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2010/2011 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: “Geochemical characterization and fate of the dissolved and particulated load of glacial melt waters of the Potter Cove watershed, King George Island (Western Antarctic Pensinsula)”
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Hans-Jürgen Brumsack (University of Oldenburg)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The objectives of this geochemical project were twofold, (1) the quantification and geochemical characterization of suspended material matter (SPM) transported into coastal areas and (2) the investigation of dissolved matter such as macronutrients and trace elements varying in meltwater streams on Potter Peninsula and in the water column of Potter Cove during the melting season. (1) Along several transects the principal meltwater streams draining into Potter Cove, King George Island, were sampled weekly between 20th December 2010 and 14th of February 2011 in order to characterize and quantify the particulate (SPM) load of glacial effluents draining into the cove at different times by inorganic geochemical methods (major and minor elements). These investigations were accompanied by weekly sampling of surface waters on two transect in Potter Cove. Furthermore, sediment traps (each at 5 and 20 m depth) were deployed at different locations in Potter Cove to collect sinking particles over longer time frames (one to two weeks). The amount of particles suspended in the water column change the light regime of Potter cove significantly and therefore it may also have an influence on living photosynthetic-active organisms. (2) On a weekly base along transects in the meltwater streams (same as for SPM) and at the two transects in Potter Cove (6 stations with 3 depths: surface, 5m and 30 m) water samples were collected. Directly in the field laboratory the samples were filtered and measured for labile macronutrients such as nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and ammonium. Subsamples were fixed for additionally nutrient and trace metal analyses in the home laboratory. Macronutrients and trace metals can adsorb to particles, be consumed by autotrophic organisms or be transformed chemically, and therefore be removed from the water column and accumulated at the ocean floor. The results according to these investigations will contribute to understand the characteristics of particulate and dissolved matter in waters strongly influenced by warming and ice-melting processes and the effects on the ecosystem. Additionally, this study on the fate of dissolved and particulate matter provides a link between recent changes in this environment and paleoreconstruction work done on sediment cores.
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Project Name/Number: “The response of sedimentary archives to the rapid recent glacier retreat at the western Antarctic Peninsula: from source to sink”
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Hans-Jürgen Brumsack (University of Oldenburg)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The objectives of the geochemical project on Potter Peninsula and Potter Cove were the quantification and geochemical characterization of suspended material matter (SPM) transported into coastal areas during the melting season and the reconstruction of Late Holocene glacier retreat by using local sedimentary archives. Along several transects the principal meltwater streams draining into Potter Cove, King George Island, were sampled weekly between 20th December 2010 and 14th of February 2011 in order to characterize and quantify the particulate (SPM) load of glacial effluents draining into the cove at different times by inorganic geochemical methods (major and minor elements). These investigations were accompanied by weekly sampling of surface waters on two transect in Potter Cove. In cooperation with the geological group of Dr. Rudolfo del Valle from the Argentine Antarctic Institute (IAA) soils were moreover sampled on representative sites of Potter Peninsula to find out more about the possible supply area of Potter Cove sediments. Furthermore, 23 sediment cores (30-45 cm) were taken from different locations in Potter Cove and adjacent areas (Marian Cove, Collins Harbour) that may serve as archives for the climatic and palaeoenvironmental development of this area during the last century. Inorganic geochemical proxies may document the gradual glacier retreat in this region and may be possibly applied on already existing core material from Maxwell Bay and on lake cores from the Fildes Peninsula. High resolution pore water samples were additionally taken from ten sediment cores from Potter and Marian cove to get more information about sediment metabolic profiles in different areas, which are more or less effected by the meltwater input. Labile parameters, like alkalinity, nitrite, nitrate and ammonium were directly measured on these samples by photospectrometry on-site. The results of this study will contribute to assess whether the documented temperature increase and associated glacier retreat at WAP is reflected in the sedimentary record and weather such episodes have occurred within the Holocene before.
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Project Name/Number: Air Chemistry Observatory
Discipline: klimatology, air chemistry
Principal Investigator: Rolf Weller (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Halogen radicals play an important role in the chemistry of the polar atmosphere. Ozone depletion in the stratosphere by man-made halocarbons is a well-known phenomenon. However, the destruction of ozone also occurs close to the ground. This tropospheric ozone hole is caused by bromine radicals emitted from the sea ice (bromine explosion) and occurs every spring both in the Arctic and Antarctic. In recent years, evidence has emerged that iodine radicals also play an important role in the chemistry of the Antarctic troposphere. The phenomena halogen radicals are involved in were investigated at Neumayer for more than 10 years using a permanently operating Multi-Axis DOAS instrument installed on the roof of the trace gas observatory. It observes scattered sunlight from different viewing directions and detects atmospheric trace gases using their absorption structures as individual fingerprints. Using these measurements, it was possible to investigate the dynamics and vertical structure of bromine enhancements in polar spring in detail. A recent finding from our DOAS measurements is the presence of very high concentrations of iodine oxide in the snowpack at Neumayer. Apart from the maintenance of our permanently installed MAX-DOAS instrument, the main focus of our activities were field measurements of halogen radicals in the vicinity of Neumayer station. Our field activities aim for the measurement of iodine monoxide (IO) in the Antarctic snowpack. Indications for the presence of extremely high IO concentrations in the snowpack at Neumayer station came from the long-term MAX-DOAS measurements, but it was so far only possible to roughly estimate the level of IO concentrations. Also, the sources of IO and its impact on atmospheric chemistry is subject of large uncertainties. We used a newly developed cavity-enhanced DOAS system, equipped with two highly reflective mirrors as an optical resonator, to perform point-like measurements of IO above and inside the snowpack. We performed numerous measurements with this portable instrument in the surroundings of Neumayer station and also on the sea ice. The evaluation of the data is in progress and first results will be available to the end of this year (2011).
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Project Name/Number: Airborne geophysical/glaciological surveys with POLAR 5 and support of ground-based fieldwork
Discipline: geophysics, glaciology
Principal Investigator: Daniel Steinhage (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: CryoVEx ANT For the validation of CryoSat several survey flights above area with different snow surface properties were done. Near Novo blue ice fields were sampled on which colleagues of the Institute for Planetary Geodesy, Technical University of Dresden, were carrying out reference measurements on ground. Near Neumayer the high accumulation region of Halvfarryggen was sampled along CryoSat tracks. The same was done around Kohnen station, which is a low accumulation regime. Due to bad weather a tight schedule of POLAR 5, it was not possible to transfer the aircraft to the Australian base for further flights above Taylor Dome. The target regions of the mission were determined in close collaboration with ESA. WEGAS WEGAS (West-East Gondwana amalgamation and its separation) was the continuation of the earlier project VISA. The focus of WEGAS is the tectonic structure underneath the ice sheet of Dronning Maud Land. The instrumentation of POLAR 5 consisted of AWI’s RES system, a new so-called accumulation radar, a gravity meter, a magnetometer, an altimeter, a digital camera, various GPS receivers, and the data acquisition system MEDUSA-P. The data collected will be used to study the tectonics of the region, but also to validate satellite measurements of CHAMP and GRACE as well as to contribute to local ice thickness data, surface and sub-glacial topography data sets. Most flights were conducted from Kohnen Station but also the flights to and from Kohnen across the coastal mountains were used for survey. Furthermore a flight to the South Pole with an over-night stay at Amundsen-Scott was done. GEA First flights have been carried four the joint survey of AWI and the Federal Institute for Minerals and Natural Resources (BGR) above the Sør Rondane mountains. The surveys aim for a detailed regional mapping of magnetic and gravity anomalies for correlation with the geological formations. Due to strong winds, only 4 flights could be carried out. The turbulences above the mountain ranges were to strong for good airborne gravity measurements. It is planned, to continue with this survey in the forthcoming Antarctic season. Parallel to the airborne programme, BGR carried out an own field programme, mapping the susceptibility and taking rock samples in the vicinity of the Belgium base Princess Elisabeth. EUFAR SRG The European Facilities for Airborne Research (EUFAR) funded a project of Kenichi Matsuoka, Norsk Polar Institute, called Sør Rondane Glacier. Aim of this project was to map the ice thickness of two glaciers on each side around the Belgium station Princess Elisabeth. The project was completed with three flights on three consecutive days. Logistic support For DROMLAN 2 flights were carried out in December 2010 and an automatic seismometer station at the Swedish summer station Svea was maintained and equipped with a wind generator with aid of POLAR 5. Furthermore the seismometer at the South African wintering-over station SANAE IV was serviced. CryoVEx ANT glaciological fieldwork In order to complement the airborne measurements for CryoVEx ANT a small glaciological field programme was carried out in order to get data on snow and firn properties near Kohnen and on Halvfarryggen. Near Kohnen samples and density measurements were taken in 5 snow pits and a deformation figure was re-surveyed. On Halvfarryggen a firn core was drilled. Tiltmeter measurements were carried out North of Neumayer III station on Ekströmisen detecting the movements of the ice shelf due to the tides.
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Project Name/Number: Change of body weight, body composition and adaptation of the cardiovascular system during wintering in Antarctica
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Hanns Christian Gunga (ZWMB, Berlin), Eberhard Kohlberg (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: During summer season 2004/2005 a medical study started at Neumayer Station in cooperation with the Berlin Centre for Space Medicine (ZWMB) and the Alfred Wegener Institute. Data collection has been continued the complete wintering periods from 2005 to 2009. The 29th wintering team should resume the project in 2009. Measurements will be made during the whole wintering period focussed on the nine months lasting phase of isolation. All members of the wintering team will be involved. The project derives from space medicine which made it possible to study the impacts of extreme environments referring to the human organism. In the same way Antarctica presents the opportunity to do research on change of body weight, body composition and adaptation of the cardiovascular system under isolated conditions. It is intended to record the body composition of the wintering personnel with the non-invasive body impedance analysis. Conditional on dehydration of the organism in Antarctic climate there is an increased loss of water through respiratory tract and skin. This potential dehydration can be recorded by the measurement of the impedance. Additional monthly taken blood samples should give information about possible correlation between changes of the autonomous nervous system and some metabolic parameters. The autonomous nervous system is always involved in adaptation to extreme environments. That may become apparent in sleeplessness, loss of appetite, nausea and heart trouble. Early symptoms can be found in changes of the variability of heartbeat. This variability should produce knowledge about influence on the autonomous nervous system during isolation. There is a direct correlation between variability of heart frequency and actual state of reaction of the autonomous nervous system. All members of the wintering team will be introduced to the method and record an electrocardiogram weekly before getting up in the morning. The data are saved on a datalogger; the medical officer of Neumayer Station will transmit the data via computer and internet to the Berlin Centre for Space Medicine (ZWMB). Due to these periodical checkups the state of health of the personnel can be followed. The dataloggers are developed by the Berlin Centre for Space Medicine. They record the beat-to-beat intervals of the heart to find out the variability.
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Project Name/Number: DROMLAN Weather forecast service
Discipline: meteorology
Principal Investigator: Christian Kreutzmann (DWD), Hans-Joachim Möller (DWD)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Established in season 2002/03 and the meteorological observatory of the German Antarctic station Neumayer offered a detailed and individual weather forecast service for all activities in Dronning Maud Land. This service is performed in close cooperation between the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the German Weather Service (DWD). During the summer season 2009/2010 several thousand forecasts get performed for field parties, ships, stations and especially aircrafts. It is obvious, that this service increased the safeness of the ambiguous projects in the Dronning Maud Land. Furthermore, it helps to reduce weather induced idle times of expensive flight operations to a minimum. The service was performed again between November 2010 and February 2011.
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Project Name/Number: GARS-German Antarctic Receiving Station
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Principal Investigator: Erhard Diedrich (DLR, Director of GARS), Robert Metzig (DLR, Station Management)
Main Activity/ Remarks: 1. DLR (German Aerospace Center) During the reporting period the scientific and technical programs of the last 20 years have been continued and extended. The aim was to support scientific projects related to climate change, mass balance, ice dynamics, geodesy, ozone hole etc. with information gathered by remote sensing satellites. In addition TT&C support has been provided to national and international missions. ERS-2 On behalf of ESA, GARS O’Higgins has suppported ERS-2 HR (SAR) and LR data acquisition. Up to 10 SAR passes daily have been recorded up until the very end of the mission in July, 2011. All received SAR data of ERS-2 were transferred to Oberpfaffenhofen and processed by DLRs D-PAF (processing and archiving facility) under ESA contract. Data can be ordered through ESA’s EOLI-SA. ERS-2 low rate data (Active Microwave Instrument (AMI) Wave & Wind mode, Radar Altimeter (RA), Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ASTR2), Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME), Microwave Radiometer (MWR), EGH telemetry data) were received in addition and provided to ESA. Near-Real-Time ozone maps from ERS-2 were made available online via the World Data Center for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere. Highlight: ERS 3-day-orbit Campaign (March to July 2011) By the end of February 2011 ESA had modified the satellite orbit so that SAR images of the Antarctic could be recorded with the exact same viewing angle every three days, instead of every 35 days as previously. This was a unique opportunity for differential SAR interferometry, which involves comparing the radar signal run-time differences for three acquisitions, making it possible to generate terrain models and derive ice movement. Without the year-round availability of the GARS O’Higgins station this data "gold mine" from the last mission phase of ERS-2 would not have been possible to exploit (http://www.dlr.de/caf/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-5518/9212_read-31521/). TerraSAR-X Mission (TSX-1 and TDX-1, monostatic operations) For information related to the TerraSAR-X mission please have a look on http://www.dlr.de/dlr/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10377/565_read-436/ . On behalf of DLR, GARS O’Higgins has suppported TerraSAR-X data acquisition. All received SAR data of TSX-1 and TDX-1 were transferred to Oberpfaffenhofen and processed by DLR’s TerraSAR-X PGS (payload ground segment). Data access for scientific users is possible by accepted science proposal via http://sss.terrasar-x.dlr.de/ (TerraSAR-X Science Service System). Operational real-time TT&C support (24 h / 7 d) has been provided to DLR’s German Space Operations Center (GSOC) in charge of TerraSAR-X mission control. Highlight: TerraSAR-X Background Mission Antarctica The background mission has been enabled by integration of GARS O’Higgins in the TerraSAR-X mission concept. Due to this additional polar ground station with up-to 9 TerraSAR-X contacts each day the mission bottleneck downlink capacity has been widened. In accordance with the objectives of the TerraSAR-X Background Mission Antarctica (http://www.klimacampus.de/tsx-antarctica0.html) high resolution StripMap data of Antarctic Peninsula, offshore Islands and Antarctic ice shelves have been acquired in GARS O’Higgins. TanDEM-X Mission (TSX-1 and TDX-1 close formation flight, bistatic operations) Since October 2010, TSX-1 and TDX-1 are flying in a close satellite formation. Within the close formation both satellites are operated synchronized to realize the TanDEM-X spaceborne SAR interferometer. For more background information related to the challenging close formation of TSX-1 and TDX1 please have a look on http://www.dlr.de/dlr/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10378/566_read-426/. On behalf of DLR, GARS O’Higgins has supported the TanDEM-X data acquisition. Up to 9 TSX-1 and TDX-1 passes daily have been recorded. All received SAR data of TSX-1 and TDX-1 were transferred to Oberpfaffenhofen and processed by DLR’s TanDEM-X PGS (payload ground segment). Operational real-time TT&C support (24 h / 7 d) has been provided to DLR’s German Space Operations Center (GSOC) in charge of TanDEM-X mission control. GRACE Mission (Grace-1 and Grace-2 formation flight) TT&C support mainly related to software upload and contingency recovery has been provided for the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission jointly operated by DLR’s GSOC and NASA. This support is in particular of importance for the extension of the GRACE mission through the end of its on-orbit life, expected in 2015. 2. BKG (Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy): VLBI Observations International VLBI Service (IVS) 3 IVS-OHIG sessions. The purpose of the IVS-OHIG (Southern Terrestrial Reference Frame) sessions is to tie together optimally the sites in the southern hemisphere. Because these sessions concentrate on the southern sites and do not use observing time to accurately tie these sites to far northern sites (as the global sessions do) they should yield a very accurate regional Terrestrial Reference Frame (TRF) around the South Pole. Reference: http://lupus.gsfc.nasa.gov/sess/sesshtml/2011/ohig70.html 1 IVS-T2 sessions. In general the purpose of the IVS-T2 sessions is to monitor the TRF via monthly sessions. Since April 2004 the purpose of the remaining IVS-T2 sessions has been changed by the IVS OPC (Observing Program Committee). The new plan uses larger networks for each T2 session, say 16 to 20 stations, but have fewer T2 sessions during the year. The larger network should provide a stronger solution and better TRF results, even if there are fewer sessions each year. The TRF determine from single session solutions or from a global solution is very important IVS product because this is an essential part for creating the ITRF by corresponding IERS Product Center. A particular strength of VLBI is its contribution to the scale of the ITRF. Usually the TRF is computed from the 24h sessions that are dedicated to observing the EOP. Reference: http://lupus.gsfc.nasa.gov/sess/sesshtml/2011/t2074.html Highlight: TANAMI Project - The highest-resolution view of an extragalactic jet For more information related to this spectacular TANAMI project result, the GARS O’Higgins VLBI campaign participation was essentially, please have a look on http://www.aanda.org/index.php?option=com_article&access=standard&Itemid=129&url=/articles/aa/full_html/2011/06/aa16605-11/aa16605-11.html . Permanent (year-round) observations and online availability International GNSS Service (IGS): For year-round GPS observations of OHI2 & OHI3 GNSS reference points see  http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov/network/site/ohi2.html and  http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov/network/site/ohi3.html. GNSS GALILEO / CONGO: Since February 2010 GNSS GALILEO signals of GIOVE A and GIOVE B are received permanently within CONGO (COoperative Network for GIOVE Observations). CONGO has been established by DLR's German Space Operations Center and BKG as an early test bed for experimentation with new GNSS signals (http://www.weblab.dlr.de/rbrt/GpsNav/CONGO/CONGO.html and http://www.iapg.bv.tum.de/190749--~iapg~forschung~gnss~congo.html). Tide gauge (underwater installation): Maintenance has been executed to enable year-round tide gauge observations again. Meteorological Data: For online meteorological data like temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, wind direction and wind speed refer to http://ivs.bkg.bund.de/vlbi/ohiggins/ . Observations during campaigns Tide gauge (above sea level installation): A radar tide gauge has been installed and operated during austral summer campaign, and removed again. Absolute gravity measurement: Using an absolute gravimeter, measurements executed last time in 1997 have been repeated. The German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS) O’Higgins is logistically operated as annex to the Chilean base “General Bernardo O’Higgins”. Additional support (transportation of personnel, food, material and MDO) is performed by our Chilean and international partners coordinated by the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH). Logistic capacities of Chilean Army (Ejército de Chile), Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile), Chilean Air Force (FACh), Brazilian Antarctic Program (PROANTAR), Brazilian Air Force (FAB), Uruguayan Air Force (FAU) and DAP were used for the transportation of personnel and material. The transport between Punta Arenas and GARS O’Higgins has been executed within three steps, - between Punta Arenas and Base Frei (King George Island) by FACh C-130 Hercules // PROANTAR / FAB C-130 Hercules // FAU C-130 Hercules // “Almirante O. Viel” and “ATF Lautaro” (Armada de Chile) // DAP BA-146 - between Base Frei and Base O’Higgins by FACh DHC-6 Twin Otter // FACh Bell 412 helicopter // “Almirante O. Viel” and “ATF Lautaro” (Armada de Chile). - in case of using FACh DHC-6 Twin Otter between Base Frei and O’Higgins, Skidoos of Ejército de Chile were used for the traverse between O’Higgins airstrip on the glacier and O’Higgins. Since February 2010 a new biological waste water treatment plant (BMA 12 of Martin Systems AG) is operational in use.
