ATCM
Antarctic Treaty
Electronic Information Exchange System

Party: Brazil
2009/2010 Annual Information
Forward Plans
Scientific Information - Forward Plans
Science Plan/Program/Project: Archaeology of the earliest human occupation in Antarctica (XVIII and XIX centuries)
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: Antarctica was the last continent to be discovered in the early nineteenth-century. In order to become acquainted with the process of incorporation of Antarctica to the scope of the capitalist system we focused on particularity: specifically economy, technological and ideological aspects of everyday life in sealer camps spread along the coastline of the South Shetland Islands. Precisely archaeological research in these Islands provides an approach to the mechanism adopted to organize the first resource exploitation in these lands. The project has investigated the first strategies of human occupation in Antarctica, including the latest scientific occupation, contributing to the integration of Brazil, Argentina and Chile for developing archaeological and anthropological studies in the region. The project aims to train human resources specialized in the subject, mainly students associated with graduate programs in Anthropology and Archaeology of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG and Federal University of Brasilia - UnB. The results seek to expand the historical knowledge of the Antarctic region and strengthen scientific collaboration between neighboring countries in South America.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Benthonic observing systems in southern ocean: marine biodiversity related to evolutionary and oceanographic processes between Antarctica and South America (SOBE)
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The SOBE project has the following purposes: i) to characterize the biogeochemistry composition of the sediments and the benthic community structure in shallow and deep zones in Antarctica seas (Bellingshousen Sea, Weddell-Scotia Confluence and Weddell Sea) and in influence areas of Antarctica Intermediate Water (AIA) and Central Water of South Atlantic (ACAS); ii) to assess the role of the organic composition in the processes of water mass and sediment coupling; iii) to evaluate the relationship between benthonic macro and meso fauna composition and the quality of organic material available in the study areas; iv) to compare the species composition of benthic target groups (i.e. Echinodermata, Porifera, Mollusca, macroalgae and microalgae) and others that may be relevant evidence for biogeography analysis; v) to assess the possible connections between these three study areas in the Antarctic Peninsula region, considering the potential abundance and distribution of some species populations; vi) to identify shared species or genera between the Antarctic Peninsula and South America regions; vii) determine phylogeographic, phylogenetic and phylometabolic patterns for common species on the different studied regions.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Biodiversity, distribution and life cycle of macroalgae and algicola fungi associated to the monitoring of physical, chemical and microbiological indicators on Antarctic Peninsula and adjacent islands
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The project addresses the algal and algicola fungi biodiversity, species life history and distribution in the Antarctic Peninsula and adjacent islands and their relationship with physical, chemical and microbiological water indicators. The study of marine macroalgae biodiversity will be conducted by using morphological and molecular characteristics. Photosynthetic parameters of seaweeds species will be determined and correlated with their phenological characteristics and abiotic parameters. We will describe and compare morphological, ecophysiological and historical indicators of monostromatic chlorophytes along the Antarctic Peninsula. Temperature, salinity, pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and phosphate data will be monitored from the water column around the samples. Also, the rates of Escherichia coli and Enterococus faecalis will be estimated in the water sediments around the EACF and in the seaweed fronds, as well as the concentrations of heavy metals. Finally, the project will produce teaching materials from seaweeds and fungi associated to Brazilian Antarctic Program (PROANTAR) for public school students in Brazil.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Plan/Program/Project: Bioecological studies on penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica, P. Papua and P. adelaide) and Skuas (Catharacta maccormick and C. lonnbergii): determination of micropollutants and stress level by non-invasive sampling methods
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The project intends to determinate the concentrations of micropollutants (persistent organic pollutants - organ chlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and trace-elements - mercury, cadmium and selenium) and levels of stress (corticosterone) on bird communities of Admiralty Bay and other areas of the Antarctic Peninsula, by adopting noninvasive sampling methods. Two species of Skuas (Catharacta maccormicki and C. lonnbergii) and three species of penguins (Pygoscelis antarctica, P. papua and P. adelaide) that occur and reproduce in the Admiralty Bay (King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica) are the main targets of the study. The work collaborates to expand knowledge about the population ecology of these bird species, especially about contamination levels and their implications to the ecology of stress.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Climate of Antarctica and South America (CASA): teleconnection searching through the ice testimony records
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The work proposes to make a paleoenvironmental interpretation of derived time series from ice testimonies collected from the inner continent (85° S) to the northernmost areas (63° S) of Antarctic to evaluate the climate variability from the last 1,000-2,000 years. It intends to investigate the major climatic forcing in the Antarctic region, as well as its relationships with the global climate system and other associated processes. The work also includes making the protocol adaptations for sub-sampling and chemical analysis of ice testimonies in cold and ultra-clean conditions as well as the international technology transferring of automatic and continuous ice melting and sampling methods, developed by the Climate Change Institute from University of Maine, USA. The project also predicts intense exchanges with U.S. and Chile institutions to perform field research in Antarctica and laboratorial tests with methodologies and patterns for snow and ice experiments and analysis non-existents in Brazil.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Comparative Study of Magmatism King George Island, Robert Livingston and Deception, Antarctica
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The work aims to carry out a comparative study of petrology and geochemistry of Meso-Cenozoic volcanic rocks of Deception Island, Fildes Peninsula (King George Island), Coppermine Peninsula (Robert Island) and Byers Peninsula (Livingston Island). It intends to establish connections between the structure of spills and chemical data, allowing the construction of geological vulcanite identities from each island. It also proposes a systematic and periodic analysis of remote sensing images on structural features studies that may reveal geological structures under the ice sheets at different spatial and spectral resolution scales.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Plan/Program/Project: Development of the Submarine Robot LUMA for biodiversity and environmental impact studies in Antarctica
