ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Czech Republic
2011/2012 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: The full membership in SCAR and COMNAP for the Czech National Centre for Polar Regions Research is planned
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Pavel Kapler
Job Title or Position: Czech Antarctic Programme Executive Officer
Phone: +420-549-49-6829
Email: kapler@sci.muni.cz
Details/Description: The full membership in SCAR and COMNAP for the Czech National Centre for Polar Regions Research is planned - hopefully since 2013.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: The permanent offer of scientific as well as logistic co-operation with the Czech National Antarctic Programme in the James Ross Island area
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Pavel Kapler
Job Title or Position: Czech Antarctic Programme Executive Officer
Phone: +420-549-49-6829
Email: kapler@sci.muni.cz
Details/Description: All interested parties are welcomed!
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Glaciology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Daniel Nyvlt (Czech Geological Survey, Prague), Dr. Kamil Laska (Masaryk University, Brno), Dr. Zdenek Stachon (Masaryk University, Brno), Dr. Vitezslav Vlcek (Masaryk University, Brno)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Glaciological research was performed at the Davies Dome ice cap and Whisky Glacier. At these two glaciers, ablation/accumulation rates were evaluated using bamboo poles and GPS. Snow water equivalent was estimated using snow tubes. The collected data allowed determination of glacier volumes that are used for mass balance determination. A part of the field work was performed in co-operation with British glaciologists operating at James Ross Island (Monolith Lake field camp). Yearly data (2011-12) on the microclimate of both glaciers were downloaded from the automatic weather stations located (1) at the top of the Davies Dome ice cap (530 m a.s.l.) and (2) the upper part of the Whisky Glacier (356 m a.s.l.). The automatic weather stations were partly repaired and adjusted to actual height of snow accumulations. Energy supply to the automatic weather stations was provided by high-capacity batteries supplemented with external photovoltaic panels.
Link (URL): http://polar.sci.muni.cz/en/research/research-at-station/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Feb 2012   To:  08 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Geochemistry and terrestrial water analyses
Principal Investigator: Dr. Jitka Mikova (Czech Geological Survey, Prague & Masaryk University, Brno)
Main Activity/ Remarks: During the 2011-2012 expedition, researcher from Czech Geological Survey performed detailed geochemical sampling of the Torrent Valley, Monolith Lake and Stream with Phormidium Lake in Brandy Bay and area around Johann Gregor Mendel Base on the James Ross Island. Sampling sites were selected in respect to lithology of bedrock with different geochemical and isotopic composition. The research program focused on the geochemical conditions of weathering processes in deglaciated regions of the island. One of the objectives was to locate the sources of base cations in glacial lakes and meltwater streams. Isotopic composition of Sr in samples will be used as tracer of possible contributing sources in order to study the weathering processes of bedrock. Furthermore, total silicate and chemical analyses will be carried out in these samples to know the content of base cations and other compounds along the isotopic values. Sampling on selected sites consisted of collecting water, stream sediments, rocks, snow and glaciers. Basic hydrochemical parameters were measured onsite (pH, conductivity). All collected samples were taken to the Czech Republic for further investigation in Czech Geological Survey laboratory facility. The separation of Sr from rock and water samples will be done according to Míková and Denková (2007). Sr isotope determinations will be performed on solid-source thermal ionization multicollector mass spectrometer (Finnigan MAT 232) or on high-resolution multicollector ICP-MS (Thermo Neptune). The results of this study promise to provide detailed information about weathering processes of bedrock which is a key nutrient resource of the study area.
Link (URL): http://www.geology.cz/portal/page/portal/shared/j/jitka.mikova
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Feb 2012   To:  08 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Limnology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Linda Nedbalova (Charles University, Prague) & Katerina Kopalova (Charles University, Prague)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The limnological study was carried out in selected lakes of the Ulu peninsula, Lake Lachman I and Lake Lachman II in particular. Data on yearly course of water temperature were downloaded from the datalogger permanently installed in Lake Lachman I. Moreover, new long-term monitoring site was established in a small water reservoir close to the Panorama pass. The focus of this site is on the temperature profile in a water column of a shallow, small-in-volume water reservoir. During the expedition, repeated measurements of dissolved oxygen were carried out in all the above-specified lakes in order to evaluate variability related to prevailing weather. The measurements were done by the use of Clark oxygen electrode each week.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  02 Feb 2012   To:  08 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
James Ross Island
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Parasitology
Principal Investigator: Dr. Sarka Masova (Masaryk University, Brno)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Initial parasitology research sample was performed. Taken samples of parasites of fish (Trematomus, Nototheniidae) and excrements of sea mammals (seals) and birds (skua, penguin). As the initial research attempt seems to be very promising, further continuance is expected.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  06 Feb 2012   To:  03 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station

Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Meteorology, climatology
Principal Investigator: Kamil Laska, Institute of Geography of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: In climatologic research, data download and maintenance of 9 automatic weather stations (AWS) situated at James Ross Island was done. Main objective was to continue a long-term monitoring of various abiotic factors as well as investigations of spatiotemporal variability of the climatic conditions of the Ulu Peninsula. Another objective was to explain the processes leading to regional atmospheric warming and to determine relief influences on air masses transformation and boundary layer processes. The data files were stored and checked briefly. However, final processing of data sets and their verification will be carried out in the Czech Republic. Special attention was paid to services of the solar radiation sensors and devices (pyranometers, PAR radiometers, UV radiometer and UVB-Biometer), which are situated at the J. G. Mendel station. Yearly data on global, UV-A, UV-B, PAR radiation were downloaded from particular sensors linked to dataloggers. Prediction of the erythemally effective UVB radiation and evaluation of the influences of atmospheric factors (ozone concentration, optical air mass, aerosols, etc.) was studied with the help of nonlinear modelling approach.
Link (URL): http://polar.sci.muni.cz/en/research/research-at-station/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  31 Jan 2012   To:  08 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Analytical chemistry
Principal Investigator: Ondrej Zverina, MSc. (Masaryk University, Brno)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Initial chemistry research sample was performed to investigate the content of heavy metals in the Antarctic environment. Taken samples of rocks, sediments and lichens. As the initial research attempt seems to be promising, further continuance is expected.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  03 Feb 2012   To:  06 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Plant Stress Physiology
Principal Investigator: Prof. Milos Bartak (Masaryk University, Brno), Dr. Peter Vaczi (Masaryk University, Brno)
Main Activity/ Remarks: In-situ long-term measurements of photosynthetic activity of moss species (Bryum sp.) exploits permanent installations of fluorometers that use a saturation pulse method to estimate diurnal courses of photosynthesis. Effective quantum yield of photosynthetic processes in photosystem II was measured in 15 min step for whole 2011. Yearly data set of photosystem II was downloaded in February 2012 and partly processed and analyzed during expedition. Simultaneously, microclimate data were recorded and downloaded for the experimental plots at which the fluorometers are located. In this way, importance of particular physical factor for moss photosynthesis, electron transport rate of photosynthetic processes in particular was evaluated. Data from 2011-12 were downloaded and yearly courses of photosynthetic activity analyzed.
Link (URL): http://polar.sci.muni.cz/en/research/research-at-station/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  02 Feb 2012   To:  07 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number:
Discipline: Human stress physiology
Principal Investigator: Prof. Pavel Sevcik, M.D. (Masaryk University, Brno) & Kristian Brat, M.D. (Masaryk University, Brno)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Human stress physiology research within Antarctic climate conditions was investigated - the initial study concerning the monitoring of the Czech expedition members´ blood pressure and blood sampling. First results (based on comparison with values during the members´ regular lives out of the Antarctica) imply the significant stress factor increase during the time of expedition. Further research expected.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Feb 2012   To:  08 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station