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Project Name/Number: GEA: West and East Gondwana amalgamation Gondwana break-up and fragmentation Long-term landscape evolution
Discipline: geophysics, glaciology
Principal Investigator: Detlef Damaske (BGR, Germany)
Main Activity/ Remarks: In the austral summer season 2010/2011 (19 Dec. 2010 – 31 Jan. 2011), BGR conducted the land expedition “GEA 1“ to western Sør Rondane in eastern Dronning Maud Land in cooperation with the Belgium Antarctic Research Expedition (BELARE) and Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI). Main base for both geological/ground-geophysical investigations and an aerogeophysical survey with the Polar-5 (AWI) was the Belgium Princess Elisabeth Station. After completion of the field work in Sør Ronddane, additional geological studies were performed in the Schirmacher Oasis using Novolazarevskaya (RUS) as base. Main aim of GEA is the study of geological and tectonic features of East Antarctica related to the Grenvillian and pan-African orogenic cycles and to break-up and fragmentation of the Gondwana supercontinent as well as the long-term landscape evolution of Dronning Maud Land. Over approximately four weeks, the scientists conducted ski-doo supported fieldwork from the station. In total, they travelled approximately 800 km by ski-doo from the station with farthest destinations approximately 25 km away. Approximately 250 structural-geological measurements were taken and over 100 samples were taken for later petrological, geochronological, and thermochronological studies. In addition, magnetic susceptibility was measured at most samples.
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Project Name/Number: Geodetic investigations at the scientific traverse Vostok – Progress and at Russian Antarctic stations
Discipline: glaciology
Principal Investigator: Reinhard Dietrich (Dresden University of Technology, Germany)
Main Activity/ Remarks: One main task of the participation in the 55th Russian Antarctic Expedition consisted in the realization of geodetic field work at Vostok station (central East Antarctica), in the area of the subglacial Lake Vostok and along the continental traverse route Vostok – Progress. The field work focussed on repeated GPS observations at control markers with the aim to determine horizontal ice flow velocity vectors and height changes of the ice surface for further glaciological interpretations. A second task was to check the set up of two permanent GPS sites at the Russian Antarctic stations Leningradskaya and Russkaya. This task was fulfilled in cooperation with FGUP “Aerogeodeziya” in continuation of the IPY project “POLENET”.
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Project Name/Number: Geophysical Observatory
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Principal Investigator: Alfons Eckstaller (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Seismology: The primary objective of the seismological observatory at Neumayer-III is to complement the worldwide network of seismographic monitoring stations in the southern hemisphere. This contribution is of special importance as this network is rather wide meshed in Antarctica. Local seismographic networks of changing size and shape have been operated at Neumayer stations since the very beginning. In its current design it comprises the seismic station VNA1 in the geophysics observatory and the two remote seismic broadband stations VNA2 and VNA3 on the Ice Rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen. Still unique in Antarctica is the small aperture detection array with 15 vertical seismometers placed on three concentric rings with a total diameter of almost 2 km at station VNA2. This array is a powerful tool for monitoring seismic activities in a local to regional distance range. Since a couple of years we have deployed two more autonomously recording stations in the interior of Dronning Maud Land (DML), one at Kohnen Station and one at the Swedish summer base Svea. However, operation of these autonomous stations has shown limited success until now. We encountered major problems at Kohnen station, which are mainly due to the extreme cold at this site. Therefore we plan a complete new reinstallation of the seismographic station at Kohnen. All instruments will be deployed inside the science trench of the ice drilling facility where temperatures during winter will not drop as low as outside the trench. This will hopefully result in a substantially longer operation time and sufficient high data quality. Service works at the Kohnen seismographic station were carried out by members of the Polar-5 aerogeophysics team. During the traverse from Neumayer-III to Kohnen another autonomous seismographic station was set up at Weigel Nunatak by traverse members. Weigel Nunatak lies close beside the traverse route. Data retrieval will be on the next traverse to Kohnen Station in December 2011. It is planned to operate the station at Weigel Nunatak also in 2012. The seismic station at Svea was serviced at the end of January 2011 using Polar-5 for transport. Unfortunately this station showed some severe problems and thus useful recordings could only be obtained for a few weeks. During the one-day visit we changed the batteries and installed a new wind generator. Thus sufficient 12V DC power may now eventually be available also during winter. The malefunctioning seismic recorder had been changed, the seismometer proved to be operating correctly. In cooperation with the Council for Geoscience and DEAT, both SA, GFZ Potsdam and CTBTO Vienna another seismographic broadband station is in operation at the South African base Sanae IV since 1997. This station is also part of the local seismic network. Since January 2009 data from Sanae IV is transmitted online to Neumayer III and fed into the new Antelope seismic processing system to be included into the daily evaluation routine. In January and February 2010 we installed two more temprary autonomous seismic broadband stations, one at the Russian base Novolazaravskaya and one at the Norwegian base Troll. We have got the permission to operate thes stations also in 2011. We will ask Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute AARI, Russia, if we may operate this station also in 2012. The seismographic station at Troll will be removed in January 2012. Monitoring regional seismicity in DML is substantially improved by these two additional stations. The main task in austral season 2010/2011 was to improve the 12V DC poewr suplly at the array site at station VNA2 on Halvfar Ryggen. For converting solar to electrical energy the container is equipped with 12 high efficieny solar panels, each with a nominal power of 100 W. These modules alone are sufficient as long as there is enough daylight available. During the dark winter two 300 W wind generators should produce the power needed for continuous operation. However, both generators had been destroyed completely during severe storms. Thus, array recording at VNA2 stopped at the end of May 2010. It will hopefully resume operation at the beginning of August with increasing daylight. The reason for this failure was that the electrical design of the generator was not sturdy enough for a long term brake operation during storms, when the generator is short-circuited to substantially reduce rotor speed. Thus the generator overheated and the windings were burnt. In season 2011/2012 we will repair the generators and mount shorter rotor blades to reduce wind power. The major service trip to station VNA2 was made in February 2011, when we also replaced a blocking wind generator. Two more traverses by the wintering team had been made until May 2011. They installed new charging regulators for the wind generators and a heating device to warm up the batteries using excess power. At the last visit they noticed the complete destruction of the wind turbines and dismounted them. Remote station VNA3 on Søråsen ice rise could not be serviced during summer campaign 2010/2011. The weather conditons were too bad for using Polar-5 for transport. Thus maintenance of this station was carried out by a traverse of the wintering team in late March 2011. The two boxes with electronics and batteris were dug out of the snow and reinstalled. The antenna mast was also set up again. A small 100 W trickle charger wind turbine was installed at the mast. This was just a test to see if such a simple generator may be a solution to overcome our power problems during winter. However, this small generator failed too. Data from both remote stations is transmitted digitally to the base. At the base the data streams are fed into the Antelope seismographic acquisition and analysis system. First Antelope was only installed on a Sunfire V245 computer. However, it turned out that for online array processing this machine is too slow and not powerful enough. We managed it to bring in a more powerful Apple MacPro computer at the end of February. Currently the new Antelope release 5.1 is being installed on this computer which is powerful enough for fast processing. Continuous data transfer will hopefully resume again during August 2011. In Bremerhaven we also installed Antelope on a dedicated computer in Apriol 2011. Until the breakdown of both remote stations we had a continuous online data stream from Neumayer-II to Bremerhaven at a rate of not more than approx. 10 kBit/sec. Geomagnetism: The new Geomagnetic Observatory at Neumayer-III was built during January and February 2009. It comprises a rather new 3-component flux gate sensor with a high dynamic range and a new Overhauser proton-magnetometer for recording total intensity. With this instrumentation high quality geomagnetic field data can be sampled at a rate of 1 second. Calibrated recordings from March 2009 to April 2011 had been transmitted to the World Data Center. They will be included into the compilation of the International Geomagnetic Refernce Field. Recordings are available to the scientific community on request. Currently we are working to establish a quasi online data stream from Neumayer-III to AWI Bremerhaven. We are applying to become a member of Intermagnet, an international geomagnetic cooperation. Therefore we will improve our instrumentation in 2011/2012 to fulfill Intermagnet requirements as much as possible.
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Project Name/Number: IceCube Neutrino Telescope
Discipline: physics
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rolf Nahnhauer (DESY Zeuthen, Germany)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, under construction at the South Pole Amundsen-Scott station since 2004, has been completed in December 2010 with the deployment of the final of 86 strings, carrying each 60 digital optical modules (DOM’s) to search for extra-terrestrial neutrinos. Data taking with the full size detector started in May 2011. With data of the previously (2004-2010) deployed parts of IceCube already a variety of scientific results have been obtained for neutrino astronomy and particle physics ( e.g. best limits for diffuse neutrino fluxes, neutrinos from point sources and dark matter). On top of the ice shield 81 IceTop stations shield the DOMs in the ice from down-going muons created in air showers in the earth atmosphere. The IceTop array allows in addition a careful investigation of the cosmic ray spectrum and its chemical composition at 1016-1018 eV . An unexpected result was the measurement of an anisotropy of cosmic rays in the Southern hemisphere fitting similar data in the North. The study of the applicability of the acoustic neutrino detection technology with the South Pole Acoustic Test setup has been nearly finished with results on the sound speed versus depth, the sound attenuation and static and transient noise conditions. New projects on radio detection of air showers (RASTA) and detection of ultra-high energy neutrinos by their Cherenkov radiation in the ice at radio wavelengths (ARA) are under study with participation of German universities. A new activity of DESY together with Kiel and Potchefstroom (South Africa) universities is the study of cosmic rays in correlation with Sun activities and geomagnetic variations. The installation of a muon telescope on board of the “Polarstern” delivered a large data sample during its travel to Antarctica and back in 2010. This will be repeated using an additional neutron monitor this year. For end 2011 the installation of both detectors at the Neumayer station is suggested.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: JASPER
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Jörg Hartmann (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This airborne campaign was based at Rothera and conducted in close cooperation with the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). The AWI-aircraft Polar 5 flew a total of 12 science flights (70h), 2 test/comparison flights (3h) and one tsunami evacuation (2h). Of the science flights, 13hours have been for the EUFAR project ALISA of Timo Vihma. Most flights went over the ice-covered Weddell Sea. The comparison flight in close formation with the Twin Otter showed an excellent agreement in the wind vector measurements and the derived turbulence quantitites (e.g. momentum flux). For the energy and moisture exchange between the atmosphere and the ice covered ocean, leads and polynias play an important role. This is documented by many modelling studies, but only very few observations exist yet. Therefore three missions have been flown to the Ronne Polynia, one of them together with the BAS Twin Otter to measure simultaneously the boundary layer modification and heat transfer over the polynia. The data suggest a significant heat flux to the atmosphere and will form a basis for simulation with a mesoscale model. In recent years we have developed methods to represent the surface roughness of sea ice in atmospheric models. These parameterisations have been based on measurements over moderately rough arctic sea ice and take ridge height and distribution into account. They are well proven for applications in simulations of flow situations in the northern polar ocean. To test and prove if they can be applied for antarctic conditions, low-level legs were flown during 5 flights over the sea ice in the Weddell Sea. Two flights were flown in a close formation with the BAS Twin Otter to measure radiation above and below clouds, while the Twin Otter flew inside the cloud to record the particle structure. Photo surveys over shelf and over sea ice have been flown on two days to gather data for satellite SAR image interpretation.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Project Name/Number: LIMPICS
Discipline:
Principal Investigator: Coen Hofstede (AWI)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The main expedition aim was to perform a seismic reflection survey from the surface at the Halvfarryggen (HR) ice dome, a candidate for the upcoming IPICS 2k/40k ice cores. Scientific goals were to map internal seismic reflection horizons in a 2D grid centred on Halvfarryggen (see figure), which will then be compared to radar reflection horizons map the ice-bed interface and image the upper tens of meters of the underlying bedrock. In addition to these scientific goals the expedition tested improved drilling devices and the operational application of a vibroseis truck on thick ice, in preparation for a seismic study at Kohnen station in 2011/12. After preparation of the overland traverse, the team started from Neumayer III (NM) on 31. Dec. 2010 and arrived on HR the next day. Seismic measurements were carried out the following weeks, with a long break because of bad weather in the period 7.-14. Jan. 2011. Profiling with explosives sources was carried out along the lines C S-N. Vibroseismic profiling was carried out on lines C S-N, N1, S1, W1, W2, E1 and E2. Moreover, a wide-angle survey for determining the variation of amplitude with offset was carried out with both, explosive and the vibroseismic source on the central line C S-N. In parallel to the seismic measurements, an automatic weather station (IMAU AWS11) was sercived and a ~10-m long firn core drilled. The traverse left HR on 20. Jan. 2011 and performed vibroseismic profiling along the traverse route to NM. Measurements started about 5 km upstream of the grounding line and continued all the way to NM, where the traversed arrived on 25. Jan. 2011.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Meteorological Observatory
Discipline: meteorology
Principal Investigator: Gert König-Langlo (AWI, scientific leader),
Main Activity/ Remarks: The meteorological observatory programme at Neumayer is ongoing. It includes: • 3-hourly routine synoptic observations, • daily upper-air soundings, • weekly ozone soundings, • continuous surface radiation and mast measurements, • satellite picture reception (HRPT). • training of the over winterer staff. • preparation of the over wintering period 2011. During the summer season 2010/11 an automatic weather station (AWS) was installed in the vicinity of the meteorological tower close to Neumayer_III. It is planned to run the AWS one year parallel to the met-tower to quantify the data quality of the AWS.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas
Discipline: biology, ecology
Principal Investigator: Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena, Germany)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Aim of the project “Current environmental situation and management proposals for the Fildes Peninsula Region” is the elaboration of an updated standardized assessment of fauna and flora of the Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island with focus on birds and seals. The reaction of animals and plants on different forms of human impact as well as any considerable environmental changes were analyzed to keep the scientific data base up to date and usable during the process of discussion on international level about an anticipated ASMA. Within this project the monitoring of penguins (Pygoscelis spec.) and Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) was continued. These long-term datasets date back to the 1980ies. The first aim of the project “Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas” on Fildes Peninsula was the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pairs. The distribution of skua nests was mapped, adults and chicks were banded and the breeding success of chicks was determined. Skuas are closely related species from the Northern and Southern hemisphere which overwinter on the oceans. Since it is difficult to distinguish these, reliable data on the temporal and spatial migration patterns are absent. In the seasons 2008/09 and 2009/10 in cooperation with BAS GLS-Loggers were attached on breeding birds to investigate the winter migration of both species. In January and February 2011 these loggers were removed and the data processed. They provide a much more detailed picture of Brown skuas in the overwintering area of the South Atlantic and the migration route of South polar skuas to the Arctic.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station III: AFIN
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Atka Bay, close to Neumayer Station III   Lat:    Long:   
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: AWI is planning to contribute to the Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) by conducting measurements of sea-ice and snow thickness on fast ice of Atka Bay, close to Neumayer III. The measurements will consist of at least monthly repeated measurements through bore holes at about five sites along an east-west transect over Atka Bay. The measurements are designed to cover the entire sea ice season, when the ice is safely accessible by snow mobile (approx. May to Jan). The measurements are performed through the station personnel and coordinated from the sea ice section in Bremerhaven (primarily M. Nicolaus, AWI).
Name: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)   Lat: 63º 19´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 54´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: none, provided by at O’Higgins Station
Remarks / Description: - Annex station to General Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile); operated by DLR in cooperation with INACH (Chile); - Occupied during campaigns in winter and summer; - Planned campaigns: Satellite data acquisition, VLBI and GPS measurements. The German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS) O’Higgins is logistically operated as annex to the Chilean base “General Bernardo O’Higgins”. Additional support (transportation of personnel, food, material and MDO) is performed by our Chilean and international partners coordinated by the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH). Logistic capacities of Chilean Army (Ejército de Chile), Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile), Chilean Air Force (FACh), Brazilian Antarctic Program (PROANTAR), Brazilian Air Force (FAB), Uruguayan Air Force (FAU) and DAP were used for the transportation of personnel and material. The transport between Punta Arenas and GARS O’Higgins has been executed within three steps,  between Punta Arenas and Base Frei (King George Island) by FACh C-130 Hercules // PROANTAR / FAB C-130 Hercules // FAU C-130 Hercules // “Almirante O. Viel” and “ATF Lautaro” (Armada de Chile) // DAP BA-146  between Base Frei and Base O’Higgins by FACh DHC-6 Twin Otter // FACh Bell 412 helicopter // “Almirante O. Viel” and “ATF Lautaro” (Armada de Chile).  in case of using FACh DHC-6 Twin Otter between Base Frei and O’Higgins, Skidoos of Ejército de Chile were used for the traverse between O’Higgins airstrip on the glacier and O’Higgins. Since February 2010 a new biological waste water treatment plant (BMA 12 of Martin Systems AG) is operational in use.
Name: Neumayer Station III
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Ekström Ice Shelf   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: - Operated by AWI, - Permanently occupied: - Maintenance of station facilities, observatories, and infrasound station I27DE; - Operational Weather Forecast Service for aircraft missions; - Max. Population: Winter: 9, Summer: up to 50
Name: Observatories at Neumayer Station III: Air chemistry
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Air chemistry observatory at Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: Halogen radicals play an important role in the chemistry of the polar atmosphere. Ozone depletion in the stratosphere by man-made halocarbons is a well known phenomenon. However, the destruction of ozone also occurs close to the ground. This tropospheric ozone hole is caused by bromine radicals emitted from the sea ice (bromine explosion) and occurs every spring both in the Arctic and Antarctic. In recent years, evidence has emerged that iodine radicals also play an important role in the chemistry of the Antarctic troposphere. The phenomena halogen radicals are involved in were investigated at Neumayer for more than 10 years using a permanently operating Multi-Axis DOAS instrument installed on the roof of the trace gas observatory. It observes scattered sunlight from different viewing directions and detects atmospheric trace gases using their absorption structures as individual fingerprints. Using these measurements, it was possible to investigate the dynamics and vertical structure of bromine enhancements in polar spring in detail. A recent finding from our DOAS measurements is the presence of very high concentrations of iodine oxide in the snowpack at Neumayer. Apart from the maintenance of our permanently installed MAX-DOAS instrument, the main focus of our activities during the Antarctic summer campaign 2010/11 was on field measurements of halogen radicals in the vicinity of Neumayer station. Our field activities aimed for the measurement of iodine monoxide (IO) in the Antarctic snowpack. Indications for the presence of extremely high IO concentrations in the snowpack at Neumayer station came from the long-term MAX-DOAS measurements, but it was so far only possible to roughly estimate the level of IO concentrations. Also, the sources of IO and its impact on atmospheric chemistry is subject of large uncertainties. We have used a newly developed cavity-enhanced DOAS system, equipped with two highly reflective mirrors as an optical resonator, to perform point-like measurements of IO above and inside the snowpack at very high accuracy. We have performed numerous measurements of IO with this portable instrument in the surroundings of Neumayer station. The analysis of the data is still ongoing.