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: This project aims to continue the development of Brazilian remotely operated submarine robot (ROV) called LUMA (Light Underwater Mobile Assets) to assist the characterization studies of marine flora and fauna in Admiralty Bay by using photographic surveys, videos collections, data records and environmental samples (organisms, rocks, sediments). This project has begun in 2007 (project MABIREH / CNPq) in collaboration with the Institute of Biology, UFRJ and the National Institute of Science and Technology of Antarctica Environmental Research (INCT-APA/Ministry of Sci & Tech). The GSCAR, created in 1991, has been developing theoretical and applied research in the areas of industrial processes and robotics. Centered at the Electrical Engineering Department of COPPE, the GSCAR has received the collaboration of other departments, such as the Mechanical Engineering Department and the Ocean Engineering Department. It has also actively interacted with other national and foreign universities and research centers through specific programs (PRONEX/MCT, RECOPE/FINEP), split-PhD programs shared with leading research groups, joint research and student exchange. Underwater robotics has been one of the major activities of the GSCAR, motivated and supported by CENPES/PETROBRAS (Brazilian Oil Company). Actually, the GSCAR brings together 23 people, including tree faculties, all PhDs, two external PhD collaborators, eight D.Sc. students, 10 M.Sc. students, and tree technical staff members. The facilities available for GSCAR include two laboratories with total area about 250m2, one small ROV for inspection, one industrial manipulator ASEA IRB2000, and one helicopter robot. A major building to accommodate six new laboratories in 1800m2 of total area is being designed. With funds provided by PETROBRAS, the construction should be ready by the end of 2010.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Diversity and conservation of Antarctic Cetaceans: habitat use, genetic variability and pollutants monitoring (WHALES PROJECT)
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The main project goal is to determine the genetic and taxonomic diversity of cetaceans in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula. Specifically, it intends to: i) estimate the historical genetic variability of whale; ii) establish connections among humpback whales in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula, in Foguinos Channel and the Strait of Magellan (Chile) in the Atlantic and Pacific coasts in South America, using multiple approaches; iii) to understand the cetacean patterns of habitat use; and iv) to assess and monitor the concentration of pollutants, identifying their possible sources in the area.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Evaluation of biofouling processes by multiple hypotheses
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The study objective is to produce applied scientific knowledge in biofouling processes in Antarctica through the experimental research in the field and in controlled conditions in laboratory. The applications will be driven for preventing and/or controlling fouling growth of undesirable organisms in artificial structures used by humans or as invaders in natural ecosystems. The strategy is to evaluate several related processes of biofouling by testing multiple working hypotheses that enable scientific and technological advances with important economic and environmental applications. Hypotheses will be tested by relating the following processes: i) herbivory; ii) biofouling control; iii) biofouling and biocorrosion.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Plan/Program/Project: Identification of abrupt climate changes in Antarctica during the Upper Quaternary through sedimentary record: Melt Water Pulses
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The project aims to identify in the record along the Upper Quaternary, changes in the Antarctica climate. Special emphasis will be given to the search for evidence in the record of Southern Hemisphere ocurrences pof MWP. To achieve this goal, this study proposes the identification of environmental variations such as changes in sea surface temperature, terrestrial flux and organic material into the marine environment, variations in coastline and identification of climatic events since the late Pleistocene to the present. This will be achieved by means of lithological evidence, ie, organic molecular markers (biomarkers), stable isotopes of carbon, metals, physical parameters such as magnetic susceptibility, fly ash particles, biogenic silica and sedimentation rate. Biological evidence, and benthic foraminifera and diatoms will also be addressed. For this reconstruction of past environmental conditions, sediment cores will be dated using radioisotope 14C. Paleoclimate modeling will be employed to interpret the physical mecanisms associated with the reconstructed data.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Implementing the 234th as a tracer for sources and sinks of trace elements and exported carbon in Bransfield Strait, Antarctic Peninsula - CARBO-THORIUM
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The project goal is to estimate organic carbon flows in the Bransfield Strait and to evaluate their effective role in removing CO2 from the atmosphere to the deep water. Through a multidisciplinary approach, it pretends to track the vertical distributions of trace elements, macro-nutrients and chlorophyll a, essential to the assimilation of inorganic carbon and the formation of particulate organic carbon. The work is being implemented using an isotopic tool based on the use of 234th as the tracer of exported organic carbon flows associated to the trophic water characteristics (nutrients N, P and Si) which also assist on the determination of vertical flow and the identification of water mass below the euphotic layer.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: INTERCEPTION: Micro-scale interactions among ocean, coastal zone and atmosphere on Deception Island, South Shetland Archipelago, Antarctica
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The work will study the interactions in micro scale among the ocean, the coastal zone and the atmosphere at the Deception Island, South Shetland Archipelago, Antarctica. An innovative Brazilian tool has been used for the first time in Antarctica by a group of experts in Antarctic Science, coastal oceanography and meteorology. The work objectives are: i) to describe the synoptic coupling between the atmosphere and the ocean at the study area; ii) to study the temporal and spatial variations of greenhouse gases in Port Foster at Deception Island; iii) to describe the temporal variability of physical variables (air and sea water temperatures, winds, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, relative humidity, and radioactive fluxes) by using a meteo-oceanographic buoy and six mini-buoys (made in Brazil) at Port Foster; iv) to compare estimated fluxes by running Large Eddy Simulation model (LES); v) to describe the space-time variability of surface currents in Port Foster by using Lagrangian buoys tracked by radio (made in Brazil); vi) to describe current and wave profiles in at Port Foster area; and vii) to describe the beach dynamical processes in Deception Island.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Plan/Program/Project: Monitoring project of the upper atmosphere in the Antarctic region and South America
