ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Germany
2015/2016 Pre-Season Information
Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station and remote seismographic stations: Geophysics Observatory
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PIs Alfons Eckstaller, Tanja Fromm, Jölund Asseng, AWI a) Seismology The primary objective of the seismographic observations at Neumayer-III (NM) is to complement the worldwide network of seismographic monitoring stations in the southern hemisphere. Special interests focus on the detection of local and regional earthquakes within Antarctica. Long term monitoring of regional seismicity over many years may eventually allow a rather detailed mapping of seismic active regions within the Antarctic plate. This will contribute to a better understanding of current neotectonic processes in Antartica. The local seismographic network at Neumayer-III Station comprises the Geophysics Observatory VNA1 near NM itself and 2 remote stations VNA2 and VNA3 on the ice rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen, resp. Additionally to seismic broadband recording a small aperture detection array with 15 vertical seismometers placed on three concentric rings with a total diameter of almost 2 km is operated at station VNA2. This array is a powerful tool for monitoring local and regional seismicity. Oher unattended seismographic broadband stations are operated at the Russion base Novolazarevskaya, at Kohnen Station, near Weigel Nunatak and at the Swedish summer base Svea. The seismic broadband station at SanaeIV is also included into the larger seismographic network. Additional recordings from seismic stations in and around Antarctica are retrieved via internet and are very helpful for reliable localizations of Antarctic earthquakes. As in previous years both remote stations VNA2 and VNA3 have to be serviced during austral season 2015/2016 by members of the wintering team and a summer staffr. A third windturbine installed at station VNA2 in summer season 2014/2015 was destroyed during heavy storm in September 2014. It will not be replaced in the near future unless major technical improvements will be made by the manufacturer. This total damage happended not only to this wind turbine but also to 2 wind turbines at the SPOT penguin obervatory container presumably during the same storm perid. This storm period should have been of the strongest ever recorded. Due to heavy snow drift and thereby caused strong electrostatic discharges 12 of 15 seismometer preamplifiers were also destroyed during this heavy storm. Most of them, but not all, could be repaired in December 2015 when the required spare circuits could be delivered to NM. However, because the electronics of these peramplifiers dates back to 1997 they will be replaced by new preamplifiers which are at the state of art. Remote station VNA3 operated without any interruption also in 2013. In February 2015 the seismometer at this site was replaced a second time during that summer season because the previous exchanged sensor also developped to show the persistent long period oscillations on the horizontal components in the period range 80 – 100 sec. Servicing Kohnen Station and Weigel Nunatak was carried out by a team member of the Kohnen traverse team. Data retrieval at the Novolazarevskaya seismic station was made by a summer staff member when leaving Antarctica Cape Town. A service rip to Svea station with a Twin Otter aircraft in January 2015 could not be made due to bad landing conditions. In summer season 2015/2016 it is intended to join a Finnish oversnow traverse group to travel to Svea from Aboa station for a couple of days probably in early January 2016. Then there should be time enough to compeltely restore the seismic broadband station and resume recording again. b) Geomagnetism The new Geomagnetic Observatory at Neumayer-III was built during January and February 2009 and the routine observations were carried on at the new site with just a rather short data gap. During summer season 2011/2012 a second 3-component fluxgate magnetometer was installed. It is a standard FGE fluxgate sensor which is the current worldwide observatory standard. This second sensor was placed on top of a deeply frozen in, stable pillar outside the measuring hut. The geomagnetic observatory comprises now a NS orientated STL 3-component sensor and a second FGE sensor oriented in magnetic North direction. A GSM-19 Overhauser proton-magnetometer is used for recording total intensity. All systems run at a sample rate of 1 second. For better absolute measurements of the field components also a second declinometer was installed on a stable pillar outside the measuring container housing. These measurements are now free from vertical deflections by walking around the tripod which sometimes cause some reading errors. Continuous recording of the second system started in July 2013, however, still interrupted by some software problems. Since January 2014 we have been operating with no major interruptions anymore and in July we became am member of the Intermagnet organsiation. During summer season 2015/2016 parts of the side walls of the observatory's firn cavern must probably reshaped again by cutting out some more ice creeping from the side walls into the cavern. c) GPS recordings Contiunuous GPS recordings were carried on again and are now available sind beginning of July 2012. This is accomplished using a 2-band Ashtec Z-12 receiver with its antenna on the roof of Neumayer-III. Converted data in Rinex format are available on request and might in future be downloaded from a web interface. These GPS recordings have been relaunched because they provide valuable informations for higher atmosphere reasearch. d) Magnetotelluric mesurements During summerseason 2015/2016 we intend to operate three magnetotelluric recording stations borrowed from GFZ Potsdam. First of all this should be a feasibility study of magnetotelluric (MT) measurements in the Antarctic region with standard MT equipment. Points of interest are the investigation of electromagnetic source effects in polar regions and the quality of MT-recordings on an electrically poorly conducting ice body over or nearby a electrically highly conductive layer of sea water. If MT-recordings are promising we may investigate the distribution of electrical conductivity of the subsurface underneath different locations on an ice sheet and on the Ekstöm Ice Shelf. In this context we are specially interested if we can deduce some hints for subglacial water underneath an ice sheet from MT-recordings. The existence of a potential water layer below an ice shield will be of great importance for understanding the dynamics of the ice sheet. Two stations should be installed on the the ice rises Halvfar Ryggen and Søråsen. The third station will be in the middle between these two stations on the Ekström Ice Shelf as a refernce station. If recordings are contaminated too much by the underlaying highly conductive sea water the reference station may be moved closer to the grounding line. Additional MT-recordings may eventually be carried out at Svea station and at Kohnen station. At Kohnen station we know already about the existence of a subgalcial water layer because the deep ice core drilling hit this layer at its bottom. Therefore this would be an excellent testing site.
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) - Sea ice properties in Atka Bay
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: M. Nicolaus (AWI) In the framework of the Antarctic Fast Ice Network (AFIN) physical properties, thickness and extend of sea ice and its snow cover are determined over the entire Atka Bay. These measurements are performed each year since 2010. The work will be performed mainly and as a matter of routine by the wintering team of the Neumayer station. The measurements in the Atka Bay provide the German contribution to the international sea ice program AFIN. Extensive reports and results can be found under http://epic.awi.de/ (for example Hoppmann et al., 2012, http://epic.awi.de/30991/). The planned measurements contain a large variety of methods: 1) Snow and Ice thicknesses: The thicknesses of snow and ice are measured manually by drillings and with electromagnetic noninvasive methods. For this, repeated measurements are performed at defined stations on the ice as well as along transects over the sea ice. In addition, the thickness of the platelet ice layer (loose ice platelets, accumulating under sea ice) is determined. 2) Weather/ Radiation station: The weather and radiation conditions are registered with an automatic station deployed on the sea ice. These stations are regularly maintained through the season. 3) Thermistor buoy: The mass balance of the sea ice is measured with an autonomous thermistor chain. It records temperature and thermal conductivity from air, snow, sea ice and water. The data are transferred directly to Bremerhaven. When the sea ice breaks out, the buoy will drift from Atka Bay towards the Weddell Sea. 4) Snow buoys: This system measures the development of the snow thickness. Four ultrasonic sensors send in intervals a weak impulse whose echo will be determined. From the elapsed time of the signal the distance to the snow surface will be measured. 5) Ice cores: Temperature, texture and salinity of the sea ice will be determined by drilling ice cores during end of the measurement season. Some measurements will be performed directly on the ice, additional cores will be transported to Bremerhaven for further analysis and for archiving. 6) Snow pits: Snow pits are used to determine the properties of snow at selected stations on the sea ice. 7) GPS station: The movement of the ice shelf and mainly the evolution of the snow thickness and snow properties will be determined with a high-precision GPS receiver
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: HALOGON (Halogen chemistry Long-term Observations at Neumayer)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Udo Frieß, Institute of Environmental Physics, Heidelberg Reactive halogen compounds are playing an important role in the chemical balance of the troposphere. The consequences of the presence of these reactive compounds in the troposphere are ranging from the destruction of ozone over changes in the chemical balance and the increased deposition of toxic compounds to a potential impact on global climate. The Polar Regions, and in particular the coastal areas of Antarctica, represent a global hot spot for reactive halogens. The objective of the proposed project is the experimental investigation of the role of reactive halogen compounds in the chemistry of the polar boundary layer. It will focus on questions that largely arose from previous measurements in the Arctic and Antarctic and in particular, from the successful long-term measurements with a Multi-Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) instrument that is operated continuously on the Air Chemistry Observatory at Neumayer since 1999. Key part of this project is the installation of an additional Long-Path DOAS instrument for continuous autonomous measurements at Neumayer to investigate diurnal and seasonal variations in the halogen chemistry. While the MAX-DOAS instrument requires sunlight for operation, this new instrument uses an own light source and thus allows continuous measurements during the whole year including Polar winter. This, for the first time, will give insight in the complete diurnal and seasonal variations of the halogen chemistry at Neumayer. The operation of the instrument is planned for at least one year.
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Long term gamma dose rate measurements under extreme conditions
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. Roger Luff, Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz The German Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) is the competent institution in Germany to protect man and the environment against ionising radiation. BfS runs a nation wide ambient dose rate monitoring network since over 30 years. It comprises of about 1800 stationary gamma dose rate probes. The network technology is kept at state-of-the-art level through continuous development on soft- and hardware as well as on detector technology. This includes long-time test series under various environmental conditions, international data and technology exchange. The ambient dose rate level is influenced by a number of natural phenomena. The main sources are precipitation of radon progeny products by rain and snow, attenuation of terrestrial radiation by snow cover and modulation of the cosmic component. In addition, artefacts from the detector system can occur which are modulated by environmental parameters like e.g. temperature. The sensitivity of the detector and the interpretation of the data is highly related to an understanding of all these effects. The probe to be installed at the Neumayer-Station is the standard BfS probe equipped with 2 Geiger-Müller tubes for high and low count rates. It measures automatically and continuously the environmental gamma dose rate in a wide range from some µSv/h up to 5 Sv/h. In general, it registers the radiation in a reference height of about 1 m above the ground to get the terrestrial as well as the cosmic component of the gamma radiation. Moreover the probe measures the temperature and the air pressure in the probe housing for quality insurance, error detection and to estimate the cosmic component. The Linux based microprocessor-controlled data logger stores the measurements of the probe, forms mean values and other statistical values of them and transfers the data via the AWI-network to the measuring and service centre in Germany. The research project at the Neumayer-Station is designed as a long term measurement series that consists of two different aspects as outlined below. Global monitoring of cosmic radiation component: The cosmic radiation originating from the sun and from outer space is subject to a complex process of interaction with the earth’s magnetic field and atmosphere. Most of this radiation is attenuated and only a small fraction reaches the earth’s surface as ionizing radiation. At ground level, it contributes to the total measured local ambient dose rate between 15%-90%. It is modulated by atmospheric pressure, the solar cycle and, occasionally, by solar flare events. Dose rate probes of similar response to cosmic radiation at different latitudes will help to understand the characteristics of the temporal variability of cosmic radiation and to better separate these effects from other environmental parameters. In case of current solar flare events the data will help to assess the impact on the dose rate monitoring network. To compare the data according to the German (PTB) reference standard, in a further step, a second reference probe (Reuter-Stokes (high pressure ionisation chamber) or Automess (plastic-szintillator) may be installed next for shorter time intervals. Additionally to the installation at the Neumayer station, the BfS already has installed a probe at the Koldewey-Station in Ny-Ålesund / Svalbard (Spitsbergen) that is in operation since Mai 2012. The data from that probe together with the data from the Neumayer station gives good opportunities to understand the global cosmic radiation component. Moreover, it is important to find out if the cosmic radiation component is detectable with the BfS standard equipment. This may also help for the work and interpretation of data measured in Germany under extreme e.g. solar conditions Hardware test: The BfS uses in-house developed hard- and software for dose rate monitoring. The systems are specially designed for reliable operation and robustness against adverse environmental conditions. The Neumayer-Station with temperatures of up to -60°C in winter offers a good chance for the long term test of the probe hardware under extreme conditions. Prior to shipment, the probes will undergo a test in a BfS operated climate chamber to ensure that the probes are appropriate for commissioning at the site.

Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Meterological Observatory
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Meteorological Observatory of Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 40
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: G. König-Langlo (AWI) Scientific activities report: The meteorological observatory programme at Neumayer is ongoing. It includes: • 3-hourly routine synoptic observations, • daily upper-air soundings, • weekly ozone soundings, • continuous surface radiation and mast measurements, • satellite picture reception (HRPT). • training of the over winterer staff. • preparation of the over wintering period 2016. An autonomous automatic weather station (AWS) including a wind generator, solar panel, and IRIDIUM datatransfer will be tested in the vicinity of the meteorological tower close to Neumayer_III. DROMLAN Weather forecast service Established in season 2002/03, the meteorological observatory of the German Antarctic station Neumayer offered a detailed and individual weather forecast service for all activities in Dronning Maud Land. This service is performed in close cooperation between the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the German Weather Service (DWD). During the summer season 2014/2015 several thousand forecasts get performed for field parties, ships, stations and especially aircrafts. It is obvious, that this service increased the safeness of the ambiguous projects in the Dronning Maud Land. Furthermore, it helps to reduce weather induced idle times of expensive flight operations to a minimum. The service will start again in November 2015.
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: NEUROMAYER
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: PI: Dr. A. Stahn (Charité Berlin) Due the extreme conditions of long-duration stay in Antarctica such as isolation, confinement, altered day-and-night cycles, and extreme climates, it can serve as an excellent model for some oft he physi-cal and mental challenges associated with spaceflight. The purpose of this study is to examine the time course, magnitude, and individual variability in neurostructural, behavioral, cognitive, physiologic, affective and interpersonal reactions due to a prolonged period of confinement and isolation in the space analog environment of of the Neumayer-III station. The project is funded by the German Aerospace Agency (DLR) complements and extends previous and ongoing research such as the Mars500 study, bed rest studies, and even experiments on the International Space Station (ISS), where similar adaptations are being studied. The overall goal of this part of the study is to (a) investigate systematic changes in cognitive performance related to "time-in-winter-over" in Neumayer-III, (b) investigate differences in cognitive performance between crews over-wintering in the French/Italian Concordia station and in Neumayer-III, and (c) investigate the correlation between changes in hippocampal volume, key neurotrophic factors, sleep and changes in cognitive performance observed during the Antarctic winter-over. It is planned to carry out the investigation over several campaigns to confirm important findings related to health and safety and improve their generalizability.
Name: Activities at O'Higgins Station: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)   Lat: 63º 19´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 54´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: none, provided by at O’Higgins Station
Remarks / Description: • Project “Operations of Antarctic research station GARS O'Higgins”, PI Dr. Erhard Diedrich, DLR: The scientific long-term observations of the last 24 years shall be continued. In particular spaceborne SAR data providing insights into ice mass balance, ice dynamics and ice shelf disintegration of the Antarctic shall be received by GARS O’Higgins ground station. In general, research related to system Earth shall be supported by SAR data reception (e.g. of TanDEM-X mission), by providing TT&C support for scientific satellite missions like TanDEM-X, TerraSAR-X, GRACE, TET, NEOSSat and Cassiope, and by VLBI, GNSS, tide gauge and gravimeter observations. In addition, Launch and Early Orbit Phase (LEOP) support is planned for BIROS and PAZ. The main mission running at GARS O’Higgins is DLR’s TanDEM-X mission, which uses two X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites, TSX-1 and TDX-1. The two satellites fly in close formation in orbit around the earth and to do this safely they require TT&C support from GARS O’Higgins. The high resolution SAR images acquired by these satellites, which are received at GARS O’Higgins, are used for a wide range of scientific purposes. One of the primary aims of TanDEM-X is to produce accurate global elevation models with a 12m spatial resolution and a relative vertical accuracy better than two meters, including Antarctica. GARS O’Higgins is one of the three core ground stations around the world used to downlink the huge amount of SAR data being acquired by the TanDEM-X mission. GARS O’Higgins also supports geodetic research, including Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) using the 9-meter antenna as a radio telescope and taking permanent Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) measurements for the German Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG). GARS O’Higgins is network station of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), of the International GNSS Service (IGS), and of the “Cooperative Network for GIOVE Observations” (CONGO). The data is used to measure the tectonic movement of the Antarctic Peninsula, to realize the International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) and the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS), to derive Earth Rotation Parameters (ERP), and to support radio astronomy research like the TANAMI project (Tracking Active Galactic Nuclei with Austral Milliarcsecond Interferometry). As part of this support for the BKG, the station also operated an Automatic Weather Station (AWS) collecting air temperature, pressure, humidity and wind direction and velocity. In addition, the census of breeding pairs colonies of penguin on Peninsula Schmidt (Gentoo penguins) and on Isla Kopaitic (Gentoo, Chinstrap and Adelié penguins) shall be repeated. • Project, “Quadcopter aerial survey GARS O'Higgins”, PI Dr. Erhard Diedrich, DLR: The quadcopter based aerial survey shall be used to map crevasses on the glacier area close to GARS O’Higgins, to support science visualization and to support the census of breeding pairs colonies of penguin on Isla Kopaitic (Gentoo, Chinstrap and Adelié penguins). • Project “APHYCA GARS O‘Higgins”, Dr. Bernd Krock, AWI The goal of this study is the development of a long-term monitoring system to detect changes in the phytoplankton communities in Antarctica. To do so, it is planned to define suitable chemotaxonomic markers for different plankton classes. Passive samplers will be deployed in the direct vicinity of the DLR-Station GARS O‘Higgins (max 100m away from the coast) to retrieve samples, which will be packed and shipped to Germany for further investigations.
Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: Automatic Weather Station (AWS) on the Soerasen
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Olymp   Lat: 71º 12´ 00´´ S   Long: 10º 00´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Gert König-Langlo (AWI) An automatic weather station (AWS) will be deployed on the Soerasen from the the stuff at Neumayer_III in January 2016. They will use the opportunity to reach the position about 71.2°S, 10°W together with the geophysical maintenance traverse to the seismic station Olymp. The AWS will transmit minutely averaged data from air-temperature, humidity, wind-vector, air-pressure snow-height, radiation via IRIDIUM to the Alfred Wegener Institute where synoptic observations will get calculated hourly and send into the Global Telecommunication System (GTS) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The system gets powered via a solar panel and a wind turbine. Maintenance is hopefully not needed for about one year. After one year of operation AWS will be lifted up to compensate snow accumulation.

Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: SPOT (Single Penguin Observation & Tracking)
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Daniel P. Zitterbart, AWI This project aims to understand the reorganization process in penguin huddles and the implications for social thermoregulation. We will install a remote-operated penguin observatory including hard- and software for fast image acquisition and real-time processing. The observatory will be capable of detecting the whole huddle, as well as tracking the movements of thousands of individual penguins throughout the winter. An accurate count of animals within the colony and the size of individual animals will also be recorded, and together our data will help to estimate how the increasing environmental strain such as ongoing climate changes, thinning sea ice and reduced krill availability, is affecting Emperor penguins.
Name: Neumayer III Station
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 50
Medical Facilities: hospital
Remarks / Description: Expedition Leader summer: Eberhard Kohlberg, AWI The NEUMAYER STATION III is the permanently occupied German research station located at the Ekstrøm Ice Shelf, north-west edge of Atka Bay in Dronning Maud Land. The station is operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) The station continuously operates scientific observatories, and it is the operational base for aircraft missions and deep field traverses during summer season. The wintering staff is 1 station leader/physician, 4 scientists, 3 technicians, 1 cook. During summer season up to 40 scientists and technicians can be accommodated. Transport of personnel and equipment is performed via the airlink from Cape Town to Antarctica established in the frame of the international cooperation Dronning Maud Land Air Network (DROMLAN). 8 to 11 intercontinetal flights are performed from November until February every summer season. Regular supply of the station is performed by ship delivering consumables, maintenance material, heavy equipment such as vehicles, sledges etc. 2 ship calls are performed every summer season. Permanent projects: Measurements of cosmic particles PI: Walter (DESY) Maintenance and operation of an automatic weather station (AWS) on Halvfarryggen PI: D. Steinhage (AWI)
Name: Activities at Bellingshausen Station: Monitoring of penguin colonies with remote sensing methods
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Bellingshausen   Lat: 62º 11´ 46´´ S   Long: 58º 57´ 38´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Hans-Ulrich Peter, Institute of Ecology, Jena University First project: Long term monitoring of Antarctic seabirds and seals on Fildes Peninsula, King George Island. The aim of the project is the continuation of an updated standardized assessment of fauna and flora of the Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island with focus on birds and seals. Within this project the monitoring of penguins (Pygoscelis spec.) and Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) will be continued. The aim of the second project “Population ecology and migration of Antarctic Skuas” on Fildes Peninsula is the continuation of the long-term project on the population ecology of both skua species and hybrid pairs. The third project is the cinematic documentation of the expedition´s professional activities in relation to the social life on King George Island. The focus is on the interaction between German and Russian residents at the Bellingshausen Station. The aim of the documentary film is primarily an artistic one, destined for an audience of festivals and cinemas.
Operating Period: From: November To: March
Name: Activities at Dallmann Lab: Assessing the ecological role of amphipods and their potential response
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Christoph Held, AWI The project works on different aspects of the ecology and biodiversity of Antarctic carrion feeding amphipods (Lysianassoidea). Due to their high abundance lysianassoids are important participants in Antarctic food webs by recycling organic matter and speeding up decomposition rates. However, due to the fact that lysianassoids are notoriously difficult to identify, very little is known about their species composition, feeding behaviour and feeding rates on species level. In our project, we build on the experience gathered at Potter Cove (PC) during the campaign 2014/15 and aim to investigate the ecological role of the now known lysianassoid species in the PC, to understand the value and interactions of these essential decomposers in the local food web. During the 2014/15 campaign we showed that the omnivore amphipod Cheirimedon femoratus has a mixed diet but prefers a necrophagous diet over feeding on the macroalgae Palmaria decipiens. We will expand the related laboratory experiments by diversifying the food source (P. decipiens, Desmarestia menziesii, D. anceps, Himantothallus grandifolium, Nothotenia rossii, N. coriiceps, Chaenocephalus aceratus) and measuring the species-specific feeding rates and preferences of the most abundant lysianassoid amphipod species in PC, such as Waldeckia obesa, C. femoratus, Orchomenella rotundifrons and Hipppomedon kergueleni. In a second laboratory approach we will focus on the interspecific feeding behaviour and interactions of the amphipod species mentioned above during decomposition processes. Our preliminary results suggested a functional importance of large species for opening up intact carcasses for smaller species, a distinction that is not covered by biomass and abundance measures. Furthermore, we will study the predator-prey interaction between lysianassoid amphipods and notothenioid fish (Nothotenia rossii, N. coriiceps). A complementary aspect of our project is monitoring lysianassoid amphipods in PC by resampling our already established field sites of the previous campaign in order to underpin our results of taxonomical biodiversity and abundances on lysianassoid amphipods and to increase the depth ranges of our sample sites.
Operating Period: From: December To: March

Name: Activities at Dallmann Laboratory: Biogeochemical fluxes and dynamics in a changing environment
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Ralf Hoffmann, AWI We aim to investigate the benthic biogeochemical flux dynamics in an environment influenced by shrinking ice coverage. Project description: Potter Cove (PC, King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo)), is influenced by the shrinking Fourcade Glacier (Moll et al. 2006). Several contrasting benthic habitat types are present within the bay. The contrasting sites, although lying at the same water depth and with very similar granulometric characteristics, show a sediment-inhabiting fauna community composition ranging from colonist to medium developed communities in relation to different degrees of exposure (and age of exposure) to the melting glacier that once fully covered the inner part of PC (Pasotti et al. 2014). During this campaign, we would like to continue our in situ measurements of carbon mineralization and benthic PP (oxygen consumption and production, DIC and nutrient fluxes) as well as in situ micro profiling of oxygen, pH and H2S in the sediment. This will complete our dataset on biogeochemical fluxes over an Antarctic seasonal cycle (autumn CAV 2014-2015, winter 2015 performed by overwintering Argentine scientist and divers) with spring measurements (pre-CAV 2015-2016). Furthermore laboratory incubations of sediment cores with labeled NH4+ and NO3- will be performed to get a better insight into the N-cycle at the sites and laboratory profiling under different light conditions will be performed to estimate the oxygen production of the microphytobenthos community. Our measurements will be completed by identification, quantification and qualification of micro- (RNA and DNA) and macroorganisms.
Operating Period: From: October To: January
Name: Activities at Dallmann Laboratory: Impact of global warming on Antarctic benthic algae
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Valentina Savaglia, Katharina Zacher, AWI The Polar Regions, especially the Western Antarctic Peninsula, experience the fastest rates of global warming worldwide. Along rocky shores seaweeds build highly complex and productive underwater forests constituting as ecosystem engineers an essential part of polar coastal ecosystems. The perennial brown algae Desmarestia anceps and Desmarestia menziesii form dense stocks of high biomass in the sublittoral coastal zone and are endemic to the Antarctic. Both species grow at the same sites with D. menziesii more abundant in shallower depths and D. anceps below the D. menziesii fringe. We do not know the mechanisms behind this zonation and if global warming may affect it. Temperature fundamentally determines life-cycle processes such as growth, reproduction and survival. Most former studies focussed on uni-factorial experiments and there is a general lack of investigations of the interplay of various factors (abiotic and biotic). Studies on interspecific competition of seaweeds are very scarce in general and we are not aware of any study on interactive effects of temperature and competition on Antarctic algae so far. For this study two-factorial experiments on young sporophytes of two endemic Antarctic Desmarestia species (D. anceps and D. menziesii) will be conducted with field material at Dallmann Laboratory. We want to tackle the question if and how global warming will affect the interspecific competition between the two species. For this reason unialgal (one species only) and multialgal (both species mixed) treatments will be exposed to two different temperature conditions (2° and 7°C) for approx. 3 weeks. In a second experiment the light climate will be manipulated but algae exposed as described above. The study is part the Master thesis of Valentina Savaglia jointly supervised by Katharina Zacher (AWI) and Liliana Quartino (IAA). The aim of these studies is to combine the results from the multi-factorial laboratory experiments on single species with results from community research and multifactorial GIS-based habitat modeling (PI Kerstin Jerosch) to get a more precise picture of how the changing environmental conditions will alter the polar seaweed communities in an interdisciplinary approach.
Operating Period: From: December To: March
Name: Activities at Gondwana Station: MOGS 3 – Modernisation of Gondwana Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Gondwana Station    Lat: 74º 38´ 00´´ S   Long: 164º 13´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Christoph Kasch, BGR The Gondwana Station of BGR is located on Gerlache Inlet of Terra Nova Bay in the Ross Sea. Like the Lillie Marleen Hut, it was erected during the GANOVEX III expedition in 1982/83 as a bivouac hut and then extended and converted into a summer station during GANOVEX V (1988/89). The main building consists of 16 interconnected 20-foot containers. Gondwana Station is accessible by ship or an aeroplane capable of landing on the sea ice in Terra Nova Bay. Gondwana Station was used as the main base during numerous BGR expeditions to northern Victoria Land, most recently during GANOVEX X (2009/10). After more than 25 Jahren of its existence, BGR will conduct major renovation and modernisation work is needed. Particularly, the power engineering facilities, water supplies and waste management system need to be modernised. Transport of building material, construction equipment and personnel will be done with the logistic support of the Italian National Antarctic Research Programme. Re-opening of the Gondwana Station is scheduled for early February 2016.
Operating Period: From: December To: February
Name: Activities at Kohnen Station: AMAK (Aerosol Measurements At Kohnen)
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Rolf Weller, AWI The planned AMAK activities at Kohnen are the successor of a project with the same name successfully conducted at Kohnen last summer campaign (between 14 January and 4 February 2015). The main objective of AMAK is to initiate a periodic intensive aerosol measuring program during summer campaigns at the EPICA drilling site in Dronning Maud Land (Kohnen Station, 75°00'S, 0°04'E). Up to now previous results from this site were restricted to the bulk chemical (ionic) composition of the aerosol, obtained during four summer campaigns and four year-round aerosol sampling by an automated aerosol sampler. Our intended new initiative will now concentrate on the dynamics of particle concentration and particle size distribution as well as on size segregated aerosol sampling. Such investigations in continental Antarctica are dedicated to complement and expand the research program already established at the coastal Neumayer Station. In general, the influence of atmospheric particles on climate, ecosystems and human health is beyond doubt but measurements in pristine regions to quantify emissions from natural and anthropogenic sources as well as the transport- and deposition processes are still incomplete. In particular, the composition of aerosol particles is determined by chemical and physical processes occurring during particle generation and transport. In order to assess the source apportionment, long range transport, and deposition, it is necessary to characterize relevant physical and chemical aerosol properties, which is the main goal of our research program. Finally, our results also assist the interpretation of chemical tracer profiles measured in firn and ice cores (e.g. the EPICA-DML ice core). The main objective of the forthcoming campaign is to measure aerosol concentrations as well as aerosol size distributions in two different heights above ground (2 cm 250 cm) and different depth below the snow surface. The results will be set in relation to coinciding measurements in the atmosphere with the aim to characterize size-resolved particle deposition efficiencies. In addition, similar to the experimental layout last season, we plan to install one low-volume aerosol sampler and a Berner type impactor during Kohnen summer campaigns, starting in 2015/2016. Aerosol samples are dedicated for ion chromatography (IC, ions to be determined: Cl-, SO42-, NO3-, methane sulfonate, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and NH4+) analyses.
Operating Period: From: January To: February