Name: Observatories at Neumayer Station III: Geophysics
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Geophysical Observatory of Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: Seismology The primary objective of the seismological observatory at Neumayer-III is to complement the worldwide network of seismographic monitoring stations in the southern hemisphere. This contribution is of special importance as this network is rather wide meshed in Antarctica. Local seismographic networks of changing size and shape have been operated at Neumayer stations since the very beginning. In its current design it comprises the seismic station VNA1 in the geophysics observatory and the two remote seismic broadband stations VNA2 and VNA3 on the Ice Rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen. Still unique in Antarctica is the small aperture detection array with 15 vertical seismometers placed on three concentric rings with a total diameter of almost 2 km at station VNA2. This array is a powerful tool for monitoring seismic activities in a local to regional distance range. Since a couple of years we have deployed two more autonomously recording stations in the interior of Dronning Maud Land (DML), one at Kohnen Station and one at the Swedish summer base Svea. However, operation of these autonomous stations has shown limited success until now. We encountered major problems at Kohnen station, which are mainly due to the extreme cold at this site. Therefore we plan a complete new reinstallation of the seismographic station at Kohnen. All instruments will be deployed inside the science trench of the ice drilling facility where temperatures during winter will not drop as low as outside the trench. This will hopefully result in a substantially longer operation time and sufficient high data quality. Service works at the Kohnen seismographic station were carried out by members of the Polar-5 aerogeophysics team. During the traverse from Neumayer-III to Kohnen another autonomous seismographic station was set up at Weigel Nunatak by traverse members. Weigel Nunatak lies close beside the traverse route. Data retrieval will be on the next traverse to Kohnen Station in December 2011. It is planned to operate the station at Weigel Nunatak also in 2012. The seismic station at Svea was serviced at the end of January 2011 using Polar-5 for transport. Unfortunately this station showed some severe problems and thus useful recordings could only be obtained for a few weeks. During the one-day visit we changed the batteries and installed a new wind generator. Thus sufficient 12V DC power may now eventually be available also during winter. The malefunctioning seismic recorder had been changed, the seismometer proved to be operating correctly. In cooperation with the Council for Geoscience and DEAT, both SA, GFZ Potsdam and CTBTO Vienna another seismographic broadband station is in operation at the South African base Sanae IV since 1997. This station is also part of the local seismic network. Since January 2009 data from Sanae IV is transmitted online to Neumayer III and fed into the new Antelope seismic processing system to be included into the daily evaluation routine. In January and February 2010 we installed two more temprary autonomous seismic broadband stations, one at the Russian base Novolazaravskaya and one at the Norwegian base Troll. We have got the permission to operate thes stations also in 2011. We will ask Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute AARI, Russia, if we may operate this station also in 2012. The seismographic station at Troll will be removed in January 2012. Monitoring regional seismicity in DML is substantially improved by these two additional stations. The main task in austral season 2010/2011 was to improve the 12V DC poewr suplly at the array site at station VNA2 on Halvfar Ryggen. For converting solar to electrical energy the container is equipped with 12 high efficieny solar panels, each with a nominal power of 100 W. These modules alone are sufficient as long as there is enough daylight available. During the dark winter two 300 W wind generators should produce the power needed for continuous operation. However, both generators had been destroyed completely during severe storms. Thus, array recording at VNA2 stopped at the end of May 2010. It will hopefully resume operation at the beginning of August with increasing daylight. The reason for this failure was that the electrical design of the generator was not sturdy enough for a long term brake operation during storms, when the generator is short-circuited to substantially reduce rotor speed. Thus the generator overheated and the windings were burnt. In season 2011/2012 we will repair the generators and mount shorter rotor blades to reduce wind power. The major service trip to station VNA2 was made in February 2011, when we also replaced a blocking wind generator. Two more traverses by the wintering team had been made until May 2011. They installed new charging regulators for the wind generators and a heating device to warm up the batteries using excess power. At the last visit they noticed the complete destruction of the wind turbines and dismounted them. Remote station VNA3 on Søråsen ice rise could not be serviced during summer campaign 2010/2011. The weather conditons were too bad for using Polar-5 for transport. Thus maintenance of this station was carried out by a traverse of the wintering team in late March 2011. The two boxes with electronics and batteris were dug out of the snow and reinstalled. The antenna mast was also set up again. A small 100 W trickle charger wind turbine was installed at the mast. This was just a test to see if such a simple generator may be a solution to overcome our power problems during winter. However, this small generator failed too. Data from both remote stations is transmitted digitally to the base. At the base the data streams are fed into the Antelope seismographic acquisition and analysis system. First Antelope was only installed on a Sunfire V245 computer. However, it turned out that for online array processing this machine is too slow and not powerful enough. We managed it to bring in a more powerful Apple MacPro computer at the end of February. Currently the new Antelope release 5.1 is being installed on this computer which is powerful enough for fast processing. Continuous data transfer will hopefully resume again during August 2011. In Bremerhaven we also installed Antelope on a dedicated computer in Apriol 2011. Until the breakdown of both remote stations we had a continuous online data stream from Neumayer-II to Bremerhaven at a rate of not more than approx. 10 kBit/sec. Geomagnetism The new Geomagnetic Observatory at Neumayer-III was built during January and February 2009. It comprises a rather new 3-component flux gate sensor with a high dynamic range and a new Overhauser proton-magnetometer for recording total intensity. With this instrumentation high quality geomagnetic field data can be sampled at a rate of 1 second. Calibrated recordings from March 2009 to April 2011 had been transmitted to the World Data Center. They will be included into the compilation of the International Geomagnetic Refernce Field. Recordings are available to the scientific community on request. Currently we are working to establish a quasi online data stream from Neumayer-III to AWI Bremerhaven. We are applying to become a member of Intermagnet, an international geomagnetic cooperation. Therefore we will improve our instrumentation in 2011/2012 to fulfill Intermagnet requirements as much as possible.
Name: Observatories at Neumayer Station III: I27DE
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: maintenance by BGR in summer season (approx. every 2 years), description see: Geopysical observatory
Name: Observatories at Neumayer Station III: Meteorology
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Meteorological Observatory of Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: The meteorological observatory programme at Neumayer is ongoing. It includes: • 3-hourly routine synoptic observations, • daily upper-air soundings, • weekly ozone soundings, • continuous surface radiation and mast measurements, • satellite picture reception (HRPT). • training of the over winterer staff. • preparation of the over wintering period 2011. During the summer season 2010/11 an automatic weather station (AWS) was installed in the vicinity of the meteorological tower close to Neumayer_III. It is planned to run the AWS one year parallel to the met-tower to quantify the data quality of the AWS. DROMLAN Weather forecast service Established in season 2002/03 and the meteorological observatory of the German Antarctic station Neumayer offered a detailed and individual weather forecast service for all activities in Dronning Maud Land. This service is performed in close cooperation between the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the German Weather Service (DWD). During the summer season 2009/2010 several thousand forecasts get performed for field parties, ships, stations and especially aircrafts. It is obvious, that this service increased the safeness of the ambiguous projects in the Dronning Maud Land. Furthermore, it helps to reduce weather induced idle times of expensive flight operations to a minimum. The service was performed again between November 2010 and February 2011.
Name: Observatories at Neumayer Station III: PALAOA
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Hydroacoustic Observatory (PALAOA)   Lat: 70º 31´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 13´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: - Recording acoustic underwater activity of Weddell Seals to determine underwater territories of males - Determining the acoustic influence of ships to the vocal activity of marine mammals at Atka Bay Activities in summer season: - Maintaining, upgrading and calibrating the PALAOA observatory