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The project supports the maintenance of the upper atmosphere (ionosphere) monitoring, held at the Brazilian Antarctic Station Comandante Ferraz (EACF) since 1984, responsible for spatial and temporal characterization of the limate impacts on electrodynamics properties and ionosphere behavior in the medium and long term from low to medium latitudes of South America. It will also investigates other natural phenomena that occur in the lower strata of the atmosphere, studying the phenomena relations occurring in the troposphere, trying to define indexes associated with variations in ozone concentration in its different strata.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: National Institute for Science and Technology: Institute of Environmental Research of Antarctica (INCT APA - Brazil)
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The present proposal is engaged under the scope of the National Institutes through the strategic areas of the Action Plan 2007-2010, specifically in the Program of Science, Technology and Innovation for Antarctica (Program 14.4). This action aims at the implementation of networks of atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere monitoring in Antarctica region. The Antarctic Institute of Environmental Research will focus mainly on the integrated understanding, in a long-term, of the environmental changes observed in Antarctica, in respect to the role of Antarctica in the Global Changes, as with regard to the fragilities and susceptibilities of the Antarctic Environment to the impact of Global Changes and of human activities in that environment. The Institute of Environmental Research of Antarctica (IAPA, in Brazilian Portuguese) proposes to generate a network of transdisciplinary investigations, taking into account the human activities and environmental variability characteristics of the maritime Antarctic region, especially around the Antarctic Peninsula. This network will characterize and evaluate the interactions between environmental processes and living organisms through long time series data, monitoring the effect of natural and anthropogenic impacts in the region. It will promote the research and scientific exchange from different areas of knowledge and specialities, and national and international enrolled institutions in order to facilitate the dialogue and integrated actions. This is to increase the production of Educational and Outreach materials and activities for the widespread communication of the IAPA results, and bring for the Brazilian cultural, social and economical daily life the relevance of the Antarctica to the planet, and especially to South America and Brazil. The integrated work is based on and structured as a diffusion axis from scientific research undertaken at the Admiralty Bay Antarctic Specially Managed (ASMA #1) at King George Island. However, working with other nations will toward the comprehension of the interactions between the Antarctic region and South America, as well as the differences in the environmental changes effects between West and East Antarctica. The activities of the Antarctic Institute on Environmental Research will contribute directly towards the formulation of public politics, especially within the scope of the Ministry of Environment. In this respect, the environmental monitoring activities developed by the IAPA fit with the knowledge transfer mission for the Government. All knowledge generated by the IAPA will subsidize the recommendations for the elaboration of political decisions on the biological diversity and protection of the Antarctic environment as a whole. The IAPA work is structure in such manner as to contemplate the following lines of research within three overarching themes: 1. Antarctic Atmosphere and its Environmental in South America; 2. Global Environmental Impact in the Antarctic Environment; 3. Impact of Anthropogenic Activities in the Antarctic Environment.
Link (URL): http://www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: National Institute for Science and Technology: National Institute for Cryosphere Science (INCT Cryosphere - Brazil)
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: This project proposes the implementation of the first National Research Program for Cryosphere (the mass of snow and ice on Earth). The National Institute for Cryosphere Science (INCC Brazil) will incorporate seven associated laboratories dedicated to study the variability of different components of planetary ice mass ice (Antarctic sea ice, glaciers and the Antarctic ice sheet, the Andean glaciers, permafrost) and its response to climate change. Some sub-projects will devote resources for numerical modeling of the cryosphere-ocean-atmosphere inter-relations in the present and recent past (from the Last Glacial Maximum) to test the sensitivity of the Brazilian climate to the Southern sea ice extension variability, for example (seasonal variation between 1.9 and 19 million square kilometers). The program also includes complementary laboratorial equipments for analysis and interpretation of borehole ice and assembling a national center for cryosphere monitoring. This one will act as adviser on national institutions concerned about environment and climate changes issues, particularly on the impact of cryosphere melting to the sea level average. The program will develop some routines for using CBERS system images of South America glaciological research. Finally, it will be possible to drive Brazilian Antarctic Program (PROANTAR) actions into the continent research process. The INCC Brazil has several institutions involved: Oceanography Institute/São Paulo University (IO-USP), Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG), National Institute for Space Research (INPE, Santa Maria, RS), State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), National Observatory (ON, Rio de Janeiro), and Federal University of Viçosa (UFV, Viçosa, MG). The CPC will involve 147 researchers, staff and students, of whom 81 are doctors, 20 national research institutions and 19 international. The formal training program (postgraduate) will focus on the question of the interrelationship between the polar regions and the Brazilian environment, exploring the processes of the coupled system atmosphere- ocean-cryosphere. In the case of glaciological science, the goal is to double the number of Brazilian doctors in 5 years. The education program in science INCC include the development of modules for e-learning open-access, short courses over the polar regions for secondary school teachers and the development of dissemination sites on the Internet. The proposal meets strategic priority of the plan targets the Ministry of Science and Technology (Action 14.4 - C, T & I in Antarctica), specifically to achieve the following goals: (a) support the activities of processing, analysis and synthesis of data current research conducted during the International Polar Year (API), (b) implementation of a monitoring network atmospheric, oceanic and criosférico (c) modernization of research laboratories focused on Antarctic science. The scientific agenda of the proposal also contributes to other actions for the climate issue, as the Brazilian Network for Climate Change Research Network (CLIMA) established by the National Council for Sci & Tech Development (CNPq - Brazil).