Name: Activities at Kohnen Station: CoFi1516, ice core drilling and analysis
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Sepp Kipfstuhl, AWI During the coming field season 2015/16 we will focus on surface snow studies at the Kohnen Station. We will sample snow to analyze the water isotopes, the maior ions, specific surface area and snow density. Scientific goal is to better understand how seasonal signals and layering are formed in firn
Operating Period: From: January To: February
Name: Activities at Neumayer Station: Maintenance Airchemistry Observatory
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Air Chemical Observatory at Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Rolf Weller, AWI Apart from the routine measuring program established at the Air Chemistry Observatory, a so-called long-path Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometer (LP-DOAS) from the IUP Heidelberg (PI: Udo Frieß) will be installed. The main objective is to measure reactive trace gases, in particular iodine oxide (IO) within the atmospheric boundary layer. In addition, this instrument will provide valuable complementary data to the MAX-DOAS experiment, which is up to now in continuous operation since 1999. The ToF-ACSM (Time of Flight Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor) from the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI, PI: Risto Hillamo), installed during last summer campaign (2014/2015) for one season, will be dismantled and send back to the FMI. For the first time such a highly sophisticated instrument has been operated throughout a year in Antarctica. Finally, there will be the usual maintenance operation at the Air Chemistry Observatory as well as training of the new air chemistry over-winterer Thomas Schaefer.
Operating Period: From: December To: February
Name: Activities near Neumayer Station: Test drilling
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer Station III   Lat: 70º 40´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 16´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: F. Wilhelms (AWI) Test of ice core drilling system at Neumayer III base: The drill system is being developed to support research activities within the frame of the international partnerships in ice core sciences (IPICS). The second half of January and the first half of February the shallow drilling version of a lightweight system will be tested in the close vicinity of the Neumayer III station. The test will comprise the application and handling of the drill and a few holes below the firn ice transition.
Operating Period: From: January To: February
Name: Activities near Neumayer: PIA – Ecology of a newly discovered Platelet Ice Anthozoa in Antarctica
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Atka Bay, close to Neumayer Station III   Lat:    Long:   
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities: hospital NM3
Remarks / Description: PI: P. Fischer (AWI) In January 2015, during test dives to train mooring recovery, an unknown type of anthozoa has been discovered living in the platelet ice ecosystem of the Atka Bay close to Neumayer Station. We propose a scientific research project engaging in aspects of the species’ ecology with regard to its phylogenetic affiliation, origin, existence, and survival at the site. The project will be the first to examine a benthic invertebrate and potentially other co-existing species in-habiting shallow water platelet ice, a substrate so far thought to be uninhabitable for sessile organisms at all. The study therefore has a high probability to provide deeper insights in organismal capability to cope with conditions, which have been assumed to prevent for longer lasting sessile life forms. If the species is rare and/or endemic it might be particularly vulnerable towards climate change, which will further modify (and shrink) the already restricted habitats and disrupt the delicate habitat-species relationship. The key deliverables of the project are the following: • Evaluate the biodiversity of Antarctica’s sub-ice platelet layer, describe a novel anthozoan species with focus on its pheno-/genotypic and physiological functioning that facilitates a colonization of this extreme habitat. • Improve the understanding of physical and biological dynamics and of interactions between the abiotic and biotic realm in the sub-ice platelet layer, and identify its significance for said sessile anthozoan species. • Strengthen the strategic axis of interdisciplinary research at AWI by linking organismal and ecosystem approaches and combining it with an effective utilization of AWI’s existing infrastructure (i.e. Neumayer).
Operating Period: From: November To: January

Name: At Dallmann Lab: Heterothermy and torpor as energy saving strategies in storm-petrel nestlings
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Nadja Küpper, Petra Quillfeldt, JLU Gießen Wilson’s storm petrels Oceanites oceanicus are the smallest endotherm breeding in the Antarctic. Given their small size and thus limited energy storage capacities, Wilson’s storm petrels need to use efficient strategies to cope with both predictable and unpredictable food shortages. Strong fluctuations in food availability have been observed both within and among breeding seasons in this species. In the present study, we aim to study how Wilson’s storm-petrel nestlings use heterothermy as a physiological strategy to optimize energetic investment and torpor as a strategy to ensure survival during unpredictable food shortages. We will test how body temperature and resting metabolic rate are determined by the nutritional state of nestlings, and if this is modulated by ambient temperature.
Operating Period: From: January To: April
Name: At Dallmann Lab: Spatial Analysis of benthic communities to understand climate related system shifts
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Doris Abele, AWI During the last year, a data pool based on over 25 years extensive interdisciplinary data collection to investigate past and ongoing climate change and glacier melt effects in the coastal ecosystem Potter Cove (PC), King George Island (KGI) West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) was compiled and homogenized for the use in a geodatabase. The idea was to bring the available data together, to spatially model the ecological change in PC applying multivariate methods in order to correlate cause and effects in this climate change scenario. A resulting spatial classification of the seabed would be pivotal for mapping habitats, the calculation of biological or biogeochemical budgets and organic matter turnover rates under the impact of climate change. The data compilation revealed that, in contrast to the temporal resolution, the horizontal resolution of most of the biological existing data is very low (see http://maps.awi.de/pottercove/). Most of the existing video transects were mainly used for ground-truthing without scaling, with low geo-referential accuracy and spatial extent. A classification of the seabed for budget calculations, e.g. of macroalgae production in the area, would require a higher data density concerning the spatial distribution of the target species/groups/communities. In PC macroalgae are the main source of biomass and carbon transfer to the ecosystem. During the planned field work we will record video footage of the seabed to complete the existing data sets of video transects and still photographs from other years. We will accurately describe and quantify areas covered by macroalgae, epibenthos key groups (ascidians, sea pens, Laternula elliptica, etc.), or benthos free areas (soft bottom, rocks and boulders) in different distances from the glacier front, using a Geospatial Image Database and Analysis System (GIDAS). This seabed mapping will support our understanding of system shifts based on experimental studies with macroalgae and epibenthos key groups in PC. The goal is to produce a sufficient coverage of spatial imagery of the seabed to describe the local sedimentation and ice impact. This work will be done in the frames of IMCONet and of the AWI programme coastal change and can be used for comparative efforts in other areas at the Antarctic peninsula and in the South Atlantic.
Operating Period: From: December To: February
Name: Dallmann Laboratory at Base Carlini
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Dallmann Laboratory   Lat: 62º 14´ 00´´ S   Long: 58º 14´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 16
Medical Facilities: none, provided by Base Carlini
Remarks / Description: PI: D. Mengedoht (AWI) The Dallmann Laboratory is located at the Argentinean Base Carlini on King George Island. It was established as an international laboratory funded by the Instituto Antartico Argentino (IAA) and AWI in 1994. Access to and supply of the Dallmann Laboratory is coordinated in co-operation between AWI and DNA/IAA. On site support is provided by the technical staff of Carlini station. Research focussed on: marine and terrestrial biological studies, solar UV, ecophysical investigations, geological field works.
Operating Period: From: November To: March
Name: Kohnen Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Kohnen Station   Lat: 75º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 00º 04´ 00´´ E  
Maximum Population: 11
Medical Facilities: @ NM III
Remarks / Description: PI: S. Hain (AWI), S. Kipfstuhl (AWI) The station is currently used as the logistic base for subglacial studies using the EPICA drilling hole as well as for meteorological, air chemistry and seismic observations and glaciological field investigations. The station will also provide ground service for scientific aircraft mission above the inland ice plateau. The station is located on the inland ice plateau (Amundsenisen, Wegnerisen). The distance along the sledge traverse route to Neumayer Station III is about 750 km. Access to the station is possible by means of sledge traverses starting from NEUMAYER STATION III at the cost or by aircraft support in the frame of Dronning Maud Land Air Network (DROMLAN). The air link is mainly used for the transport of personnel, light weighted scientific cargo and food. The advantage of this aircraft access is that it became possible to start scientific works early in the season or to carry out a short stay for maintenance and service automatic stations. Supply of the station is mainly based on sledge traverses to transport large amount of fuel, consumables and material. To travel from NEUMAYER STATION III to KOHNEN STATION takes 11 days on average. The typical arrangement of a sledge train is 6 towing vehicles (Pistenbulli), 12 sledges carrying piece goods and containers, and 5 sledges with tank containers and accommodation facilities. On average about 180 tons of supply goods are needed to run the station. The fuel consumption is about 400 litres per one ton of payload over a distance of 1,000 km.
Operating Period: From: November To: February

Name: VELMAP: Velocities, elevation changes and mass budgets of Antarctic Peninsula glaciers
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Marambio   Lat: 64°14´42´´S   Long: 56°39´25´´W  
Maximum Population:
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Matthias Braun, University Erlangen-Nürnberg The aim of the project is to improve the estimates of mass discharge from Antarctic Peninsula glaciers using time series of SAR satellite imagery from the archives (ERS I/II, ENVISAT, Radarsat-1, ALSO PALSAR) as well as data from current sensors like TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X and Sentinel-1a. Changes in glacier extent and surface velocities are derived from the SAR data. Digital elevation models are interferometrically derived from TanDEM-X bistatic SAR acquistions to calculate surface elevation changes in combination with ASTER and SPOT Spirit data. These datasets are complemented by in-situ date including DGNSS surveys, surface mass balance measurements and time lapse cameras photo series as well as survey flights with airborne laser altimetry and ground penetrating radar (by AWI Polar-6, NASA Operation IceBridge). Main target areas are the tributary glaciers draining into the former Larsen-A Ice Shelf and Prince Gustav Channel and glaciers on James-Ross Island.
Operating Period: From: February To: February
Name: FISP – Filchner Ice Shelf Project 2015/16
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Filchnerschelfeis   Lat: 79°00´S   Long: 40°00´W  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PIs AWI: Angelika Humbert, Daniel Steinhage (AWI, Glaciology), Hartmut Hellmer (AWI, Oceanography); BAS: Hugh Corr Determination of the current state of the ocean underneath the Filchner Ice Sheet, basal melt rates and dynamics of the Recovery Glacier. In the forthcoming season an extended pRES survey for determination of subglacial melt-rates, year-round ApRES und GPS station for mapping ice flow and subglacial properties of the Recovery Glacier are planned as well as several hot water drill holes for installation of moorings, thermistor strings, and taking water and sediment samples. Furthermore some firn cores shall be drilled and snow pits sampled in the region covered by the pRES measurements. The fieldwork will be carried out in close collaboration, in joint teams with BAS.
Name: GANOVEX XI – Geological, geomicrobiological and geophysical studies in northern Victoria Land
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Northern Victoria Land   Lat: 72º 00´ 00´´ S   Long: 161º 00´ 00´´ E  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Andreas Läufer, BGR The main scientific goals for the BGR expedition are: - to understand the geodynamics of the Ross orogeny, in particular the nature of the two internal “terranes” (Wilson & Bowers terranes) in northern Victoria Land; - to find hints on the possible nature of the basement of the external “terrane” (Robertson Bay Terrane); - to understand the Mesozoic to Cenozoic tectonic and passive margin evolution of the TAM with regard to the separation of Australia and Antarctica; - to understand the tectonic development of the Ross Sea Rift system, with its highly elevated western flank manifest in the Transantarctic Mountains (TAM), and its relation to the East Antarctic shield boundary; - to understand the influence of climate and tectonics on uplift and denudation of the TAM; - to understand the plant ecology and climate evolution between the late Devonian to early Jurassic in the TAM region of northern Victoria Land; - Antarctica as a natural laboratory for planetary-analogue geomicrobiological studies with Mars and Europa.
Name: Kottaspegel - Accumulation measurements along NM-Kottas-Kohnen traverse routend 2015/16
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Kottasberge   Lat: 74°20´S   Long: 9°45´W  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Anna Winter, Olaf Eisen, AWI Specific surface mass balance is one of the most important parameters to determine the current overall mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet. At the same time it is also one of the inaccurately know quantities. Although remote sensing methods have been developed to track surface accumulation over time and inerpolate in space, reliable estimates still crucially depend on measurements of surface accumulation on site. To track the development of surface mass balance in a changing climate, it is not only important to cover white spots, but also obtain continuous records of snow accumulation at selected sites. Only long time series, which cover larger distances, allow to reliably charaterise the statistical properties of snow surface accumulation, i.e. the changes from year to year and changes in space. Only few of such records exist to date, mostly along regulary visited traverse routes between permanent stations and summer field camps or stations. This expedition re-initiates the continuous measurements of annual surface snow mass balance along a stake line from Neumayer III via Kottas to Kohnen station. In the future the measurements will be carried out on an annual to bi-annual basis. To allow a reliable connection to measurements carried out in the 10-year period to 2006, a shallow ground-penetrating radar survey will be conducted. It is complemented by several shallow firn-core drillings to obtain density-depth profiles, seasonal to annual cycles of surface accumulation and allow for depth conversion of the radar data.