Name: Activities at Neumayer Station III: LIMPICS
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Halvfarryggen, Dronning Maud Land   Lat: 71º 10´ 00´´ S   Long: 6º 45´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: from Neumayer Station III
Remarks / Description: The main expedition aim was to perform a seismic reflection survey from the surface at the Halvfarryggen (HR) ice dome, a candidate for the upcoming IPICS 2k/40k ice cores. Scientific goals were to map internal seismic reflection horizons in a 2D grid centred on Halvfarryggen (see figure), which will then be compared to radar reflection horizons map the ice-bed interface and image the upper tens of meters of the underlying bedrock. In addition to these scientific goals the expedition tested improved drilling devices and the operational application of a vibroseis truck on thick ice, in preparation for a seismic study at Kohnen station in 2011/12. After preparation of the overland traverse, the team started from Neumayer III (NM) on 31. Dec. 2010 and arrived on HR the next day. Seismic measurements were carried out the following weeks, with a long break because of bad weather in the period 7.-14. Jan. 2011. Profiling with explosives sources was carried out along the lines C S-N. Vibroseismic profiling was carried out on lines C S-N, N1, S1, W1, W2, E1 and E2. Moreover, a wide-angle survey for determining the variation of amplitude with offset was carried out with both, explosive and the vibroseismic source on the central line C S-N. In parallel to the seismic measurements, an automatic weather station (IMAU AWS11) was sercived and a ~10-m long firn core drilled. The traverse left HR on 20. Jan. 2011 and performed vibroseismic profiling along the traverse route to NM. Measurements started about 5 km upstream of the grounding line and continued all the way to NM, where the traversed arrived on 25. Jan. 2011.
Operating Period: From: December To: January
Name: Activities at other stations: Amundsen-Scott Station (USA)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Amundsen Scott Station (USA)   Lat: 89º 59´ 51´´ S   Long: 139º 16´ 22´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, under construction at the South Pole Amundsen-Scott station since 2004, has been completed in December 2010 with the deployment of the final of 86 strings, carrying each 60 digital optical modules (DOM’s) to search for extra-terrestrial neutrinos. Data taking with the full size detector started in May 2011. With data of the previously (2004-2010) deployed parts of IceCube already a variety of scientific results have been obtained for neutrino astronomy and particle physics ( e.g. best limits for diffuse neutrino fluxes, neutrinos from point sources and dark matter). On top of the ice shield 81 IceTop stations shield the DOMs in the ice from down-going muons created in air showers in the earth atmosphere. The IceTop array allows in addition a careful investigation of the cosmic ray spectrum and its chemical composition at 1016-1018 eV . An unexpected result was the measurement of an anisotropy of cosmic rays in the Southern hemisphere fitting similar data in the North. The study of the applicability of the acoustic neutrino detection technology with the South Pole Acoustic Test setup has been nearly finished with results on the sound speed versus depth, the sound attenuation and static and transient noise conditions. New projects on radio detection of air showers (RASTA) and detection of ultra-high energy neutrinos by their Cherenkov radiation in the ice at radio wavelengths (ARA) are under study with participation of German universities. A new activity of DESY together with Kiel and Potchefstroom (South Africa) universities is the study of cosmic rays in correlation with Sun activities and geomagnetic variations. The installation of a muon telescope on board of the “Polarstern” delivered a large data sample during its travel to Antarctica and back in 2010. This will be repeated using an additional neutron monitor this year. For end 2011 the installation of both detectors at the Neumayer station is suggested.
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Activities at other stations: Bellingshausen Station (Russia)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Fildes Peninsula (including Ardley Island, King George Island, South Shetland Islands)   Lat: 62º 12´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 54´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: Bellingshausen Station (Russia)
Remarks / Description: Hans-Ulrich Peter (Uni Jena) Project see under "Previous year activities"
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Activities at other stations: Novolazarevskaya station (Russia)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Novolazarevskaya, Schirmacher Oasis   Lat: 70º 46´ 26´´ S   Long: 11º 51´ 54´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: The European satellite CRYOSAT-2 was launched at April 8, 2010. This current mission aimed on the investigation of the polar regions, especially to infer ice surface heights, the thickness of marine ice and to contribute to the study of ice mass changes. For the calibration and validation terrestrial and airborne observation campaigns were undertaken. While AWI focused on airborne operations, TU Dresden collected terrestrial data at bare ice (“blue ice”) areas south of Schirmacher Oasis. These data will be processed in close cooperation with AWI geophysics (CryoVex campaign) and will serve as a sound basis for the calibration and validation of CRYOSAT-2.
Operating Period: From: November To: February