Link (URL): http://www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Plan/Program/Project: Ocean circulation and interactions cryosphere-ocean around the Antarctic Peninsula: an investigation of connections between coastal and deep ocean processes (POLARCANION)
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The work objective is to understand the oceanic and coastal processes associated with the ice sheet reduction and melting of the Antarctic Peninsula. Particularly, the work focuses on the melting impact has caused on the adjacent ocean and the related processes that amplify the signal and the implications for ocean circulation and climate oscillation in a global scale.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: Paleoclimate Record of the transition Eocene-Oligocene (Greenhouse-Icehouse) in West Antarctica
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The project intends to investigate the geological record in West Antarctica at Eocene-Oligocene transition, one of the most dramatic global climatic changes in the Earth history through greenhouse to icehouse conditions. It also has studied foraminifers associated to marine methane vents as possible proxies of the occurrence of recent and fossil dissociated methane hydrate deposits. A multidisciplinary and multi institutional team of researchers from Brazil, Argentina and Germany is conducting the study.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: South American Cooperation Network - TERRANTAR: terrestrial cryosphere ecosystems and permafrost changes in Antarctica region: climate transitions records in Anthropocene
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The role of the TERRANTAR centre is to integrate and aggregate the leading Brazilian research community presently working on permafrost, soils and terrestrial ecosystems, from different areas, and to coordinate efforts for the development and articulation of research projects on cryosphere and Antarctica. TERRANTAR measurements form a field component of the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTNP), which address questions related to climate warming and the attendant environmental and societal issues in the cold regions of Planet Earth (both Polar Regions and high mountains). The aims of TERRANTAR are in agreement with the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Permafrost, Soils and Periglacial Environments (ANTPAS) http://erth.waikato.ac.nz/antpas. These observations serve as a key element for the development of an International Network of Permafrost Observatories (INPO). Related activities include periglacial processes and geomorphology, belowground organic carbon pool in Polar Regions, regional mapping, data management and education. The general objective of TERRANTAR is the national and international articulation of research projects viewing the characterization of polar and sub-polar terrestrial ecosystems, the construction of web-accessible databases and the implementation of a long term system for monitoring permafrost and soils from the main ice-free areas of maritime and peninsular Antarctica.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Plan/Program/Project: The Antarctic microbial environment as model for Astrobiology studies
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: This project joins a multidisciplinary group of researchers in astrobiology, which support the construction of the first laboratory of Astrobiology in Brazil in Valinhos, Brazil, coordinated by the Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences (IAG-USP). The lab infrastructure will permit safely studies about microorganisms from rare samples of ice of the continent without risk of contamination. The lab has a chamber for space environment simulations where Antarctic samples and isolated extremophiles can be studied. Such studies are important for understanding the behavior of extremophile microorganisms under relevant conditions to astrobiology. The lab managers are specialists who may work together NASA researchers in many extreme conditions at the Atacama Desert, Chile and the permafrost of Siberia.
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  
Science Plan/Program/Project: The role of aerosols in biogeochemical processes and climate changes on the Atlantic region of Antarctic peninsula
Contact Point:
Name: Wagner
Surname: Fischer
Job Title or Position: Manager in Sci & Tech
Phone: +55-61-3317-8401
Email: wagner.fischer@mct.gov.br
Details/Description: The work intends to clarify the features related to the aerosol impacts on the southern region of South Hemisphere (South Atlantic, semi-desert of Patagonia and the Antarctic Peninsula) by establishing terrestrial monitoring network associated to several analytical techniques on micro particles composition (SEM + EDS, EPMA, PDMS, ICP-MS, micro RAMAN, liquid and gas chromatography, gamma spectrometry, thermo-optic and nucleotide sequencing), satellite data (MODIS - Earth and Aqua, MISR, PARASOL, CALIPSO and IMO) and numerical dispersion modeling (HYSPLIT, NCEP / NCAR).
Link (URL): www.mct.gov.br/antartica
Additional Information:  

Science Activities in Previous Year
Scientific Information - Science Activities in Previous Year
Project Name/Number: Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Permafrost, Periglacial and Soil Environments
Discipline: GeoSciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Carlos Ernesto Schaefer (Universidade Federal de Viçosa – UFV)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Characterization, in detail, and localization of the active soil stratum and the frozen-soils (permafrost) of the subpolar zone on Antarctic Peninsula, to seek the studies of global climate changing.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Permafrost, Periglacial and Soil Environments
Discipline: GeoSciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Carlos Ernesto Schaefer (Universidade Federal de Viçosa – UFV)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Characterization, in detail, and localization of the active soil stratum and the frozen-soils (permafrost) of the subpolar zone on Antarctic Peninsula, to seek the studies of global climate changing.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Brazilian National Multidisciplinary Expedition to the Antarctic Ice Sheet: investigating the cryospheric response to global changes
Discipline: GeoSciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Jefferson Cardia Simões (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This project integrates criospheric and atmospheric research and supports the first Brazilian national scientific expedition to the Antarctic ice sheet. It has two main goals: (1) To obtain an ice core for environmental studies as north as possible from the Antarctic Peninsula. This core will serve as a link between the Antarctic and South American paleoclimatic record. This part of the work was achieved in the summer of 2007/2007 through a joint Brazilian-Chilean-USA operation to Detroit Plateau where a 133 m ice core was recovered. (2) To support a full multi- and interdisciplinary expedition to Patriot Hills. This expedition integrates atmospheric, glaciological, geological and geophysical studies along small traverse lines in the Patriot Hills area and also along one traverse towards sub glacial lake Ellsworth area. This part of the work is planned for the 2008/2009 summer. This project is a contribution to the SCAR "Antarctica and the Global Climate System (AGCS)" and it is also integrated to ITASE (International Trans-Antarctic Expedition). This project is a Brazilian contribution to the following endorsed IPY full proposal: Impact of Climate induced glacial melting on marine and terrestric Coastal communities on a gradient along the Western Antarctic Peninsula (ClicOPEN), Antarctic Surface Accumulation and Ice Discharge (ASAID), IPY in the Antarctic Peninsula – Ice and Climate.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Brazilian National Multidisciplinary Expedition to the Antarctic Ice Sheet: investigating the cryospheric response to global changes
Discipline: GeoSciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Jefferson Cardia Simões (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This project integrates criospheric and atmospheric research and supports the first Brazilian national scientific expedition to the Antarctic ice sheet. It has two main goals: (1) To obtain an ice core for environmental studies as north as possible from the Antarctic Peninsula. This core will serve as a link between the Antarctic and South American paleoclimatic record. This part of the work was achieved in the summer of 2007/2007 through a joint Brazilian-Chilean-USA operation to Detroit Plateau where a 133 m ice core was recovered. (2) To support a full multi- and interdisciplinary expedition to Patriot Hills. This expedition integrates atmospheric, glaciological, geological and geophysical studies along small traverse lines in the Patriot Hills area and also along one traverse towards sub glacial lake Ellsworth area. This part of the work is planned for the 2008/2009 summer. This project is a contribution to the SCAR "Antarctica and the Global Climate System (AGCS)" and it is also integrated to ITASE (International Trans-Antarctic Expedition). This project is a Brazilian contribution to the following endorsed IPY full proposal: Impact of Climate induced glacial melting on marine and terrestric Coastal communities on a gradient along the Western Antarctic Peninsula (ClicOPEN), Antarctic Surface Accumulation and Ice Discharge (ASAID), IPY in the Antarctic Peninsula – Ice and Climate.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Project Name/Number: Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic: a response of life to change