Name: Repeated GNSS measurements in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula to investigate neotectonics
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetlands   Lat:    Long:   
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: Mirko Scheinert, TU Dresden We plan to carry out GNSS measurements at up to seven locations in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula, which were set up during the German Antarctic Project (GAP) and observed for the first time in 1995 and for a second time in 1996 or 1998. The anticipated third observation epoch aims to infer coordinate changes over a time span of about 20 years whereby the same level of accuracy can be reached as for permanent GNSS observations. These coordinate changes will be interpreted in terms of horizontal and vertical crustal deformations. For the vertical, we will get in-situ data to investigate the glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA). The vertical deformation rates will help to constrain GIA model predictions which still vary considerably among different models. Hence, the results will en-hance the vertical deformation pattern yielded by observations in the Antarctic Peninsula region, and thus will allow to improve both the models on glacial history and on the viscoelastic response of the earth. Finally, an improved and more reliable determination of the GIA effect will have a positive feedback on estimates of the Antarctic ice-mass balance and of the respective sea-level change.
Name: SEAL RESEARCH AT THE DRESCHER INLET (SEADI)
Type: Field Camp
Location:
Site Name: Neumayer III   Lat: 70º 41´ 00´´ S   Long: 08º 18´ 00´´ W  
Medical Facilities:
Remarks / Description: PI: H. Bornemann (AWI) SEAls at the Drescher Inlet (SEADI) represents a follow-up study of seal investigations carried out during RV Polarstern’s expedition PS82 at the Filchner Outflow System and at the Drescher Inlet in 2014 (Bornemann et al. 2014). It also complements earlier investigations at these locations initiated in 1986. Though SEADI is primarily an ANT-Land activity, it is being carried out in liaison with the research expedition Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now (FROSN) of RV Polarstern (PS96) that also implemented SEADI as part of its research program. SEADI focuses on the foraging ecology of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii). Data obtained from seal-borne 3D-multi-channel data loggers and cameras during an earlier Drescher expedition in 2003/2004 (PS65) documented that Weddell seals dived along the steep cliffs of the shelf ice and made foraging excursions under the ice shelf (Liebsch et al. 2007; Watanabe et al. 2006). The seal-borne image and dive data led to the discovery of a hitherto unknown cryo-benthic community of marine invertebrates, presumably anthozoans (Edwardsiella spp., cf. Daly et al. 2013) and isopods (Antarcturidae, Austrarcturellidae, Aegiidae), being attached head-down to the underside of the floating ice shelf at depths of around 130-150 m (Watanabe et al. 2006). These “hanging gardens” may represent an attractive food horizon where seals could benefit from a local hotspot of high biologic activity. This particular spot could also explain the bimodal distribution of dive depths of Weddell seals known from earlier investigations during PS65, PS48, PS34, PS20, PS17 (Plötz et al. 2005, 1999, 1997, 1994, 1991). A synoptic field study at Atka Bay (Neumayer Station II) during austral spring 2008 also showed a bimodal distribution in dive depths and feeding events of Weddell seals with an increased feeding rate likely on smaller prey items in the pelagic realm (Naito et al. 2010). A number of seals undertook dives to shallower depths between 60 and 80 m close to the ice shelf edge and along an iceberg stranded inside the Bay, and supported our hypothesis of ice shelf associated foraging (Naito et al. 2010). However, the question whether or not these findings are representative for the far ranging high Antarctic ice shelves in general still remains open. Though the seals’ diving behaviour at Drescher Inlet indicates active foraging in locally attractive feeding spots, the factors contributing to this hotspot of enhanced food availability and its stability over time are largely unexplored. In particular questions towards species composition, horizontal extent and nutrient supply of the fauna inhabiting the underside of the ice shelf are still open and call for additional investigations to further our understanding of bentho-pelagic coupling processes. Physical environment The Drescher Inlet is a 25 km long and 1 – 2 km wide crack in the Riiser-Larsen Ice Shelf, located at 72°50.20'S, 19°09.18'W. A recent radar scan of the shelf ice edge by RV Polarstern during PS82 indicate a shift of the inlet contour of about 20 km to the west in a period of 10 years (unpubl. data). The seabed under the ice shelf extends for over 100 km to the nearest grounding line of Dronning Maud Land (Arndt et al. 2013; Schenke et al. 1998). Bathymetric surveys reveal seafloor depths inside the inlet from 430 m in the inner section, to 380 m over a central 6-km-wide bank, and to 520 m at the inlet mouth (Graffe & Niederjasper 1997). The depth outside the inlet gradually increases, reaching the 1,000-m isobath about 3.5 km beyond the inlet mouth. Fast ice remains in the entire inlet from its mouth to the inner parts, where it can pile over several years to some meters. Beneath the fast ice, platelet ice can aggregate to layers of several meters (Thomas et al. 2001; Günther et al. 1999). The hydrography within the inlet is characterised by a stable thermo(pycno)cline between 130 and 230 m coinciding with the depth of the floating shelf ice (Thomas et al. 2001). Biological environment An estimated aggregation of about 300 Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) is regularly associated with the inlet. The seals haul out along tidal cracks in the fast ice and adjacent to the cliffs of the ice shelf during summer. By mid December their offspring is weaned and mainly (non-lactating) adult female and male Weddell seals in the moult and first of the year juveniles are present on the inlet’s fast ice. Strong wind and gales may initiate break-up of the formerly consolidated fast ice towards the end of summer. When the ice cover recedes, also other pack ice seals, mainly crabeater seals (Lobodon carcinophaga), but also leopard (Hydrurga leptonynx) and Ross seals (Ommatophoca rossii) were observed during earlier research campaigns, as well as Antarctic minke whales (Balaenoptera bonaerensis), Arnoux beaked whales (Berardius arnuxii), and killer whales (Orcinus orca) patrolling in the leads of the disintegrating fast ice of the inlet (H. Bornemann, pers. obs.). Also other marine endotherms, such as the emperor penguin with a colony of an estimated 7,000 breeding pairs are resident in the inlet (cf. Fretwell et al. 2012; Wöhler 1993; Reijnders et al. 1990; Klages & Gerdes 1988; Plötz et al. 1987; Hempel & Stonehouse 1987; Plötz et al. 1987). Their chick rearing period will come to an end towards the end of January (Pütz & Plötz 1991), and only moulting (sub)adult birds and chicks will be present on the sea ice afterwards. The pelagic and demersal fish fauna in the inlet is dominated by the nothotheniid Pleuragramma antarcticum (Plötz et al. 2001); abundance and biomass of other species of the families Nototheniidae (cf. Gutt 2002), Channichtthyidae, Bathydraconidae, Artedidraconidae and others seem to be much lower (Plötz et al. 2001). However, krill (Euphausia spp.), gelatinous plankton and amphipods seem to be abundant in considerable amounts (Plötz et al. 2001; Günther et al. 1999). The epibenthic community, in so far as it is known, is in comparison with other areas along the east coast of the Weddell Sea, especially north of the Drescher Inlet, relatively poor in life forms and biomass (J. Gutt, pers. com.). Work on ice SEADI will replicate earlier studies on Weddell seals and their prey in a season that is characterized by unbroken ice and permanent daylight. Research will be facilitated due to a temporary field camp. Weddell seals will be instrumented with still cameras in order to obtain seal-borne image data on the under shelf ice fauna, and to document encounters of zooplankton, krill and fish, both in the pelagial and benthal. Ross seals might also be instrumented upon their presence in liaison with a concurrent research study undertaken by collaborating scientists of the Mammal Research Institute (University of Pretoria, RSA) on RV SA Agulhas II. The Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) V8sii (Ocean Modules®) equipped with twin high-resolution cameras will be deployed to provide ROV-borne footage and samples of the “hanging garden” biota with accuracy unavailable to seal-mounted cameras. CTD-combined satellite-linked time depth recorders will provide data on dive depth, spatial movement and in situ hydrography under the sea ice. Additional sampling of blood and whiskers will provide material for post hoc analyses of stable isotopes. All animal handling procedures require chemical immobilisation. Field camp Research will be conducted by a field team of four people via a temporary field camp that will be located on the shelf ice in the vicinity of the inlet. An ice ramp allows commuting between camp and inlet fast ice with snowmobiles. Station facilities of the Drescher campaign comprise of two fiberglass igloos (one each as living quarters, one igloo for kitchen and provisions), one Polarhaven tent as workshop, and two Scott tents. For the power supply two 5kW, and two 1kW-generators are used alternately. Main consumers of electricity are two snowmelts for producing water, fan heaters to dry the working clothes and snow boots, and the ROV. Cooking and basic heating is done with propane. Three snowmobiles (Skidoo) and Nansen-sledges provide the necessary mobility for the fieldwork. Pop-up tents and a canopy-covered sledge will shelter the equipment on the sea ice. Depending on weather conditions, the maximum daily energy consumption amounts up to 25 litres of fuel and approx. 1.5 kilograms of gas. All wastes of glass, plastic, metal, paper, sewages and faeces are kept in separate tubs, which are then brought back to the ship. The igloos and tents and all other equipment will be dropped-off by helicopters onto the ice shelf to provide accommodation and working facilities for four people over 35 days. Transportation of the equipment will require an approximate 30 shuttle flights. The camp can be completely equipped (and at the end of the field campaign removed) within a few hours. In order to guard against strong snowdrifts, the igloos and tents are lined-up across the main easterly wind direction. Alternative campsites as a result of potentially unfavourable weather or sea ice conditions are envisaged at the Atka Bay with a direct liaison and support via Neumayer-Station III, and at another inlet in the vicinity of the research station Halley VI. Seal-borne image data and ROV footage Up to 15 Weddell seals will be instrumented with Infra Red (IR) still picture camera loggers (Little Leonardo®, Japan) in order to track their foraging behaviour during the course of the study and to investigate the seals’ under shelf ice foraging dives. The seal camera system is being used in collaboration with scientists from the National Institute of Polar Research and the Biologging Institute (Tokyo, J). The units have to be retrieved about four to eight days after deployment in order to download the images (Naito et al. 2013). Seals will be immobilized (see below) to achieve a reliable attachment of the logging and transmitting devices and concurrent sampling of tissue, and for the retrieval of the archival tags. Particular attention will be paid to extend earlier findings on the foraging behaviour under the shelf ice. Thus, animals will be instrumented preferentially in the proximity of the shelf ice edge. Operations of the Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) V8sii (Ocean Modules®) under the ice shelf support this part of the study. The 360 degree concept allows to fly the ROV also in upside down mode to assess the hanging gardens under the shelf ice in its oceanographic setting using DVL navigation and oceanographic sensors. A mini-dredge and sampling box attached to the upper side of the ROV will be available to try to provide material for genetic investigations. The 500 m rated inspection class ROV with twin HD cameras and oceanographic sensors will also be deployed to simultaneously assess the benthic biota and environment. Footage along transects allow a classification of megabenthic communities in the inlet. CTD-combined satellite-linked time depth recorders This approach concentrates on the deployment of satellite transmitters on seals on the sea ice in order to get data on the seals' foraging behaviour and concurrent in situ hydrographic data within and beyond the area of the Drescher Inlet. The CTD Satellite-Relay Data Logger (CTD-SRDL, Valport®, Sea Mammal Research Unit, UK) measures temperature, pressure and salinity and transmits data along with seal positions to satellites when the seals surface. These units may remain with the seals in order to extend the study for information on residence times towards the end of the annual moult (February - September). Long-distance tracking of marine mammals in the Southern Ocean by satellite relies on the ARGOS system. ARGOS satellite transmitters for marine mammal applications are designed to provide the animals' at-sea locations and transmit data to the satellites when the seals surface. CTD-SRDLs have the capabilities to record also in situ water temperature and conductivity for the entire migrations of tracked seals. Such data are of suitable quality to characterise the oceanographic settings utilised by seals (e.g. Meredith et al. 2011; Boehme et al. 2009; Nicholls et al. 2008), and are complementary to the oceanographic investigations to be carried out during FROSN. So far only three publications provide evidence for extended residence times of satellite-tracked Weddell seals within the Weddell Sea (McIntyre et al. 2013; Årthun et al. 2012; Nicholls et al. 2008). During the annual moult the units will be shed, and thus tracks and concurrent behavioural as well as hydrographic data can be collected over a period of one year at maximum. The reconciliation of data on the seals' diving behaviour and on the hydrographic features with information on the occurrence and biomass of the seals' prey aims to contribute to the understanding of the upper trophic level interactions at the Drescher Inlet. Adult Weddell seal males (Leptonychotes weddellii) will be preferably instrumented with CTD-SRDLs, since they can be expected to remain in the investigation area throughout the year due to their "maritorial" behaviour. Weddell seals, furthermore, dive to depths of up to 900 m (Årthun et al. 2012), and their foraging dives can yield information on both potential pelagic and demersal or benthic prey in the investigation area. The deployments of CTD-SRDLs will preferably take place after the seals have completed their annual moult. The devices will be glued to the new fur of anaesthetized seals using quick setting epoxy resin. Up to 5 CTD-SRDLs will be deployed. Additional sampling On top of the instrumentation, a blood sample of 30 ml will be taken together with hair and whisker samples. Blood samples will be centrifuged, separated in red blood cells and serum and both later on board RV Polarstern deep frozen at -80°C. Within the serum fraction we aim to analyse for prey specific biomarker proteins that allow for reconciliation with the seals' prey spectrum (e.g. octopine in octopods, specific amines in fishes, homarines and dimethylsulfoniopropionate in molluscs and crustaceans) in later laboratory analyses (cf. Eder et al. 2010 Eisert et al. 2005; Ito et al. 1994; Hochachka et al. 1977). These data can hint at the recent prey spectrum within a couple of days prior to blood sampling using both serum and blood cell fractions. The hair and whisker samples will be used to get retrospective information on the prey spectra on intermediate time scales up to a couple of months by means of component-specific isotope analyses (cf. Hückstädt et al. 2012a, 2012b; Newsome et al. 2010; Lewis et al. 2006). In situ collection of naturally regurgitated vomitus, faecal samples, etc., complements the sampling protocol. Animal handling For the purpose of instrumentation, the seals need to be anaesthetized following the methods as described in Bornemann et al. (1998) and Bornemann & Plötz (1993) or Bornemann et al. (2013). Drugs are initially administered intramuscularly by remote injection using blowpipe darts. Follow-up doses are usually given intramuscularly by direct manual injection or in rare cases intravenously. The dose regime involves the drugs as listed below and dosages or respectively dose ranges vary depending on initial or follow-up injections. The seals will be immobilized with ketamine/xylazine (Weddell seals) or with tiletamine/zolazepam (Ross seals) combinations. Depending on the course of the immobilisation, dosages need to be individually adjusted and will be complemented by the same drug to maintain or extend the immobilisation period on demand. Benzodiazepines (diazepam or climazolam) may be needed to attenuate muscle tremors. Atipamezol will be used to reverse the xylazine component in the xylazine/ketamine immobilisation, and flumazenil may be used as antidote for the unlikely situation of an overdose of benzodiazepines. Doxapram is exclusively reserved for the unlikely necessity to stimulate breathing in the case of extended periods of apnoea, when mechanical obstructions of the upper airways can be excluded. The length and girth of each seal will be measured. All procedures are carried out pursuant to the SCAR Code of Conduct for Animal Experiments. Expected results In particular insights into the species composition, horizontal extent and nutrient supply of the fauna inhabiting the underside of the ice are expected from seal-borne and ROV imagery. From each of the CTD-SRDL tagged seals we expect per day about 4 temperature, salinity and depth profiles almost in real time which will allow us to study how changes in the underwater environment alter prey distribution beneath the ice as indicated by the seals’ individual diving and foraging behaviour. We furthermore expect that these key physical oceanographic variables collected from hitherto under-sampled coastal shelf regions may assist the refinement of computer models of the Southern Ocean circulation. Sampling of blood and other material will provide information on the seals' prey spectrum in subsequent laboratory analyses. Combining the data obtained from the different systems, allows to characterise the foraging strategies of the Weddell seals and to quantify their pelagic and benthic foraging. A synthesis will provide new insights into the complexity of intermediate and upper level trophic interactions and energy flows in pelagic and benthic food webs. If successful, the retrieval of invertebrate samples by the ROV will enable the first genetic investigation of the species inventory of the “hanging garden” community. Species barcodes will be deposited in the barcode of life database (www.barcodeoflife.org) and the phylogenetic and population genetic connections of the under-ice fauna to epibenthic communities will be studied. Data management All data and related meta-information will be made available in open access via the Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science PANGAEA (www.pangaea.de), and will be attributed to a consistent project label denoted as "Marine Mammal Tracking" (MMT, see http://www.pangaea.de/search?q=project:label:mmt).