Name: Activities at other stations: Princess Elizabeth (Belgium)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Princess Elizabeth station   Lat: 71º 57´ 00´´ S   Long: 23º 20´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: Princess Elizabeth station
Remarks / Description: In the austral summer season 2010/2011 (19 Dec. 2010 – 31 Jan. 2011), BGR conducted the land expedition “GEA 1“ to western Sør Rondane in eastern Dronning Maud Land in cooperation with the Belgium Antarctic Research Expedition (BELARE) and Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI). Main base for both geological/ground-geophysical investigations and an aerogeophysical survey with the Polar-5 (AWI) was the Belgium Princess Elisabeth Station. After completion of the field work in Sør Ronddane, additional geological studies were performed in the Schirmacher Oasis using Novolazarevskaya (RUS) as base. Main aim of GEA is the study of geological and tectonic features of East Antarctica related to the Grenvillian and pan-African orogenic cycles and to break-up and fragmentation of the Gondwana supercontinent as well as the long-term landscape evolution of Dronning Maud Land. Over approximately four weeks, the scientists conducted ski-doo supported fieldwork from the station. In total, they travelled approximately 800 km by ski-doo from the station with farthest destinations approximately 25 km away. Approximately 250 structural-geological measurements were taken and over 100 samples were taken for later petrological, geochronological, and thermochronological studies. In addition, magnetic susceptibility was measured at most samples.
Operating Period: From: December To: February
Name: Activities at other stations: Vostok Station (Russia)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Russian Antarctic Station Vostok   Lat: 78º 27´ 00´´ S   Long: 106º 52´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: At the region of the subglacial Lake Vostok repeated GPS observations will be carried out in order to o determine horizontal ice flow velocity vectors and height changes of the ice surface for further glaciological interpretations. Furthermore, in the course of the scientific traverse Vostok – Progress geodetic GPS observations serve as a basis for a detailed investigation of ice mass changes when compared to earlier observations made in that region. These investigation is a joint German-Russian contribution in continuation of the IPY projects SEAL-UNITED and TASTE-IDEA. Area of activities: Russian Antarctic station Vostok (78°27'S 106°52'E) and surroundings Russian Antarctic station Progress (69°23'S 76°23'E) and surroundings
Operating Period: From: November To: April
Name: Dallmann Laboratory at Base Jubany (Argentina)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: none, provided by Jubany station
Remarks / Description: The Dallmann Laboratory is located at the Argentinean Base Jubany on King George Island. It was established as an international laboratory funded by the Instituto Antartico Argentino (IAA), The Netherlands Council of Earth and Life Sciences (NWO) and AWI in 1994. Access to and supply of the Dallmann Laboratory is coordinated in co-operation between AWI and DNA/IAA. On site support is provided by the technical staff of Jubany station. Research focussed on: marine and terrestrial biological studies, solar UV, ecophysical investigations, geological field works. Goal of the current projects is to assess the impact of recent and subrecent climate change on the coastal depositional environment of Potter Cove and Maxwell Bay (King George Island, West Antarctic Peninsula, WAP).
Operating Period: From: October To: April
Name: Kohnen Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 26
Medical Facilities: provided by Neumayer Station III
Remarks / Description: Due to heavy weather and logistical reasons the maintenance of Kohnen Station could not take place this season. All nessesary tasks will be posponed to the next summer season.
Operating Period: From: January To: February

