ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Germany
2016/2017 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station and remote seismographic stations: Geophysics Observatory
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital at Neumayer III
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Tanja Fromm (AWI) This includes the projects Neumayer-DI and Seismo2017. a) Seismology The primary objective of the seismographic observations at Neumayer-III (NM) is to complement the worldwide network of seismographic monitoring stations in the southern hemisphere. Special interests focus on the detection of local and regional earthquakes within Antarctica. Long term monitoring of regional seismicity over many years may eventually allow a rather detailed mapping of seismic active regions within the Antarctic plate. This will contribute to a better understanding of current neotectonic processes in Antarctica. The local seismographic network at Neumayer-III Station comprises the Geophysics Observatory VNA1 near NM itself and 2 remote stations VNA2 and VNA3 on the ice rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen, resp. Additionally to seismic broadband recording a small aperture detection array with 15 vertical seismometers placed on three concentric rings with a total diameter of almost 2 km is operated at station VNA2. This array is a powerful tool for monitoring local and regional seismicity. Other unattended seismographic broadband stations are operated at the Russion base Novolazarevskaya, at Kohnen Station, near Weigel Nunatak and at the Swedish summer base Svea. The seismic broadband station at Sanae IV is also included into the larger seismographic network. Additional recordings from seismic stations in and around Antarctica are retrieved via internet and are very helpful for reliable localizations of Antarctic earthquakes. As in previous years both remote stations VNA2 and VNA3 have to be serviced during austral season 2016/2017 by members of the wintering team and a summer staff. Servicing the station at Weigel Nunatak will be carried out by a team member of the Kohnen traverse team. The station at Kohnen will either be serviced by a Kohnen traverse member or during a short day trip together with the retrieval of air freight. Data retrieval at the Novolazarevskaya seismic station will be made by a summer staff member when arriving in Antarctica from Cape Town. The Svea station will be serviced by a Swedish team traveling to Svea from Aboa station for a couple of days probably in early January 2017. In addition to this stations we installed four temporary seismometer station at the Ekstroem shelf ice. They will be serviced during the maintenance of VNA2 and 3 and depending on their performance they might be left there for another year. Additional temporary stations are planned at the Ekstroem shelf ice in cooperation with the Sub-Eis-Obs project, if possible along the Kohnen Traverse and at Udpostane in Vestafjella, near Wasa/Aboa. b) Geomagnetism The new Geomagnetic Observatory at Neumayer-III was built during January and February 2009 and the routine observations were carried on at the new site with just a rather short data gap. During summer season 2011/2012 a second 3-component fluxgate magnetometer was installed. It is a standard FGE fluxgate sensor which is the current worldwide observatory standard. This second sensor was placed on top of a deeply frozen in, stable pillar outside the measuring hut. The geomagnetic observatory comprises now a NS orientated STL 3-component sensor and a second FGE sensor oriented in magnetic North direction. A GSM-19 Overhauser proton-magnetometer is used for recording total intensity. All systems run at a sample rate of 1 second. For better absolute measurements of the field components also a second declinometer was installed on a stable pillar outside the measuring container housing. Continuous recording of the second system started in July 2013, however, still interrupted by some software problems. Since January 2014 we have been operating with no major interruptions anymore and in July we became am member of the Intermagnet organsiation. During summer season 2016/2017 parts of the side walls of the observatory's firn cavern must probably reshaped again by cutting out some more ice creeping from the side walls into the cavern. Additionally, we plan to measure the magnetic field in detail along the flow line of the observatory to correct the data for anomalies caused by the underlying geology. c) GPS recordings Contiunuous GPS recordings were carried on again and are now available sind beginning of July 2012. This is accomplished using a 2-band Ashtec Z-12 receiver with its antenna on the roof of Neumayer-III. Converted data in Rinex format are available on request and might in future be downloaded from a web interface. These GPS recordings have been relaunched because they provide valuable informations for higher atmosphere reasearch. d) Magnetotelluric mesurements During summer season 2015/2016 we installed a magnetotelluric recording stations borrowed from GFZ Potsdam. First of all this should be a feasibility study of magnetotelluric (MT) measurements in the Antarctic region with standard MT equipment. Points of interest are the investigation of electromagnetic source effects in polar regions and the quality of MT-recordings on an electrically poorly conducting ice body over or nearby a electrically highly conductive layer of sea water. So far, the MT-recordings are promising and we plan to investigate the distribution of electrical conductivity of the subsurface underneath different locations on an ice sheet and on the Ekstöm Ice Shelf. In this context we are specially interested if we can deduce some hints for subglacial water underneath an ice sheet from MT-recordings. The existence of a potential water layer below an ice shield will be of great importance for understanding the dynamics of the ice sheet. Two stations should be installed on the the ice rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen. The third station will be in the middle between these two stations on the Ekström Ice Shelf as a refernce station.
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: HALOGON (Halogen chemistry long-term Observatories at Neumayer)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Udo Frieß (Uni Heidelberg) Reactive halogen compounds are playing an important role in the chemical balance of the troposphere. The consequences of the presence of these reactive compounds in the troposphere are ranging from the destruction of ozone over changes in the chemical balance and the increased deposition of toxic compounds to a potential impact on global climate. The Polar Regions, and in particular the coastal areas of Antarctica, represent a global hot spot for reactive halogens. The objective of the proposed project is the experimental investigation of the role of reactive halogen compounds in the chemistry of the polar boundary layer. It will focus on questions that largely arose from previous measurements in the Arctic and Antarctic and in particular, from the successful long-term measurements with a Multi-Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) instrument that is operated continuously on the Air Chemistry Observatory at Neumayer since 1999. Key part of this project is the maintenance of a Long-Path DOAS instrument for continuous autonomous measurements that was installed at Neumayer during the season 2015/16 to investigate diurnal and seasonal variations in the halogen chemistry. While the MAX-DOAS instrument requires sunlight for operation, this new instrument uses a proprietary light source and thus allows continuous measurements during the whole year including Polar winter. This, for the first time, will gives insight in the complete diurnal and seasonal variations of the halogen chemistry at Neumayer. The operation of the instrument is planned for at least one year. To investigate the interaction between the atmosphere and the snow surface close to the measurement path of the instrument, snow samples from snow pits will taken at various depths up to 4m.
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Iso-Ant
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Martin Werner (AWI) The overall goal of the project Iso-Arc is a first-time detailed detection and description of the isotopic composition of water vapour transported to the vicinity of AWI’s Neumayer II station in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Stable isotopes of water (H216O, H218O, H217O, HD16O) are fundamental for the understanding of the modern hydrological cycle and key parameters for the reconstruction of past climate changes, e.g. from Antarctic ice cores. At the start of this project in January 2017, a laser-based cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS instrument) will be installed at the Neumayer III station. This type of instrument is capable of high-precision, high-frequency measurements of the isotopic composition of water vapour, and similar instruments have been deployed at various other locations worldwide during the last years. After the installation of the instrument, automatic, continuous isotope analyses of the atmospheric water vapour at Neumayer III station in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica, will be conducted for 12 months, at least. In combination with simultaneously performed measurements on board of Polarstern and complementing climate simulations enhanced by water isotope diagnostics, a combined analyses of data and model results will allow a first-time quantitative assessment of the Antarctic water cycle and its seasonal isotopic variations.
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Long term gamma dose rate measurements under extreme conditions
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Roger Luff, Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz The German Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) is the competent institution in Germany to protect man and the environment against ionising radiation. BfS runs a nation wide ambient dose rate monitoring network since over 30 years. It comprises of about 1800 stationary gamma dose rate probes. The network technology is kept at state-of-the-art level through continuous development on soft- and hardware as well as on detector technology. This includes long-time test series under various environmental conditions, international data and technology exchange. The ambient dose rate level is influenced by a number of natural phenomena. The main sources are precipitation of radon progeny products by rain and snow, attenuation of terrestrial radiation by snow cover and modulation of the cosmic component. In addition, artefacts from the detector system can occur which are modulated by environmental parameters like e.g. temperature. The sensitivity of the detector and the interpretation of the data is highly related to an understanding of all these effects. The probe to be installed at the Neumayer-Station is the standard BfS probe equipped with 2 Geiger-Müller tubes for high and low count rates. It measures automatically and continuously the environmental gamma dose rate in a wide range from some µSv/h up to 5 Sv/h. In general, it registers the radiation in a reference height of about 1 m above the ground to get the terrestrial as well as the cosmic component of the gamma radiation. Moreover the probe measures the temperature and the air pressure in the probe housing for quality insurance, error detection and to estimate the cosmic component. The Linux based microprocessor-controlled data logger stores the measurements of the probe, forms mean values and other statistical values of them and transfers the data via the AWI-network to the measuring and service centre in Germany. The research project at the Neumayer-Station is designed as a long term measurement series that consists of two different aspects as outlined below. Global monitoring of cosmic radiation component: The cosmic radiation originating from the sun and from outer space is subject to a complex process of interaction with the earth’s magnetic field and atmosphere. Most of this radiation is attenuated and only a small fraction reaches the earth’s surface as ionizing radiation. At ground level, it contributes to the total measured local ambient dose rate between 15%-90%. It is modulated by atmospheric pressure, the solar cycle and, occasionally, by solar flare events. Dose rate probes of similar response to cosmic radiation at different latitudes will help to understand the characteristics of the temporal variability of cosmic radiation and to better separate these effects from other environmental parameters. In case of current solar flare events the data will help to assess the impact on the dose rate monitoring network. To compare the data according to the German (PTB) reference standard, in a further step, a second reference probe (Reuter-Stokes (high pressure ionisation chamber) or Automess (plastic-szintillator) may be installed next for shorter time intervals. Additionally to the installation at the Neumayer station, the BfS already has installed a probe at the Koldewey-Station in Ny-Ålesund / Svalbard (Spitsbergen) that is in operation since Mai 2012. The data from that probe together with the data from the Neumayer station gives good opportunities to understand the global cosmic radiation component. Moreover, it is important to find out if the cosmic radiation component is detectable with the BfS standard equipment. This may also help for the work and interpretation of data measured in Germany under extreme e.g. solar conditions Hardware test: The BfS uses in-house developed hard- and software for dose rate monitoring. The systems are specially designed for reliable operation and robustness against adverse environmental conditions. The Neumayer-Station with temperatures of up to -60°C in winter offers a good chance for the long term test of the probe hardware under extreme conditions. Prior to shipment, the probes will undergo a test in a BfS operated climate chamber to ensure that the probes are appropriate for commissioning at the site.

Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: NEUROMAYER
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. A. Stahn (Charité Berlin/ University of Pennsylvania) Due to its complex logistical operations, harsh threatening environmental conditions such as extreme cold, altered photoperiod, isolation, confinement, an astronaut surrogate population of researchers, extended winter-over durations (12-14 months), as well as the presence of the “lack of return” aspect during the Antarctic winter, the Neumayer station is considered a high-fidelity analog for long-duration mission simulations. Similar to space fog, winter-over participants in Antarctic stations have anecdotally reported motivational decline, somatic complaints like sleep disturbance, headaches, as well as decrements in mood and morale, among other symptoms, which has been referred to as Winter-over Syndrome. Furthermore, Antarctic environments, like spaceflight, require crewmembers to spend prolonged periods of time in confined space with the same group of subjects, which increases the likelihood of interpersonal conflicts and the associated negative effects on crew cohesion and, thus, mission success. We propose to investigate the efficacy of physical exercise (using a cycle ergometer) combined with an interactive virtual environment, i.e. Hybrid Training, as a countermeasure for augmenting sensory stimulation during long-duration space missions. We will investigate both immediate and long-term benefits of Hybrid Training. Our primary outcomes are neurostructural and neurofunctional changes assessed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cognitive performance assessed with classical paradigms, but also operationally relevant tasks (i.e. virtual ISS robotic arm docking task). We will also assess biochemical markers of stress and neuroplasticity, objective measures of sleep-wake rhythmicity and sleep structure, subjective symptom reports, and group cohesion with unobtrusive measurements as additional outcomes that will provide insights into mechanisms and consequences of the observed structural and functional brain changes, and their reversibility by Hybrid Training. These data will be compared to historic controls from Neumayer station and other Antarctic stations (Concordia, Halley), space analog environments and the ISS. At the end of the project, we will have a much clearer understanding whether and to what extent the detrimental effects of ICE environments on neuroplasticity and behavioral health can be mitigated by Hybrid Training.
Name: Activities at Neumayer: Ice Pile Foundation for buildings on snow and firn.
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Moritz Kötteritzsch, Thomas Matz Due to the ductile and thus insubstantial properties of ice and further snowfalls, research facilities in Polar Regions will subside into their former foundation and eventually be lost for usage. Current solutions, such as lifting the facility by means of hydraulic systems and extending its foundation require continuous and large physical as well as financial efforts. Furthermore, those methods imply the danger of pollution of the sensitive polar environment. A new technology based on an ice piston from frozen water operating in a repeating sequence has the potential to generate a sustainable support and has already proven to be feasible. A theoretical investigation was carried out, in which a procedure of dimensioning the main characteristics of such foundations has been developed. The project discussed here is the subsequent step to that theoretical investigation, in which the ice plunger cylinder will be implemented and tested at the Neumayer-Station III. The main purpose of this next step is to widen the theoretical basics with knowledge about uncertain or even missing facts. Therefore, the control cabinet, supply, and plunger cylinder will be installed and put into operation. Three experiments will then be prepared and conducted: 1.) Full system implementation of a single ice pile foundation in mostly automatic operation (mono ice piston). In order to obtain experiences about all subsystems involved in the operation of an ice pile foundation in a real environment, a single ice pile generator is installed beneath Neumayer-Station III. It is supplied with water from melted environmental ice, electricity and network. The ice pile generator is constantly stressed by a hydraulic cylinder, mounted to the station. The system is designed for automatic operation, running cyclic lifting sequences. During test the load applied can be varied in different scenarios. Installed sensors are recording data of all interesting values, allowing online monitoring as well as later evaluation. This experiment is supposed to provide knowledge in the context of ice generating, load bearing and deformation. 2.) Ice column pushing into the ground (ice-nail) In the second experiment, an artificial ice piston will be pushed into snow/firn ground with different loads resulting in different pressures while measuring the settlement/deformation of the pile over a certain period of time (days/weeks). By those means we aim to investigate the load bearing capabilities at varying ice pile girthed area in order to determine ice firn interaction. 3.) Ice column pulling out of the ground (ice-dowel) Finally, the pulling of a number of artificial ice piles out of the ground after times of sintering will be tested, while measuring the required forces. The goal is to investigate the firn/snow load distribution mechanism in ice-firn-interaction, corresponding to some tests in general pillar foundation. Besides this program some minor tests are to be carried out, like an analysis of the test-sites ground density and shear strength profile. During the conduction period in January 2017, first data output will be evaluated. In parallel, the remote maintenance system will be installed and tested in order to ensure the long term evaluation of the operating system until November 2017.
Name: Activities at O'Higgins Station: Operations of Antarctic research station GARS O'Higgins
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)   Lat: 63º 19´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 54´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: none, provided at O'Higgins Station
Remarks / Description: • Project “Operations of Antarctic research station GARS O'Higgins”, PI Dr. Erhard Diedrich, DLR: The scientific long-term observations of the last 25 years shall be continued. In particular spaceborne SAR data providing insights into ice mass balance, ice dynamics and ice shelf disintegration of the Antarctic shall be received by GARS O’Higgins ground station. In general, research related to system Earth shall be supported by SAR data reception (e.g. of TanDEM-X mission), by providing TT&C support for scientific satellite missions like TanDEM-X, TerraSAR-X, GRACE, FireBird, Cassiope and NEOSSat, and by VLBI, GNSS, tide gauge and gravimeter observations. In addition, Launch and Early Orbit Phase (LEOP) support is planned for Eu:CROPIS. The main mission running at GARS O’Higgins is DLR’s TanDEM-X mission, which uses two X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites, TSX-1 and TDX-1. The two satellites fly in close formation in orbit around the earth and to do this safely they require TT&C support from GARS O’Higgins. The high resolution SAR images acquired by these satellites, which are received at GARS O’Higgins, are used for a wide range of scientific purposes. One of the primary aims of TanDEM-X is to produce accurate global elevation models with a 12m spatial resolution and a relative vertical accuracy better than two meters, including Antarctica. GARS O’Higgins is one of the two core ground stations around the world used to downlink the huge amount of SAR data being acquired by the TanDEM-X mission. GARS O’Higgins also supports geodetic research, including Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) using the 9-meter antenna as a radio telescope and taking permanent Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) measurements for the German Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG). GARS O’Higgins is network station of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), of the International GNSS Service (IGS), and of the “Cooperative Network for GIOVE Observations” (CONGO). The data is used to measure the tectonic movement of the Antarctic Peninsula, to realize the International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) and the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS), to derive Earth Rotation Parameters (ERP), and to support radio astronomy research like the TANAMI project (Tracking Active Galactic Nuclei with Austral Milliarcsecond Interferometry). As part of this support for the BKG, the station also operated an Automatic Weather Station (AWS) collecting air temperature, pressure, humidity and wind direction and velocity. In addition, the census of breeding pairs colonies of penguin on Peninsula Schmidt (Gentoo penguins) and on Isla Kopaitic (Gentoo, Chinstrap and Adelié penguins) shall be repeated. • Project, “Quadcopter aerial survey GARS O'Higgins”, PI Dr. Erhard Diedrich, DLR: The quadcopter based aerial survey shall be used to support science visualization and to support the census of breeding penguin pairs in colonies on Isla Kopaitic (Gentoo, Chinstrap and Adelié penguins). • Project “APHYCA GARS O‘Higgins”, Dr. Bernd Krock, AWI This study is a continuation of the work. The goal of this study is the deveolpment of a long-term monitoring system to detect changes in the phytoplankton communities in Antarctica. To do so, it is planned to define suitable chemotaxonomic markers for different plankton classes. Passive samplers will be developed in the direct vicinity of GARS O'Higgins (max 100m away from the coast) to retrieve samples, which will be packed and shipped to Germany for further investigations.
Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) - Sea ice properties in Atka Bay
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital at Neumayer Station
Remarks / Description: In the framework of the Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) physical properties, thickness and extend of sea ice and its snow cover are determined over the entire Atka Bay. These measurements are performed each year since 2010. The work will be performed mainly and as a matter of routine by the wintering team of the Neumayer station. The measurements in the Atka Bay provide the German contribution to the international sea ice program AFIN. Extensive reports and results can be found under http://epic.awi.de/ (for example Hoppmann et al., 2012, http://epic.awi.de/30991/). The planned measurements contain a large variety of methods: 1) Snow and Ice thicknesses: The thicknesses of snow and ice are measured manually by drillings and with electromagnetic noninvasive methods. For this, repeated measurements are performed at defined stations on the ice as well as along transects over the sea ice. In addition, the thickness of the platelet ice layer (loose ice platelets, accumulating under sea ice) is determined. 2) Thermistor buoy: The mass balance of the sea ice is measured with an autonomous thermistor chain. It records temperature and thermal conductivity from air, snow, sea ice and water. The data are transferred directly to Bremerhaven. When the sea ice breaks out, the buoy will drift from Atka Bay towards the Weddell Sea. 3) Snow buoys: This system measures the development of the snow thickness. Four ultrasonic sensors send in intervals a weak impulse whose echo will be determined. From the elapsed time of the signal the distance to the snow surface will be measured. 4) Snow pits: Snow pits are used to determine the properties of snow at selected stations on the sea ice. 5) GPS station: The movement of the ice shelf and mainly the evolution of the snow thickness and snow properties will be determined with a high-precision GPS receiver

Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: SPOT (Single Penguin Observation & Tracking)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: Neumayer III hospital
Remarks / Description: PIs: Dr. Daniel Zitterbart & Prof. Ben Fabry (Uni Erlangen) This project aims to understand the reorganization process in penguin huddles and the implications for social thermoregulation. We operate a remote-operated penguin observatory including hard- and software for fast image acquisition and real-time processing. The observatory will be capable of detecting the whole huddle, as well as tracking the movements of thousands of individual penguins throughout the winter. An accurate count of animals within the colony and the size of individual animals is will recorded, and together our data will help to estimate how the increasing environmental strain such as ongoing climate changes, thinning sea ice and reduced krill availability, is affecting Emperor penguins. Visit planned between November 2016 and January 2016 for regular maintainance of the Observatory
Name: Neumayer III Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: Neumayer III hospital
Remarks / Description: Expedition leader summer: Dr. Eberhard Kohlberg & Dr. Christine Wesche (AWI) The Neumayer Station III is the permanently occupied German research station located at the north-west edge of the Ekström Ice Shelf in Dronning Maud Land. The station is operated by the Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI). The station continuously operates scientific observatories and is the operational base for aircraft missions and deep field traverses during summer season. The wintering staff is one station leader/physician, four scientists, three technicans and one cook. During summer season up to 50 scientists and technicans can be accomodated. Transport of personnel and equipment is performed via the airlink from Cape Town to Antarctica established in the frame of the international cooperation DronningMaud Land Air Network (DROMLAN). Eight to eleven intercontinental flights are performed from October until February every summer season. Regular supply of the station is performed by ship delivering consumables, maintainance material, heavy equipment such as vehicles, sledges etc.. Two to three ship calls are performed every summer season. Permanent projects: Measurements of cosmic particles (PI: Walter (DESY)) Maintenance and operation of an automatic weather station (AWS) on Halvfarryggen (PI: Dr. D. Steinhage (AWI))
Name: Activities at Bellingshausen Station: Monitoring of Antarctic seabirds and seals on Fildes Peninsula
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Bellingshausen Station (Russia)   Lat: 62º 11´ 46´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 38´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Hans-Ulrich Peter 1. Long term monitoring of Antarctic seabirds and seals on Fildes Peninsula, King George Island. The aim of the project is the continuation of an updated standardized assessment of fauna and flora of the Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island with focus on birds and seals. 2. Monitoring of penguins (Pygoscelis spec.) and Southern Giant Petrels colonies (Macronectes giganteus) with remote sensing methods will be continued. 3 The aim of the third project “Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas” on Fildes Peninsula is the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pairs. 4. The film crew is working on a report about penguin research . The effects of climate change is potentially threatening the continued existence of the Adelie penguins in this area. The unique work on monitoring the penguin colonies with drones will be covered in the report. The report has an educational component and helps the spectator to understand the importance of the activities in Antarctica.
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Activities at Bellingshausen: Monitoring of penguin colonies in Antarctica by remote sensing
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Bellingshausen Station (Russia)   Lat: 62º 11´ 46´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 38´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Osama Mustafa (Think Jena) Goal of the project is the development of methods and the obtaining of ground truth data for monitoring penguin colonies by remote sensing methods. For this we do mapping of different penguin colonies, research on spatio-temporal dynamics of penguin colonies and analyze the disturbance potential of new methods like the use of drones.
Operating Period: From: October To: February

Name: Activities at Dallmann Lab: Hydrology and Glacier Melt on the Potter Peninsula, KGI (HyGlacPot)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: provided by Carlini Station
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Ulrike Falk (Uni Bremen) The spatial variability of the Antarctic climate and glacier surface mass and energy balance terms still remains largely unknown due to the scarcity of available field data. The project focuses on the study of the spatial variability and the relationships and processes between the different measurements of temperatures and energy fluxes at the surface with remote sensing and in-situ methods, i.e. air temperature, surface temperature and radiation temperature from water, firn and ice surfaces of glacier and water bodies. Field measurements will be held on King George Island using the existing infrastructure of the IMCOAST program. The proposed methodology includes how climatological data sets, micrometeorological turbulence measurements and remote sensing derived surface temperatures are used to assess the coupling of different surface temperatures of air, ice and snow with surface energy fluxes. The proposed research will allow an improved estimate of uncertainties and errors of the melting processes and the mass and energy balance of glaciers in the Antarctic Peninsula region. The foreseen adaption of the model to glaciated surfaces will allow for a general use to other geographical locations.
Operating Period: From: January To: March
Name: Activities at Dallmann Laboratory: Biogeochemical fluxes and dynamics in a changing environment
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: at Carlini Station
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Frank Wenzhöfer (AWI) Pelagic primary production in Potter Cove (King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo)) is low (Schloss et al. 2002) and the amount of settling matter not high enough to fuel the high benthic ecosystem demand. Therefore, benthic production must play a crucial role as carbon input. Indeed, results from our previous campaigns indicate a seasonal variability in benthic PP, measured as in situ total oxygen exchange in dark and transparent benthic chambers in 2015. Also ongoing melting of the Fourcade glacier in Potter Cove and related increasing particle-release and their sedimentation as well as an increasing ice scour frequency by calving of the glacier modifies sediment characteristics and the structure of coastal benthic communities. The latter in turn affect benthic biogeochchemical processes in Potter Cove. In situ investigations on benthic oxygen fluxes with benthic chambers and microprofiles will be continued and accompanied with the non-invasive method of Eddy Correlation to investigate the benthic oxygen consumption and production capacities. To further elucidate the role of benthic primary production in Potter Cove and the influence of Antarctic warming, we plan to perform laboratory experiments on microphytobenthos under controlled conditions with different light regimes. In addition, we would like to complement our measurements on carbon cycling with assessments of the nitrogen cycle (incubations of sediments with labelled 15NH4+ and 15NO3-). Both experiments will be conducted with sediment cores from three sites, which differ in intensity of particle sedimentation and ice scour frequency. Our biogeochemical measurements will be completed by identification, quantification and qualification of the benthic micro- (RNA and DNA) and macrofauna as well as the microphytobenthos.
Operating Period: From: October To: December
Name: Activities at Gondwana Station: MOGS 4 – Modernization of Gondwana Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Gondwana Station    Lat: 74º 38´ 00´´ S   Long: 164º 13´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Christoph Kasch (BGR) The German Gondwana Station is a non-permanent facility at Gerlache Inlet of Terra Nova Bay on the Ross Sea, operated by the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR). It was erected during the GANOVEX III expedition in 1982/1983 as a bivouac hut and then extended and converted into a summer station during GANOVEX V (1988/1989). Gondwana Station is accessible by ship or an aeroplane capable of landing on the sea ice in Terra Nova Bay. Gondwana Station was used as the main base during numerous BGR expeditions to northern Victoria Land. After more than 30 years of its existence, major renovation and modernization of the station was carried out in the 2015/2016 Antarctic season (MOGS 3). The modernisation of the station will lead to an improvement of working conditions, increase of maintenance feasibility and its operating efficiency, and considerable decrease of the environmental impact and the reduction of human footprint. During MOGS 4, all installations and construction work will be completed. The installed facilities will be thoroughly tested and the station will be opened in late November 2016. The renovation/modernization of the station will then allow its future operation to continue for at least 25-30 years as a base for scientific research in northern Victoria Land. Transport of building material, construction equipment and personnel will be facilitated with the logistical support of the Italian National Antarctic Research Programme.
Operating Period: From: October To: December
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Maintenance Airchemistry Observatory
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Air Chemical Observatory at Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: Neumayer III hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Rolf Weller (AWI) Within the project Iso-Ant, funded by the Helmholtz Climate Initiative Regional Climate Change (REKLIM), the installation of a cavity-ring-down spectrometers (CRDS) at the Neumayer station will allow a first-time data set of specific humidity, H218O and HDO in Antarctic vapor over the duration of a full calendar year. In combination with correspondent isotope measurements on board of Polarstern and the well-established long-term isotope measurements of snow samples from Neumayer Station, these new isotope measurements will allow a unique simultaneous data set of H218O and HDO directly above the ocean surface and after transport to the Antarctic continent. Furthermore the Long-Path Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometer (LP-DOAS) from the IUP Heidelberg (PI: Udo Frieß), installed last summer campaign, will be serviced. This instrument has been successfully operated throughout a year in Antarctica and needs now a careful readjustment for another year-round measuring period. The main objective of this experiment is to measure reactive trace gases, in particular iodine oxide (IO) within the atmospheric boundary layer and to complement data from the MAX-DOAS instrument, which is up to now in continuous operation since 1999. In addition a new condensation particle counter will be installed, replacing an older irreparably damaged particle counter. As another task we plan a modification of the aerosol sampling installation. Finally, there will be the usual maintenance operation at the Air Chemistry Observatory as well as training of the new air chemistry over-winterer Zsófia Jurányi.
Operating Period: From: January To: February

Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Maintenance of the CTBTO Infrasound Station IS27
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital Neumayer III Station
Remarks / Description: According to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the IS27 infrasound station is operated at the German “Neumayer” Antarctic Research base as one of 60 elements of the infrasound network of the International Monitoring System (IMS). Infrasound stations measure micropressure fluctuations in the atmosphere. Therefore they are mainly focussed on the monitoring of the compliance of the CTBT with respect to atmospheric nuclear explosions. The approximately uniform global distribution of the 60 stations ensures the ability to detect any atmospheric nuclear explosion of 1 kiloton TNT equivalent or more by at least two stations. Besides IS27, three other infrasound stations will be established along the coast of Antarctica. The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) operates the German National Data Center (NDC) for the CTBT and is responsible for the operation of IS27, which will be carried out in close co-operation with the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI). IS27 is an infrasound array with nine array stations. Each station is equipped with a microbarometer and a data acquisition system. Meteorological sensors are installed at the central station. A wind-noise reducing pipe array is connected to each microbarometer. The distribution of the inlet ports to the microbarometer in a wide area ensures the suppression of the influence of wind-generated disturbances. The central array control system is installed in the seismo-acoustic observatory to power the stations and retrieve the recorded data. The infrasound data are transmitted continuously in near real time with a maximum delay of 5 minutes to the International Data Center (IDC) in Vienna, Austria, sharing the permanent satellite link between the Neumayer base and AWI. IS27 is to be operated continuously with at least 98 % data availability over a year's time, which is required for an IMS station. Routine maintenance of the array is a prerequisite to ensure the high reliability and is normally carried out every year during the Austral summer between December and February. During this period, the nine array elements have to be recovered from the snow and re-installed on the surface. The condition of the equipment has to be checked and software upgrades have to be installed.
Operating Period: From: December To: February
Name: Activities near Kohnen: CoFi 2016/17
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 20
Medical Facilities: provided by Neumayer Station
Remarks / Description: Extensive surface snow sampling is done to better understand the formation of the climatic and environmental signals archived in firn and ice. Snow samples, shallow firn (a few meters) and shallow ice cores (up to 200 m in length) will be taken to reconstruct the climate of the past few thousands of years and to study the air entrapment in ice under the coldest conditions in Antarctica as the closest analogue for glacial climate conditions.
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: EDEN ISS
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital at Neumayer
Remarks / Description: PI: Daniel Schubert (DLR), Dr. Eberhard Kohlberg (AWI) The EDEN ISS project has the goal to provide Neumayer Station III overwinterers with fresh food through the deployment of a closed greenhouse module in the vicinity of the station. This facility called the Mobile Test Facility also serves as a test-bed for a number of controlled environment agriculture technologies that may be used to grow plants on the International Space Station or on future missions to the Moon and Mars. First commissioning is planned in season 2017/18. One year prior to the deployment of the EDEN ISS Mobile Test Facility an elevated platform constructed out of steel will be shipped to Neumayer Station III and set up including power supply and connection to the station’s network. It will be installed by AWI personnel in Dec 2016 to Jan 2017.
Operating Period: From: December To: January
Name: Dallmann Lab:Heterothermy and torpor as energy saving strategies in Antarctic storm-petrel nestlings
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: provided by Carlini Station
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Petra Quillfeldt (Uni Giessen) Wilson’s storm petrels Oceanites oceanicus are the smallest endotherm breeding in the Antarctic. Given their small size and thus limited energy storage capacities, Wilson’s storm petrels need to use efficient strategies to cope with both predictable and unpredictable food shortages. Strong fluctuations in food availability have been observed both within and among breeding seasons in this species. In the present study, we aim to study how Wilson’s storm-petrel nestlings use heterothermy as a physiological strategy to optimize energetic investment and torpor as a strategy to ensure survival during unpredictable food shortages. We will test how body temperature and resting metabolic rate are determined by the nutritional state of nestlings, and if this is modulated by ambient temperature. As an adaptation to predictable differences in food availability, we will study daily rhythms of body temperature and resting metabolic rate. We will test if Wilson’s storm-petrel nestlings strategically down-regulate their body temperature and resting metabolic rate during daytime when adults cannot deliver food. We will further study causes and consequences of individual differences in heterothermy of nestlings. We expect compromised body functions such as growth and investment into immunology in relation to decreased body temperatures and more use of torpor in chicks provisioned less frequently by their parents. Thus, heterothermy in Wilson’s storm-petrel chicks may have fitness consequences through a trade-off between reducing energetic costs and investing in body functions which ultimately determine the chances for survival to breeding. As an adaptation to predictable differences in food availability, we will study heterothermy of chicks during severe weather events such as snow storms, which are predicted to become more frequent and often result in blocking of nests. The study therefore has implications for the adaptation of the species to climate change, both in relation to reduced food availability, especially reduced stocks of Antarctic krill, and increased snow storm frequencies.
Operating Period: From: February To: April