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Lucélia Donatti (Federal University of Parana - UFPR)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Assessing the adaptive capacity of antarctics fish in systemic level, cellular and metabolic inside effect of temperature, salinity and pH environment, as well as, high concentrations of fluoride, in the mesh of trophic Antarctic ecosystem. Known to the baseline environmental conditions today, it is important to check the adaptability of fish global climate change these factors in metabolism and enzyme systems, including reflexes in behavior, morphology and physiology of them. We also participate in IPY - AMES (131) - Integrated circumpolar studies of Antarctic marine ecosystems to the conservation of living resources through collections of Krill and fishes.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic: a response of life to change
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Lucélia Donatti (Federal University of Parana - UFPR)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Assessing the adaptive capacity of antarctics fish in systemic level, cellular and metabolic inside effect of temperature, salinity and pH environment, as well as, high concentrations of fluoride, in the mesh of trophic Antarctic ecosystem. Known to the baseline environmental conditions today, it is important to check the adaptability of fish global climate change these factors in metabolism and enzyme systems, including reflexes in behavior, morphology and physiology of them. We also participate in IPY - AMES (131) - Integrated circumpolar studies of Antarctic marine ecosystems to the conservation of living resources through collections of Krill and fishes.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Infrastructure implementation for molecular biodiversity studies in EACF and integration of knowledge on Microbial Ecology and biocomplexity in Antarctic environment
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Vivian Helena Pellizari (Universidade de São Paulo – USP)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This project was aproved as a IPY activity no.403 named as Microbial Diversity of Terrestrial and Maritime ecosystems in Antarctic Peninsula and is under the following umbrella projects: “Microbiological and Ecological Responses to Global Environmental Changes in Polar Regions” - MERGE proposal (IPY no.55) and “Census of Antarctic Marine Life” ( IPY 53) In this project order to organize data generated by Brazilian research during IPY and make information accessible, a database will be created to display the activities, isolated strains, gene sequences, location in culture collections, and publications related to microbial studies in the Antarctic Peninsula. This database will allow comparisons of microbial diversity and biogeography in the Antarctic Peninsula. Integration of these data with information from the Arctic will also help building a broader view of microbial diversity in Polar region. Also the improvement of laboratory structure to allow the development of molecular biodiversity experiments in Antarctic Scientific Station Comandante Ferraz will be done.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Infrastructure implementation for molecular biodiversity studies in EACF and integration of knowledge on Microbial Ecology and biocomplexity in Antarctic environment
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Vivian Helena Pellizari (Universidade de São Paulo – USP)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This project was aproved as a IPY activity no.403 named as Microbial Diversity of Terrestrial and Maritime ecosystems in Antarctic Peninsula and is under the following umbrella projects: “Microbiological and Ecological Responses to Global Environmental Changes in Polar Regions” - MERGE proposal (IPY no.55) and “Census of Antarctic Marine Life” ( IPY 53) In this project order to organize data generated by Brazilian research during IPY and make information accessible, a database will be created to display the activities, isolated strains, gene sequences, location in culture collections, and publications related to microbial studies in the Antarctic Peninsula. This database will allow comparisons of microbial diversity and biogeography in the Antarctic Peninsula. Integration of these data with information from the Arctic will also help building a broader view of microbial diversity in Polar region. Also the improvement of laboratory structure to allow the development of molecular biodiversity experiments in Antarctic Scientific Station Comandante Ferraz will be done.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Project Name/Number: Marine Antarctic Biodiversity in Relation to Environmental Heterogeneity at Admiralty Bay, King George Island, and adjacent areas at the Bransfield Strait (MABIREH)
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Lúcia de Siqueira Campos (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Admiralty Bay at King George Island has been studied for over 30 years by different countries and it is one of the Antarctic Specially Managed Areas (ASMA#1) with the longest term environmental and marine biological data, undertaken by several nations including Poland and Brazil. The relationship between geodiversity and biodiversity is a key to understanding ecosystems functioning, how biological communities are structured, and how they might be affected by parameters such as currents, nutrients, sediment chemistry and others. The main aim of the MABIREH is to study the biodiversity from microbes to top predators in relation to the complexity of the marine environment from Admiralty Bay (King George Island) and adjacent areas. This project has allowed the continuity of relevant research that investigates signals of global and regional changes in Antarctica, and integrates the Census of Antarctic Marine Life (CAML – activity #53) and the Antarctic Marine Biodiversity Information System (SCARMarBIN – activity #83). The MABIREH involves 12 sub-projects, 12 national institutions (including 23 doctors, their trainees and technicians, being scientifically supported and integrating more than 7 international institutions. A small remotely operated vehicle (ROV LUMA) has been developed to function down to the deepest zone of the bay (~500m). The main results have been shown through an Educational and Outreach programme, which has explored the potential to generate relevant didactic and media material, used for raising the awareness of Antarctic significance to South America in Brazil.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Marine Antarctic Biodiversity in Relation to Environmental Heterogeneity at Admiralty Bay, King George Island, and adjacent areas at the Bransfield Strait (MABIREH)
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Lúcia de Siqueira Campos (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Admiralty Bay at King George Island has been studied for over 30 years by different countries and it is one of the Antarctic Specially Managed Areas (ASMA#1) with the longest term environmental and marine biological data, undertaken by several nations including Poland and Brazil. The relationship between geodiversity and biodiversity is a key to understanding ecosystems functioning, how biological communities are structured, and how they might be affected by parameters such as currents, nutrients, sediment chemistry and others. The main aim of the MABIREH is to study the biodiversity from microbes to top predators in relation to the complexity of the marine environment from Admiralty Bay (King George Island) and adjacent areas. This project has allowed the continuity of relevant research that investigates signals of global and regional changes in Antarctica, and integrates the Census of Antarctic Marine Life (CAML – activity #53) and the Antarctic Marine Biodiversity Information System (SCARMarBIN – activity #83). The MABIREH involves 12 sub-projects, 12 national institutions (including 23 doctors, their trainees and technicians, being scientifically supported and integrating more than 7 international institutions. A small remotely operated vehicle (ROV LUMA) has been developed to function down to the deepest zone of the bay (~500m). The main results have been shown through an Educational and Outreach programme, which has explored the potential to generate relevant didactic and media material, used for raising the awareness of Antarctic significance to South America in Brazil.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Marine Mammal Exploration Of The Oceans Pole To Pole (MEOP-BR)