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: MV Bremen / MV Hanseatic
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages: 0
Remarks: The research project "The role of human activities in the introduction of non-native species into Antarctica and distribution of organisms within the Antarctic" has been continued from board the tourist vessels "Hanseatic" by the Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz (David Russel) between December 2010 and February 2011. Soil samples have been taken from ten different tourist landing sites along the Antarctic Peninsula.
Name: MV Polar Pioneer
Country of Registry: Russia
Number of Voyages: 0
Remarks: In the frame of logistic cooperation with Arctowski Station (Poland) - sharing transport of cargo and personnel to King George Island (Dallmann-Laboratory/Jubany). For schedule see Polish report.

Name: RV Polarstern
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 2
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 60
Remarks: ANT-XXVII/2: R.V. Polarstern left from Cape Town to the Antarctic on 28 November 2010 at 19:30 LT. There were 44 crew members and 53 scientific cruise participants on board. The scientists stem from 10 nations. First we headed to Southwest. The first station with measurements of a vertical temperature and salinity profile by means of the CTD probe (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) started on 30 November at 1.55 UTC. Our course followed a line of moored pressure inverted echosounders (PIES) which measure the pressure at the sea bottom and the transit time of a sound signal from the instrument to the sea surface and back. Unfortunately the first two PIES were lost. Problems occurred during the deployment of the second PIES, which returned back to the surface right after reaching the seafloor. On 7 December we reached at 51°25’S the Greenwich meridian. From then on our course went along the Greenwich Meridian towards the Antarctic continent. Temperature, salinity and ocean currents were measured en route (HAFOS, E. Fahrbach). Along the track line floats were deployed and PIES were exchanged. Measurements with a CTD probe (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) and water samples were taken to determine the concentration of dissolved nutrients, oxygen, trace substances and CO2 parameters. An essential part of the programme consisted in the recovery and redeployment of moorings. They contain current meters, temperature and conductivity sensors, sound sources to locate floats, sound recorders and upward looking sonars (ULS) to measure the sea ice thickness. Additionally NEMO (Navigating European Marine Observer) and APEX floats were deployed. On 11 December we reached the first mooring in the current system of Weddell gyre. Unfortunately we have to blame a further loss of a mooring. On 12 December in the afternoon we crossed 60°S and from then on were formally in Antarctica. On our way we had to cross a broad belt of sea ice located between 59° and 65°. The CTD/water sampler programme continued routinely with a station every 30 nm. A large and particularly iron free water volume was sampled from the phytoplankton group with a fish which was towed for several hours in a safe distance from the iron rich ship to avoid contamination. The water was used for experiments on board which aim to investigate the influence of the changing CO2 content of the atmosphere on phytoplankton grows. Early in the morning of the 20 December we arrived in front of Atka Bight where Polarstern stayed until 22 December evening to supply the Neumayer Station. Afterwards we returned north for some mooring work and then steamed to the southernmost point of our cruise into the Weddell Sea at 71°06.5’ S 11°27’W near Kapp Norvegia from where we started to work along a transect towards the Antarctic Peninsula. We met only a few open ice fields on our way and were mostly in open water until we met two ice belts reaching out of the southern Weddell Sea to the Northeast. One from 14° to 23° W and the second from 37° to 45°W. The work on the Weddell Sea section went on smoothly due to the mostly calm weather. However, we had to extend the station distance to 40 to 50 nm. On the 9 January 2011 we reached Joinville Island. The final part of the cruise occurred west of the Antarctic Peninsula where net samples were carried out in the context of a krill programme as contribution to the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). Finally, we steamed to the British Rothera Station to deliver fuel for air operations. The cruise ended on 5 February 2011 in Punta Arenas. We were 68 days at sea and made 8479 nm. At 195 stations we achieved 188 CTD/water sampling profiles, 82 hauls with the RMT and 6 with the epibenthos sledge. We recovered 13 moorings and deployed 13 new ones. We launched 38 floats. The helicopters operated 176 hours. The whale observers could monitor over a distance of about 15.200 km. The physical oceanography programme intended to investigate the role of the Southern Ocean in the global climate system. Here we focus on the Atlantic sector including the Weddell Sea. The Antarctic ocean contributes through atmosphere-ice-ocean interaction processes to the variability of the climate system. A major contribution of the global deep and bottom water formation occurs in the Weddell Sea. It is controlled by the transport of source waters into the Weddell Sea, processes within the Weddell Sea, and the transport of modified water out of the Weddell Sea. Recent observations indicate that the water mass properties of the Warm Deep Water are subject to significant variations. After an initial warming and salinity increase observed during the nineties cooling occurred which ended by about 2005 is now followed by warming again. The measurements of this cruise indicated that the warming goes on but at the same time salinity decreases. The variations are most likely due to changes in the inflow from the circumpolar water belt in combination with changes in the ice-ocean-atmosphere interaction in the Weddell Sea induced by changes in the atmospheric forcing conditions. To quantify the carbon budget of the Weddell Gyre the repeat sections for TCO2 and total alkalinity and ancillary variables will be used for estimating temporal changes in the carbon cycle, including ocean acidification. By comparison with earlier carbon data interannual variability can be estimated and the exchange of CO2 between the ocean and the atmosphere in austral summer will be determined. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are being transported in the atmosphere of the marine environment into remote areas. Measurements were made to determine “new” possible POPs (e.g., alternative flame retardants) and several legacy POPs with respect to their transport and partitioning behaviour between the atmosphere and seawater. Observation programmes of marine mammals included visual observations from the bridge, the craws nest and the helicopter as well as automatic detection (MAPS, O. Boebel). An automatic whale blow detection system was developed on the basis of thermographic images from a 360° scanning IR sensor. To this end, visual observations and thermographic images were collected continuously throughout the cruise. To test the efficiency of detection algorithms for various species and under varying environmental conditions, autodetections shall be compared with sightings from an independent observer team (U. Siebert). The krill study in the context of CCAMLR investigated the biological and environmental key factors which affect the successful reproduction and determine how the breeding season relates to successful spawning or larval survival. Natural variations in reproduction and recruitment success between years and geographical variations in krill distribution, abundance or growth and mortality rates in relation to within-season or between-season will be assessed. The German krill data have been collected over the years with standard gear (RMT1+8) and standard methods for net sampling procedures as well as for sample handling and measuring and staging krill. These allow interannual comparison of quantitative aspects of krill demography and population dynamics. Samples of macrobenthic animals from the deep sea completed the results from the previous expeditions about the deep-sea biodiversity. Environmental factors like changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations and the ongoing ocean acidification as well as to seasonal changes in CO2 were found to also exert control on both phytoplankton structure and growth. To characterize phytoplankton populations along the cruise track on-deck CO2/iron perturbation experiments with natural phytoplankton communities were performed (B. Rost). The goal of this project was to map, with high spatial resolution, the fine-scale distribution of surface water pCO2, biological oxygen saturation (O2/Ar) and dimethylsulfide (DMS) using ship-board mass spectrometry. ANT-XXVII/3: The expedition ANT-XXVII/3 aimed on investigating the potential effects of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in sub- and high-Antarctic regions and was part of the international SCAR program “Biodiversity and Evolution in the Antarctic: The response of life to change” (EBA). Based on data and results obtained during former expeditions, this expedition (CAMBIO, R. Knust) focused on three main topics: 1. Zoogeography and biodiversity in the sub- and high-Antarctic and the genetic and physiological processes regulating species diversity and dispersion. 2. Pelago-benthic-coupling processes and impact of climate induced changes on the food web. 3. Impact of changing shelf ice dynamics on the biodiversity of the benthic and demersal fish communities on the self. With the exception of some deeper plankton stations, the studies concentrated on shelf and slope communities down to about 600 m water depth. Investigation areas included the sub-Antarctic islands in the Scotia Sea and Bouvet Island, as well as high-Antarctic shelf areas in the western and eastern Weddell Sea. In all areas studies on biogeography, genetics, ecology and physiology of zooplankton, benthos and fishes were carried out. For specific long-term experiments live animals were caught and will be transferred to the AWI laboratories in Bremerhaven. The 3rd leg of "Polarstern" expedition ANT-XXVII started on the 8th of February 2011 20:00 in Punta Arenas, Chile. Under good weather conditions the ship sailed towards the first sampling location on Burdwood Bank, where scientific work started at the 11.02.2011. The planned sampling work in the Scotia Sea was fulfilled and Polarstern reached the Dallmann Laboratory at Jubany Station (King George Island) on the 22.02.2011. During day time the Dallmann supply was done including personnel exchange (two geophysicists from board / one biologist on board). After two days of field work off King George Island, Polarstern sailed through the Antarctic Sound and reached the former Larsen AB ice shelf areas on the 26.02.11 where an intensive working program started. Nearly all sampling sites from a former expedition in 2006/07 could be resampled and two additional new sites at the edge of the Larsen C ice shelf were investigated. During our work in the Larsen embayments we experienced exceptional weather phenomena in form of foen situations with air temperatures up to +9°C. Helicopter flights gave evidence for a progressive melting of the remaining ice shelf indicated by large lakes and water run offs from the ice shelf edge. The Larsen C area is characterized by a very poor benthic community. In Larsen B no visible changes took place between 2006 and now. In the area of Larsen A early succession stages of the benthic community became obviously. On the 13.03.2011 we finished our work at Larsen and Polarstern sailed to the eastern part of the Weddell Sea where we reached our experiment field 'BENDEX' in the vicinity of Austaasen on the 20th of March. Here another intensive working program was carried out. ROV videos and the videos from the multicorer showed that after our artificial disturbance experiment in 2003 no significant recolonisation has taken place, although adult benthic species are living directly adjacent to the study site. As also seen in the Larsen embayments recolonisation of the sea floor seems to be a very long lasting process in high-Antarctic waters. On the 26.03.2011 Polarstern was heading towards the Atka Bight to supply the Neumayer III station. The next day the scientific program was continued in the BENDEX area. From the Atka Bight to Kapp Norvegia the ice shelf edge was measured by Helicopter GPS. A comparison with data from 1996, 2000 and 2003 showed a highly dynamic ice shelf situation. In some areas the ice shelf decreased between 1996 and 2000, but increased again between 2000 and 2011. During our work, the air temperature decreased significantly. The working conditions on deck at -27°C (wind chill -53°C) became difficult and the very quick development of fast ice required the full nautical ability of the ship. On the 05.04.2011 the work in the eastern Weddell Sea was successfully finished. After a deep plankton station at 2000m on the 06.04.2011 Polarstern headed to Bouvet Island, where the scientific program had to be reduced to one CTD and two bottom trawls, due to stormy weather conditions. A storm with hurricane force wind, approaching the area of Bouvet, forced us to leave the area immediately. Polarstern arrived in Cape Town on the 18.04.2011 in the early morning and the 3rd leg of ANT-XXVII/3 finished.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
28 Nov 2010 Cape Town 05 Feb 2011 Punta Arenas
30 Nov 2010 Weddell Sea and Antarctic Peninsula
ANT XXVII-2, Transects along the Greenwich Meridian, across the Weddell Sea and survey west of Antarctic Peninsula, supply of Neumayer station III
08 Feb 2011 Punta Arenas 18 Apr 2011 Cape Town
18 Feb 2010 South Atlantic Ocean, Antarctic Peninsula, King George Island
ANTXXVII-3, running of CAMBIO (Knust/AWI)- Changes in Antarctic Marine Biota, supply of Dallmann Lab at Base Jubany
Name: RV Puerto Deseado
Country of Registry: Argentina
Number of Voyages: 0
Remarks: The research project "Biology and distribution of iron bacterias in the Antarctic/The micribial iron cycle and the degradation of humic substances from permafrost areas" has been carried out from board the Argentine RV Puerto Deseado by the Technische Universität Berlin, section environmental microbiology (Ulrich Szewzyk). Water samples heve been taken from the South Orkney Island and the South Shetland Islands in January/February 2011.