Project Name/Number: Monitoring of dissolved oxygen content in lake Lachman, James Ross Island, Antarctica
Discipline: Plant physiology, ecology
Principal Investigator: Milos Bartak, Institute of Experimental Biology of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: A long-term experiment with manipulated warming of vegetation cover using open top chambers (OTCs) was established in 2007. The vegetation cover as well as microclimate in 12 OTCs, located in three contrasting localities of James Ross Island is investigated each year. The localities represents: (A) coastal vegetation oasis, (B) plateau of a table mountain (350 m a.s.l.), and (C) freshly deglaciated area close to glacier margin are investigate. During the 2011-12 expedition, data on microclimatic characteristics of OTCs and control plots from the sites A, B and C were downloaded and analyzed in order to evaluate chamber effect, i.e. OTC-induced temperature shift in a course of a year. Photographs of vegetation inside the OTC were taken using a grid method in order to evaluate growth response to elevated temperature.
Link (URL): http://polar.sci.muni.cz/en/research/research-at-station/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  31 Jan 2012   To:  07 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number: Solar radiation monitoring
Discipline: Meteorology, climatology
Principal Investigator: Kamil Laska, Institute of Geography of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: Since 2006, the measurement of solar UV radiation and the other meteorological observations have been performed at the Mendel Station. From the beginning, special attention is devoted to monitoring of UVA, UVB, erythemally effective UVB, global UV and photosynthetically active radiation. In austral summer 2011-12, maintenance and/or replacement of meteorological instruments, parts of the sensors and their ventilation units were done according to the WMO regulations, instrument service guide. Dismounted radiometers were sent to certificated laboratories of Kipp-Zonen BV and Solar and Ozone Observatory of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute in Hradec Králove for annual calibration and service check. The quality control by several tests and statistical methods were performed on the preliminary data sets.
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  01 Feb 2012   To:  08 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number: Terrestrial vegetation responses to manipulated warming using an OTC approach
Discipline: plant physiology
Principal Investigator: Milos Bartak, Institute of Experimental Biology of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: Large number of samples of organisms was collected from different parts of the island, which differ in degree of colonization. The samples were transferred to Brno, Czech Republic, where they are determined and analyzed using selective culturing, biochemical and molecular biology methods. Field research at James Ross Island proved occurrence of lichen genera Cladonia and Placopsis in some little explored parts of the island.
Link (URL): http://polar.sci.muni.cz/en/research/research-at-station/
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:  02 Feb 2012   To:  05 Mar 2012
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Johann Gregor Mendel Czech Antarctic station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: James Ross Island   Lat: 63º 48´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 53´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 15
Medical Facilities: Medical care maintained by Czech physician; Argentinian Marambio Station (Seymour Island) in case of emergencies.
Remarks / Description:
Operating Period: From: December To: March

Vessels Report
Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Monitoring and follow-up Activities)
Name of Activity: Monitoring of air pollutants content
Location:
Site Name: Mendel Station   63º 46´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 42´ 00´´ W  
Procedures put in Place: Monitoring of air pollutants content continued from previous years - some sampling devices permanently installed in the surroudings of the Mendel Station.
Information Obtained: Research in process, interesting minor sources of air pollution investigated but still nothing important enough to report in the EIA framework.
Actions Taken: None necessary action expected.
Related EIA:
Year 2003   TitleCzech Scientific Station in Antarctic: Construction and Operation
Name of Activity: Monitoring of heavy metals content in the environment
Location:
Site Name: Mendel Station   63º 46´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 42´ 00´´ W  
Procedures put in Place: Monitoring of heavy metals content in the environment was started - sampling of primordial soils, sediments and lichens.
Information Obtained: Research in the process, no significantly danger values identified. No environmental risk or hazard expected.
Actions Taken: None action needed.
Related EIA:
Year 2003   TitleCzech Scientific Station in Antarctic: Construction and Operation

Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Environmental Information - Conservation of Fauna and Flora
A PDF document has been uploaded to provide this information.

Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management plan for the J.G.Mendel Czech Antarctic Station
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship: Mendel Station
Objective:
Implementation Report: The waste management plan for the J.G. Mendel Czech Antarctic Station was prepared and summarized in the Comprehensive Environmental Evaluation for the Czech station. The document is entitled “Czech Scientific Station in Antarctica – Construction and Operation, Czech Republic, January 2004”. From January to March 2012, waste management was performed according to the above-specified waste management plan for the station. All combustible waste was disposed in the Norwegian incinerator (combustion furnace) at temperatures above 1000 deg.C. Incombustible wastes (metal and glass) were stored in barrels with a volume of 200 l and prepared for transport to the mainland. All waste from the short-term field camps were transported and disposed within the infrastructure Mendel Station.
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Pavel Kapler
Job Title or Position: Czech Antarctic Programme Executive Officer
Phone: +420-549-49-6829
Email: kapler@sci.muni.cz

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report