Name: Dallmann Laboratory at Base Carlini
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 16
Medical Facilities: none, provided by Carlini Base
Remarks / Description: PI: D. Mengedoht (AWI) The Dallmann Laboratory is located at the Argentinean Base Carlini on King George Island. It was established as an international laboratory funded by the Instituto Antartico Argentino (IAA) and AWI in 1994. Access to and supply of the Dallmann Laboratory is coordinated in co-operation between AWI and DNA/IAA. On site support is provided by the technical staff of Carlini station. Research focussed on: marine and terrestrial biological studies, solar UV, ecophysical investigations, geological field works.
Operating Period: From: November To: March
Name: Kohnen Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 20
Medical Facilities: none, hospital at Neumayer III Station
Remarks / Description: PI: S. Hain (AWI), S. Kipfstuhl (AWI) The station is currently used as the logistic base for subglacial studies using the EPICA drilling hole as well as for meteorological, air chemistry and seismic observations and glaciological field investigations. The station will also provide ground service for scientific aircraft mission above the inland ice plateau. The station is located on the inland ice plateau (Amundsenisen, Wegnerisen). The distance along the sledge traverse route to Neumayer Station III is about 750 km. Access to the station is possible by means of sledge traverses starting from NEUMAYER STATION III at the cost or by aircraft support in the frame of Dronning Maud Land Air Network (DROMLAN). The air link is mainly used for the transport of personnel, light weighted scientific cargo and food. The advantage of this aircraft access is that it became possible to start scientific works early in the season or to carry out a short stay for maintenance and service automatic stations. Supply of the station is mainly based on sledge traverses to transport large amount of fuel, consumables and material. To travel from NEUMAYER STATION III to KOHNEN STATION takes 11 days on average. The typical arrangement of a sledge train is 6 towing vehicles (Pistenbulli), 12 sledges carrying piece goods and containers, and 5 sledges with tank containers and accommodation facilities. On average about 180 tons of supply goods are needed to run the station. The fuel consumption is about 400 litres per one ton of payload over a distance of 1,000 km.
Operating Period: From: November To: February
Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: Sub-EIS-Obs-seis 2016/17
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Ekström Ice Shelf   Lat: 70º 38´ 11´´ S   Long: 08º 11´ 42´´ W  
Medical Facilities: none, provided by Neumayer III
Remarks / Description: PI: Prof. Dr. Olaf eisen (AWI) After successful seismic measurements over the last years a prominent geologic feature, the Explora Volcanic Edge, was found to outcrop underneath the Ekströmisen. It is a tectonic feature related to the break-up of the Gondwana continent. The sedimentary layers above the wedge are of sedimentary origin. Scientifically, this would in principle allow to drill into the sediments and the upper parts of the volcanic wedge to investigate paleoclimate variability in this region of Antarctica and, at the same time retrieve volcanic material from a so-far unprobed tectonic feature for geologic investigation. This campaign is a dedicated pre-site survey by AWI and BGR (Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe) to exactly locate the geometry of the volcanic wedge and possibly determine the properties of the sedimentary layers with respect to a potential future drilling. Method of choice is reflection seismics with a vibroseis source. A roughly 40 km x 40 km grid will be measured, with a total of approximately 500 km, depending on the overall conditions during the campaign.
Name: GANOVEX XII – REGGAE
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Northern Victoria Land   Lat: 72º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 161º 00´ 00´´ E  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Andreas Läufer (BGR) GANOVEX XII – REGGAE (12th German Antarctic North Victoria Land Expedition – Rennick Graben International Geological and Aeromagnetic Examination) The project involves the cooperation of several international research units. These units are: RU 1: University of Genova, Italy, Prof. L. Crispini (PI, project coordinator); RU 2: University of Pisa, Italy, Dr Gianfranco di Vincenzo (PI); RU 3: BGR, Hannover, Germany, Dr A. Läufer (PI, project coordinator); RU 4: BAS, Cambridge, UK (PI: Dr F. Ferraccioli). The fieldwork will be devoted to multi-scale structural analyses, aimed to the reconstruction of the general structure of the study areas and to the identification of small (few km2 large) key-areas for the deciphering of structural evolution and sample collection. The main goals of this phase are geological-structural mapping of shear zones and fault zones, full analysis of the fault zones with emphasis on kinematic indicators, syntectonic veining, analysis of synsedimentary tectonic structures and relationships with the intrusive and volcanic rocks of known age, reconstruction of foliations and fracture trajectories and individuation of homogeneous structural domains preserving the different steps of the deformational evolution. Samples will be collected according to the results of structural analyses either for petrographic (quantitative mineral analysis, lithofacies classification; hydrothermal alterations), and microstuctural analyses either to improve our collection of rock sample for the thermochronologic and geochronologic studies. The main goal is to obtain a detailed framework of the main tectonic structures as far as their structural architecture, the types of deformations and the wall rocks vs fault rocks features. The last also to check any change in the physical properties of the rocks hosting the main faults and therefore to evaluate their effect on aeromagnetic and gravity data. For this purpose, we will also carry out ground-based magnetic susceptibility readings in order to compare our field data with the aeromagnetic database of the area.

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: RV Polarstern - General Opertations
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: The research and supply vessel RV POLARSTERN commissioned in 1982 is a high class ice breaking vessel and the major research tool for the German Antarctic program. The advanced scientific and technical equipment and ability to navigate in heavy ice conditions in almost all regions of the Arctic and Antarctic oceans provide ideal working conditions for almost all compartments of marine sciences, atmospheric as well as glaciological research (modernisation from 1998 till 2001). Since 1982 the ship regularly operates in arctic and antarctic waters with an average of 320 days on sea every year. The supply of NEUMAYER STATION III is a regular task. Lifting gears and scientific winches are designed for launching and recovery of devices and sensors, fishing and deep sea sediment probing. Hydro-acoustic survey systems such as Hydrosweep, Parasound and fishery sounders can be continuously operated. The fibre optic network connects bridge, winch control room, laboratories and all scientific working places with several servers and distributes information of the central data acquisition system. Altogether 24 scientific laboratories, aquarium and refrigerating rooms are placed at disposal. Additionally up to 15 mobile laboratory containers can be installed inside the ship on E-Deck (10) and at F-Deck (5). The weather station records meteorological data and provides forecast information and satellite imagery on sea ice distributions. Recently technical facilities and hydro-acoustic navigation aids have been installed to deploy ROV for deep sea missions. Shipping company: Reederei F. Laeisz Permanent Measurements: PI: G. König-Langlo (AWI) Meteorological measurements PI: Walter (DESY) Measurements of cosmic particles.
Name: RV Polarstern - PS 103 HAFOS
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: Cruise leader: Dr. Olaf Boebel (AWI) HAFOS PI: Dr. Olaf Boebel (AWI) HAFOS, the physical oceanography core project of PS103, intends to investigate the role of the Southern Ocean in the global climate system with focus on the Atlantic sector, including the Weddell Sea. To this end, temperature, salinity and ocean currents will be measured continuously along the cruise track and 13 profiling NEMO (Navigating European Marine Observer) floats shall be deployed at selected locations. Providing the backbone of our long-term Weddell Sea Observatory, totals of 22 and 18 of deep-sea moorings will be recovered and redeployed during the expedition, respectively. These moorings consist of complex structures which contain current meters, temperature and conductivity sensors, sound sources and sound recorders (Greenwich Meridian Section and Weddell Sea Crossing). Deep water casts using a CTD (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) probe and rosette sampler will occur at approximately 50 hydrographic stations and water samples will be taken to determine the concentration of salt and oxygen. Recollection of GNSS equipment / Repeated GNSS measurements in the Antarctic Peninsula region for the investigation of neotectonics PI: Dr. Mirko Scheinert (Uni Dresden) During the Polarstern cruise PS97 (season 2015/2016) we carried out geodetic GNSS measurements on bedrock in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula and the South Shetland Islands. These repeated GNSS measurements will be analysed to infer the recent deformations in that region. Especially the vertical deformation will be interpreted in terms of glacial-isostatic adjustment. In the end of that cruise it was not possible to recollect the GNSS equipment from the site at Gibbs Island. Therefore, it is the goal of this project to reach Gibbs Island with the help of the helicopters aboard Polarstern, and to recover and recollect the equipment. The entire equipment will then be transported back to Germany. MicroPath PI: Dr. Sonja Endres (GEOMAR) Short description of the project: Marine microbes play a crucial role in the production and consumption of climate-active gases. This project investigates the environmental control on two important microbial pathways leading to the production of climate-active gases in the ocean, (i) the heterotrophic bacterial turnover of organic matter that results in the release of CO2 and (ii) the formation and cycling of halogenated trace gases by phytoplankton and bacteria. Heterotrophic bacteria are the main producers of CO2 in the ocean, thereby counteracting the biological drawdown of CO2 by primary production. Production of halogenated trace gases such as bromoform and dibromomethane by phytoplankton is currently hypothesized as the main source for oceanic bromocarbons, but with little knowledge of the underlying processes and magnitude of the biogenic sources and sinks. The Southern Ocean is experiencing considerable changes in temperature, carbonate chemistry, and the availability of resources for auto- and heterotrophic organisms induced by climate warming combined with subsequent ice melt and changes in primary productivity. This project aims to study single and combined effects of temperature and organic matter composition on heterotrophic organic matter remineralization and the formation of bromocarbons in natural plankton communities of the surface Weddell Sea. Planned activities and samplings: Field samples will be analyzed for bacterial activity, organic matter composition and bromocarbon concentrations. During on-board experiments, natural plankton communities will be incubated under varying temperature, substrate concentrations and light intensities to test the potential for synergistic and antagonistic interactions of multiple environmental changes. Seawater samples will be taken by CTD rosette for analysis in the lab and on-board incubations. Sampling is planned at up to 20 stations, each with maximum 8 depths. INTERPELAGIC PI: Dr. Charlotte Havermanns (Uni Bremen) Zooplankton samples will be taken using Bongo and Multinets in the Antarctic Polar Frontal zone, the Weddell Sea and Antarctic Peninsula region. Experiments will be carried out with pelagic animals (crustaceans, gelatinous zooplankton) caught with the sampling, such as in vitro feeding experiments and behavioural observations with video recordings and amphipod samples will be preserved for population genetics, molecular diet analyses and biomarker analyses (stable isotopes, fatty acides). Data on population dynamics and life history characteristics of amphipods will be recorded as well. Autonomous measuring systems (Sea ice buoys) on PS103 PI: Dr. Marcel Nicolaus (AWI) In the framework of the International Program for Antarctic Buoys (IPAB) physical properties, thickness and extend of sea ice and its snow cover are determined during the PS103 cruise. The planned measurements contain the following methods: 1) Ice Mass-Balance Buoy, IMB: The mass balance of the sea ice is measured with an autonomous thermistor chain. It records temperature and thermal conductivity from air, snow, sea ice and water. The data are transferred directly to Bremerhaven. It is planned to deploy 2 IMBs. 2) Snow buoys: This system measures the development of the snow thickness. Four ultrasonic sensors send in intervals a weak impulse whose echo will be determined. From the elapsed time of the signal the distance to the snow surface will be measured. It is planned to deploy 2 snow buoys. 3) SVP: Surface Velocity Profilers (SVPs) are designed to observe sea ice drift through GPS position measurements. The term “SVP” is used in various ways for many similar types of sensors utilized in ocean sciences, including a drogue to make the surface unit drift with the ocean currents and less with the wind. Our main application is to place the SVPs on sea ice to track the movement of a floe. It is planned to deploy six SVPs. ALGENOM PI: Bank Beszteri (AWI) a. We will use 18S rDNA amplicon sequencing and community transcriptome sequencing to characterize the distribution of phytoplankton organisms and their functional (transcriptional) traits across a temperature gradient from the Northern ACC into the Weddell Sea b. Using comparative/population genomic analysis, we will test the hypothesis that broadly distributed phytoplankters of the Southern Ocean have developed local adaptations at the intraspecific level to the specific environmental characteristics of their habitat c. Using evolutionary experiments, we will test the evolutionary response of diatoms to the presence of their grazers (zooplankton) topAWI PI: Dr. Volker Strass (AWI) cancelled IsoPol PI: Martin Werner (AWI) The overall goal of the project IsoPol is a first-time detailed detection and description of the isotopic composition of water vapour evaporated in the vicinity of AWI’s research vessel Polarstern, while it is cruising Antarctic ocean regions. Stable isotopes of water (H216O, H218O, H217O, HD16O) are fundamental for the understanding of the modern hydrological cycle and key parameters for the reconstruction of past climate changes, e.g. from Antarctic ice cores. In 2015, a laser-based cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS instrument) has been installed on board of Polarstern. This type of instrument is capable of high-precision, high-frequency measurements of the isotopic composition of water vapour, and similar instruments have been deployed at various other locations worldwide during the last years. Since the installation of the instrument, automatic, continuous isotope analyses of the atmospheric water vapour evaporated near Polarstern have been conducted and revealed first insights into the role of sea ice on isotopic fractionation during evaporation of oceanic water. In combination with simultaneously performed measurements at different land-based stations (e.g., Iceland, Spitsbergen, Samoylov, and Neumayer III (planned)) and complementing climate simulations enhanced by water isotope diagnostics, a combined analyses of data and model results will allow a first-time quantitative assessment of evaporative hydrological processes and their impact on the isotopic variations of water vapour transported within the Antarctic realm. ISOTAM – isotopes of ammonium and ammonia in and over the Atlantic PI: Prof. Dr. Gode Gravenhorst (Uni Göttingen) the goals are : taking clean air samples to analyse them chemically for particles and gaseous ammonia at home laboratories. Concentrations in air and ratios of stable 15N and 14N will be derived. They will be compared with measurements in other continental, maritime and marine areas. Especially the comparison with the concentrations in continental Antarctica will be a focus of our evaluation. The chemical composition of size separated particles will be analysed, because the particle size give hints on their formation, transport and sources. The concentration of gaseous ammonia and its isotope ratio will also clearify the fate of particulate ammonium. The counter ion of ammonium the sulfate particle fraction(sea salt and excess sulfate) will be investigated as a function of particle size in line with sodium as an indicator for marine particle sources. Especially the situations over the sea ice covered South Atlantic will be our focus, because the ice will alter the exchange of the matter flux between the atmosphere and the ocean. Potential source and sink strength of ammonia and ammonium could be changed by sea ice.