Vessels Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: RV Polarstern - General Opertations
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: The research and supply vessel RV POLARSTERN commissioned in 1982 is a high class ice breaking vessel and the major research tool for the German Antarctic program. The advanced scientific and technical equipment and ability to navigate in heavy ice conditions in almost all regions of the Arctic and Antarctic oceans provide ideal working conditions for almost all compartments of marine sciences, atmospheric as well as glaciological research (modernisation from 1998 till 2001). Since 1982 the ship regularly operates in arctic and antarctic waters with an average of 320 days on sea every year. The supply of NEUMAYER STATION III is a regular task. Lifting gears and scientific winches are designed for launching and recovery of devices and sensors, fishing and deep sea sediment probing. Hydro-acoustic survey systems such as Hydrosweep, Parasound and fishery sounders can be continuously operated. The fibre optic network connects bridge, winch control room, laboratories and all scientific working places with several servers and distributes information of the central data acquisition system. Altogether 24 scientific laboratories, aquarium and refrigerating rooms are placed at disposal. Additionally up to 15 mobile laboratory containers can be installed inside the ship on E-Deck (10) and at F-Deck (5). The weather station records meteorological data and provides forecast information and satellite imagery on sea ice distributions. Recently technical facilities and hydro-acoustic navigation aids have been installed to deploy ROV for deep sea missions. Shipping company: Reederei F. Laeisz Permanent Measurements: PI: G. König-Langlo (AWI) Meteorological measurements PI: Walter (DESY) Measurements of cosmic particles.
Name: RV Polarstern - PS 96; FROSN (Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now)
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: Cruese Leader: Dr. Michael Schröder, AWI The second largest ice shelf is propably undergoing dramatic changes during this century in terms of melting rates and ice velocities as recent physical models suggest. Due to the sparse data base in this region a joint program between UK, Norway and Germany was settled up, to measure the state of the art of the water mass circulation system beneath and in front of this large ice shelf. This cruise is the second one (first FOS in 2013/2014) in a row of more planned cruises in the future. Not only oceanographic and tracer questions should be answered but also the biology is of greater focus, which includes the benthic layer ecosystem, the fish fauna, the epibenthic megafauna, sponge ecology, bathymetry and geology, and seal research in the Drescher inlet. To answer the questions concerning climatic changes in the FR region, we are forced to understand the whole ice shelf – water mass coupled system of the present days. With the effort of existing models it then should be possible to get a broader look into the future behaviour of this system. FROSN (Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now) Dr. M. Schröder, AWI, Chief Scientist, Dr. O. Huhn, Uni-Bremen With three deep sea moorings along 76°S on the eastern flank of Filchner depression, we want to analyse the variations in time of the inflowing Modified Warm Deep Water (MWDW), which brings heat into the cavity of the Filchner-Ronne ices shelf system. These local measurements are completed by hydrographic stations from the ship in the whole Filchner area. Here up to 320 CTD casts are planned by use of a Seabird 911+ system and a carrousel for water samples. These samples are analysed with different methods for the salt content and the solution of oceanic tracers as Helium and Neon and Chlorfluorcarbons CFC 11 and CFC 12. The latter are sealed in copper tubes and glas ampules, to measure the parameter in the laboratory at home. All parameter together will help to understand the whole water mass system in front of the Filchner-Ronne ice shelf and it’s importance for the deep water renewal. Sea ice physics - Interannual Snow, Ice and Drift experiment S. Schwegmann (AWI), S. Arndt (AWI) During PS96 sea ice physical properties will be measured by deploying autonomous systems (buoys) on several short ice stations. Those buoys will stay on the sea ice floes and will measure the temporal evolution of the sea ice conditions for several months. In order to investigate sea ice thickness and snow accumulation, it is planned to deploy up to 10 sets of Ice Mass balance Buoys (IMB) and Snow Depth Buoys (SDB). Those buoys will partly surrounded by GPS buoys, which will be deployed as small arrays around the IMB and SDB and aim to relate dynamical processes and the temporal evolution of sea-ice and snow thickness. At two stations, radiation stations will additionally serve information about the incoming and outgoing radiation as well as the transmission through the sea ice. Complementary, current sea ice and snow conditions will be measured by various methods at each buoy deployment site and on selected floes in the vicinity. The data gained from this study will help to investigate the seasonal and interannual variability of sea-ice thickness, snow depth, sea-ice drift and deformation in the Weddell Sea close and in the Filchner Outflow System complementary to those done during ANT-XXIX/9 in austral summer 2013/14 and ANT-XXX/2 in austral summer 2014/15. Sponge ecology and benthic fluxes C. Richter, L. Federwisch (AWI), M. Holtappels (MPI), R. Johansson, E. Andersson (U Göteborg) Within the context of the overall benthic ecological working programme of the PS96 cruise, seabed imaging will be carried out with a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) at about 10 stations, including the BENDEX site. The ROV is equipped with HD video, still camera and CTD to investigate the abundance, distribution, composition and diversity of sponges in an environmental context. The ROV also has a manipulator and syringe water system to collect material and water samples. Water samples taken from the exhalant and inhalant currents of sponges will allow us to determine retention efficiencies for particles. Fluorescein dye experiments will allow the determination of pumping rates. The combination of the two will provide filtering rates for picoplankton. Dissolved oxygen and dissolved silicate samples will be analyzed to assess metabolism and Si deposition. A short-term mooring with remote access sampler (RAS), CTD-multiprobe, ADCP current meter and sediment trap will be deployed to track the build-up and sinking of pelagic primary production and its transformation near the seabed. An Eddy Correlation system will be deployed to assess the fluxes of oxygen in sponge and non-sponge dominated benthic communities and sediment areas. Repeat transects of ROV tracks carried out during earlier cruises will allow to monitor changes in sponge communities and other benthic groups over time and help assess the dynamics of benthic communities over longer time scales. Spatial distribution patterns of epibenthic megafauna D. Piepenburg (AWI) Within the context of the overall benthic ecological working programme of the PS96 cruise, seabed imaging will be carried out at about 20 stations, including BENDEX sites, along transects of about 2 nm length each by means of the Ocean Floor Observation System (OFOS). This gear is equipped with both a still-photo and a video camera, to investigate the abundance, distribution, composition and diversity of epibenthic megafauna. If feasible, OFOS stations will be placed such that different benthic habitats are covered by the imaging surveys. Macro- and megabenthic fauna collected from concomitant trawl catches at the same or nearby stations will be used to aid identification of the organisms visible in the seabed images. The combined results will serve as a case study for developing a first general standardisation scheme of Antarctic macro- and megabenthic communities. Tracing the effect of ice-shelf loss on benthic ecosystem functioning - from Meio to Macro H. Link, D. Seifert (U Kiel), G. Veit-Köhler, Y. Bodur (DZMB) Background geographical variation will be determined by collecting samples within and outside 2 areas influenced by ice shelf loss (Filchner-Ronne Shelf edge and BENDEX area). Onboard incubations of sediment cores obtained with the multicorer (MUC; or sub-sampled from box cores) will be run in temperature controlled conditions in the dark. During incubations, nutrient and oxygen concentrations in the water phase overlying the sediments will be monitored. After incubations, macro- and meiofauna will be preserved for taxonomic and isotopic analyses. Pulse-chase experiments using isotopically labeled microalgae addition are planned for additional incubation cores at 4 sites: 1 inside and 1 outside the BENDEX area, 1 at the Filchner-Ronne shelf ice edge and 1 at 20 nm distance. Ideal sites will be at ca. 400 m water depth. A total of 20 sediment cores will be collected at each of the 4 targeted sites over the course of the expedition. Before, macrofauna organisms of a later successional benthic ecosystem stage - i.e., from the already ice-free Weddell Sea area - will have been collected by means of the box corer and/or the Agassiz trawl. These organisms will be kept under controlled conditions (running sea water, 2 °C in the dark) until the experiment. 10 ml macrofauna (biovolume) will be added to 10 randomly selected cores. Incubations for benthic boundary flux measurements will be conducted after 1 and 2 weeks of increased food and fauna treatment. Cores will be cut for isotopic analyses after 2 weeks. Onboard, macro- and meiofauna samples cannot be separated and will be preserved as combined sample. Furthermore, sediment and water samples will be collected at each station to determine in situ trophic structure and environmental parameters (Chl a in sediments & in water column, organic carbon concentration in sediments, natural isotopic signature of phytoplankton, sediments and fauna). Pelagic-benthic processes in the Filchner Outflow area: a benthic community and particulate matter perspective Isla (ICM-CSIC), S. Pineda (AWI) A sediment core grid will be set covering the vicinities of the Filcher outflow path and the Filchner Depression, specially on the western flank and the slope of the Depression. To fill a gap of knowledge, we plan to collect benthic community and sediment samples at 10 stations with the camera-equipped giant multibox corer and the 10 cm multibox corer, respectively. In addition 4 stations in the BENDEX area will try to be revisited to assess changes in organic matter distribution since the last sampling effort in 2011. On the way to the BENDEX site, three more stations on the poorly sampled broad shelf northeast of Halley are planned. Sediment cores will be recovered with a giant multibox corer (MG) and a multicorer (MUC), depending on the grain size and sea floor characteristics. MUC sediment cores will be subsampled on board in slices 0.5 cm to 2 cm thick, whereas MG samples will be sieved and preserved in formaline afterwards. Two conical SMT 234 sediment trap will be moored 20 and 70 m above the seabed (mas) coupled to a current meter Aanderaa RCM9 located 8 mas on the continental shelf edge at the eastern slope of the depression. Operating time for these instruments will be decided on board. FROSN FISH (Filchner Ronne Outflow System Now: Fish and Invertebrates on the SHelf) Dr. Magnus Lucassen (AWI), Dr. Felix Mark (AWI), Dr. Christoph Held (AWI), Dr. Dorte Janussen (Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt) Earlier observations on migration patterns of seals indicated the Filchner outflow system as a hot spot for biological activity. Information on the benthic communities especially on the Western slope of the Filchner trench is scarce due to the limited accessibility. Furthermore, within the Filchner area the coldest water masses within the Atlantic sector of the Southern ocean are present, which resembles a strong selective pressure on the inhabiting species and communities. Therefore, the biological programme of the cruise aims to characterize the benthic community along the thermal gradients and continental slopes of the Eastern Weddell Sea and the Filchner outflow system and to correlate the benthic communities with the oceanographic patterns. We aim to use bottom trawls, Agassiz trawls and baited fish traps to sample the different areas quantitatively and qualitatively. Several scientific groups onboard will specialize on the different organism groups, including fishes, sponges, crustaceans, Echinodermata, Asteroidea and Crinoidea. The characterisation of the colonisation, biomass and distribution pattern will include the analyses of the genetic and population structure of several species groups, the physiological performance and phenotypic plasticity in the coldest water masses and the sensitivity of these specialists towards climate change, together with ecotoxicological studies. The programme will be completed by studies on reproduction biology and young life stages of fish. ISOPOL (M.Werner, AWI): Within the framework of ISOPOL relevant fractionation processes during the evaporation of ocean water will be investigated. For this purpose, the isotopic composition of water vapor will be automatically and continually analyzed by a laser-based spectrometer, which has recently been installed on board of FS Polarstern. In addition, a daily water sample (approx. 20ml) will be taken and analyzed (these analyses will be performed at a later stage in the isotope lab of AWI Potsdam). Technical maintenance of the laser spectrometer and the water sampling will be handled by an AWI scientist during the whole period of cruises PS96 and PS97. ABL-Weddell (G. Heinemann, Uni Trier): In the southern Weddell Sea, the heat transfer of coastal polynyas to the atmosphere has strong effects on the atmospheric boundary layer, sea ice production and associated formation of High-Salinity Shelf Water (HSSW). The knowledge of polynya area, coverage of polynyas with thin ice, atmospheric forcing processes and oceanic processes is therefore of high importance. The planned measurements are part of a DFG project together with AWI, which has the goal of the quantification of sea ice and HSSW production in the southern Weddell Sea for the last decade (2002-2012). A novel approach of a synergy of atmosphere/ocean/sea ice simulations and high-resolution sea ice thickness retrievals is used. The wind lidar measurements of the campaign will be used for the verification of the atmospheric simulations. We will use a “Halo-Photonics Streamline“ wind lidar, which is a scanner and can operate with a maximum range of 10km. The operation principle of the lidar is backscattering at aerosol particles and clouds and the use of the Doppler effect. The lidar operates at a wavelength of 1.5 μm with a pulse rate of 20 kHz and is eye-safe (class 1M). Bathymetry (B. Dorschel, AWI) Collecting bathymetric information during the cruise.

