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 18 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Port Foster Latitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors11
ActivitiesMedia, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors16
ActivitiesMedia, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:00 - 22:30
Site Name: Ferraz Station Latitude: 65º 05´ 07´´ S Longitude: 58º 23´ 33´´ W
Visit Date08/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors8
ActivitiesMedia, Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:15 - 13:00
Site Name: Weddell Sea Latitude: 72°00´S Longitude: 45°00´W
Visit Date09/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors8
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media, UAV-Flight
Duration of landing13:00 - 14:00
Site Name: Weddell Sea Latitude: 72°00´S Longitude: 45°00´W
Visit Date10/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors16
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media
Duration of landing16:00 - 18:00
Site Name: Weddell Sea Latitude: 72°00´S Longitude: 45°00´W
Visit Date10/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors13
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media, UAV-Flight
Duration of landing19:30 - 21:00
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media, UAV-Flight
Duration of landing16:00 - 17:30
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors6
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media, UAV-Flight
Duration of landing19:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Paradise Harbor Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media, UAV-Flight
Duration of landing17:30 - 20:15
Site Name: Paradise Harbor Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media
Duration of landing21:30 - 22:45
Site Name: Useful Island Latitude: 64º 43´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors8
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:45 - 12:15
Site Name: Lautaro Island Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
ActivitiesMedia, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing14:00 - 15:30
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors13
ActivitiesMedia, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbor (D'Hainaut) Latitude: 63º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 78´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing23:00 - 23:30
Site Name: Paradise Harbor Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors6
ActivitiesIce Landing, Media, UAV-Flight
Duration of landing02:00 - 03:30
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors18
ActivitiesMedia, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing16:30 - 21:30
22 Dec 2015 King George Island, Antarctica 02 Jan 2016 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62°05´S Longitude: 58°15´W
Visit Date22/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbor (D'Hainaut) Latitude: 63º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 78´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors16
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors15
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lautaro Island Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date24/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors18
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:45 - 16:00
Site Name: Ferguson Channel Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors23
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing23:30 - 00:30
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors19
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:45 - 20:45
Site Name: Penola Strait Latitude: 65º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 05´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors19
Activities: Ice Walk
Duration of landing18:00 - 19:30
Site Name: Vernadsky Station Latitude: 65º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors20
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:45 - 15:30
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:15 - 15:15
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors6
Activities: Ice Walk
Duration of landing20:45 - 21:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors7
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing20:45 - 21:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors22
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Whalers Bay - Deception Island Latitude: 62º 95´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 63´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors18
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:45 - 16:15
Site Name: Baily Head Latitude: 62º 58´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors13
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:15
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors19
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 22:30
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors19
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:30 - 21:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors20
Activities: Ice Walk
Duration of landing13:30 - 17:30
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 53´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 91´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors17
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:15 - 15:30
Site Name: Aitcho - Barrientos Island Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:30 - 21:30
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 91´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors14
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Antarctic Peninsula; King George Island Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
02 Jan 2016 King George Island, Antarctica 19 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors16
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 16:00
Site Name: Yankee Harbour Latitude: 62º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors16
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:30
Site Name: Orne Harbour Latitude: 64º 37´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors20
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors19
ActivitiesIce Walk
Duration of landing23:30 - 00:00
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 51´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors14
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:00 - 14:30
Site Name: Hidden Bay Latitude: 65°03´S Longitude: 63°47´W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:30 - 14:00
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 20:30
Site Name: Yalour Islands Latitude: 65º 14´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing20:00 - 21:30
Site Name: Vernadsky Station Latitude: 65º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors18
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:30 - 14:30
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors14
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesIce Walk, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:30 - 21:30
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors17
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:30 - 16:00
Site Name: D'Urville Monument Latitude: 63º 25´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 18´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors23
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 14:30
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:00 - 14:30
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date12/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors16
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:30 - 14:00
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64°30´S Longitude: 62°20´W
Visit Date12/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Useful Island Latitude: 64°43´S Longitude: 62°52´W
Visit Date13/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors17
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors18
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 13:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors13
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing14:00 - 15:30
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 14:00
Site Name: Paradise Harbour Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date14/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors13
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing00:30 - 01:30
Site Name: Paradise Harbour Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date14/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors11
ActivitiesKayaking, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing18:00 - 19:00
Site Name: Torgersen Island Latitude: 64º 46´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 05´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors13
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing14:30 - 16:00
Site Name: Dorian Bay Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date15/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors14