Name: RV Polarstern - PS 104
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: Cruise leader Dr. Karsten Gohl (AWI) Seismic surveying for quantification of glacial sediment sequences PI: Dr. Karsten Gohl (AWI) The main aim of seismic surveys during this expedition is to link the MeBo seabed drill sites of this expedition with the existing seismic network on the shelf in order to establish a stratigraphic model that is age- and process-constrained using results from the drill records. Cross-lines across the drill sites will enable three-dimensional images of the subsurface to better place the drill records into a regional deposition pattern. Seismic reflection profiling will make use of a 100 m, 150 m or 600 m long streamer and a small GI-Gun array. Exact profile locations will be selected during the cruise, depending on final selection of drilling sites and on sea-ice distribution. Depending on local sea-ice conditions and on the MeBo drilling operation, contingency areas for seismic surveying would include other parts of the Amundsen Sea and Bellingshausen Sea shelves. Temperature measurements to determine geothermal heat flux PI: Dr. Karsten Gohl (AWI) Geothermal heat flow measurements will be conducted at various locations on the shelf of the Amundsen Sea Embayment, in particular in the inner Pine Island Bay close to the volcanic Hudson Mountains, using a 6-m long temperature gradient probe of University of Bremen. Exact measurement locations will be decided on-board based on bathymetric and sub-bottom profiler data. The aim is to obtain a pattern of geothermal heatflux distribution in order to evaluate its effects on past and present subglacial warming in an area which is known for its present rapid ice sheet retreat. Helimag - Mapping of magnetic field anomalies in the southern Amundsen Sea PI: Dr. Karsten Gohl (AWI) Magnetic surveys in the Pine Island Bay area provide the necessary database to map tectonic boundaries and to derive models that link tectonic lineaments to preferential sedimentary and ice stream transport paths. Helicopter-magnetic data will be collected using a helicopter-towed caesium-vapour aeromagnetic sensor system. The surveys will be performed at selected locations along the shiptrack on the shelf of the Amundsen Sea Embayment to complement the magnetic survey grids of previous expeditions. Repeated GNSS measurements in the area of Amundsen Sea, West Antarctica, for the investigation of glacial-isostatic adjustment, ice-shelf dynamics and relative sea-level change PI: Dr. Mirko Scheinert (Uni Dresden) GNSS measurements (that are geodetic measurements by means of Global Navigation Satellite Systems such as GPS, GLONASS, etc.) will be carried out at four bedrock sites. These sites were already observed in 2006 and (partially) in 2010 during respective Polarstern cruises. From these repeated measurements, the vertical deformation rates will be infered that contain information on both the long-term deformation due to glacial-isostatic adjustment (GIA) and elastic deformation due to recent ice-mass changes. Such GNSS measurements are the only method to provide in-situ information on the GIA effect and will, thus, help to constrain and improve respective GIA models. Furthermore, it is planned to collect samples of organic material such as excrements and/or guano of penguins and seals, and lichen. A dating of such organic samples (together with a respective georeferencing) will help to constrain the evolution of the relative sea level in the area of investigation. Further GNSS measurements shall be carried out at ice shelf locations in order to analyse the tidal and flow dynamics of ice shelves. Altogether, these observations shall help to improve our knowledge on glacial-isostatic adjustment, regional mass balance of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet and relative sea-level change. Hydroacoustic measurements of seafloor and upper sediment layers PI: Dr. Catalina Gebhardt, Jan-Erik Arndt (AWI) The West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) has likely developed a highly dynamic activity during its history, given that large parts of its base are located below current sea level and hence react sensitive to climate change. A complete deglaciation of the WAIS would lead to an increase of the global sea level of about 3 to 5 m. Reconstruction and quantification of past deglaciations of the WAIS and its accompanying paleoenvironmental settings would deliver the necessary boundary conditions for modeling the future behaviour of the WAIS and, subsequently, its contribution to global sea-level rise. Information on the waxing and waning of the WAIS can be retrieved by studying glaciogenic morphological features detected on the seafloor and in the uppermost sedimentary layers, e.g. from mega-scale glacial lineations, moraines, or grounding-zone wedges. These features can be mapped using the multibeam and the sediment echosounders. Both datasets also deliver important information for defining perfect locations for ground-truthing by drilling into the sediments. IsoPol PI: Martin Werner (AWI) The overall goal of the project IsoPol is a first-time detailed detection and description of the isotopic composition of water vapour evaporated in the vicinity of AWI’s research vessel Polarstern, while it is cruising Antarctic ocean regions. Stable isotopes of water (H216O, H218O, H217O, HD16O) are fundamental for the understanding of the modern hydrological cycle and key parameters for the reconstruction of past climate changes, e.g. from Antarctic ice cores. In 2015, a laser-based cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS instrument) has been installed on board of Polarstern. This type of instrument is capable of high-precision, high-frequency measurements of the isotopic composition of water vapour, and similar instruments have been deployed at various other locations worldwide during the last years. Since the installation of the instrument, automatic, continuous isotope analyses of the atmospheric water vapour evaporated near Polarstern have been conducted and revealed first insights into the role of sea ice on isotopic fractionation during evaporation of oceanic water. In combination with simultaneously performed measurements at different land-based stations (e.g., Iceland, Spitsbergen, Samoylov, and Neumayer III (planned)) and complementing climate simulations enhanced by water isotope diagnostics, a combined analyses of data and model results will allow a first-time quantitative assessment of evaporative hydrological processes and their impact on the isotopic variations of water vapour transported within the Antarctic realm. Sedimentological and stratigraphic marin geological investigations on Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) sediments PI: Gerhard Kuhn (AWI) The primary aim of this Polarstern expedition is to drill cores in the eastern ASE using the seabed-drilling device MeBo of MARUM along transects from the oldest sequences in the south to the younger sequences in the north. This is a joint project of AWI together with the British Antarctic Survey and MARUM. A shallow ice-proximal sedimentary basin, which is located near the Pine Island Glacier front will be a prime target for drilling. This like other basins could be potential palaeo-subglacial caverns or lakes as identified in our pre-site surveys. In addition we will take conventional sediment cores and samples from the seafloor to disentangle the past environmental history of the ASE that underwent several ice sheet advances, retreats and perhaps total collapses. We will look for typical sedimentary structures and texture and with dating the sediments try to attach the recovered sequences to a stratigraphic order. Another target is the complete mapping and coring of so-called sedimentary grounding zone wedges (GZWs) that build up during a stillstand of the grounding line at a certain place and during a certain time span. Up to now these processes and the time span is not known. If the ASE should be inaccessible due to heavy sea-ice conditions, Wrigley Gulf (western Amundsen Sea) or Belgica Trough (southern Bellingshausen Sea) will be alternative study areas. Dynamics of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet revealed from the sedimentary record PI: Cornelia Spiegel (Uni Bremen) The West Antarctic Ice sheet is currently experiencing dramatic changes. Highest mass losses, surface velocities and rates of grounding line retreat are reported for the glacial systems draining into the Amundsen Sea. A complete collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, as predicted by some researchers, would result in a global sea level rise of 3 to 5 m. For reliably predicting its future behaviour, it is important to understand the past evolution of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Due to lack of onshore exposures and offshore drill holes, even basic question such as when did the West Antarctic Ice Sheet form, how did it respond to earlier periods of global warming and how quickly did it adjust to climate change following the Last Glacial Maximum, are poorly constrained. For this project, we are addressing exactly these questions, making use of the unique opportunity to participate in the first drilling campaign in the Amundsen Sea. This will allow us to directly study the geological record of past glaciation. The basic idea for this proposal is that changes of the glacial configuration, such as km-scale retreat or expansion, will result in shifts of drainage patterns and thus in shifts of sediment provenance. For studying sediment provenance, we will use a combination of Nd isotope signatures and cooling age patterns on single apatite grains contained in the sediment, allowing robust source area discrimination. This way, we will detect potential changes of the ice sheet in response to climate change during the geological past. Furthermore, we will try to further refine the past morphological evolution of West Antarctica, which provides an important boundary condition for onset of continental glaciation. For this we will use thermochronological dating methods on rocks from onshore exposures. Sampling will focus on rock exposures along the Kohler Range, and, if accessible, the hinterland of the Getz Ice Shelf. Finally, we will use 10Be exposure dating for reconstructing rates and timing of glacial retreat following the Last Glacial Maximum. Here our focus is on tracking the retreat of the former Pine Island Glacier along the Pine Island Trough, by sampling rocks from the numerous small islands along and across Pine Island Bay. As a result, we expect to gain a much better understanding on past oscillations of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet in interrelation with global climatic changes, which in turn will help to better constrain models for predicting the future. Hydrographic examination of the water column PI: Dr. Oliver Esper (AWI) Sub-project „hydrographic examination of the water column“ aims to analyze the water structure and water composition in the coastal Amundsen and Bellingshausen seas. Several CTD casts are planned to measure temperature, salinity and oxygen concentration profiles at selected stations in the working area (PI Dr. Oliver Esper). The analysis of the water column will help to understand sea ice/shelf ice/sea water interactions in the coastal Amundsen Sea Embayment and within the Amundsen Sea Polynya. In addition, sound velocity profiling of the water column will be used to calibrate the hydroacoustic sea floor scanning device (Hydrosweep). Furthermore, water sampling via the rosette will collect water samples for stable isotope measurements (PI Dr. Lester Lembke-Jene, AWI for ∂18O, ∂13C; PI Dr. Andrea Abelmann, AWI for ∂30Si), biomarker measurements (PI Dr. Juliane Müller, AWI for highly branched isoprenoids, sterols, n-alkanes; PI Dr Erin McClymont, Durham University, UK for GDGTs), radiocarbon analysis of particulate organic matter (PI Dr. Gesine Mollenhauer, AWI), and the determination of nutrient concentrations (PI Dr. Oliver Esper, AWI for nitrate, phosphate, silica) to characterize chemical and biological processes in coastal Antarctic seas.