Name: RV Polarstern - PS 97
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages: 0
Maximum Crew: 44
Maximum Passengers: 55
Remarks: Cruese Leader: Frank Lamy, AWI The Drake Passage forms the major geographical constraint for the flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and plays an essential role in the modern ocean circulation patterns and global climate. The principle scientific goal of PS97 is to enhance understanding of the paleoceanographic role of the Drake Passage during Quaternary global climate variations at orbital and sub-orbital time-scales. Further research conducted during the expedition will cover the exploration of ultra-high resolution paleoclimate archives off southern Chile and the South Shetland Islands, development of biomarker-based sea-ice reconstructions, and the validation of different microfossil-based proxy methods. Oceanographic work will improve our understanding of the understudied Cape Horn Current and the westernmost Drake Passage. In addition to paleooceanographic and paleoclimatic research questions, it is planned to carry out physico-chemical and biological-oceanographical investigations. A major focus of the planned expedition is to understand how trace metal limitation and cycling operates and how global change will impact the Southern Ocean ecosystem. Additional projects include geological and geodetic investigations at the Chilean continental margin and the northern Antarctic Peninsula (South Shetland Islands) and a seismic survey at the Chilean margin. PaleoDrake – Marine geological sampling of the upper sediment layers PI: F. Lamy (AWI) a) Marine Geologie + Paleoceanography There are three major working areas for our marine geological work: (1) the Southern Chilean Margin. Here we plan for three coring transects from the shelf across the entire continental margin. These transects will cross the Cape Horn Current and will allow to reconstruct past variations in this current together with the different deep and intermediate water masses. This work will include extensive mapping of the continental slope region in order to find suitable sedimentary sequences with high sedimentation-rates. (2) the Drake Passage and Argentinian Margin. The major goal here is to obtain systematic coring transects across the Drake Passage. Due to the strong currents, it will be difficult to locate sediment basins with comparatively high resolution sediment archives. However, “sediment pockets” are most likely present in vicinity of bathymetric morphology in small depressions or basins. We therefore focus on a transect at the western (Pacific) entrance from the SCM along the Phoenix-Antarctic-Ridge to the continental margin of the Antarctic Peninsula with the South Shetland Trench. A second N-S transect is planned in the central Drake Passage from the Antarctic Peninsula Margin along the Shackleton Fracture Zone and West Scotia Ridge. In the Subantarctic Drake Passage this work will be completed by extensive coring along the southernmost Chilean Margin, the Argentinian Margin (DP-AM) and eastward to the central North Scotia Ridge. (3) In the vicinity of the South Shetland Islands we plan to primarily investigate the Nelson, English and McFarlane straits. Moreover, we plan to revisit selected core location in Maxwell Bay. b) Geochemistry Gravity (GC) and multicorer (MUC) cores will be sampled in 25 cm-intervals and 1-2 cm intervals, respectively. For the investigation of iron cycling and the distribution of reducible Fe(III) oxides, three combined deployments of the MUC and GC within Maxwell Bay are targeted. The three sediment stations are planned be complemented by 3-4 water column profiles, where at each profile, 5 depths are sampled using 5L GoFlo-bottles. The GoFlo bottles will be emptied inside the clean container within approx. 20 min. Subsequent filtration (max. 24 h after sampling) will be performed in a clean bench. Suspended matter collected on the filters will be used for automated SEM analysis. GC and MUC samples will additionally be gained where high terrestrial inputs cause a rather rapid burial of Fe(III) into the methanic zone (shelf regions). Geochemical sampling will furthermore be performed “on-demand”, where dating and paleoproxy studies depend on the identification of early diagenetic features (e.g. secondary barite fronts or alteration of susceptibility). Methane samples will be taken immediately when gravity cores are cut into segments. Pore-water sampling on multicorer and gravity cores will subsequently be performed by use of rhizons. For sampling the gravity cores, small windows will need to be cut into the liners. Pore-water analyses onboard of Polarstern comprise the photospectrometric Fe(II) measurement and HPO4- determination. Additional pore-water aliquots will be conserved for sulfide, sulfate, chloride, cation, and δ56Fe analyses. Sediment samples will be taken rapidly to avoid oxidation. They will be stored frozen under anoxic conditions for later geochemical and microbial analyses. Multicores may additionally be sampled for 210Pb dating. As pore-water sampling is time-consuming and has to be done immediately after core retrieval, a maximum of two cores (no matter if GC or MUC) can be processed per day. c) Physical Oceanography The work at sea will consist in the occupation of four full-depth, high-resolution hydrographic (CTD/LADCP) sections. The CTD will be fitted with a dissolved oxygen sensor. The oxygen data will be used in combination with the potential temperature and salinity to more clearly characterize the water masses within the Cape Horn Current and also the eastward flowing deep waters derived from the SE Pacific. The CTD will be fitted with one or two lowered Acoustic Doppler Current profilers (LADCPs). CTD profiles will reach the near bottom layer (within 10 m of the bottom) to assure sampling of the densest waters flowing along the margin into Drake Passage. Water samples for the determination of salinity and dissolved oxygen will be collected at selected levels primarily for CTD sensor calibrations. Water samples will be analyzed onboard. The same sampling strategy will be applied to the Drake Passage transect. d) Marine sediment echosounding After pre-selection of working areas based on oceanographic and marine geological background information, PARASOUND acoustic profiles will play a key role in locating coring stations with undisturbed sediment sequences. Site selection will be based on acoustic patterns such as the strength of characteristic reflectors, their spacing, and the total subbottom penetration. e) Water column surface sediment studies The work at sea focuses on three different sampling programs and corresponding activities to track the siliceous and calcareous microfossil proxy carriers from their respective habitats (water column/sediment surface/fluff) into the sedimentary taphocoenosis: (1) Water column sampling We will sample water hydrocast deployments with the CTD rosette system on selected stations for characteriziation of modern physical (T, S, 18O) and chemical (PO4, DIC, NO3, 2Si, 13C, 30Si) oceanographic parameters. The anticipated number of stations we target corresponds to the hydrocast stations along the track of the Cape Horn current and the cross-pofile over the northern limb of the ACC in Drake Passage. Additional stations along the cruise track may be sampled depending on time permitting. In total a maximum of 400-500 samples will be taken, corresponding to 20-40 hydrocast stations, depending on the deployment of either 2x12 or 24 bottle profiles. The needed sample volume taken per Niskin bottle is small with ca. 1-2 liter, subdivided into 50 ml for DIC concentrations and 13CDIC, 50 ml for phosphate and nitrate concentrations, 100 ml for 18O, plus 3x wash and overflowing water each. Samples will be taken immediately after recovery of the hydrocasts and be stored refrigerated (stable isotopes, silicate) or deep-frozen (nitrate, phosphate). Sample processing at sea requires space with a dedicated fume hood with sink due to the handling of toxic HgCl2 solution to poison the samples for stable carbon isotope analyses of DIC. Samples for measurements of silicate concentrations and 30Si will be taken on a smaller subset of samples due to the larger sample volume (8-10 liter) that is needed and the higher amount of preparatory work as these water samples need filtration before they are stored at 4°C. Priority for silicate system water sampling will be given to sites where the Multi-Net and also Multicorer for surface sediment sampling will be deployed, with water depth sampling at depths similar to the multinet depth levels, to shed light on the relationship between hydrography, nutrient availability, isotope fractionation, species distribution and abundances of microorganisms. Net community production (NCP) and community respiration (CR) will be measured as oxygen production and consumption using light/dark 125-ml biological oxygen demand (BOD) bottles incubated for 12 h (daylight). Three light and three dark bottles, taken from surface waters, will be incubated on deck (or under light and temperature controlled chamber) at selected stations during the PS97 track cruise. Oxygen concentration will be measured before and after incubation in all bottles using either the OxyMini optode system (World Precision Instruments) with the O -sensitive membrane glued to the inside wall of the BOD bottles or using the micro-Winkler (Dosimat) method. (2) Collection of plankton samples from the water column via filtration and net tows Collection of calcareous plankton samples from the water column will be performed by (1) filtration of vertical water profiles from hydrocasts, (2) continuous pumping of sea water, with focus on the surface waters (upper 5 m), and (3) a limited number of Multi-Net casts using an opening/closing net (multinet Type MPS 92 B, “Hydrobios” Kiel, Germany) over five precisely defined depth intervals of the upper 200-400 m of the water column, depending on the physical structure of the respective planktic habitat along the planned transects. Due to the location mainly along the subantarctic transect stations, we expect to generate sufficient catches of planktic foraminifera with one or two deployments to minimize the needed ship time on station (ca. 1-2 hr). Water column samples of 2-5 liters from the CTD casts and surface water (large volumes in the range of m3) from the ship’s uncontaminated sea water supply will be investigated along the ships track to understand how the habitats of phytoplankton and planktonic foraminifera are affected by the extreme environments of low water temperature, seasonal ice cover and large surface salinity variations and how information on these pelagic habitats are incorporated into microfossil remains of the plankton. Water samples will be transferred into canisters and vacuum filtered through polycarbonate membrane filters with a diameter of 47 mm and pore size of 0.45 μm. A filtration device (sensu Bollmann et al., 2002) will be installed. Filters will be dried and stored for investigations of the coccolithophore flora by shore-based scientists interested in the calcareous nannofossils. These pump samples of defined water volume will be obtained for the >32 μm sieve fraction, which later will be splitted, wet-sieved and counted in order to extract different planktonic foraminiferal species/morphotypes and size fractions. Specimens will be dried and kept in micropalaeontological slides. The vertical distribution of siliceous microorganisms and their isotopic compositions will be documented on one or two selected stations in the Scotia Sea characterized by high productivity but not too close to the continental slopes to minimize bias by nepheloid flows. Radiolarians that live in surface and deeper water layers will be sampled at selected depth intervals in the uppermost 600 m by using the aforementioned Multi-Net Type MPS 92 B, “Hydrobios” Kiel, Germany. For the enrichment of radiolarians for isotope measurements, the multinet has to be deployed more often than for foraminifera tows, we recommend to undertake at least ten repetitive tows at the selected stations in the Scotia Sea, thus scaling up the needed ship time for these one or two stations to roughly 12 hr. (3) Sediment surface sampling Collection of surface sediment samples with a boxcorer and multicorers along the Chilean margin transect and across the Drake Passage transect are planned to characterize the transfer of habitat information into foraminifera, diatom and radiolarian tests as well as coccoliths prior to its integration and modification during transport into the deeper sediment, in order to facilitate the interpretation of paleoproxy records. We plan to sample a sufficiently large patch of box corer surfaces, where applicable (typically min. 20x20 cm) for analyses of the planktic and benthic foraminiferal faunae. Different planktonic foraminiferal dissolution proxies will be applied to evaluate the corrosiveness of deeper waters with respect to foraminiferal calcite. Initial biostratigraphic assessments and dating of surface sediments and long sediment cores will be carried out offshore based on calcareous nannofossil and planktonic foraminiferal evidences, whereby the presence and absence of species or specimens might already be indicative for warm cold climate regimes, respectively. Smear slides will be prepared onboard and examined under a light microscope, even though vibration due the ships motors and swell may preclude precise stratigraphic interpretation relating on the smaller species. Moreover, the sedimentary record of calcareous nannoplankton south of the Subantarctic Front is supposed to be extremely poor. Ethanol and rose Bengal will be used for sample conservation and later identification of benthic foraminifera specimen that were alive during sampling. For Multicorer deployments, one tube each for planktic foraminiferal and nannofossil species assemblages, one for benthic foraminiferal faunal and foraminiferal geochemical analyses, and up to three for siliceous analyses need to be sampled as MUC-profiles in 1 cm sample intervals. In case of the benthic foraminiferal samples, the upper 10-15 cm will be sampled into plastic bottles and fixed with 98% denatured Ethanol/rose Bengal solution for later onshore laboratory work on benthic microhabitat characterization. The remaining deeper parts of the MUC-profiles will be sampled into conventional sealable, plastic bags (Whirlpack®) down to the end of core. Hydroacoustic survey of the water column, sea floor and upper sediment layers PI: B. Dorschel (AWI) The main task of the bathymetry group is to plan and run surveys using the Atlas Hydrosweep DS3 systems in the study area and during transit, to provide information for station planning and sediment sampling. The raw bathymetric data will be corrected for sound velocity changes in the water column and further processed and cleaned for erroneous soundings and artefacts onboard. Detailed seabed maps derived from the bathymetric data will provide information on the general and local topographic setting of the survey area and on the distribution of glacial-geomorphological features and erosional structures (channels, gullies) and depositional features (slumps, slides, fans). High resolution seabed data recorded during the surveys will promptly be made available for site selection and cruise planning. The acoustic surveys will be carried out by three operators in a 24/7 shift mode. PaleoDrake – Water and plankon survey PI: S. Trimborn (AWI) The proposed work involves chemical and biological methods to isolate and purify DOC, bacteria and viruses. In addition, incubation experiments will be conducted to assess the bioavailability and chemistry, as well as the limitation imposed on phytoplankton by Fe, Zn, Co, and Mn and measure their impact on bacterial dynamics. We propose to conduct the incubation experiments in two open ocean, high nutrient low chlorophyll (HNLC) regions and two coastal sites close to the Western Antarctic Peninsula using the same initial batch of trace metal clean (TMC) seawater: Bacterial and viruses isolation Natural community of viruses specific of the DOC-producing host will be concentrated by tangential ultrafiltration (100 kDa cut-off). Bacteria will be isolated using a sterile 10 L Niskin X bottle deployed on the regular rosette using ethanol rinses. The selection of bacterial candidates will be realized following a phenotypic screening on agar plate kept in a fridge. A specific agar media with a low N/C ratio will allow us to determine the probable EPSexcreting bacteria by selecting the most mucoid strains. This biological material will then be characterized back at the University of Geneva and used to produce large quantity of bacterial EPS, measure viral degradation rates of EPS isolated at sea including impact for Fe biogeochemistry. This data will thus be vital to complement information gathered at sea. DOC isolation Large volume (1000 L) of 0.2 micron filtered water will be collected to isolate natural organic matter (NOM) larger than 100 kDa contributing to small organic particle and colloids. The role of such compounds on Fe biogeochemistry has been widely recognised. This NOM will then be used in incubation experiments at sea and brought back for further work in the laboratory in order to revel the nature of marine DOC with respect to Fe biogeochemistry. For that purpose state-of-the art techniques will be collaboratively used at AWI and Uni Geneva. Assessing the effect of EPS on Fe microbial recycling and the physiological status of phytoplankton in contrasted regions of the SO The effect of freshly isolated EPS amendments on Fe bioavailability, the bacterial and phytoplankton community composition and productivity will be assessed using 24h up to 4-5 days in-situ experiments on size-fractionated planktonic communities (pre-filtered on a 200 μm mesh: large and small phytoplankton as well as bacterioplankton). The organic carbon source used for heterotrophic bacteria and Fe binding ligands will be saccharides, EPS (a form of DOC) and a widely studied siderophore (desferrioxamine B). The bioavailability for the bacterio- and phytoplankton community of the different forms of Fe will be determined using 55Fe uptake rates and sequential filtration. Growth will be measured using flow cytometry for bacteria and POC for phytoplankton. The structure of the plankton community will be described as above using flow cytometry, HPLC, and by light microscopy. In-situ Fe limitation will be assessed using Fv/Fm and Fe uptake rates. Fe chemistry and dissolved trace metal concentrations will also be determined. As different phytoplankton species, have different requirement for Fe, and possibly varying uptake strategies, the bioavailability of Fe to the natural phytoplankton population cannot be directly compared between sites. In order to be able to quantitatively compare data from the selected contrasted regions, the impact of all the EPS isolated on Fe bioavailability will be addressed using model species of phytoplankton in controlled laboratory experiments. Impact of Fe limitation on Si and Zn isotopic signature Because diatoms are a dominating phytoplankton group in the SO and the Si associated with their frustules is slow to remineralize, the SO acts as an Si trap with consequences for the global Si distribution. Thus Fe limitation, by controlling the growth of diatoms across the SO, has also consequences for the global Si distribution and primary productivity. Zn may also also be impacted as it is required for the biological uptake of Si. Here, we will check how Fe enrichment affects the isotopic signatures of Si and Zn following 5 days incubations. As isotopic signatures can be used to track processes, comparison of our results with isotopic signatures measured worldwide will provide a unique insight of the influence of Fe limitation in the SO at large. Incubation experiments with Fe, light and pCO2 Shipboard perturbation experiments with natural phytoplankton communities from the Drake Passage will be performed to address the question of how CO2-related changes in carbonate chemistry (e.g. ocean acidification) in combination with Fe and light limitation will affect primary productivity and phytoplankton species composition. Therefore, incubations of natural assemblages will be exposed to CO2 levels of present-day (390 μatm), and those projected for the year 2100 (750 μatm). To elucidate the impact of light, experiment will be conducted under light-limiting (20 μmol m-2 s-1) and saturating (100 μmol m-2 s-1) conditions. These shipboard perturbation experiments will be run for 3 weeks. The experiments will be run in a temperature-controlled growth chamber (2 C) with a constant daylight irradiance of 20 or 100 μmol m-2 s-1. Nitrate, silicate and phosphate concentrations will be measured daily over the course of the experiments. Using a fast repetition rate fluorometer (FRRF, Chelsea) Fv/Fm of all incubations will be regularly measured to determine the physiological state of the cells. At the beginning and the end of each dilution, taxonomic species composition and cell density will be determined. While pH will be measured on-board on a regular basis, samples for alkalinity and DIC will be stored at 4 °C and analyzed at the AWI. Samples for chlorophyll a, biogenic silica (BSi), particulate and dissolved organic carbon (POC and DOC, respectively) as well as pigments will be taken. Samples for dissolved Fe concentrations and Fe chemical and redox speciation will be taken and analyzed using ICP-MS and CLE-AdSV at the AWI. Ligands regulating the bioavailability of Fe will be identified using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS). Molecular characterization of NOM and potential ligands will be performed for selected experimental samples using ultrahigh resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS). Humic acid like substances, Fe chemical and redox speciation will be analysed by CLE-AdCSV. This is to explore the link between Fe chemistry and its bioavailability. Incubation experiments with Fe and light To investigate how the availability of light influences phytoplankton growth and community composition in the iron-limited Drake Passage as well as in the naturally iron-enriched coastal waters of the WAP short-term shipboard perturbation experiments will be carried out. These short-term shipboard perturbation experiments will be run for 7-12 days. Phytoplankton incubations will be exposed to undersaturating (20 μE), saturating (100 μE) and oversaturating (250 μE) irradiance. All light treatments will be carried out either under the natural Fe concentration or after addition of 1 nM inorganic Fe. Effects will be assessed using the same parameters described for the experiments with Fe, light and pCO2. Incubation experiments with Fe, Zn, Co, Mn and vitamin B12 This research project aims to identify whether Zn, Co, Mn and B12 are limiting or co-limiting with Fe primary productivity or shape plankton community composition in different regions of the SO. For identification of the limiting (or co-limiting) trace metal/vitamin, short-term shipboard perturbation experiments with natural phytoplankton communities will be carried using single or multiple trace metal additions. Target regions will be the Drake Passage and the Scotia Sea. These short-term shipboard perturbation experiments will be run for 5-7 days. To promote phytoplankton growth triplicate bottles will be amended with either 2 nM inorganic Fe,,4 nM Zn, 100 pM Co, 1 nM Mn, 100pM B12. In order to assess potential colimitation with Fe, in HNLC waters the later compounds will also be added in conjunction with Fe. The same set of parameters will be taken as described for the incubation experiments with Fe, light and pCO2. Additionally, samples will be taken to determine the cellular quota of Fe, Zn, Co and Mn by ICP-MS. In situ sampling at 15 stations To detect trace metal co-limitation, we will sample 15 locations in the HNLC as well as in the coastal waters along the WAP. Using a GoFlo bottle, 20L TMC seawater will be sampled from 20 m depth. From this water, phytoplankton community composition and productivity will be determined. To identify potential trace metal limitation, also samples for cellular quota of Fe, Zn, Co and Mn by ICP-MS will be taken. Theomotectonic and glacial evolution of crustal fragments around the Scotia Sea PI: C. Spiegel (U Bremen) Supported by the helicopters onboard of Polarstern, we plan to take basement samples along the Strait of Magellan, i.e., to both sides of the Magallanes Fault Zone. This part of the sampling will be carried out in close contact with the Geodesy working group around Mirko Scheinert. Furthermore, we will collect rock samples for thermochronological analyses from several islands off western Chile, namely Isla Recalada, Isla Noir, and Isla Hermite, in cooperation with the Paleoclimatology working group around Rolf Kilian, and also from Isla de los Estados. Sampling for thermochronology and for cosmogenic nuclide analysis will take place on several of the South Shetland Islands (presumably King George, Nelson, Robert, Greenwich and Livingston Islands) and around Elephant Island (Elephant, Clarence, Seal, Cornwallis, Gibbs Islands). To obtain additional information on the erosion history of other continental fragments of the Scotia Sea, we also plan to analyse coarse clastic detritus retrieved from box corers (or, alternatively, Piston or Gravity corers) along Burdwood and Davis Bank, and close to the Malvinas Plateau and the Patagonia and Antarctic Peninsula margins. Repeated GNSS measurements in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula to investigate neotectonics PI: M. Scheinert (TU Dresden) All locations will be reached by helicopter. Out of the seven sites in the Antarctic Peninsula region we plan to occupy four to five sites, while the sites ESP1 and MAR1 are out of reach within this cruise. In Chile, one site (BFIT) will be re-observed and up to seven new stations shall be set up. They will be chosen in such a way to find an optimum position due to geological conditions and free visibility over the horizon. The GPS equipment will be set up and remain at each location to observe permanently for 3 days at least. A close coordination with the activities of the other groups operating on land is anticipated in order to realize the works in an economic way. The geodetic group will consist of two scientists based at TU Dresden. ISOPOL PI: M.Werner (AWI): Within the framework of ISOPOL relevant fractionation processes during the evaporation of ocean water will be investigated. For this purpose, the isotopic composition of water vapor will be automatically and continually analyzed by a laser-based spectrometer, which has recently been installed on board of FS Polarstern. In addition, a daily water sample (approx. 20ml) will be taken and analyzed (these analyses will be performed at a later stage in the isotope lab of AWI Potsdam). Technical maintenance of the laser spectrometer and the water sampling will be handled by an AWI scientist during the whole period of cruises PS96 and PS97.