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Palmer Station Latitude: 64°46´S Longitude: 64°05´W
Visit Date15/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors23
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 14:00
23 Jan 2016 King George Island, Antarctica 06 Feb 2016 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbor (D'Hainaut) Latitude: 63º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 78´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Curtiss Bay Latitude: 64°03´S Longitude: 60°47´W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Wilhelmina Bay Latitude: 64°38´S Longitude: 62°04´W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:30 - 14:00
Site Name: Wilhelmina Bay Latitude: 64°38´S Longitude: 62°04´W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors7
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing14:00 - 16:00
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64°30´S Longitude: 62°20´W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors13
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing21:00 - 22:00
Site Name: Orne Harbour Latitude: 64º 37´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors16
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 20:30
Site Name: Fish Islands Latitude: 66º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors8
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing14:30 - 16:00
Site Name: Detaille Island Latitude: 66º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 66º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors13
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:30 - 22:00
Site Name: Lallemand Fjord Latitude: 67°05´S Longitude: 66°43´W
Visit Date28/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Ice Walk
Duration of landing12:30 - 14:30
Site Name: Lallemand Fjord Latitude: 67°05´S Longitude: 66°43´W
Visit Date28/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing14:45 - 16:00
Site Name: Lallemand Fjord Latitude: 67°05´S Longitude: 66°43´W
Visit Date29/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors5
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing15:00 - 16:00
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65º 05´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors6
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:30 - 14:30
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 64°01´W
Visit Date30/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors5
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:30
Site Name: Andvord Bay Latitude: 64°50´S Longitude: 62°39´W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:30 - 20:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors13
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:15 - 14:00
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 19:30
Site Name: Fournier Bay Latitude: 64°31´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors7
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing18:00 - 20:00
Site Name: Useful Island Latitude: 64°43´S Longitude: 62°52´W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 21:00
Site Name: View Point Latitude: 63°33´S Longitude: 57°21´W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay - Deception Island Latitude: 62º 95´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 63´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 19:00
Site Name: Deception Island, Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
06 Feb 2016 King George Island, Antarctica 18 Feb 2016 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors8
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:30
Site Name: Gourdin Island Latitude: 63°12´S Longitude: 57°18´W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors8
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:00 - 20:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing14:00 - 14:45
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:30 - 14:00
Site Name: Curtiss Bay Latitude: 64°03´S Longitude: 60°47´W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbor (D'Hainaut) Latitude: 63º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 78´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing16:00 - 18:00
Site Name: Fournier Bay Latitude: 64°31´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing18:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Fournier Bay Latitude: 64°31´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors2
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Fournier Bay Latitude: 64°31´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors6
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Fournier Bay Latitude: 64°31´S Longitude: 63°06´W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors3
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing18:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Vernadsky Station Latitude: 65º 02´ 05´´ S Longitude: 64º 02´ 06´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors14
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Winter Island Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing15:15 - 16:00
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 64°01´W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 20:30
Site Name: Hanusse Bay Latitude: 66°57´S Longitude: 67°30´W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors3
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing18:00 - 19:00
Site Name: Hanusse Bay Latitude: 66°57´S Longitude: 67°30´W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesIce Walk
Duration of landing14:00 - 15:30
Site Name: Hanusse Bay Latitude: 66°57´S Longitude: 67°30´W
Visit Date13/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors14
ActivitiesIce Walk
Duration of landing00:00 -01:00
Site Name: Lallemand Fjord Latitude: 67°05´S Longitude: 66°43´W
Visit Date13/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesIce Walk
Duration of landing17:45 - 19:00
Site Name: Detaille Island Latitude: 66º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 66º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors14
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date13/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing22:15 - 22:45
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors15
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:00 - 20:00
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date14/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors5
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date14/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors4
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 21:00
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64°20´S Longitude: 62°55´W
Visit Date15/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hanse Explorer GmbH & Co KG
Contact Address: Hermann-Hollerith-Str. 10, 28355 Bremen
Email Address: HanseExplorer@hp-shipping.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Hanse Explorer
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: French Film team (Fidélité Films) will be abord the yacht Hanse Explorer to shoot scenes for the feature film "The Odyssey", use of UAV is planned. Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 until 18.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: GermanTravel-Blogger Inka Chall will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries for her blog Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Swiss journalist Yvonne Beck will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica for an article in the Swiss magazine "Prestige" Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Austrian journalist Monika Unegg will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica for the Austrian Press Agency Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS BREMEN
Country of Registry: Nassau/Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 105
Maximum Passengers: 164
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
02 Dec 2015 Punta Arenas, Chile 20 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
20 Dec 2015 Ushuaia/Argentina 07 Jan 2016 Ushuaia/Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date30/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
07 Jan 2016 Ushuaia/Argentina 25 Jan 2016 Ushuaia/Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date17/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Livingston Island Latitude: 62°36´S Longitude: 60°30´W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
25 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 12 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Latitude: 60º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 44´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Walker Bay Latitude: 62º 38´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 41´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
12 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 02 Mar 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Latitude: 60º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 44´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Walker Bay Latitude: 62º 38´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 41´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pendulum Cove Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Prospect Point Latitude: 66°00´S Longitude: 65°21´W