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Mônica M. C. Muelbert (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG)
Main Activity/ Remarks: MEOP-BR is the Brazilian Counter part of Marine Mammal Exploration of the Oceans Pole to Pole (MEOP – IPY no. 153), a projetc that will deploy state-of-the-art animal-borne CTD tags on strategically chosen, deep-diving marine mammal species to explore their movement patterns, behaviour and habitat utilization in Polar Regions. Concomitant with the ecological data regarding these top predators, a vast, high-precision oceanographic data set will be collected covering logistically difficult areas of ocean in Polar Seas at the fringes of the North and South Atlantic and the South Pacific that are strategically important to climate and ocean modelling. The cross-disciplinary merging of classical oceanography and marine mammal ecology will significantly advance our understanding of the world’s oceans and top predators that live in them. CTD-tags will be deployed on beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), hooded seals (Cystophora cristata), Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii), crabeater seals (Lobodon carcinophagus) and southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina). These species forage in oceanic “hot-spots” where productivity is high, areas which also coincide with human fisheries efforts and areas of high oceanographic interest. IPY affords a unique opportunity to collect novel data sets from relatively little-known polar marine mammal species simultaneously with dedicated oceanographic cruises sampling along systematic grids using traditional ship-based CTD technology. Co-operation between biological and oceanographic programmes within IPY will provide MEOP with comprehensive, synoptic oceanographic coverage and an unique opportunity to quantify factors determining habitat selection and use by key polar marine mammal species. The oceanographic data collected in MEOP will, in turn, provide otherwise unobtainable oceanographic data sets collected at natural hot-spots of productivity, as input data to physically-oriented modelling projects (e.g. the Bipolar Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation Programme, Transport through gaps across the Kerguelen Plateau andinter-basin exchange, and databanks such as GTS and the Metoffice-UK). This study is especially timely given the predictions for ecosystem changes in both Arctic and Antarctic systems within the coming decades due to climate change, in addition to increasing fisheries and tourism activities in both the Arctic and Antarctic.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Marine Mammal Exploration Of The Oceans Pole To Pole (MEOP-BR)
Discipline: Life Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Mônica M. C. Muelbert (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG)
Main Activity/ Remarks: MEOP-BR is the Brazilian Counter part of Marine Mammal Exploration of the Oceans Pole to Pole (MEOP – IPY no. 153), a projetc that will deploy state-of-the-art animal-borne CTD tags on strategically chosen, deep-diving marine mammal species to explore their movement patterns, behaviour and habitat utilization in Polar Regions. Concomitant with the ecological data regarding these top predators, a vast, high-precision oceanographic data set will be collected covering logistically difficult areas of ocean in Polar Seas at the fringes of the North and South Atlantic and the South Pacific that are strategically important to climate and ocean modelling. The cross-disciplinary merging of classical oceanography and marine mammal ecology will significantly advance our understanding of the world’s oceans and top predators that live in them. CTD-tags will be deployed on beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), hooded seals (Cystophora cristata), Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii), crabeater seals (Lobodon carcinophagus) and southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina). These species forage in oceanic “hot-spots” where productivity is high, areas which also coincide with human fisheries efforts and areas of high oceanographic interest. IPY affords a unique opportunity to collect novel data sets from relatively little-known polar marine mammal species simultaneously with dedicated oceanographic cruises sampling along systematic grids using traditional ship-based CTD technology. Co-operation between biological and oceanographic programmes within IPY will provide MEOP with comprehensive, synoptic oceanographic coverage and an unique opportunity to quantify factors determining habitat selection and use by key polar marine mammal species. The oceanographic data collected in MEOP will, in turn, provide otherwise unobtainable oceanographic data sets collected at natural hot-spots of productivity, as input data to physically-oriented modelling projects (e.g. the Bipolar Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation Programme, Transport through gaps across the Kerguelen Plateau andinter-basin exchange, and databanks such as GTS and the Metoffice-UK). This study is especially timely given the predictions for ecosystem changes in both Arctic and Antarctic systems within the coming decades due to climate change, in addition to increasing fisheries and tourism activities in both the Arctic and Antarctic.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Project Name/Number: Southern Ocean Studies for Understanding Global Climate Issues (SOS - Climate)
Discipline: Physical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Carlos Garcia (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande – FURG)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This research initiative was created with the objective to conduct long-term process studies in the Southern Ocean (SO) associated with global climate-change issues. We want to increase our understanding on (i) the formation of deep-water in the Northwestern Weddell Sea,(ii) the processes related with the SO carbon cycle, (iii) the importance of icebergs to the enrichment of the SO surface waters, (iv) the role played by frontal thermal structures in the Malvinas-Brazil Confluence for air-sea property exchange, and (v) the variability of sea ice around the Antarctica and its impact on the Southwestern Ocean circulation and regional climate.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Southern Ocean Studies for Understanding Global Climate Issues (SOS - Climate)
Discipline: Physical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Carlos Garcia (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande – FURG)
Main Activity/ Remarks: This research initiative was created with the objective to conduct long-term process studies in the Southern Ocean (SO) associated with global climate-change issues. We want to increase our understanding on (i) the formation of deep-water in the Northwestern Weddell Sea,(ii) the processes related with the SO carbon cycle, (iii) the importance of icebergs to the enrichment of the SO surface waters, (iv) the role played by frontal thermal structures in the Malvinas-Brazil Confluence for air-sea property exchange, and (v) the variability of sea ice around the Antarctica and its impact on the Southwestern Ocean circulation and regional climate.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Space Weather Impact in the Polar Atmosphere - SWIMPA
Discipline: Physical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Emília Correia (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The main goal is to define the space weather impacts in the upper atmosphere from the proximities of Antarctic Peninsula through the South America, especially over the Brazilian territory where is located the South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly. This study is necessary to quantify the space weather impacts in our atmosphere, and to define its importance in the climate conditions (cloud cover and rain/snow fall) and atmospheric currents
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Space Weather Impact in the Polar Atmosphere - SWIMPA
Discipline: Physical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Emília Correia (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE)
Main Activity/ Remarks: The main goal is to define the space weather impacts in the upper atmosphere from the proximities of Antarctic Peninsula through the South America, especially over the Brazilian territory where is located the South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly. This study is necessary to quantify the space weather impacts in our atmosphere, and to define its importance in the climate conditions (cloud cover and rain/snow fall) and atmospheric currents
