ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Czech Republic
2009/2010 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: In austral summer season Josef Elster, Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Science and University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice participated on the Belgian Microbial Diversity Project – BELDIVA. The following scientist participated on the project: Zorigto Namsaraev, Josef Elster, Steve J. Roberts, Elie Verleyen (field work), Wim Vyverman, Anne Willems, Annick Wilmotte (management in Belgium). The BELDIVA project is aimed at sampling representative habitats (potentially) containing microorganisms in an area of ca. 200 km around the Belgian Princess Elisabeth Station (PES), Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica.
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Daniel Nyvlt
Job Title or Position: Czech Antarctic Programme Head
Phone: 00420-549-49-5846
Email: daniel.nyvlt@seznam.cz
Details/Description: In the 2009-2010 campaign the specific objectives can be summarized as follows: 1. To carry out an exploratory field mission in an area of ca. 50 km around Utsteinen, thereby focussing on the sites and habitats which were less well sampled during the 2008-2009 campaign. This included soil biofilms and cryoconites. 2. To perform an air filtration experiment to assess the importance of wind-driven dispersal by microorganisms 3. To study the photosynthetic efficiency of cold adapted biofilms in response to changes in temperature and the light climate 4. To install Open-Top Chambers (OTC) which will mimic future climate warming and its effect on microbial communities in East Antarctica The field work has been performed in term 09/01/2010 to 10/02/2010. In the vicinity of the Belgian Antarctic Station “Princess Elisabeth” these sites in the Sör Rondane Mountains were visited: Teltet nunatak (2 half-day trips), Vengen ridge – Ketelersbreen glacier - “Dry valley” (1-day trip), Pingvinane nunataks (2X 1-day trip), Petrellnuten (1-day trip), and Tanngarden (2X1-day trip). In the eastern part of Schirmacher Oasis, the these lakes were visited: Zub (near the Indian Maitri station), Pomornika, Smirnova, Melkoye, Chernoye, Krasnoye, Rozovoye, and Poligonovoye. On the northern border of Oasis, the epishelfic Predgornoye lake was visited. Also, several samples from cryoconites were collected from the glacier on the southern border of Oasis.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity
Science Plan/Program/Project: Recent deglaciation of the northern part of James Ross Island, Antarctica
Planned Operating Period: From     To 
Contact Point:
Organisation:
Name: Kamil Laska
Job Title or Position: Climatologist
Phone: 00420-549-49-5750
Email: laska@sci.muni.cz
Details/Description: The project is supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (No. 205/09/1876) in the period 2009-2012.
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Discipline:
Areas of Activity

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: Microclimate monitoring
Discipline: meteorology, climatology
Principal Investigator: Kamil Laska, Institute of Geography of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: At present, seven automatic weather stations are operated in the ice-free area of Ulu Peninsula, James Ross Island. The meteorological stations are situated at different altitudes ranging from the seashore level up to mesas, located hundreds meters above sea level. All sites are in open environments with little or no influence of local topographical factors and terrain inter-shielding. At all localities, there are measured basic meteorological parameters such as air temperature and relative humidity, near surface ground temperatures at depths of 5 to 30 cm. Extended measuring program at the Mendel station and Johnson Mesa station consists of the measurement of incident and reflected global solar radiation, wind speed and direction at 10 m, atmospheric pressure, surface ground temperature, soil heat flux, and soil temperatures at depths of 5 to 150 and 5 to 50 cm respectively. Furthermore, the soil volumetric water content is measured at the depths of 5 and 20 cm in the vicinity of the Mendel station. The above research was performed by K. Laska, M. Bartak, P. Vaczi.
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number: Monitoring of dissolved oxygen content in lake Lachman, James Ross Island, Antarctica
Discipline: physiology, ecology
Principal Investigator: Milos Bartak, Institute of Experimental Biology of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: In 2009/2010 austral summer season, variation in dissolved oxygen content was evaluated by repeated measurements (typically in 3 day intervals) in Lake Lachman, located close to the Cape Lachman (NE of the James Ross Island). The measurements were done by an oxygen electrode linked to control and storing unit. Data were analyzed and related to fluctuations of water temperature as dependent on local microclimate. The above research was performed by M. Bartak and P. Vaczi.
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number: Recent deglaciation of the northern part of James Ross Island, Antarctica
Discipline: climatology, glaciology
Principal Investigator: Kamil Laska, Institute of Geography of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: In 2010 austral summer, glaciological investigation was performed at the Davis Dome and the Whisky Glacier in the territory of Ulu Peninsula. At the both glaciers, snow water equivalent and ablation/accumulation rates were studied using snow tubes, bamboo poles, and GPS instruments. Furthermore, ice thickness measurements of both glaciers were carried out using a ground penetrating radar (GPR) manufactured by MALÅ Geoscience. GPR data allow for determination of glacier volumes which will be used for mass balance investigations. Additionally, two meteorological stations were serviced and enhanced on the Davis Dome ice cap (530 m a.s.l.) and on the upper part of Whisky Glacier (356 m a.s.l.). The fully automatic regime and long-term operation on both stations was supported by additional solar panels and spare batteries. The above research was performed by K. Laska (Masaryk University Brno), D. Nyvlt (Czech Geological Survey) and Z. Engel (Charles University Prague). The project is supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (No. 205/09/1876).
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station
Project Name/Number: Solar radiation monitoring
Discipline: meteorology, climatology
Principal Investigator: Kamil Laska, Institute of Geography of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: Since 2006, the measurement of solar UV radiation and the other meteorological observations have been performed at the Mendel Station. From the beginning, special attention is devoted to monitoring of UVA, UVB, erythemally effective UVB, global UV and photosynthetically active radiation. In austral summer 2010, maintenance and/or replacement of meteorological instruments, parts of the sensors and their ventilation units were done according to the WMO regulations, instrument service guide. Dismounted radiometers were sent to certificated laboratories of Kipp-Zonen BV and Solar and Ozone Observatory of the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute in Hradec Králove for annual calibration and service check. The quality control by several tests and statistical methods were performed on the preliminary data sets.
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station