Visit Date27/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hanusse Bay Latitude: 66°54´S Longitude: 67°33´W
Visit Date27/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fish Islands Latitude: 66º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS Hanseatic
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 100
Maximum Passengers: 140
Remarks: US-American journalist Clark Norton will be aboard HAN1603 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica Journey lasts from 15.02.2016 to 28.02.2016
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS Hanseatic
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 100
Maximum Passengers: 140
Remarks: British journalist Peter Hughes will be aboard HAN1603 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica Journey lasts from 15.02.2016 to 28.02.2016
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS Hanseatic
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 100
Maximum Passengers: 140
Remarks: A team of five people from the German Asisi Panorama International GmbH will be aboard HAN1602 to take pictures and shoots for a 360°-panorama-picture Journey lasts from 20.01.2016 to 15.02.2016
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Austrian journalist Waltraud Dengel will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica for an article in the Austrian newspaper "Kronen Zeitung" Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 130
Maximum Passengers: 188
Remarks: All Voyages to Westantarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
15 Nov 2015 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 04 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing14:00 - 14:30
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors118
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing20:00 - 20:45
Site Name: Fridtjof Sound Latitude: 63°34´S Longitude: 56°43´W
Visit Date27/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing11:00 - 12:00
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date27/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing08:00 - 10:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors120
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing15:00 - 16:30
Site Name: Bransfield Strait Latitude: 63°00´S Longitude: 59°00´W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing00:00 - 09:00
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors132
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:30 - 12:30
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64°30´S Longitude: 62°20´W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing23:00 - 05:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors136
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:15 - 20:00
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing23:00 - 11:00
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors101
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 20:00
Site Name: Bismarck Strait Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 63°58´W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing15:00 - 16:00
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing16:00 - 17:00
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors120
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing10:30 - 13:00
Site Name: Paradise Harbour Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing13:00 - 14:00
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors134
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:00
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors132
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 21:15
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/11/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors63
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing11:30 - 14:00
Site Name: Andvord Bay Latitude: 64°50´S Longitude: 62°39´W
Visit Date30/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing17:00 - 18:00
Site Name: Wilhelmina Bay Latitude: 64°38´S Longitude: 62°04´W
Visit Date01/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors246
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing00:00 - 02:00
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date01/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors116
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing10:00 - 12:45
04 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 22 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors285
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing05:00 - 14:00
Site Name: Sandefjord Bay Latitude: 60°37´S Longitude: 46°02´W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors153
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing17:30 - 20:00
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors285
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing17:30 - 18:30
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors166
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing14:30 - 17:30
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors164
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing20:30 - 23:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors185
Activities: Ice Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors139
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:30 - 22:00
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors163
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors187
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors285
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing16:00 - 17:00
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64°30´S Longitude: 62°20´W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors285
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing14:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 53´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 14´´ W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors170
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:30 - 13:00
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors158
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing10:00 - 13:00
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors285
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Andvord Bay Latitude: 64°50´S Longitude: 62°39´W
Visit Date19/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors285
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing08:00 - 09:00
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors145
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing09:00 - 11:30
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date19/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors150
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing18:00 - 20:30
22 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 10 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors163
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing13:15 - 16:30
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors123
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing23:00 - 01:30
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing11:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors188
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:40 - 20:20
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing15:00 - 17:30
Site Name: Herbert Sound Latitude: 63°55´S Longitude: 57°40´W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing19:30 - 22:00
Site Name: Prince Gustav Channel Latitude: 64°00´S Longitude: 58°30´W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors141
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing22:45 - 01:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors183
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 20:00
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors170
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:45 - 13:00
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 51´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing06:00 - 09:30
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors166
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:15
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors163
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing10:30 - 13:30
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing15:30 - 17:00
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors155
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 21:00
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date07/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors288
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing09:00 - 11:20
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors179
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing11:20 - 15:00
10 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 28 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors177