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Project Name/Number: Study of Separation among Antarctic and Southern America: Biological and Geologycal implications
Discipline: GeoSciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Arthur Ayres (Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Tectonics and sedmentary process, their implications on Global climate and enviromental changing in a large time scale, effects on sea ecosystems because of Antarctic separation and the impact of past and future enviromental changing currrent in Biodiversity. The first field season of our project will start in December of 2008 after the acquisition of a high resolution seismic profiler. Investigations of the role of deep currents along the southern Brazilian Margin using multichannel data from Brazil , with the objective to investigate the beginning of the AABW circulation and its relation to the onset of continental glaciations in Antarctica has started. A major change in the depositional patterns occurred around 30 my ago. These results will be compared with the results obtained by the Spanish Program in the Scotia Sea. Seismic data and sedimentary cores will be obtained in the Brasfield Strait in the coming summer for the study of high frequency climatic variations in Antarctica.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Study of Separation among Antarctic and Southern America: Biological and Geologycal implications
Discipline: GeoSciences
Principal Investigator: Dr. Arthur Ayres (Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF)
Main Activity/ Remarks: Tectonics and sedmentary process, their implications on Global climate and enviromental changing in a large time scale, effects on sea ecosystems because of Antarctic separation and the impact of past and future enviromental changing currrent in Biodiversity. The first field season of our project will start in December of 2008 after the acquisition of a high resolution seismic profiler. Investigations of the role of deep currents along the southern Brazilian Margin using multichannel data from Brazil , with the objective to investigate the beginning of the AABW circulation and its relation to the onset of continental glaciations in Antarctica has started. A major change in the depositional patterns occurred around 30 my ago. These results will be compared with the results obtained by the Spanish Program in the Scotia Sea. Seismic data and sedimentary cores will be obtained in the Brasfield Strait in the coming summer for the study of high frequency climatic variations in Antarctica.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Study of the Mesosphere, Stratosphere and Troposphere Antarctica and its links South America - (MST-ASA)
Discipline: Physical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Neusa Paes Leme (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE)
Main Activity/ Remarks: It is a study of the antarctic atmosphere using different techniques in the Antarctic region and South America.This cooperation will be directed toward ground-based experimental campaigns, Spectrophotometers, radiometers and technique launched on balloons, to increase understanding of the Antarctic atmosphere and the teleconection to South America. Within the Brazilian Antarctic Programme and with other South America countries participation : Argentina, Chile, Bolívia, Peru and Uruguai. We present results of the observations of the Stratospheric Ozone Depletion over Brasilian Antarctic Station Ferraz( 62.1°S ; 58.4°W) ,King George Island, Punta Arenas, Chile, the impact in the middle latitude ozone changes over Santa Maria , Brasil and correlation of total ozone detected by ground-base and satellites measurements, using the Brewer espectrophotometer, during the Spring of 2007. The UV radiation at Ferraz, Punta Arenas, Chile, La Paz, Bolívia and Santa Maria, Brasil we also measured daily with Brewer spectrophotometers and radiometers. An airglow all-sky imager has been operated at Ferraz (62° S, 58° W), during the winter 2007. Mesospheric gravity wave activities were observed by near infrared OH emissions (OH NIR). In the sub-Antarctic region, gravity wave activity with large annual and inter-annual variability has been reported. During the period with good weather condition it was observed forty five nights with a great variety of gravity wave spattern; which is a good statistic if one considers the local weather condition (frequently cloudy) around the Peninsula. In order to calculate the gravity wave parameters, we used background winds observed by MF radar installed at Rothera Station, Antarctica (67° S, 68° W). The data was obtained under collaboration with the Group of the Physical Sciences Division at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). Antarctic Meteorology atictivit studies the effects of Antarctica in the Brazilian weather and the climatic variation in the Antarctic Peninsula; it also mantains automatic weather station with weather data and forecasts. The green house gases (eg.: N2O, O3, CFCs and CH4) and the NO2 and SO2 total column by Brewer spectrophotometer was measured. Study of effects of Ultraviolet Radiation on DNA of Marine Organisms in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, has been make during the summer 2007 and 2008. Study of the Ozone Layer and its dynamic relationship of low atmosphere and the upper atmosphere. Besides the natural variations of the atmosphere, man with the industrial development has collaborated with the decrease in the concentration of ozone in the stratosphere. The decrease of ozone causes an increase in UV-B radiation, which can influence the increase of CO² in the atmosphere and thus to global warming.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation
Project Name/Number: Study of the Mesosphere, Stratosphere and Troposphere Antarctica and its links South America - (MST-ASA)
Discipline: Physical Sciences
Principal Investigator: Dra. Neusa Paes Leme (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE)
Main Activity/ Remarks: It is a study of the antarctic atmosphere using different techniques in the Antarctic region and South America.This cooperation will be directed toward ground-based experimental campaigns, Spectrophotometers, radiometers and technique launched on balloons, to increase understanding of the Antarctic atmosphere and the teleconection to South America. Within the Brazilian Antarctic Programme and with other South America countries participation : Argentina, Chile, Bolívia, Peru and Uruguai. We present results of the observations of the Stratospheric Ozone Depletion over Brasilian Antarctic Station Ferraz( 62.1°S ; 58.4°W) ,King George Island, Punta Arenas, Chile, the impact in the middle latitude ozone changes over Santa Maria , Brasil and correlation of total ozone detected by ground-base and satellites measurements, using the Brewer espectrophotometer, during the Spring of 2007. The UV radiation at Ferraz, Punta Arenas, Chile, La Paz, Bolívia and Santa Maria, Brasil we also measured daily with Brewer spectrophotometers and radiometers. An airglow all-sky imager has been operated at Ferraz (62° S, 58° W), during the winter 2007. Mesospheric gravity wave activities were observed by near infrared OH emissions (OH NIR). In the sub-Antarctic region, gravity wave activity with large annual and inter-annual variability has been reported. During the period with good weather condition it was observed forty five nights with a great variety of gravity wave spattern; which is a good statistic if one considers the local weather condition (frequently cloudy) around the Peninsula. In order to calculate the gravity wave parameters, we used background winds observed by MF radar installed at Rothera Station, Antarctica (67° S, 68° W). The data was obtained under collaboration with the Group of the Physical Sciences Division at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). Antarctic Meteorology atictivit studies the effects of Antarctica in the Brazilian weather and the climatic variation in the Antarctic Peninsula; it also mantains automatic weather station with weather data and forecasts. The green house gases (eg.: N2O, O3, CFCs and CH4) and the NO2 and SO2 total column by Brewer spectrophotometer was measured. Study of effects of Ultraviolet Radiation on DNA of Marine Organisms in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, has been make during the summer 2007 and 2008. Study of the Ozone Layer and its dynamic relationship of low atmosphere and the upper atmosphere. Besides the natural variations of the atmosphere, man with the industrial development has collaborated with the decrease in the concentration of ozone in the stratosphere. The decrease of ozone causes an increase in UV-B radiation, which can influence the increase of CO² in the atmosphere and thus to global warming.