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: MBB BO105 CBS5
Category:
Period From: 28/11/2010
Period To: 18/04/2011
Remarks: - Two helicopters operated by Heli Service International, supported the expeditions during legs ANT XXVII/2 to ANT XXVII/3 - For further information please contact: http://www.heliservice.de
Type: POLAR 5 (Basler BT-67)
Category:
Number Of Flights: 10
Period From: 13/11/2010
Period To: 01/02/2011
Remarks: The ski-equipped aircraft POLAR 5 (Basler BT-67) is operated by AWI, was put into service in 2007, and is designed for scientific and logistic missions in polar regions.
Departure Date Route Purpose
17 Nov 2010 Punta Arenas, Rothera, Halley, Novo Ferry
20 Nov 2010 Novo-East Antarctica-Neumayer Station III CryoVEx ANT (Novo, Neumayer, Casey)
13 Dec 2010 Novo - Neumayer Station III - Kohnen Station WEGAS (Kohnen, Neumayer) ETA at Kohnen: 20/Dec
21 Dec 2010 Novo DROMLAN
22 Dec 2010 Novo - Kohnen, Troll, Neumayer III, Halvfar, Novo WEGAS
16 Jan 2011 Novo GEA
21 Jan 2011 Princess Elizabeth SRG
24 Jan 2011 Princess Elizabeth - Novo GEA
26 Jan 2011 Novo, Troll, Neumayer III Logistic support
01 Feb 2011 Neumayer Station III - Punta Arenas Ferry

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: Frank Rödel
Contact Address: Heilmannring 67b / 13627 Berlin
Email Address: info@frank-roedel.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: RV Polarstern
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 1
Maximum Passengers: 1
Remarks: Attendance of the painter and photographer Frank RÖDEL to the expedition ANT-XXVII/2 of RV Polarstern in order to take pictures and paintings on the topic of Antarctica.
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MV BREMEN
Country of Registry: Nassau (Bahamas)
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 105
Maximum Passengers: 130
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
14 Dec 2010 Cape Town 05 Jan 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Base Orcadas Latitude: 60°44´19´´S Longitude: 44°44´16´´W
Visit Date30/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
05 Jan 2011 Ushuaia 24 Jan 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Base Orcadas Latitude: 60°44´19´´S Longitude: 44°44´16´´W
Visit Date15/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Devil Island Latitude: 63º 48´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Prospect Point Latitude: 66°00´S Longitude: 65°21´W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pléneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
24 Jan 2011 Ushuaia 12 Feb 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date06/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62°39´S Longitude: 60°37´W
Visit Date06/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64°54´S Longitude: 62°52´W
Visit Date07/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Prospect Point Latitude: 66°00´S Longitude: 65°21´W
Visit Date08/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
12 Feb 2011 Ushuaia 04 Mar 2011 Puerto Montt (Chile)

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MV Hanseatic
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Documentation and journalistic investigation about the cruise trips HAN 1101, HAN 1102 and HAN 1103 onboard the MV Hanseatic by 4 German and 2 Austrian journalists/photographers.
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MV HANSEATIC
Country of Registry: Nassau (Bahamas)
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 130
Maximum Passengers: 150
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Dec 2010 Punta Arenas (Chile) 07 Jan 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina)

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Latitude: 60º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 44´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°20´S Longitude: 56°45´W
Visit Date01/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesIce Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
07 Jan 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina) 26 Jan 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina)

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Base Orcadas Latitude: 60°44´19´´S Longitude: 44°44´16´´W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°20´S Longitude: 56°45´W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°20´S Longitude: 56°45´W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fridjof Sound Latitude: 63º 34´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 43´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Erebus and Terror Gulf Latitude: 63º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Foster Latitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neptunes Bellows Latitude: 63°00´S Longitude: 60°34´W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neptunes Bellows Latitude: 63°00´S Longitude: 60°34´W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°04´S Longitude: 63°57´W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Flanders Bay Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64°54´S Longitude: 62°52´W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Base Almirante Brown Latitude: 64°52´59´´S Longitude: 62°52´59´´W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date23/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
26 Jan 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina) 13 Feb 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina)

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Latitude: 60º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 44´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 46´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62°39´S Longitude: 60°37´W
Visit Date07/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64°54´S Longitude: 62°52´W
Visit Date08/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Base Almirante Brown Latitude: 64°52´59´´S Longitude: 62°52´59´´W
Visit Date08/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
13 Feb 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina) 03 Mar 2011 Ushuaia (Argentina)