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Helicopter service
Category: Local helicopter flights
Period From: 16/12/2016
Period To: 31/03/2017
Remarks: PI: E. Herr (HeliService International) Helicopter service during PS103 and PS104 PS103: Ice survey (ca. 40h), Neumayer logistics (ca. 40h), Mooring search (ca. 40 h), GNSS salvage (ca. 2h) PS104: Ice survey (ca. 40 h), HeliMag (ca. 50h), GPS survey (ca. 40h)
Type: Polar 6 operation
Category: Intercontinental flights
Number Of Flights: 7
Period From: 31/10/2016
Period To: 25/02/2017
Remarks: PI: Dr. D. Steinhage (AWI) Logistics flights: - Support for campaign at Filchner Ice Shelf (in cooperation with BAS) - Support of the work around Neumayer and Kohnen Stations, e.g. interstation logistics flights
Departure Date Route Purpose
31 Oct 2016 Ferry to Rothera
07 Nov 2016 FISS, Rothera, FISS camp Logistics
19 Nov 2016 DROMLAN Logistics
28 Nov 2016 Novo airfield, Kohnen Survey flights GEA-VI-FMS
20 Dec 2016 Novo airfield, Kohnen, OIR camp, de-configuration, Neumayer Survey flights OIR
29 Jan 2017 Novo airfield, Neumayer, Kohnen Logistics
12 Feb 2017 Ferry to Calgary
Type: Polar 6 science
Category: Intracontinental flights
Period From: 25/11/2016
Period To: 29/01/2017
Remarks: PI: Dr. Tobias Binder & Dr. Graeme Eagles (AWI) Target of the aerogeophysical survey flights are selected glaciers and areas in Dronning Maud Land such as Potsdam Glacier, Jutulstraumen, the region around Kohnen station, Halvfarryggen, Søråsen, the ice shelves in front of Dronning Maud Land, and the region around Dome Fuji. The instrumentation on the survey flights consists of ice penetrating radar systems, laser scanner, and optical cameras. Projects: GEA-VI-FMS OIR

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: Alfred-Wegener-Institut
Contact Address: Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven
Email Address:
Website Address: www.awi.de
Name of Vessel: Polarstern
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 97
Maximum Passengers: 97
Remarks: Applicant: Stefanie Stoye Journalistic documentary about scientific research activities of AWI in Antarctica during PS 103 (ANT XXXII/2)
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hanse Explorer GmbH & Co KG
Contact Address: Hermann-Hollerith-Str. 10, 28355 Bremen
Email Address: HanseExplorer@hp-shipping.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Hanse Explorer
Country of Registry: Antigua and Barbuda
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 28
Maximum Passengers: 12
Remarks: 3 Voyages along the Antarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Dec 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 01 Jan 2017 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62°05´S Longitude: 58°15´W
Visit Date21/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date22/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Weddell Sea Latitude: 72°00´S Longitude: 45°00´W
Visit Date23/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date24/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date25/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date26/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date27/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Grandidier Channel Latitude: 65°32´S Longitude: 64°39´W
Visit Date28/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date31/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
01 Jan 2017 King George Island, Antarctica 18 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64°20´S Longitude: 62°55´W
Visit Date15/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date02/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Weddell sea Latitude: 64º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date04/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date05/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date06/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date07/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date08/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date09/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date10/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Grandidier Channel Latitude: 65°32´S Longitude: 64°39´W
Visit Date11/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 14´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Station Visit
Duration of landing
19 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina 30 Jan 2017 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date25/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date26/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 64°01´W
Visit Date27/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 130
Maximum Passengers: 188
Remarks: Four Voyages to Westantarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Dec 2016 Puerto Montt, Chile 04 Jan 2017 Puerto Williams, Chile Dr. Arne Kertelhein, Dr. Franz Gingele

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesCamping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
05 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina 23 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina Dr. Arne Kertelhein, Dr. Franz Gingele

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 91´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Camping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
23 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina 10 Feb 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina Dr. Arne Kertelhein, Dr. Franz Gingele

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesCamping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
10 Feb 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina 28 Feb 2017 Punta Arenas, Chile Dr. Arne Kertelhein, Dr. Franz Gingele