Aircrat Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Helicopter service
Category:
Period From: 18/12/2015
Period To: 05/04/2016
Remarks: PI: E. Herr (HeliService International) Helicopter service during PS 96 and PS97 PS 96: Ice survey, Heli-CTS (ca. 120h); Neumayer and Drescher supply (ca. 30h); Support for work on sea ice (ca 24 h) PS 97: Ice survey (ca 20h); Application of GPS stations (ca. 40h)
Type: POLAR 5 – operations
Category:
Number Of Flights: 7
Period From: 01/11/2015
Period To: 19/02/2016
Remarks: PI: D. Steinhage Logistic flights (ca. 60 h) - Support of campaign at Recovery Glacier (ca. 10h) - Support of FISP project (in cooperation with BAS): 40h - Support of the work around Naumayer and Kohnen Stations (ca. 10h), e.g. inter-station logistics flights
Departure Date Route Purpose
01 Nov 2015 Ferry to Rothera
10 Nov 2015 Logistics FISS, Rothera, Union Glacier
04 Dec 2015 configuration, Novo airfield
10 Dec 2015 Survey flights, Novo airfield, Neumayer, Kohnen
06 Jan 2016 De-configuration, Novo airfield
09 Jan 2016 Logistics, Novo airfield, Neumayer, Kohnen, Union Glacier, Rothera
09 Feb 2016 Ferry to Calgary
Type: POLAR 5 - science
Category:
Period From: 01/11/2015
Period To: 09/02/2016
Remarks: PI: Tobias Binder, AWI Target of the aerogeophysical survey flights are selected glaciers and areas in Dronning Maud Land such as Potsdam Glacier, Jutulstraumen, the region around Kohnen station, Halvfarryggen, Søråsen, the ice shelves in front of Dronning Maud Land. The instrumentation on the survey flights consists of ice penetrating radar systems, laser scanner, and optical cameras. Scientific flights ca 60 h It is planned to conduct repeat measurements, to derive mass changes: - Jutulstraumen Glacier: grounding line and shear zones - Potsdam Glacier: surface layers - Fimbul Ice Shelf: Subglacial channels - Kohnen: Subglacial water, bottom ice topography, faults in layering - Halvarryggen: Subglacial topography in relation to surface topography

Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
Operator:
Name: Arved Fuchs
Contact Address: Reiherstieg 2, D-24576 Bad Bramstedt
Email Address: mail@arved-fuchs.de
Website Address: http://www.arved-fuchs.de/
Name of Vessel: Dagmar Aaen
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 9
Maximum Passengers: 0
Remarks: Sailing Expedition in the course of Project "Ocean Change": http://www.arved-fuchs.de/expeditionen/ocean-change
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
20 Jan 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile 25 Feb 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Fildes Peninsula, King George Island Latitude: 62º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date27/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Orne Harbour Latitude: 64º 37´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°28´S Longitude: 66°39´W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Stonington Island Latitude: 68º 11´ 00´´ S Longitude: 67º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Galindez Island Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Smith Island Latitude: 62°59´S Longitude: 62°30´W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Fildes Peninsula, King George Island Latitude: 62º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors9
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Bernhard Moser
Contact Address: Josef Speckbacherstraße 10a, 6112 Wattens, Österreich
Email Address: mb@itakka.at
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Casa
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 3
Maximum Passengers: 0
Remarks: Private Sailing trip to Westantarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
01 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 29 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 46´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Livingston Island Latitude: 62°36´S Longitude: 60°30´W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date20/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 64°01´W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Wiencke Island/Jougla Point & Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors3
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Dr. Hans Müller
Contact Address: Schönbrunnerstraße 28, 81245 München
Email Address: dr-hans-mueller@gmx.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Alkyone
Country of Registry: Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 7
Maximum Passengers: 0
Remarks: Private Sailing Cruise to Westantarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
15 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina or Puerto Williams, Chile 15 Feb 2016 Port Stanley, Falklands