Link (URL):
Additional Information:  
Operating Period: From:    To: 
Areas of Operation

Station Report
Operational Information – National Expeditions - Stations
Name: Comandante Ferraz
Type: Wintering
Location:
Site Name: Comandante Ferraz   Lat: 62°49´59´´S   Long: 58°23´28´´W  
Maximum Population: 60
Medical Facilities: Doctor available all year long; surgery room, infirmary, x-ray equipment. Dental emergency services.
Remarks / Description: The Ferraz Station is built on the same site than the old British Station G (Admiralty Bay).

Vessels Report
Operational Information – National Expeditions - Vessels
Name: Almirante Maximiano
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 30
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil or IH-6B (Bell Jet Ranger) helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
22 Oct 2009 Rio de Janeiro 12 Apr 2010 Rio de Janeiro Logistics and scientific activities
Name: Ary Rongel
Country of Registry: Brazil
Number of Voyages: 1
Maximum Crew: 78
Maximum Passengers: 27
Remarks: Surgery room and dental facilities. Two AS-355 Ecureuil helicopters.
Depart. Date Depart. Port Arrival Date Arrival Port Areas of Operation Purpose
27 Oct 2009 Rio de Janeiro 12 Apr 2010 Rio de Janeiro Logistics and scientific activities

Aircrat Report
Operational Information – National Expeditions - Aircraft
Type: Hercules
Number Of Flights: 3
Period From: 02/11/2009
Period To: 08/11/2009
Remarks:
Departure Date Route Purpose
02 Nov 2009 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) Logistics
21 Nov 2009 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) Logistics
14 Dec 2009 Rio de Janeiro (BRA) - Pelotas (BRA) - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Eduardo Frei Antarctic Base - Punta Arenas (CHI) - Pelotas (BRA) - Rio de Janeiro (BRA) Logistics

Research Rockets Report
Military
Operational Information – National Expeditions - Military
Military personnel in expeditions: 15 military (4 officers: 1 Commander, 2 Lieutenant-Commander and 1 Lieutenant)
Number and Type of Armaments possessed by personnel: none
Number and Type of Armaments of ships and aircraft: none
Information and Location of Military Equipment in the AT Area: none

Vessel-Based Report
Operational Information – Non Governmental Expeditions - Vessel-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Land-based Operations
Operational Information – Non Governmental Expeditions - Land-Based Operations
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Denial of Authorizations
Compliance with the Protocol Report
Environmental Information - Compliance with the Protocol
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Contingency Plans Report
Environmental Impact Assessment: Procedures Report
Environmental Information - Environmental Impact Assessment (Procedures)
No new procedures were established during this reporting period.

Environmental Impact Assessment Report
Environmental Impact Assessment - Follow-up Activities Report
Conservation of Fauna and Flora Report
Waste Management Plans Report
Waste Management Inventory of Past Activities Report
Prevention of Marine Pollution: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Prevention of Marine Pollution (Measures concerning Sovereign Immunity)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Measures Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Measures)
No new measures have been adopted during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Permit, Visit and Activities Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Permit, Visit and Activities)
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Area Protection and Management: Change or Damage Report
Environmental Information - Area Protection and Management (Change or Damage)
No change or damage was observed during this reporting period.

Relevant National Legislation Report
Other Information - Relevant National Legislation
No new information have been provided during the reported period.

Inspection Reports
Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies Report
Other Information - Activities Undertaken in Cases of Emergencies
Emergency Title: Personal accident - Brazilian researcher
Emergency Description: On May 22nd 2010, a Brazilian researcher, member of Comandante Ferraz Station (BRA), anthropologist Luiz Guilherme Rezende de Assis, 28 years old, suffered a trauma of upper left limb, which resulted in dislocated elbow and fracture of humerus. The patient was promptly attended by the Station’s physician and received proper initial treatment.
Date of Emergency: 22 May 2010
Location:
Site Name: Ferraz Station   Lat: 65º 05´ 07´´ S   Long: 58º 23´ 33´´ W  
Action Undertaken: Patient received proper initial medical treatment at Ferraz Station, but due to the complexity of detected injuries, the physician indicated emergency surgical procedure as definitive treatment, to be performed at a hospital by a specialist (orthopaedist). Therefore, the patient was successfully evacuated on May 26th 2010 (as soon as allowed by wheather conditions) by Chilean helicopter to Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva Antarctic Air Base (CHI), where a Brazilian Air Force C-130 aircraft was w
General Report