Project Name/Number: Terrestrial vegetation responses to manipulated warming using an OTC approach
Discipline: physiology
Principal Investigator: Milos Bartak, Institute of Experimental Biology of the Faculty of Science of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic
Main Activity/ Remarks: In 2009/2010 austral summer season, research activities related to manipulated long-term warming of terrestrial vegetation in plexiglass open-top chambers (OTCs) continued. Recently, the OTC installations at the James Ross Island comprise of 12 OTCs located in three different ecosystems: (1) coastal vegetation oasis, (2) plateau of a table mountain (350 m a.s.l.), and (3) freshly deglaciated area close to the glacier margin. During the 2009/2010 expedition, year-round data on the microclimatic characteristics of OTCs and control plots from the experimental sites were downloaded from dataloggers. Later, the data were analyzed in order to evaluate the chamber effect, i.e. OTC-induced temperature shift in the course of a year. Photographs of vegetation cover inside the OTC were taken using a grid method so that the evaluation of growth response to elevated temperature would be possible. Year-round data of photosynthetic performance of a moss Bryum sp. Were downloaded field-installed fluorometers and courses of actual quantum yield of photosynthetic processes analyzed. The above research was performed by M. Bartak and P. Vaczi.
Link (URL): www.sci.muni.cz
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Mendel Station

Station Report
Operational Information - National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Johann Gregor Mendel Czech Antarctic Station
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: James Ross Island   Lat: 63º 48´ 00´´ S   Long: 57º 53´ 00´´ W  
Maximum Population: 14
Medical Facilities: Argentinian Marambio Station, Seymour Island in case of emergencies.
Remarks / Description:
Operating Period: From: January To: March
Name: Princess Elisabeth
Type: Summer
Location:
Site Name: Utsteinen   Lat: 71º 56´ 47´´ S   Long: 23º 20´ 45´´ E  
Maximum Population: 35
Medical Facilities: yes
Remarks / Description:
Operating Period: From: November To: March

Vessels Report
Aircrat Report
Research Rockets Report
Military
Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-Based Operations
Operational Information - Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Aircrat Report
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Environmental Information - Waste Disposal and Waste Management (Waste Management Plans)
Title: Waste management plan for the J.G.Mendel Czech Antarctic Station
Fixed Site/Field Camp/Ship: Johann Gregor Mendel Czech Antarctic Station
Objective:
Implementation Report: The waste management plan for the J.G. Mendel Czech Antarctic Station was prepared and summarized in the Comprehensive Environmental Evaluation for the Czech station. The document is entitled “Czech Scientific Station in Antarctica – Construction and Operation, Czech Republic, January 2004”. From January to March 2010, waste management was performed according to the above-specified waste management plan for the station. All combustible waste was disposed in the Norwegian GOLAR combustion furnace at temperatures above 1000 deg.C. Incombustible wastes (metal and glass) were stored in barrels with a volume of 200 l and prepared for transport to the mainland.

Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
General Report