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/10/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Arthur Harbour, Palmer basin Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesExtended Walk, Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
ActivitiesExtended Walk
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point/Gonzalez Videla Station Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pendulum Cove Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 36´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Admiralty Bay Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 48´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors7
Activities
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hanse Explorer GmbH & Co KG
Contact Address: Hermann-Hollerith-Str. 10, 28355 Bremen
Email Address: HanseExplorer@hp-shipping.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Hanse Explorer
Country of Registry: Antigua and Barbuda
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 16
Maximum Passengers: 12
Remarks: 3 Voyages along the Antarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
04 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 18 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date07/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesFilming Activity
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date08/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesFilming
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date09/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesFilming
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°20´S Longitude: 56°45´W
Visit Date10/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°20´S Longitude: 56°45´W
Visit Date11/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°20´S Longitude: 56°45´W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesFilming
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesFilming
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesFilming
Duration of landing
22 Dec 2015 King George Island, Antarctica 02 Jan 2016 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62°05´S Longitude: 58°15´W
Visit Date22/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date23/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Weddell Sea Latitude: 72°00´S Longitude: 45°00´W
Visit Date24/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date25/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date26/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date27/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date28/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Grandidier Channel Latitude: 65°32´S Longitude: 64°39´W
Visit Date29/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°57´S Longitude: 60°38´W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
02 Jan 2016 King George Island, Antarctica 19 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Weddell sea Latitude: 64º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date07/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date08/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date09/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date10/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date11/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Grandidier Channel Latitude: 65°32´S Longitude: 64°39´W
Visit Date12/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Vernadsky station Latitude: 65º 14´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64°20´S Longitude: 62°55´W
Visit Date16/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
ActivitiesWhale watching
Duration of landing
23 Jan 2016 King George Island, Antarctica 06 Feb 2016 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbor Latitude: 63º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbor Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date27/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Kayaking, Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date28/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date29/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date30/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Grandidier Channel Latitude: 65°32´S Longitude: 64°39´W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing
Site Name: Booth Island Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 64°01´W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Kayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities: Passenger Exchange
Duration of landing
06 Feb 2016 King George Island, Antarctica 18 Feb 2016 King George Island, Antarctica

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing
Site Name: Antarctic Sound Latitude: 63°26´S Longitude: 56°39´W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64°09´S Longitude: 60°53´W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Crystal Sound Latitude: 66°23´S Longitude: 66°30´W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Marguerite Bay Latitude: 68°30´S Longitude: 68°30´W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Grandidier Channel Latitude: 65°32´S Longitude: 64°39´W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Argentine Islands Latitude: 65°15´S Longitude: 64°16´W
Visit Date14/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesStation Visit
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Coast Latitude: 64°42´S Longitude: 62°00´W
Visit Date16/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesKayaking
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island Latitude: 62°55´S Longitude: 60°40´W
Visit Date17/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: King George Island Latitude: 62º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 58º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors
ActivitiesPassenger Exchange
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Hanse Explorer GmbH & Co KG
Contact Address: Hermann-Hollerith-Str. 10, 28355 Bremen
Email Address: HanseExplorer@hp-shipping.de
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: Hanse Explorer
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: French Film team (Fidélité Films) will be abord the yacht Hanse Explorer to shoot scenes for the feature film "The Odyssey", use of UAV is planned. Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 until 18.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Austrian journalist Waltraud Dengel will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica for an article in the Austrian newspaper "Kronen Zeitung" Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Swiss journalist Yvonne Beck will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica for an article in the Swiss magazine "Prestige" Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS BREMEN
Country of Registry: Nassau/Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 105
Maximum Passengers: 164
Remarks:
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
02 Dec 2015 Punta Arenas, Chile 20 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station Latitude: 60º 73´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 73´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors138
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:55 - 15:45
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors150
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing23:55 - 02:35
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date14/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors119
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:20 - 14:20
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors141
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:25 - 20:30
Site Name: Damoy Point/Dorian Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors115
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing13:45 - 15:45
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors111
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:35 - 22:05
Site Name: Snow Island Latitude: 62°46´S Longitude: 61°23´W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors123
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing16:25 - 19:00
20 Dec 2015 Ushuaia/Argentina 07 Jan 2016 Ushuaia/Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date30/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors154
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors147
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing23:03 - 02:00
Site Name: D'Urville Monument Latitude: 63º 25´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 18´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors131
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing17:30 - 19:50
Site Name: Wilhelmina Bay Latitude: 64°38´S Longitude: 62°04´W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors247
Activities: Ship Cruise
Duration of landing11:00 - 13:00
Site Name: Orne Harbour Latitude: 64º 37´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 32´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors143
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing15:32 - 17:45
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors158
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:25 - 14:53
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors118
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing18:40 - 21:25
Site Name: Whalers Bay - Deception Island Latitude: 62º 95´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 63´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors142
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing10:55 - 13:34
07 Jan 2016 Ushuaia/Argentina 25 Jan 2016 Ushuaia/Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date17/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors144
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:00 - 15:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors157
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:00 - 21:30
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors244
ActivitiesShip Cruise
Duration of landing14:30 - 16:20
Site Name: Whalers Bay - Deception Island Latitude: 62º 95´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 63´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors137
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 22:00
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors147
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Paradise Harbour Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors122
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing12:30 - 15:30
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors118
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing20:00 - 23:30
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°15´S Longitude: 62°40´W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors145
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing20:30 - 23:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors158
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:30 - 16:00
25 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 12 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 63º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors144
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:30 - 14:45
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors149
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 22:45
Site Name: Esperanza Station Latitude: 63º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors150
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:30 - 16:15
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors138
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:45 - 22:30
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors135
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:30 - 15:15
Site Name: Paradise Harbour Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors148
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing11:25 - 14:45
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors148
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:40 - 23:00
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors128
Activities: Small Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:15 - 16:00
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64°19´S Longitude: 62°57´W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors133
Activities: Small Boat Cruising
Duration of landing20:30 - 22:45
12 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 02 Mar 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Latitude: 60º 45´ 00´´ S Longitude: 44º 44´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors158
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing13:00 - 16:30
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors148
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing21:45 - 00:00
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 53´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 91´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors123
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:30 - 22:30
Site Name: Whalers Bay, Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 39´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors160
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:30 - 14:30
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 36´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 58´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors157
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing18:10 - 21:30
Site Name: Goudier Island Latitude: 64º 83´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 50´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors164
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing12:25 - 16:30
Site Name: Prospect Point Latitude: 66°00´S Longitude: 65°21´W
Visit Date27/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors61
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing19:45 - 20:35
Site Name: Paradise Harbour Latitude: 64°51´S Longitude: 62°54´W
Visit Date28/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors147
ActivitiesSmall Boat Cruising
Duration of landing18:30 - 21:00
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors156
ActivitiesSmall Boat Landing
Duration of landing11:30 - 15:00

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: Austrian journalist Monika Unegg will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries about expedition cruises in Antarctica for the Austrian Press Agency Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry:
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew:
Maximum Passengers:
Remarks: GermanTravel-Blogger Inka Chall will be aboard HAN1523 to make enquiries for her blog Journey lasts from 04.12.2015 to 22.12.2015
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader

Operator:
Name: Hapag-Lloyd Kreuzfahrten GmbH
Contact Address: Ballindamm 25, D-20095 Hamburg, Germany
Email Address:
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: MS HANSEATIC
Country of Registry: Bahamas
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 130
Maximum Passengers: 188
Remarks: All Voyages to Westantarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
15 Nov 2015 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 04 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date25/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date26/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Astrolabe Island Latitude: 63°19´S Longitude: 58°41´W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Mikkelsen Harbor Latitude: 63º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/11/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Aitcho Islands Latitude: 62º 24´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 46´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Latitude: 63º 00´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
04 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 22 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date15/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cierva Cove Latitude: 64º 09´ 00´´ S Longitude: 61º 07´ 00´´ W
Visit Date16/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Lemaire Channel Latitude: 65°05´S Longitude: 63°59´W
Visit Date17/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/12/2015
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
22 Dec 2015 Ushuaia, Argentina 10 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date01/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Devil Island Latitude: 63º 48´ 00´´ S Longitude: 57º 17´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Half Moon Island Latitude: 62º 35´ 00´´ S Longitude: 59º 56´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
10 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 28 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date20/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date23/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date24/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date25/01/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
28 Jan 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 15 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paulet Island Latitude: 55º 12´ 00´´ S Longitude: 55º 47´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62º 39´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 38´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Yalour Islands Latitude: 65º 14´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date11/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Melchior Islands Latitude: 64º 19´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 57´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date12/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities
Duration of landing
15 Feb 2016 Ushuaia, Argentina 06 Mar 2016 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Hannah Point Latitude: 62°39´S Longitude: 60°37´W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date18/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Paradise Bay Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Danco Island Latitude: 64º 44´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 37´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Neko Harbour Latitude: 64º 50´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 33´ 00´´ W
Visit Date19/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Yalour Islands Latitude: 65º 14´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date20/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Brown Bluff Latitude: 63º 32´ 00´´ S Longitude: 56º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date21/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Point Wild Latitude: 61º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 54º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date22/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Orcadas Station  Latitude:  Longitude: 
Visit Date23/02/2016
This visit includes landingNo  Number of visitors
Activities: 
Duration of landing

Operator:
Name: Wolf Kloss, Turismo SIM Ltd
Contact Address: Calle Maragaño 168, P.O. Box 6, Puerto Williams, XII Region, Chile
Email Address: base@simexpeditions.com
Website Address:
Name of Vessel: S/Y SANTA MARIA AUSTRALIS
Country of Registry: Berlin, Germany
Number of Voyages:
Maximum Crew: 2
Maximum Passengers: 9
Remarks: 3 Voyages along the Antarctic Peninsula
Voyages:  
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Expedition Leader
07 Dec 2015 Port Stanley, Falklands 20 Dec 2015 Grytviken, South Georgia

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61°08´S Longitude: 55°07´W
Visit Date12/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Elephant Island Latitude: 61°08´S Longitude: 55°07´W
Visit Date13/12/2015
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
25 Jan 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile 15 Feb 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date30/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island, Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date31/01/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date02/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date03/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date05/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Galindez Island, Argentine Islands Archipelago, Antarctic Peninsula Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 15´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64º 20´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date10/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities: 
Duration of landing
22 Feb 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile 14 Mar 2016 Puerto Williams, Chile

Visited Sites:  View in Google Earth Map
Site Name: Whalers Bay/Deception Island Latitude: 62º 59´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date27/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Deception Island, Telefon Bay Latitude: 62º 56´ 00´´ S Longitude: 60º 40´ 00´´ W
Visit Date28/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Foyn Harbour Latitude: 64º 55´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 02´ 00´´ W
Visit Date29/02/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Cuverville Island Latitude: 64º 41´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 34´ 00´´ W
Visit Date01/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Waterboat Point Latitude: 64°49´S Longitude: 62°51´W
Visit Date02/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Almirante Brown Latitude: 64º 54´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 52´ 00´´ W
Visit Date03/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Charcot Latitude: 65º 04´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 00´ 00´´ W
Visit Date04/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Galindez Island, Argentine Islands Archipelago, Antarctic Peninsula Latitude: 65º 15´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 16´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Pleneau Island Latitude: 65º 06´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 04´ 00´´ W
Visit Date06/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Petermann Island Latitude: 65º 10´ 00´´ S Longitude: 64º 10´ 00´´ W
Visit Date07/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Port Lockroy Latitude: 64º 49´ 00´´ S Longitude: 63º 30´ 00´´ W
Visit Date08/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing
Site Name: Dallmann Bay Latitude: 64º 20´ 00´´ S Longitude: 62º 55´ 00´´ W
Visit Date09/03/2016
This visit includes landingYes  Number of visitors12
Activities
Duration of landing

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
Expedition Name: Documentary about research and life at Bellingshausen Station 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: via DAP
Activities: documentary about reseearch and life at Bellingshausen Station and surrounding stations
Number of Participants: 3
Date begin: 15 Nov 2015
Date end: 28 Feb 2016
Number of personnel: 3
Operator:
Name: Studio Tag und Arbeit/Schöfett Filme
Contact Address: Taunusstr. 5, 51105 Köln
Email Address: katharina.huber@outlook.com
Website Address:
Remarks: Documentary about the life and research activities at Bellingshausen Station and the surrounding stations and also filming during the Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2015/2016 of the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
Location of Activities
Routes:
Expedition Name: Processing video clips by using UAV 
Method of transportation to/within/from Antarctica: via DROMLAN
Activities: Aircraft Flight
Number of Participants: 1
Date begin: 01 Dec 2015
Date end: 29 Feb 2016
Number of personnel: 1
Operator:
Name: Alfred-Wegener-Institut
Contact Address: Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven
Email Address:
Website Address: www.awi.de
Remarks: Processing video clips from Neumayer III station and its surrounding by using UAV (microcopter) for non-scientific purposes; Lars Grübner (AWI)
Location of Activities
Neumayer Station III
Routes:

Denial of Authorizations
Area Protection and Management Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/367
Number of people permitted: 5
Permit Period: From:  25 Nov 2015   To:  28 Feb 2016
Purpose: Counting and mapping birds and seals; capturing, measuring and banding skuas.
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2015/2016; Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena)
ASPA: Number:  125    Name:  Fildes Peninsula, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94004-4/55
Number of people permitted: 3
Permit Period: From:  20 Dec 2015   To:  28 Feb 2016
Purpose: Documentary about the life and research activities at Bellingshausen Station and the surrounding stations and also filming during the Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2015/2016 of the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: documentary about reseearch and life at Bellingshausen Station and surrounding stations
ASPA: Number:  150    Name:  Ardley Island, Maxwell Bay, King George Island (25 de Mayo) (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/367
Number of people permitted: 8
Permit Period: From:  15 Nov 2015   To:  28 Feb 2016
Purpose: Counting, mapping and filming birds and seals; capturing, measuring and banding birds.
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Fildes Peninsula Expedition 2015/2016; Hans-Ulrich Peter (University of Jena)
ASPA: Number:  163    Name:  Dakshin Gangotri Glacier, Dronning Maud Land (More Details)
Permit Number: 94003-3/361
Number of people permitted:
Permit Period: From:  01 Nov 2015   To:  28 Feb 2016
Purpose: Flying over the ASPA with fixed-wing plane.
Summary of activities:
Event or project name/number: Aerophysical measurements and remote sensing 2015/16; Tobias Binder (AWI)
Aircrat Report
General Report