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Camping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS BREMEN
Country of Registry: Nassau/Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 105
Maximum Passengers: 164
Remarks: Five journeys to the Antarctic Peninsula, the last journey is a semicircumpolar expedtion with visits at landing sites in the Ross sea region.
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
17 Nov 2016 Montevideo, Uruguay 06 Dec 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina David Fletcher, Torsten Prietz, Dr. Hans-Joachim Spitzenberger

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/11/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/11/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Greenwich Island Latitude: 62°30´S Longitude: 59°40´W
Visit Date01/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesCamping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island, Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 23´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
06 Dec 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 21 Dec 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina David Fletcher, Torsten Prietz, Dr. Hans-Joachim Spitzenberger

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Sandefjord Bay Latitude: 60°37´S Longitude: 46°02´W
Visit Date15/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Signy Island Latitude: 60°43´S Longitude: 45°38´W
Visit Date15/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date18/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 52´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
21 Dec 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 07 Jan 2017 Puerto Williams, Chile David Fletcher, Torsten Prietz, Dr. Hans-Joachim Spitzenberger

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date31/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 46´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island, Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 23´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesCamping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date05/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
08 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina 28 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina David Fletcher, Torsten Prietz, Dr. Hans-Joachim Spitzenberger

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Devil Island Latitude: 63º 47´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 18´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: James Ross Island Latitude: 63º 48´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 53´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Camping
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
28 Jan 2017 Ushuaia, Argentina 01 Mar 2017 Port Bluff, New Zealand David Fletcher, Torsten Prietz, Dr. Hans-Joachim Spitzenberger

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island, Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 23´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fish Islands Latitude: 66º 02´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 25´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hanusse Bay Latitude: 66°57´S Longitude: 67°30´W
Visit Date02/02/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Horseshoe Island Latitude: 67°51´S Longitude: 67°12´W
Visit Date03/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Rothera Station Latitude: 67º 34´ 03´´ S Longitude: 68º 07´ 47´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Stonington Base Latitude: 68º 18´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: General San Martin Latitude: 68º 08´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Peter I Island Latitude: 68º 43´ 00´´ S Longitude: 90º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Franklin Island Latitude: 76°05´S Longitude: 168°19´E
Visit Date14/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Evans Latitude: 77º 38´ 21´´ S Longitude: 166º 24´ 07´´ E
Visit Date15/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Royds Latitude: 72º 19´ 13´´ S Longitude: 170º 13´ 34´´ E
Visit Date15/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mc Murdo Station Latitude: 77º 51´ 00´´ S Longitude: 166º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Terra Nova Bay Latitude: 74º 41´ 42´´ S Longitude: 164º 07´ 23´´ E
Visit Date17/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Adare Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date19/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cape Hallett Latitude: 72º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 170º 16´ 00´´ E
Visit Date19/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Plantours & Partner GmbH
Contact Address: Obernstraße 76, 28195 Bremen
Email Address: info@plantours-partner.de
Website Address: www.plantours-partner.de
Name of Vessel: MS Hamburg
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 180
Maximum Passengers: 340
Remarks: MS Hamburg will conduct 3 voyages to the Antarctic Peninsula between December 2016 and January 2017
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
19 Dec 2016 Buenos Aires 02 Jan 2017 Ushuaia Ludger Feldmann

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date27/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay - Deception Island Latitude: 62º 95´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 63´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date30/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date30/12/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
03 Jan 2017 Ushuaia 13 Jan 2017 Ushuaia Ludger Feldmann

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date06/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island, Arctowski Station Latitude: 62º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 29´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 31´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date08/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date09/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date10/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
14 Jan 2017 Ushuaia 30 Jan 2017 Valparaiso Ludger Feldmann

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63º 27´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 42´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Arctowski Station Latitude: 62°09´45´´S Longitude: 58°28´W
Visit Date17/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay - Deception Island Latitude: 62º 95´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 63´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neumayer Channel Latitude: 64°47´S Longitude: 63°30´W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 14´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Wolf Kloss, Turismo SIM Ltd
Contact Address: Calle Maragaño 168, P.O. Box 6, Puerto Williams, XII Region, Chile
Email Address: base@simexpeditions.com
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: S/Y SANTA MARIA AUSTRALIS
Country of Registry: Berlin, Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 2
Maximum Passengers: 9
Remarks: 3 Voyages along the Antarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
28 Nov 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile 19 Dec 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile Daniel Holleis

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Enterprise Island Latitude: 64°32´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date04/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Station Latitude: 64º 89´ 43´´ S Longitude: 62º 87´ 15´´ W
Visit Date07/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date10/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date13/12/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
04 Jan 2017 Puerto Williams, Chile 25 Jan 2017 Puerto Williams, Chile Daniel Holleis

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Deception Island, Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date12/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Galindez Island, Argentine Islands Archipelago, Antarctic Peninsula Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64º 20´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
01 Feb 2017 Puerto Williams, Chile 21 Feb 2017 Puerto Williams, Chile Daniel Holleis

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Deception Island, Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date09/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Galindez Island, Argentine Islands Archipelago, Antarctic Peninsula Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64º 20´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/02/2017
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
Expedition Name: Documentary about Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2016/17 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: Aircraft (DAP) or via ship
Activities: Media, Station Visit
Number of Participants: 3
Date begin: 18 Dec 2016
Date end: 25 Mar 2017
Number of personnel:
Operator:
Name: Vision Airways
Contact Address: Friedensallee 26, 22765 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address: lars@visionairways.de
Website Address:
Remarks: The German media team (applicant: Lars Pfeiffer) is based in the Russian station Bellingshausen. They will join the scientists from Jena (Germany) on the Fildes Peninsula. Focus of the documentary is life and work of the scientists on site as well as the Antarctic landscape.
Location of Activities
Routes:
Expedition Name: DYNASTY 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: Flights vie DROMLAN
Activities: Media, Station Visit
Number of Participants: 3
Date begin: 01 Dec 2016
Date end: 01 Dec 2017
Number of personnel:
Operator:
Name: Alfred-Wegener-Institut
Contact Address: Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven
Email Address:
Website Address: www.awi.de
Remarks: Logistically supported and applied by AWI (Sina Löschke) the BBC Natural History Unit (Miles Barton) will carry out a TV documentary about the life of Emperor penguins called DYNASTY. The film team will be based in Neumayer III station and in a container which will be placed near the Atka Bay where the Emperor colony is situated. The documentary work will be done in the Atka Bay without disturbing the penguins.
Location of Activities
Atka Bay, close to Neumayer Station III
Routes:

Expedition Name: UAV flights for DYNASTY 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: Flights via DROMLAN
Activities: Aircraft Flight, Media, Station Visit
Number of Participants: 3
Date begin: 01 Dec 2016
Date end: 01 Dec 2017
Number of personnel:
Operator:
Name: BBC Natural History Unit
Contact Address: Miles Barton, Stefan Christmann (Georg-Burkhardt-Str.2, 73312 Geislingen/Steige, Germany)
Email Address: stefan.christmann@gmx.de
Website Address: www.bbc.com
Remarks: Within the AWI/BBC project DYNASTY there will be carried out UAV flights with a small drone in order to get landscape pictures and films. To avoid any disturbances the flights will not take place above or near the emperor colony but near the Neumayer III station and alongt the ice shelf edgde.
Location of Activities
Routes:

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/392
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  20 Oct 2016   To:  28 Feb 2017
Purpose: Counting penguins on foot, flying UAVs for different purpodes by Osama Mustafa (Thuringian Institute for Sustainability and Climate Protection - ThINK)
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2016/17-1
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/394
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  16 Dec 2016   To:  17 Feb 2017
Purpose: Counting and measuring penguins and skuas on foot by Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena)
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2016/17-2
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/392
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  20 Oct 2016   To:  28 Feb 2017
Purpose: Counting penguins on foot, flying UAVs for different purpodes by Osama Mustafa (Thuringian Institute for Sustainability and Climate Protection - ThINK)
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2016/17-1
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/394
Number of people permitted: 4
Permit Period: From:  16 Dec 2016   To:  17 Feb 2017
Purpose: Counting and measuring penguins and skuas on foot by Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena)
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2016/17-2

ASPA: Number:  163    Name:  Dakshin Gangotri Glacier, Dronning Maud Land (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/384
Number of people permitted:
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2016   To:  28 Feb 2017
Purpose: In case of unavoidable or unintentional flying above the ASPA during flight survey via airplane (POLAR 5 or POLAR 6 by Daniel Steinhage, AWI)
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Aerophysical measurements and remote sending 2016/2017
ASPA: Number:  171    Name:  Narebski Point, Barton Peninsula, King George Island (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/392
Number of people permitted: 7
Permit Period: From:  01 Dec 2016   To:  31 Jan 2017
Purpose: Counting penguins on foot, flying UAVs for different purpodes by Osama Mustafa (Thuringian Institute for Sustainability and Climate Protection - ThINK)
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2016/17-1
Aircrat Report
General Report