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64°54´S Longitude: 62°52´W
Visit Date26/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Base Almirante Brown Latitude: 64°52´59´´S Longitude: 62°52´59´´W
Visit Date26/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Prospect Point Latitude: 66°01´S Longitude: 65°21´W
Visit Date27/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Henk Boersma
Contact Address: P.O. Box 61, 9410 Ushuaia, Argentina
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: S/Y SARAH W. VORWERK
Country of Registry: Hamburg, Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 2
Maximum Passengers: 7
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
13 Dec 2010 Ushuaia 07 Jan 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date18/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Trinity Island Latitude: 63°48´S Longitude: 60°45´W
Visit Date21/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date23/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Palmer Station Latitude: 64°46´S Longitude: 64°05´W
Visit Date27/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65°30´S Longitude: 64°15´W
Visit Date28/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Tuxen, Cape Latitude: 65°16´S Longitude: 64°08´W
Visit Date29/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date03/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
17 Jan 2011 Ushuaia 07 Feb 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date22/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Trinity Island Latitude: 63°48´S Longitude: 60°45´W
Visit Date23/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date24/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Old Palmer Station Latitude: 64º 46´ 30´´ S Longitude: 64º 30´ 42´´ W
Visit Date27/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Tuxen, Cape Latitude: 65°16´S Longitude: 64°08´W
Visit Date29/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date03/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
10 Feb 2011 Ushuaia 07 Mar 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date15/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Trinity Island Latitude: 63°48´S Longitude: 60°45´W
Visit Date17/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date19/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Palmer Station Latitude: 64°46´S Longitude: 64°05´W
Visit Date24/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Tuxen, Cape Latitude: 65°16´S Longitude: 64°08´W
Visit Date27/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/03/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date03/03/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Oceanstar GmbH
Contact Address: An der Trift 65, D-63303 Dreieich, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MV Hanse Explorer
Country of Registry: Antigua and Barbuda
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 17
Maximum Passengers: 12
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
30 Dec 2010 Ushuaia 13 Jan 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Bellingshausen Station (Russia) Latitude: 62º 11´ 46´´ S Longitude: 58º 57´ 38´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Ardley Island Latitude: 62º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Frei Station Latitude: 62º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 57´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesAircraft Landing, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSCUBA Diving
Duration of landing
Site Name: Errera Channel Latitude: 62º 42´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSCUBA Diving, Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Circle Latitude: 66º 33´ 00´´ S Longitude: 
Visit Date07/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Detaille Island Latitude: 66º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 66º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Liard Island Latitude: 66º 51´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSCUBA Diving, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Larrouy Island Latitude: 65º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesIce Landing, Ice Walk
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbour Latitude: 63º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSCUBA Diving, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Frei Station Latitude: 62º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 57´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesAircraft Landing, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Kinnes Cove/ Madder Cliffs Latitude: 63º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 28´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Devil Island Latitude: 63º 48´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fridjof Sound Latitude: 63º 34´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 43´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
14 Jan 2011 Ushuaia 28 Jan 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Useful Island Latitude: 64º 43´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64º 20´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Spigot Peak Latitude: 64º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Larrouy Island Latitude: 65º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ice Walk
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°04´S Longitude: 63°57´W
Visit Date18/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: The Gullet Latitude: 67º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 49´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Stoningston Island Latitude: 68º 11´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Horseshoe Island Latitude: 67°51´S Longitude: 67°12´W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Detaille Island Latitude: 66º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 66º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: North of Hansen Island Latitude: 67º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ice Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Jenny Island Latitude: 67º 43´ 00´´ S Longitude: 68º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: The Gullet Latitude: 67º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 49´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: SCUBA Diving
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°04´S Longitude: 63°57´W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fish Island Latitude: 66º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waddington Bay Latitude: 65º 16´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 05´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Renard Latitude: 65º 01´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbour Latitude: 63º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62°39´S Longitude: 60°37´W
Visit Date23/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Turret Point Latitude: 62º 05´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Penguin Island Latitude: 62º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 54´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
29 Jan 2011 Ushuaia 09 Feb 2011 Ushuaia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Rosamel Island Latitude: 63º 34´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62°39´S Longitude: 60°37´W
Visit Date02/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°04´S Longitude: 63°57´W
Visit Date04/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fish Islands Latitude: 66º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Detaille Island Latitude: 66º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 66º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbour Latitude: 63º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Renard Latitude: 65º 01´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
10 Feb 2011 Ushuaia 23 Feb 2011 Saunders Island

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Tuxen Latitude: 65º 16´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 08´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Renard Latitude: 65º 01´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Girard Bay Latitude: 65º 01´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pléneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Cruising, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Devil Island Latitude: 63º 48´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: James Ross Island Latitude: 64º 11´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ice Walk
Duration of landing
Site Name: Snow Hill Island Latitude: 64º 28´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 12´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Extended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fort Point Latitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Wolf Kloss, Turismo SIM Ltd
Contact Address: Calle Maragaño 168, P.O. Box 6, Puerto Williams, XII Region, Chile
Email Address: base@simexpeditions.com
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: S/Y SANTA MARIA AUSTRALIS
Country of Registry: Berlin (Germany)
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 4
Maximum Passengers: 9
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Dec 2010 Pt. Williams 17 Jan 2011 Pt. Williams

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Garbiel de Castilla Station Latitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbor Latitude: 64º 31´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Skontorp Cove Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pléneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2010
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands/ Wordie Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
14 Jan 2011 Pt. Williams 04 Feb 2011 Pt. Williams

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Whalers Bay Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fumarole Bay Latitude: 64º 58´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 42´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbor Latitude: 64º 31´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point/ Gonzalez Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pléneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landing
11 Feb 2011 Pt. Williams 04 Mar 2011 Pt. Williams

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSkiing, Station Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pléneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hovgaard Island Latitude: 65º 08´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 08´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSkiing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Penola Strait Latitude: 65º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 05´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Tuxen Latitude: 65º 16´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 08´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSkiing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hovgaard Island Latitude: 65º 08´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 08´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSkiing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Ferguson Channel Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSkiing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activitiesanchoring
Duration of landing
Site Name: Ronge Island Latitude: 64º 43´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 41´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2011
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
Expedition Name: Expedition to the geographic South Pole and attendant documentation 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: aircraft/truck
Activities:
Number of Participants:
Date begin: 11 Dec 2010
Date end: 08 Jan 2011
Number of personnel: 15
Operator:
Name: Loopfilm Film & Television Production GmbH
Contact Address: Infanteriestraße 19, Haus 1b / 80797 München
Email Address: info@loopfilm.de
Website Address: http://www.loopfilm.de/
Remarks:
Location of Activities
Novo Station
Routes:
Expedition Name: TV documentation about Neumayer Station III 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: via aircraft (DROMLAN)
Activities:
Number of Participants:
Date begin: 26 Nov 2010
Date end: 12 Dec 2010
Number of personnel: 2
Operator:
Name: Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR)
Contact Address: Hugh-Greene-Weg 1, 22529 Hamburg
Email Address:
Website Address: www.ndr.de
Remarks:
Location of Activities
Neumayer Station III
Routes:

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE/CEE List - Annex I)
Type: IEE
Title: Antarctic tourist and training cruises (4) of the MV Hanse Explorer – 2010/2011
Organization(s) responsible: Oceanstar ltd., Bremen
Activity: Tourism cruises
Topics: - Tourism
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions
Type: IEE
Title: Antarctic tourist cruises (4) of the MV Bremen – 2010/2011
Organization(s) responsible: Hapag-Lloyd ltd., Hamburg
Activity: Tourism cruises
Topics: - Tourism
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions
Type: IEE
Title: Antarctic tourist cruises (4) of the MV Hanseatic – 2010/2011
Organization(s) responsible: Hapag-Lloyd ltd., Hamburg
Activity: Tourism cruises
Topics: - Tourism
Locations: Site name: Antarctic Peninsula
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions
Type: IEE
Title: CAMBIO - Changes in Antarctic Marine Biota; Biological and sediment survey on formaly ice shelf covered sea habitats (including scientific sonar and bottom trawl) ANT-XXVII/3; RV Polarstern
Organization(s) responsible: Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Bremerhaven
Activity: Scientific research
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: South Orkney Islands, King George Island, Larsen Ice Shelf, Eastern Weddell Sea
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions

Type: IEE
Title: Operation of Kohnen Summer Station
Organization(s) responsible: Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Bremerhaven
Activity: Scientific research
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions
Type: IEE
Title: Operation of Neumayer III Wintering Station
Organization(s) responsible: Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Bremerhaven
Activity: Scientific research
Topics: - Science
Locations: Site name: Eckström Ice Shelf, Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions
Type: IEE
Title: South Pole Race/Expedition to the geographic South Pole and attendant documentation
Organization(s) responsible: Loopfilm ltd., Munich
Activity: TV documentation
Topics: - National Antarctic Programme
Locations: Site name: From Ross Ice Shelf to South Pole
Latitude:
Latitude:
Period/length of the activity:
Decision/Comment: Permit issued under provisos and conditions

Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Environmental Information - Conservation of Fauna and Flora
Permit Number: 94003-3/262
Permit Period: Date begin:  01 Nov 2010   Date end:  31 Mar 2011
Species: South Polar Skua, Brown Skua, Wilson's Storm Petrel, Black-bellied Storm Petrel
Location:
Site Name: Fildes Peninsula (including Ardley Island, King George Island, South Shetland Islands)   Lat: 62º 12´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 54´ 00´´ W  
Action: Taking
Taking: Capture
Handle
Amount: 250 Skuas, 30 Storm Petrels
Purpose: Ringing, weighing, measuring, taking blood samples
Removal or Disposal: No
Remarks: Skua Life history, Storm Petrel monitoring The first aim of the project “Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas” on Fildes Peninsula was the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pai
Event or Project Name/Number: Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena)

Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/262
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2010   To:  31 Mar 2011
Purpose: Aim of the project “Current environmental situation and management proposals for the Fildes Peninsula Region” is the elaboration of an updated standardized assessment of fauna and flora of the Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island with focus on birds and seals. The reaction of animals and plants on different forms of human impact as well as any considerable environmental changes were analyzed to keep the scientific data base up to date and usable during the process of discussion on international level about an anticipated ASMA. Within this project the monitoring of penguins (Pygoscelis spec.) and Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) was continued. These long-term datasets date back to the 1980ies. The first aim of the project “Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas” on Fildes Peninsula was the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pairs. The distribution of skua nests was mapped, adults and chicks were banded and the breeding success of chicks was determined. Skuas are closely related species from the Northern and Southern hemisphere which overwinter on the oceans. Since it is difficult to distinguish these, reliable data on the temporal and spatial migration patterns are absent. In the seasons 2008/09 and 2009/10 in cooperation with BAS GLS-Loggers were attached on breeding birds to investigate the winter migration of both species. In January and February 2011 these loggers were removed and the data processed. They provide a much more detailed picture of Brown skuas in the overwintering area of the South Atlantic and the migration route of South polar skuas to the Arctic.
Summary of activities: Sea bird counting, catching, measuring, weighing, ringing seabirds
Event or project name/number: Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena)
ASPA / ASMA: Type:  ASPA    Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/262
Number of people: Permitted to enter  5   That actually entered:  5
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2010   To:  31 Mar 2011
Purpose: Purpose of the project is the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pairs. The distribution of skua nests will be mapped, adults and chicks will be banded and the breeding success of chicks will be determined. Breeding birds with attached GLS-Loggers from the previous season will be re-caught and blood and feather samples from birds will be taken for isotope examinations. Further, the monitoring of penguins (Pygoscelis spec.) and Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) is intended to be continued
Summary of activities: Sea bird counting, catching, measuring, weighing, ringing seabirds
Event or project name/number: Hans-Ulrich Peter, University of Jena

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report