Activities: Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing13:00 - 16:30
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors289
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing17:30 - 18:30
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors289
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing18:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors184
Activities: Ice Landing, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing14:00 - 17:00
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors289
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing03:00 - 13:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors163
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing20:00 - 22:00
Site Name: Bellingshausen Station Latitude: 62º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors4
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:00 - 11:00
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors170
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing14:00 - 16:30
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors289
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing17:30 - 22:00
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors185
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:00 - 15:30
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 53´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 14´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors181
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:30 - 12:30
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors289
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing16:00 - 17:00
Site Name: Errera Channel Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°36´W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors289
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing14:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors170
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:00 - 14:00
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors192
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:00 - 21:00
28 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 15 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors162
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors160
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors275
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing21:00 - 00:00
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors275
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing14:00 - 18:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors160
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:00 - 14:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors158
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing21:30 - 23:45
Site Name: Frei Station Latitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 09´ 06´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors159
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing12:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors162
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors273
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing18:00 - 19:00
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors116
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:30 - 21:30
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors161
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:00
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors165
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing19:00 - 21:30
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors273
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing10:00 - 11:00
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors169
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing11:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Frei Station Latitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 09´ 06´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:00
15 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 06 Mar 2016 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Yankee Harbour Latitude: 62º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors152
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:00 - 21:00
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors160
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:00 - 22:00
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors138
Activities: Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing12:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Port Foster Latitude: 62º 96´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 65´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors266
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing22:00 - 00:00
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors163
Activities: Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing18:00 - 20:30
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:30 - 11:00
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors151
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing20:30 - 23:00
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors145
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date20/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors266
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing11:30 - 12:30
Site Name: Wilhelmina Bay Latitude: 64°38´S Longitude: 62°04´W
Visit Date20/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors266
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing16:00 - 19:00
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date20/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors266
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing09:30 - 10:30
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 18:00
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date21/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors266
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing09:30 - 12:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors136
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:30 - 15:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 12:30
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors134
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 20:30
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors144
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors266
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:00

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS Hanseatic
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 100
Maximum Passengers: 140
Remarks: Dutch journalist Ruben Drenth will be aboard HAN1603 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica Journey lasts from 15.02.2016 to 28.02.2016
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Wolf Kloss, Turismo SIM Ltd
Contact Address: Calle Maragaño 168, P.O. Box 6, Puerto Williams, XII Region, Chile
Email Address: base@simexpeditions.com
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: S/Y SANTA MARIA AUSTRALIS
Country of Registry: Berlin, Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 2
Maximum Passengers: 9
Remarks: 3 Voyages along the Antarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
05 Dec 2015 Port Stanley, Falklands 09 Jan 2016 Port Stanley Falklands

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61°08´S Longitude: 55°07´W
Visit Date11/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61°08´S Longitude: 55°07´W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities
Duration of landing
25 Jan 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile 15 Feb 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fumarole Bay Latitude: 64º 58´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 42´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Gerlache Strait Latitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 51´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wilhelmina Bay Latitude: 64°38´S Longitude: 62°04´W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Plata Passage Latitude: 64°40´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point/Gonzalez Videla Station Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors11
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors8
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Harbor Latitude: 64º 85´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 09´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Errera Channel Latitude: 62º 42´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Penola Strait Latitude: 65º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 05´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors10
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors11
Activities: Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Winter Island Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Jougla Point Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Peltier Channel Latitude: 64°52´S Longitude: 63°32´W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Renard Latitude: 65º 01´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors12